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223 True/False questions

  1. Muscles that separate the fingersBelly


  2. What are pigment cells calledmelanocytes


  3. Causing tiny unseen openings in the skin that can allow entry by pathogenic microbesMotor nerves


  4. Tools used to perform your services either reusable or disposableScab


  5. Using soap and water to remove all visible dirt, debris, and many germsCocci


  6. Tinea, or ringworm, is caused byvegetable parasites


  7. A razor should not be used onBelly


  8. Autonomic reaction to a stimulus that involves movement of an impulseion


  9. Visible depressions running the width of the natural nail plateBeau's lines


  10. When listening to a client's complaint, it is important to avoidinterrupting


  11. Study of substances that do not contain the element carbon, but may contain hydrogeninfrared rays


  12. Fatty, oily substancesebum


  13. Where do you find the nerve endings for the sense of touch?Sensory nerve fibers


  14. Middle part of the muscleTelogen


  15. Cooling and drying hair reformed what bond?Hydrophilic


  16. Pimple; small elevation on the skin that contains no fluid but may develop pusPapule


  17. What type of growth pattern stands straight upCowlick


  18. RingwormTinea


  19. Inner bone of forearm; located on the side of the little fingerUlna


  20. Electric vaporizing irons should not be used on pressed hair because they cause the hair toreturn to its natural curly state


  21. How many bones are in the face?14


  22. Deep rubbing movementFriction


  23. ingredients that attract water and emolientshumectants


  24. Various poisonous substances produced by some microorganismsNitrogen, carbon dioxide, water vapor


  25. Red to yellow in colorPheomelanin


  26. The study of the musclesOrigin, belly, insertion


  27. Vellus is the short, fine, downy hair also known as...Lanugo


  28. What is the cause of Rosacea?Unknown


  29. The most common neutralizer is?Parasite called a mite


  30. What substances does air contain?Sun exposure or hormone imbalances


  31. Small brown or flesh-colored outgrowth of the skindry hair


  32. Where and how hair is moved over the headApex


  33. The amount of pressure applied when combing and holding a subsection created by stretching or pulling the subsectionelectorlisis


  34. telangiectasisdilated capillaires


  35. The invisible rays that produce the most heat are theinfrared rays


  36. Study of hairTrichology


  37. Basal cell layerStratum germinativium


  38. The most common reducing agent used in permanent wave solutionsThioglycolic acid


  39. Dermal papillaesmall cone-shaped elevations at base of the hair follicles


  40. when cells of living organisms are nourishedcatabolism


  41. Strongest facial bonemandible


  42. What can lead to ingrown nailsPlicatured nails


  43. Distended capillaries cause by weakening of the capillary wallselectorlisis


  44. Hydroxide relaxers change the disulfide bonds into ---- bondsMotor nerves


  45. Lifting of the nail plate, but does NOT shedOnycholysis


  46. How much protein does melanin give?very little


  47. 3 growth phases of hairAnagen, Catagen, Telogen


  48. Fungal infection of the natural nail plateinsertion to origin


  49. When a dipilatory is applied, the hair expands and theThe number of individual hair stands in one square inch


  50. How many times thicker is the dermis layer of skin than the epidermis?Wart


  51. most common and least severe type of skin cancerBasal cell carcinoma


  52. Binds together, protects and supports various parts of the bodyConnective tissue


  53. Brittle HairOychophagy


  54. When you are creating ---, you use a traveling guide, with no overdirection, to create the same length throughout the haricutuniform layers


  55. pityriasisPerimeter guide


  56. Fatty tissue is found where?Cuticle layer


  57. Skin sore or abrasion produced by scratching or scrapingToxins


  58. Sodium HypochloriteBleach


  59. Orbicularis oculiEye socket


  60. The way the hair growsHair stream


  61. CollagenOychophagy


  62. Bitten NailsHIV


  63. small sesame seed, commonly found on babiesmilia


  64. The shape of the hair strand; straight, wavy, curly, extra curlyWave pattern


  65. Keratinfibrous protein; principle component of hair and nails


  66. Main arteries that supply blood to the head, face, and neckdisulfide bonds break


  67. What kinda of light can be applied to acne prone skin?water-in-oil


  68. The process that completely destroys all microbial life, including spores4500 years ago


  69. Outermost layer of the hair; provides a barrier that protects the inner strengthHumerus


  70. Abnormal hair loss is calledmedula


  71. immunity the body develops from a disease, through vaccinations or through exposure to allergensNon-pathogenic bacteria


  72. Hair, nails, sudoriferous and sebaceous glands are what?20 sec


  73. Caused by minor injury to the nail matrixMedulla


  74. the growth of an unusual amount of hair on parts of the body normally bearing down hairhypertrichosis


  75. Temporary hair loss experienced at the end of pregnancyPostpartum Alopecia


  76. Elastinprotein base similar to collagen that forms elastic tissue


  77. Open lesion on the skin or mucous membrane of the body; loss of skin depth and fluids or pusFarthest


  78. Thick scar resulting from excessive growth of fibrous tissuePapillary and reticular


  79. Another name for Acne vulgairsFatty acids


  80. What is an element?Parasite called a mite


  81. Releases secretion of hormones directly into the bloodsreamEndocrine Glands


  82. Using galvanic current to enable water-soluble products that contains ions to penetrate the skininfrared rays


  83. Thin walled blood vesslesVeins


  84. Excessive growth or cover of hair especially on womenPorosity


  85. Main food source for acne bacteriaFatty acids


  86. too much cuticle remover can causeCuticle layer


  87. The list of services that you are legally allowed to perform in your specialty in your stateinfrared rays


  88. Microscopic Anatomy is also known as....Slightly acidic


  89. Long coiled, complex polypeptides made of amino acidesProteins


  90. Cells that produce the dark skin pigment called melaninEggshell nails


  91. Regulate the excretion of perspiration from the sweat glands and control the flow of sebum to the surface of skinEndocrine Glands


  92. An alternating and interrupted current used to cause muscular contractions is thefaradic current


  93. Lines that are used to remove weight in layered haircutsVertical lines


  94. What causes bruised nailsSmall injury to the nail bed


  95. Which bond is altered in permanent waving and hair relaxersDisulfide bonds


  96. A birthmark is also known as adry hair


  97. The study of the structure, function, and pathology of the nervous systemLanugo


  98. Bone located at the napeOccipital


  99. How much of the body is made up of waterCuticle layer


  100. What is another name for the cuticle layer?Acne


  101. A blood borne virus tat causes disease and can damage the liververy little


  102. What causes AIDS?Simplest form of a chemical component


  103. StatuesLaws


  104. What do state agencies regulateLicensing enforcement and your conduct when you are working in the salon


  105. a parasitic submicroscopic particle that infects and resides in cells of biological organismsEndocrine Glands


  106. The parts of the muscleOrigin, belly, insertion


  107. An inflammation of skin cause by having contact with certain chemicals or substancesOnycholysis


  108. The ability of the hair to absorb waterHydrophilic


  109. Who regulate and enforce safety and health standards to protect employees in the work place?OSHA


  110. What is found in the center of the cellnucleus


  111. Uppermost bone in the arm, largest bone that extends from elbow to shoulderUlna


  112. If you have treated a client's hair with a hydroxide relaxer, it cannot be treated withdecolorized or bleached


  113. How long should you wash your hands for?dry hair


  114. Before using a toner, you must achieve the properfoundation


  115. Study of the functions of the body's sturcturePhysiology


  116. The removal of hair by means of an electric currentelectorlisis


  117. Unstable physical mixture of two or more immiscible substancesemulsion


  118. The nail bed and matrix bed are attacked to the underlying bone byligaments


  119. Process of softening and emulsifying hardened sebum stuck in the hair folliclesDesincrustation


  120. The top of the papillary layer where it joins with the epidermis is called...Epidermal-dermal junction


  121. What causes hyper-pigmentation?protect the underlying skin


  122. Abnormal, brown-colored or wine-colored skin discolorationStain


  123. What layer of skin is visible?Stratum corneum


  124. WhiteheadLaws


  125. How many naturally occurring elements are there?Sun exposure or hormone imbalances


  126. Who discovered high-frequency currentSimplest form of a chemical component


  127. If you are going to custom-color a human hair wig, you should use hair that has beendecolorized or bleached


  128. Forms over a wound or blemish while it is healingScab


  129. Intrinsic skin-aging factorsprotect the underlying skin


  130. What causes scabies?Parasite called a mite


  131. When taking a test, ----- options known to be incorrect, is a deductive reasoning strategyeliminating


  132. Middle layer of hairBelly


  133. Resting phase of hair growthTelogen


  134. To minimize wide-set eyes and make them appear closer, it is best toCocci


  135. The protoplasm of a cell that surrounds the nucleus is the....infrared rays


  136. Define dermatologydilated capillaires


  137. Outermost layer and thinnest layer of skinMedulla


  138. What helps the body break down food and protect if against infections?Non-pathogenic bacteria


  139. What are ridges that are vertical down the natural nail caused byAging and uneven growth


  140. What is the highest point on top of the headPapillary and reticular


  141. Invasion of body tissues by disease-causing pathogensgenetics, gravity, facial expressions


  142. Rapid oxidation of a substance, accompanied by the production of heat and lightUlna


  143. Round-shaped bacteria that appear singly or in a groupCocci


  144. Having an attraction for fat or oilsOychophagy


  145. A chemical reaction in which the oxidizing agent is reduced and the reducing agent is oxidizedRedox


  146. Center layer of hairMedulla


  147. CheekbonesZygomatic bones


  148. What fungus that causes dandruffMalassizia


  149. Kneading movementTinea


  150. an abnormal cell mass that varies in size, shape, and coloralopecia


  151. Is skin naturally acidic or alkaline?medula


  152. Spiral or corkscrew- shaped baceriaSpirilla


  153. Mutually soluble liquids, can be mixed together to form a stable substanceMiscible substance


  154. The largest organ of the bodySkin


  155. partly inherited and partly developedprotect the underlying skin


  156. Carry impulses from the brain to the musclesSkin


  157. Colorless jelly-like substance found inside cellsProtoplasm


  158. Allergic reaction created by repeated exposure to a chemical or substanceSensitization


  159. Sodium ChlorideTable salt


  160. Conjunctivitispink eye


  161. Innermost layer of hairmedula


  162. What kind of emulsion are cold creams?water-in-oil


  163. Caused by physical trauma or injury to the nail bed that damages the capillaries and allows small amounts of blood flowleukonychia spots


  164. A visual line in the haircut where ends of the hair hang togetherinfrared rays


  165. pHPotential Hydrogen


  166. The best method when dealing with difficult clients is to...Eggshell nails


  167. Microscopic plant and parasites, can produce contagious diseases; mold, mildew, and yeastinfrared rays


  168. Nails that are thin, white, and flexibleEggshell nails


  169. Design linesfibrous protein; principle component of hair and nails


  170. Ingrown nails; nails that grow into the sides of living tissue around the nail25


  171. The barber pole, symbol of the barber-surgeon, has its roots in the early practice ofWave pattern


  172. Light abnormal skin patches; caused by a burn or congenital disease that destroys the pigment-producing cellsLuekoderma


  173. 3 different types of side bondsHydrogen, Salt, Disulfide


  174. Greek word for hairCortex


  175. Short, rod- shaped bacteria, most common bacteriaHydrophilic


  176. The particles from which all matter is composed areatoms


  177. Part of the hair located below the surface of the epidermisUlna


  178. A sweet, colorless, oily substance used as a moisturizer in skin and body creamsBacilli


  179. The separation of an atom or molecule into positive and negative ionsOnychomadesis


  180. An important function of bones ismedula


  181. The separation and falling off of a nail plate from the nail bedOnychomadesis


  182. Calluses on the feetprotect the underlying skin


  183. Clogged pore with hardened sebumComedo


  184. Having an attraction for waterLipophilic


  185. Fibrous protein cor formed by elongated cells that contain melanin pigment is...Cytoplasm


  186. Building renovations and business codes are regulated byLicensing enforcement and your conduct when you are working in the salon


  187. What kind of motility do cocci have?Active motility


  188. How is density of hair measured?The number of individual hair stands in one square inch


  189. Ethyl alcoholVolatile organic compound in hairspray


  190. The average adult skin weighs....Perimeter guide


  191. Amino acids, peptide bonds, polypeptide bonds, keratin proteinsBuilding blocks of the hair


  192. An atom or molecule that carries and electrical chargeion


  193. Promotes healing of the skin; enables the body to properly absorb and use calciumBlue light


  194. Large protruding pocket-like lesion filled with sebumSebaceous Cyst


  195. When did people start making soaps?14


  196. the division of bacteria cells into 2 new cells called daughter cellsbinary fission


  197. The only service you may be allowed to perform for a client with nail fungus is toextend eyebrow lines to inside corners of eyes


  198. How many of the 20 amino acids that make up the hair can your body produce?50-70%


  199. After completing a tweezing procedure, sponge the eyebrows and surrounding area withastringent


  200. Rays of the sun cause how much aging?Anagen, Catagen, Telogen


  201. Fresh disinfectant solution for implements should be prepareddaily


  202. Large blister containing a water fluidHydrogen peroxide


  203. Insertion is the part of the muscle --- to the skeletonStratum corneum


  204. Long bone that forms the leg above the kneeabductors


  205. In order to avoid strain on your body when standing for long periods, condsiderplacing one foot on a stool


  206. Piles of material on the skin surface14


  207. The haircolor category that is considered semipermanentrequires a patch test


  208. The deepest layer of the epidermisStratum germinativium


  209. when cells of living organisms carry out activitiescatabolism


  210. What is the negative electrode called in a Galvanic machineCathode


  211. Free edge pinches the sidewalls into a deep curve, pincer nailTrumpet nail


  212. Substances that allow oil and water to mix, or emulsify, surface active agentCarotid arteries


  213. How massage of the muscle is directedinsertion to origin


  214. Condition in which the living skin around the nail plate splits and tears, agnailTrumpet nail


  215. The ability of the hair to stretch and return to its original length without breakingApex


  216. An important technique to use when making pin curls isSecondary Skin Lesions


  217. Protective layer of hairmedula


  218. What is quaternary ammonium compound (QUATS)?Stratum corneum


  219. oily or fatty ingredients that prevent moisture from leaving the skinEpidermis


  220. How many years of college education do a person need to become a dermatologist?Thioglycolic acid


  221. One of four principal nerves of the arm and the hand that supplies the fingers is theCuticle


  222. Hypertrophy of the papillae and epidermisSubcutaneous tissue


  223. What are the two layers in the dermis?Papillary and reticular