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Critical thinking and problem-solving strategies Chapter 4 flashcards |
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  • Critical thinking

    Creative action based on professional knowledge and experience involving sound judgment applied with ethical standards and integrity

    Analysis

    Careful examination of the components of a complex situation or problem

    Case studies

    Real life patient situations that are studied and assessed for learning purposes

    Critique

    Type of evaluation that provides feedback on the quality of a work or creation in the form of an opinion or review

    Evaluation

    Judgment or determination of the quality of a work or creation

    Laboratory Experiments

    Exercises or activities used to reinforce cognitive concepts through the performance of planed steps, usually involving the analysis of data and answering of questions

    Portfolio

    Collection and self assessment of representative student work and accomplishments

    Practice Standards

    Defining statements of the professional role and performance criteria

    Problem Solving

    Answering questions in a methodic manner to resolve a challenging situation

    Reflection

    Use of recording in a journal and personal review of current and past practices to improve future decision making process

    Role Playing

    Acting our a situation in a realistic manner in the classroom or laboratory

    Synthesis

    Combining multiple areas of knowledge to create a new work or understanding

    Teamwork

    Collaboration with others on the healthcare team to provide quality patient care

    Abdomen

    Part of the trunk between thorax and pelvis

    Abdominal

    Pertaining to the abdomen

    Anatomy

    Study of the structures of the human body

    Anatomical

    Pertaining to anatomy

    Anterior

    The front surface of the body situated in front

    Caudal

    Pertaining to or near to the tailbone

    Cephalic

    Pertaining to or near to the head

    Coronal

    Pertaining to the vertical plane dividing the body into anterior and posterior the portions

    Distal

    Situated away from the center of the body

    Dorsal

    Pertaining to the back or situated behind

    Lateral

    Situated at the side of a structure

    Medial

    Nearer to the middle of the body

    Posterior

    Pertaining to the back surface of the body situated behind

    Prone

    Lying face down flat on your belly

    Proximal

    Situated nearest to the center of the body

    Sagittal

    Vertical plane through the body dividing it into right and left portions

    Supine

    Lying face up flat on your spine

    Transverse

    Horizontal plane dividing the body into upper and lower portions

    Ventral

    Pertaining to the belly or situated near the surface of the belly

    Abdominopelvic

    Pertaining to the abdomen and pelvis

    Cavity

    A hollow space or body compartment

    Cranial

    Pertaining to the cranium

    Cranium

    The skull

    Diaphragm

    Muscular sheet separating the abdominal and thoracic cavities

    Diaphragmatic

    Pertaining to the diaphragm

    Quadrant

    One quarter of a circle one of four regions of the surface of the abdomen

    Spine

    The vertebral column or a short bony projections

    Spinal

    Pertaining to the spine

    Thoracic

    Pertaining to the chest

    Thorax

    The parts of the trunk between the abdomen and neck

    Umbilical

    Pertaining to the umbilicus or the center of the abdomen

    Umbilicus

    Pit in the abdomen where the umbilical cord entered the fetus

    Cardiovascular

    Pertaining to the heart and blood vessels

    Digestion

    Breakdown of food into elements suitable for cell metabolism

    Digestive

    Pertaining to the digestion

    Endocrine

    A gland that produces an internal or hormonal substance

    Homeostasis

    Maintaining the stability of a system or the body's internal environment

    Integument

    Organ system that covers the body the skin being the main organ with in the system

    Integumentary

    Pertaining to the covering of the body

    Lymph

    Clear fluid collected from body tissue and transported by lymph vessels to the venous circulation

    Lymphatic

    Pertaining to lymph or the lymphatic system

    Nervous

    Pertaining to a nerve or the nervous system or easily excited or agitated

    Nervous system

    The whole integrated new apparatus

    Respiration

    Process of breathing fundamental process of life used to exchange oxygen and carbon dioxide

    Respiratory

    Pertaining to respiration

    Skeleton

    The bony framework of the body

    Skeletal

    Pertaining to the skeleton

    Urinary

    Pertaining to urine

    A radiologic science professional who wants to maintain critical thinking skills could do so by

    Continuing education, mentoring students, and teaching

    What are critical thinking and problem-solving

    Critical thinking is the art of reflecting on and evaluating your thought process for the purpose of improving it

    Steps in critical thinking and problem-solving

    Identify the problem, investigate the problem, formulate viable solution to the problem, and select the best solution

    Cognitive and Psychomotor

    Refers to thinking and doing

    Synthesis

    Combining multiple areas of knowledge to create a new work or understanding

    ARRT Code of Ethics

    Publish codes of ethic. These codes address the expected conduct of radiologic science professionals to perform procedures while providing the highest quality of care and to act in the best interest of the patient in and ethical manner

    Joint review committee of education in radiologic technology
    JCERT

    The agency publishes the document that requires radiologic science programs to access the problem solving and critical thinking skills of their students

    Role of the clinical setting

    The role of clinical setting in critical thinking is where students transfer knowledge into action

    ASRT

    Also published practice standards that determine specific professional expectations and responsibilities

    Consider the steps and problem-solving and critical thinking

    One. Identify and or clarify the problem. Two. Undertake and objective examination of the problem. Three. Consider and develop all viable solutions to the problem

    Role of the clinical setting

    It is where students can transfer of knowledge into action

    The key to mastering critical thinking

    Extend learning beyond memorization of the concepts of the profession

    Where is the best place for students to begin developing the ability to apply previous knowledge the new situation?

    One. Classroom two. Laboratory

    Some important components of effective critical thinking

    Analyzing values and feelings. managing uncomfortable ethical situation.

    To apply problem-solving skills and critical thinking to manage personal problems and issues for what reasons

    To make sure they do not affect the educational process and to make sure they do not affect patient care

    Radiologic science professional who wants to maintain critical thinking skills should do so by

    Continuing education, mentoring students, and teaching

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