Ambiguity that results from the mutiple meanings of particular words. Ex: On my way to the bank, to cash my paycheck, I passed by the park and saw the most colorful ducks swimming by the bank of the river.
A kind of semantic ambiguity in which it is unclear whether a claim refers to a group of things taken individually or collectively. Ex. "hundreds of people have stayed in this hotel room" (100 ppl at a time or indiv's over time?)
Fallacy of Composition
The incorrect belief that what is true for the individual, or part, must necessarily be true for the group, or whole.
When the structure or grammar of a sentence renders the meaning of a word or phrase uncertain.
"Mary saw the man with the telescope"; Ambiguity in sentences and phrases.
lack of clarity that results from an unclear indication about the noun to which a pronoun refers. Ex. The teacher gave the student her notes. (Does the pronoun her refer to the noun teacher or the noun student?)
vague statement; general statement which is not detailed; quality of being general; greater part; most. Ex. War on Terror. What is terrorism?
the calculated use of violence (or threat of violence) against civilians in order to attain goals that are political or religious or ideological in nature
Specifying the features that a thing must possess in order for the term being defined to apply to it.
Definition that serves to give a special meaning in a give context.
'desktop' for computer
Definition to reduce vagueness or generality or to eliminate vagueness. For example: "In this case dollars will only refer to Canadian dollars" Unless otherwise stipulated