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38 True/False questions

  1. Just-In-Time Production (JIT)-Responsibility of operations manager
    -Managers must continually schedule and monitor the activities that make up that process. They must solicit and respond to feedback and make adjustments where needed. At this stage, they also oversee the purchasing of raw materials and the handling of inventories.

          

  2. Production Control-Responsibility of operations manager
    -Managers determine how goods will be produced, where production will take place, and how manufacturing facilities will be laid out

          

  3. Computer-Aided Design (CAD)System using computer technology to create models representing the design of a product

          

  4. LayoutAbility of a product to satisfy all customers' needs

          

  5. Production Planning-Responsibility of operations manager
    -Managers determine how goods will be produced, where production will take place, and how manufacturing facilities will be laid out

          

  6. Flexible Manufacturing System (FMS)Software system determines the steps needed to produce the component and instructs the machines that do the work

          

  7. QualityMax number of goods that a facility can produce over a given time under normal working conditions

          

  8. Mass Customization MethodFairly high volumes of customized products are made at fairly low prices

          

  9. Statistical Process Controls-Responsibility of operations manager
    -Managers must continually schedule and monitor the activities that make up that process. They must solicit and respond to feedback and make adjustments where needed. At this stage, they also oversee the purchasing of raw materials and the handling of inventories.

          

  10. ISO 14000Set of international standards for environmental management established by the International Organization of Standardization

          

  11. E-Purchasing (E-Procurement)Companies use the Internet with suppliers

          

  12. Quality Control-Responsibility of operations manager
    -The operations manager is directly involved in efforts to ensure that goods are produced according to specifications and that quality standards are maintained

          

  13. Electronic Data Interchange (EDI)Computerized exchange of business transaction documents

          

  14. Fixed-Position LayoutLayout in which products are produced by people, equipment, or departments are arranged in an assembly line

          

  15. Operations ManagementManagement of the process that transforms resources into products

          

  16. Materials Requirement Planning (MRP)Goes beyond material planning to help monitor resources in all areas of the company. Can coordinate the production schedule with HR managers' forecasts for needed labor

          

  17. Gantt ChartUsed to diagram the activities required to produce a good, specify the time required to perform each activity in the process, and organize activities in the most efficient sequence

          

  18. Mass Production (Make-To-Stock) MethodFairly high volumes of customized products are made at fairly low prices

          

  19. Process LayoutLayout in which products are produced by people, equipment, or departments are arranged in an assembly line

          

  20. ISO 9000Set of international quality standards established by the International Organization for Standardization

          

  21. Materials ManagementManagement of the process that transforms resources into products

          

  22. Industrial RobotsComputer-controlled machine used to perform repetitive tasks that are also hard or dangerous for human workers to perform

          

  23. Cellular LayoutLayout in which products are produced by people, equipment, or departments are arranged in an assembly line

          

  24. Computer-Aided Manufacturing (CAM)System in which the capabilities of a CAD/CAM system are integrated with other computer-based functions

          

  25. Operations Managers-People that manage the process that transforms inputs into outputs
    -Responsible for production planning, production control, and quality control

          

  26. Total Quality Management (TQM)All decisions pertained to the purchase of inputs, the inventory of components and finished products, and the scheduling of production processes

          

  27. Computer-Integrated Manufacturing (CIM)Software system determines the steps needed to produce the component and instructs the machines that do the work

          

  28. Quality CirclesEmployees who perform similar jobs and work as teams to identify quality, efficiency, and other work-related problems; to propose solutions; and to work with management in implementing their recommendations

          

  29. CapacityAbility of a product to satisfy all customers' needs

          

  30. Product LayoutLayout in which products are produced by people, equipment, or departments are arranged in an assembly line

          

  31. Make-To-Order MethodProducts are made to customer specification

          

  32. Continuous ImprovementsAll decisions pertained to the purchase of inputs, the inventory of components and finished products, and the scheduling of production processes

          

  33. Inventory Control-Responsibility of operations manager
    -The operations manager is directly involved in efforts to ensure that goods are produced according to specifications and that quality standards are maintained

          

  34. PERT ChartUsed to diagram the activities required to produce a good, specify the time required to perform each activity in the process, and organize activities in the most efficient sequence

          

  35. Purchasing (Procurement)Process of acquiring the materials and services to be used in production

          

  36. Manufacturing Resource Planning (MRP 2)Goes beyond material planning to help monitor resources in all areas of the company. Can coordinate the production schedule with HR managers' forecasts for needed labor

          

  37. Master Production Schedule (MPS)Timetable that specifies which and how many products will be produced and when

          

  38. BenchmarkingPractice of comparing a company's own performance with that of a company that excels in the same activity