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Module 7: Thinking About Your Thinking flashcards |

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  • Egocentric Thinking

    The tendency to view everything in relation to self, considering only one's own interests, and assuming that one's own values and beliefs are superior to others.

    Rational Mind

    Thinking and behaving rationally and respecting the rights and needs of others


    Using direct power over others (up to and including force) to get what is selfishly desired.


    Strategic subservience where they egocentric thinker caters to those with power or prestige who can advance their goals.

    Rational Mind Development Process

    1. Identify the predictable, pathological tendencies we have; and 2. correct these pathologies through critical thinking.

    Egocentric Memory

    Remembering only that evidence and information that supports our thinking. Corrected by explicitly seeking evidence and information that runs counter to our thinking.

    Egocentric Myopia

    Adopting an overly narrow point of view and thinking in absolutes. Corrected by considering points of view that conflict with ours.

    Egocentric Righteousness

    Feeling superior because of possessing the "Truth." Correct by stating unanswered questions and reminding ourselves of how little we actually know.

    Egocentric Oversimplification

    Ignoring complexity and embracing simplicity that conforms to our existing views, values, and beliefs. Corrected by focusing on complexities and restating them and considering their impact on our thinking.

    Egocentric Hypocrisy

    Ignoring inconsistencies between belief and behavior and between public standards and private actions. Corrected by comparing beliefs and behaviors and standards and actions to expose inconsistencies.

    Egocentric Blindness

    Not seeing facts and evidence that contradict our thinking. Corrected by seeking out facts and evidence that challenge our thinking.

    Egocentric Immediacy

    Overgeneralizing so that immediate events, whether favorable, or unfavorable, influence thinking. Corrected by adopting a broader view and keeping positive and negative events in perspective.

    Egocentric Absurdity

    Failing to recognize thinking that has "absurd" consequences. Corrected by reviewing our thinking for realism.


    The belief that one's own society or group is superior to others.

    Five Foundations of Ethical Thinking

    1. We cannot pick and choose our ethical principles subjectively.
    2. If we are reasonable, we should respect clear-cut ethical principles.
    3. We must learn how to apply ethical concepts and principles to ethical issues.
    4. We should distinguish ethical principles from other domains.
    5. We should recognize egocentrism and sociocentrism as significant barriers to sound ethical reasoning.

    Characteristics of an Advanced Thinker

    Understanding the role of critical thinking in the quality of life and understanding the relationship among thoughts, feelings and desires; monitoring thoughts, feelings, and desires; employing strategies for improving critical thinking and employing critiques of progress in that improvement; developing new habits of thought and sensitivity to inconsistency and contradictions; and embracing intellectual integrity, intellectual empathy, and intellectual courage.

    Universal Ethical Standards

    Principles for correct human behavior acknowledged by reasonable people.

    Rigidity of Thought

    Another term for egocentric thinking.

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