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223 True/False questions

  1. Muscles that separate the fingersBelly

          

  2. What are pigment cells calledmelanocytes

          

  3. Causing tiny unseen openings in the skin that can allow entry by pathogenic microbesMotor nerves

          

  4. Tools used to perform your services either reusable or disposableScab

          

  5. Using soap and water to remove all visible dirt, debris, and many germsCocci

          

  6. Tinea, or ringworm, is caused byvegetable parasites

          

  7. A razor should not be used onBelly

          

  8. Autonomic reaction to a stimulus that involves movement of an impulseion

          

  9. Visible depressions running the width of the natural nail plateBeau's lines

          

  10. When listening to a client's complaint, it is important to avoidinterrupting

          

  11. Study of substances that do not contain the element carbon, but may contain hydrogeninfrared rays

          

  12. Fatty, oily substancesebum

          

  13. Where do you find the nerve endings for the sense of touch?Sensory nerve fibers

          

  14. Middle part of the muscleTelogen

          

  15. Cooling and drying hair reformed what bond?Hydrophilic

          

  16. Pimple; small elevation on the skin that contains no fluid but may develop pusPapule

          

  17. What type of growth pattern stands straight upCowlick

          

  18. RingwormTinea

          

  19. Inner bone of forearm; located on the side of the little fingerUlna

          

  20. Electric vaporizing irons should not be used on pressed hair because they cause the hair toreturn to its natural curly state

          

  21. How many bones are in the face?14

          

  22. Deep rubbing movementFriction

          

  23. ingredients that attract water and emolientshumectants

          

  24. Various poisonous substances produced by some microorganismsNitrogen, carbon dioxide, water vapor

          

  25. Red to yellow in colorPheomelanin

          

  26. The study of the musclesOrigin, belly, insertion

          

  27. Vellus is the short, fine, downy hair also known as...Lanugo

          

  28. What is the cause of Rosacea?Unknown

          

  29. The most common neutralizer is?Parasite called a mite

          

  30. What substances does air contain?Sun exposure or hormone imbalances

          

  31. Small brown or flesh-colored outgrowth of the skindry hair

          

  32. Where and how hair is moved over the headApex

          

  33. The amount of pressure applied when combing and holding a subsection created by stretching or pulling the subsectionelectorlisis

          

  34. telangiectasisdilated capillaires

          

  35. The invisible rays that produce the most heat are theinfrared rays

          

  36. Study of hairTrichology

          

  37. Basal cell layerStratum germinativium

          

  38. The most common reducing agent used in permanent wave solutionsThioglycolic acid

          

  39. Dermal papillaesmall cone-shaped elevations at base of the hair follicles

          

  40. when cells of living organisms are nourishedcatabolism

          

  41. Strongest facial bonemandible

          

  42. What can lead to ingrown nailsPlicatured nails

          

  43. Distended capillaries cause by weakening of the capillary wallselectorlisis

          

  44. Hydroxide relaxers change the disulfide bonds into ---- bondsMotor nerves

          

  45. Lifting of the nail plate, but does NOT shedOnycholysis

          

  46. How much protein does melanin give?very little

          

  47. 3 growth phases of hairAnagen, Catagen, Telogen

          

  48. Fungal infection of the natural nail plateinsertion to origin

          

  49. When a dipilatory is applied, the hair expands and theThe number of individual hair stands in one square inch

          

  50. How many times thicker is the dermis layer of skin than the epidermis?Wart

          

  51. most common and least severe type of skin cancerBasal cell carcinoma

          

  52. Binds together, protects and supports various parts of the bodyConnective tissue

          

  53. Brittle HairOychophagy

          

  54. When you are creating ---, you use a traveling guide, with no overdirection, to create the same length throughout the haricutuniform layers

          

  55. pityriasisPerimeter guide

          

  56. Fatty tissue is found where?Cuticle layer

          

  57. Skin sore or abrasion produced by scratching or scrapingToxins

          

  58. Sodium HypochloriteBleach

          

  59. Orbicularis oculiEye socket

          

  60. The way the hair growsHair stream

          

  61. CollagenOychophagy

          

  62. Bitten NailsHIV

          

  63. small sesame seed, commonly found on babiesmilia

          

  64. The shape of the hair strand; straight, wavy, curly, extra curlyWave pattern

          

  65. Keratinfibrous protein; principle component of hair and nails

          

  66. Main arteries that supply blood to the head, face, and neckdisulfide bonds break

          

  67. What kinda of light can be applied to acne prone skin?water-in-oil

          

  68. The process that completely destroys all microbial life, including spores4500 years ago

          

  69. Outermost layer of the hair; provides a barrier that protects the inner strengthHumerus

          

  70. Abnormal hair loss is calledmedula

          

  71. immunity the body develops from a disease, through vaccinations or through exposure to allergensNon-pathogenic bacteria

          

  72. Hair, nails, sudoriferous and sebaceous glands are what?20 sec

          

  73. Caused by minor injury to the nail matrixMedulla

          

  74. the growth of an unusual amount of hair on parts of the body normally bearing down hairhypertrichosis

          

  75. Temporary hair loss experienced at the end of pregnancyPostpartum Alopecia

          

  76. Elastinprotein base similar to collagen that forms elastic tissue

          

  77. Open lesion on the skin or mucous membrane of the body; loss of skin depth and fluids or pusFarthest

          

  78. Thick scar resulting from excessive growth of fibrous tissuePapillary and reticular

          

  79. Another name for Acne vulgairsFatty acids

          

  80. What is an element?Parasite called a mite

          

  81. Releases secretion of hormones directly into the bloodsreamEndocrine Glands

          

  82. Using galvanic current to enable water-soluble products that contains ions to penetrate the skininfrared rays

          

  83. Thin walled blood vesslesVeins

          

  84. Excessive growth or cover of hair especially on womenPorosity

          

  85. Main food source for acne bacteriaFatty acids

          

  86. too much cuticle remover can causeCuticle layer

          

  87. The list of services that you are legally allowed to perform in your specialty in your stateinfrared rays

          

  88. Microscopic Anatomy is also known as....Slightly acidic

          

  89. Long coiled, complex polypeptides made of amino acidesProteins

          

  90. Cells that produce the dark skin pigment called melaninEggshell nails

          

  91. Regulate the excretion of perspiration from the sweat glands and control the flow of sebum to the surface of skinEndocrine Glands

          

  92. An alternating and interrupted current used to cause muscular contractions is thefaradic current

          

  93. Lines that are used to remove weight in layered haircutsVertical lines

          

  94. What causes bruised nailsSmall injury to the nail bed

          

  95. Which bond is altered in permanent waving and hair relaxersDisulfide bonds

          

  96. A birthmark is also known as adry hair

          

  97. The study of the structure, function, and pathology of the nervous systemLanugo

          

  98. Bone located at the napeOccipital

          

  99. How much of the body is made up of waterCuticle layer

          

  100. What is another name for the cuticle layer?Acne

          

  101. A blood borne virus tat causes disease and can damage the liververy little

          

  102. What causes AIDS?Simplest form of a chemical component

          

  103. StatuesLaws

          

  104. What do state agencies regulateLicensing enforcement and your conduct when you are working in the salon

          

  105. a parasitic submicroscopic particle that infects and resides in cells of biological organismsEndocrine Glands

          

  106. The parts of the muscleOrigin, belly, insertion

          

  107. An inflammation of skin cause by having contact with certain chemicals or substancesOnycholysis

          

  108. The ability of the hair to absorb waterHydrophilic

          

  109. Who regulate and enforce safety and health standards to protect employees in the work place?OSHA

          

  110. What is found in the center of the cellnucleus

          

  111. Uppermost bone in the arm, largest bone that extends from elbow to shoulderUlna

          

  112. If you have treated a client's hair with a hydroxide relaxer, it cannot be treated withdecolorized or bleached

          

  113. How long should you wash your hands for?dry hair

          

  114. Before using a toner, you must achieve the properfoundation

          

  115. Study of the functions of the body's sturcturePhysiology

          

  116. The removal of hair by means of an electric currentelectorlisis

          

  117. Unstable physical mixture of two or more immiscible substancesemulsion

          

  118. The nail bed and matrix bed are attacked to the underlying bone byligaments

          

  119. Process of softening and emulsifying hardened sebum stuck in the hair folliclesDesincrustation

          

  120. The top of the papillary layer where it joins with the epidermis is called...Epidermal-dermal junction

          

  121. What causes hyper-pigmentation?protect the underlying skin

          

  122. Abnormal, brown-colored or wine-colored skin discolorationStain

          

  123. What layer of skin is visible?Stratum corneum

          

  124. WhiteheadLaws

          

  125. How many naturally occurring elements are there?Sun exposure or hormone imbalances

          

  126. Who discovered high-frequency currentSimplest form of a chemical component

          

  127. If you are going to custom-color a human hair wig, you should use hair that has beendecolorized or bleached

          

  128. Forms over a wound or blemish while it is healingScab

          

  129. Intrinsic skin-aging factorsprotect the underlying skin

          

  130. What causes scabies?Parasite called a mite

          

  131. When taking a test, ----- options known to be incorrect, is a deductive reasoning strategyeliminating

          

  132. Middle layer of hairBelly

          

  133. Resting phase of hair growthTelogen

          

  134. To minimize wide-set eyes and make them appear closer, it is best toCocci

          

  135. The protoplasm of a cell that surrounds the nucleus is the....infrared rays

          

  136. Define dermatologydilated capillaires

          

  137. Outermost layer and thinnest layer of skinMedulla

          

  138. What helps the body break down food and protect if against infections?Non-pathogenic bacteria

          

  139. What are ridges that are vertical down the natural nail caused byAging and uneven growth

          

  140. What is the highest point on top of the headPapillary and reticular

          

  141. Invasion of body tissues by disease-causing pathogensgenetics, gravity, facial expressions

          

  142. Rapid oxidation of a substance, accompanied by the production of heat and lightUlna

          

  143. Round-shaped bacteria that appear singly or in a groupCocci

          

  144. Having an attraction for fat or oilsOychophagy

          

  145. A chemical reaction in which the oxidizing agent is reduced and the reducing agent is oxidizedRedox

          

  146. Center layer of hairMedulla

          

  147. CheekbonesZygomatic bones

          

  148. What fungus that causes dandruffMalassizia

          

  149. Kneading movementTinea

          

  150. an abnormal cell mass that varies in size, shape, and coloralopecia

          

  151. Is skin naturally acidic or alkaline?medula

          

  152. Spiral or corkscrew- shaped baceriaSpirilla

          

  153. Mutually soluble liquids, can be mixed together to form a stable substanceMiscible substance

          

  154. The largest organ of the bodySkin

          

  155. partly inherited and partly developedprotect the underlying skin

          

  156. Carry impulses from the brain to the musclesSkin

          

  157. Colorless jelly-like substance found inside cellsProtoplasm

          

  158. Allergic reaction created by repeated exposure to a chemical or substanceSensitization

          

  159. Sodium ChlorideTable salt

          

  160. Conjunctivitispink eye

          

  161. Innermost layer of hairmedula

          

  162. What kind of emulsion are cold creams?water-in-oil

          

  163. Caused by physical trauma or injury to the nail bed that damages the capillaries and allows small amounts of blood flowleukonychia spots

          

  164. A visual line in the haircut where ends of the hair hang togetherinfrared rays

          

  165. pHPotential Hydrogen

          

  166. The best method when dealing with difficult clients is to...Eggshell nails

          

  167. Microscopic plant and parasites, can produce contagious diseases; mold, mildew, and yeastinfrared rays

          

  168. Nails that are thin, white, and flexibleEggshell nails

          

  169. Design linesfibrous protein; principle component of hair and nails

          

  170. Ingrown nails; nails that grow into the sides of living tissue around the nail25

          

  171. The barber pole, symbol of the barber-surgeon, has its roots in the early practice ofWave pattern

          

  172. Light abnormal skin patches; caused by a burn or congenital disease that destroys the pigment-producing cellsLuekoderma

          

  173. 3 different types of side bondsHydrogen, Salt, Disulfide

          

  174. Greek word for hairCortex

          

  175. Short, rod- shaped bacteria, most common bacteriaHydrophilic

          

  176. The particles from which all matter is composed areatoms

          

  177. Part of the hair located below the surface of the epidermisUlna

          

  178. A sweet, colorless, oily substance used as a moisturizer in skin and body creamsBacilli

          

  179. The separation of an atom or molecule into positive and negative ionsOnychomadesis

          

  180. An important function of bones ismedula

          

  181. The separation and falling off of a nail plate from the nail bedOnychomadesis

          

  182. Calluses on the feetprotect the underlying skin

          

  183. Clogged pore with hardened sebumComedo

          

  184. Having an attraction for waterLipophilic

          

  185. Fibrous protein cor formed by elongated cells that contain melanin pigment is...Cytoplasm

          

  186. Building renovations and business codes are regulated byLicensing enforcement and your conduct when you are working in the salon

          

  187. What kind of motility do cocci have?Active motility

          

  188. How is density of hair measured?The number of individual hair stands in one square inch

          

  189. Ethyl alcoholVolatile organic compound in hairspray

          

  190. The average adult skin weighs....Perimeter guide

          

  191. Amino acids, peptide bonds, polypeptide bonds, keratin proteinsBuilding blocks of the hair

          

  192. An atom or molecule that carries and electrical chargeion

          

  193. Promotes healing of the skin; enables the body to properly absorb and use calciumBlue light

          

  194. Large protruding pocket-like lesion filled with sebumSebaceous Cyst

          

  195. When did people start making soaps?14

          

  196. the division of bacteria cells into 2 new cells called daughter cellsbinary fission

          

  197. The only service you may be allowed to perform for a client with nail fungus is toextend eyebrow lines to inside corners of eyes

          

  198. How many of the 20 amino acids that make up the hair can your body produce?50-70%

          

  199. After completing a tweezing procedure, sponge the eyebrows and surrounding area withastringent

          

  200. Rays of the sun cause how much aging?Anagen, Catagen, Telogen

          

  201. Fresh disinfectant solution for implements should be prepareddaily

          

  202. Large blister containing a water fluidHydrogen peroxide

          

  203. Insertion is the part of the muscle --- to the skeletonStratum corneum

          

  204. Long bone that forms the leg above the kneeabductors

          

  205. In order to avoid strain on your body when standing for long periods, condsiderplacing one foot on a stool

          

  206. Piles of material on the skin surface14

          

  207. The haircolor category that is considered semipermanentrequires a patch test

          

  208. The deepest layer of the epidermisStratum germinativium

          

  209. when cells of living organisms carry out activitiescatabolism

          

  210. What is the negative electrode called in a Galvanic machineCathode

          

  211. Free edge pinches the sidewalls into a deep curve, pincer nailTrumpet nail

          

  212. Substances that allow oil and water to mix, or emulsify, surface active agentCarotid arteries

          

  213. How massage of the muscle is directedinsertion to origin

          

  214. Condition in which the living skin around the nail plate splits and tears, agnailTrumpet nail

          

  215. The ability of the hair to stretch and return to its original length without breakingApex

          

  216. An important technique to use when making pin curls isSecondary Skin Lesions

          

  217. Protective layer of hairmedula

          

  218. What is quaternary ammonium compound (QUATS)?Stratum corneum

          

  219. oily or fatty ingredients that prevent moisture from leaving the skinEpidermis

          

  220. How many years of college education do a person need to become a dermatologist?Thioglycolic acid

          

  221. One of four principal nerves of the arm and the hand that supplies the fingers is theCuticle

          

  222. Hypertrophy of the papillae and epidermisSubcutaneous tissue

          

  223. What are the two layers in the dermis?Papillary and reticular