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119 Multiple choice questions

  1. Showing no signs of infection.
  2. What is a disease caused by pathogenic microorganisms that enter the body, and which may or may not be spread from one person to another person?
  3. Pus-forming bacteria arranged in curved lines resembling a string of beads. They cause infections such as strep throat and blood poisoning.
  4. Before beginning any service, you should wash your hands using pump soap, water, and a ________.
  5. A bloodborne virus that causes disease and can damage the liver.
  6. Disease produced by organisms, including bacteria, viruses, fungi, and parasites.
  7. Disease-causing microorganisms carried in the body by blood or body fluids, such as hepatitis and HIV.
  8. Immunity that is partly inherited and partly developed through healthy living.
  9. Microscopic plant parasites, which include molds, mildews, and yeasts; can produce contagious diseases such as ringworm.
  10. What is a parasitic disease caused by?
  11. What are disinfectants that are very effective when used properly in the salon?
  12. Some ______ disinfectants are harmful to salon tools and equipment.
  13. Spherical bacteria that grow in pairs and cause diseases such as pneumonia
  14. If the label on a disinfection product includes the word "concentrate", it means that the product must be _______.
  15. A chemical process for reducing the number of disease-causing germs on cleaned surfaces to a safe level.
  16. "chelating detergents"; detergents that break down stubborn films and remove the residue of pedicure products such as scrubs, salts, and masks.
  17. Accelerated hydrogen peroxide, or AHP, is a recently approved form of disinfectant that only needs to be changed every ______.
  18. Sterilization is the most reliable means of ________.
  19. "barbers itch" ; a superficial fungal infection that commonly affects the skin. It is primarily limited to the bearded areas of the face and neck or around the scalp.
  20. When washing your hands, you apply soap, lather and scrub your hands and under the free edges of nails with a nail brush for at least ______.
  21. A ringworm fungus of the foot.
  22. Capable of destroying fungi.
  23. Disease caused by parasites, such as lice and mites.
  24. When cleaning and disinfecting a ______, remove the impeller, footplate, and any other removable parts according to the manufacturer's instructions.
  25. A condition in which the body reacts to injury, irritation, or infection; characterized by redness, heat, pain, and swelling.
  26. Contact with non intact skin, blood, body fluid or other potentially infectious materials that is the result of the performance of an employee's duties.
  27. Capable of destroying bacteria.
  28. The number of viable organisms in or on an object or surface or the organic material on a surface or object before decontamination or sterilization.
  29. The ability of the body to destroy and resist infection. It can be natural or acquired.
  30. Which type of bacteria can cause strep throat or blood poisoning?
  31. An abnormal condition of all or part of the body, or its systems or organs, that makes the body incapable of carrying on normal function.
  32. After they have been properly cleaned and disinfected, implements should be stored in a ________ container.
  33. Universal Precautions require employees to assume that human blood and body fluids are infectious for _______.
  34. Disease that affects the body a a whole, often due to under-functioning or over-functioning or internal glands or organs. It is carried through the blood stream or the lymphatic system.
  35. Various poisonous substances produced by some microorganisms (bacteria and viruses)
  36. Slender, hairlike extensions used by bacilli and spirilla for locomotion. "cilia"
  37. Organisms that grow, feed, and shelter on or in another organisms while contributing nothing to the survival of that organism. They mush have a host to survive.
  38. Chemical products that destroy all bacteria, fungi, and viruses (but not spores) on surfaces.
  39. Immunity that the body develops after overcoming a disease, through inoculation (such as flu vaccinations), or through exposure to natural allergens, such as pollen, cat dander, and ragweed.
  40. A chemical process that uses specific products to destroy harmful organisms (except bacterial spores) on environmental surfaces.
  41. Disinfectants that are effective for cleaning blood and body fluids.
  42. Antiseptics are effective for _______
  43. A microscopic germ that normally exists in tap water in small numbers.
  44. Pus-forming bacteria that grow in clusters like a bunch of grapes. They cause abscesses, pustules, and boils.
  45. An item that is made or constructed of a material that has no pores or openings and cannot absorb liquids.
  46. Using ______ bleach can damage metal and plastic.
  47. A surface must be properly cleaned before it can be ________.
  48. Mix disinfectants properly by ______.
  49. Caused by or capable of being transmitted by infection.
  50. Transmission of blood or body fluids through contact with an ________, such as a razor or an environmental surface, is indirect transmission.
  51. Transmission of blood or body fluids through touching, kissing, coughing, sneezing, and talking.
  52. An infection, such as a pimple or abscess, that is confined to a particular part of the body and appears as a lesion containing pus.
  53. A disease caused by bacteria that are transmitted through coughing and sneezing.
  54. Illness resulting from conditions associated with employment, such as prolonged and repeated overexposure to certain products or ingredients.
  55. Which agency publishes the guidelines known as Universal Precautions?
  56. Not having ______ available poses a health risk to anyone exposed to hazardous materials and violates federal and sate regulations.
  57. What are the three types of Cocci?
  58. The division of bacteria cells into two new cells called daughter cells.
  59. Fumigants are _____ in salons because they produce potentially harmful formaldehyde gas.
  60. What is a condition caused by an infestation of head lice?
  61. A parasitic submicroscopic particle that infects and resides in cells of biological organisms.
  62. Determination of the nature of a disease from its symptoms and/or diagnostic tests.
  63. Disease caused by pathogenic microorganisms that enter the body. It may or may not be spread person to person.
  64. The presence, or the reasonably anticipated presence of blood or other potentially infectious materials on an item's surface or visible debris or residues such as dust, hair, and skin.
  65. The ability to produce an effect.
  66. Capable of destroying viruses.
  67. Something caused by or capable of being transmitted by infection is called ______.
  68. The methods used to eliminate or reduce the transmission of infectious organisms.
  69. Salons should keep a _______ that identifies each time a piece of equipment is used, cleaned, disinfected, tested, and maintained.
  70. The removal of blood or other potentially infectious materials on an item's surface and the removal of visible depress or residue such as dust, hair, and skin.
  71. Fungal infections are much more common on the ______ than on the hands.
  72. What are illnesses resulting from conditions associated with employment?
  73. Lyme disease and syphilis are caused by spiral or corkscrew-shaped bacteria called what?
  74. What is the chemical name for household bleach?
  75. Round-shaped bacteria that appear singly (alone) or in groups.
  76. Antimicrobial and antibacterial soaps are ________ regular soaps or detergents.
  77. The invasion of body tissues by disease-causing pathogens.
  78. A fungal infection of the scalp characterized by red papillose, or spots, at the opening of the hair follicles.
  79. The presence of pus is a sign of ________.
  80. In 2000, a bacteria called "Mycobacterium fortuitum" caused a client outbreak due to the failure of the practitioner to follow proper disinfection guidelines for what?
  81. Cosmetologists are not allowed to trim or cut living skin around ________.
  82. information compiled by the manufacturer about product safety, including the names of hazardous ingredients, safe handling and use procedures, precautions to reduce the risk of accidental harm or overexposure, and flammability warnings.
  83. Licensing, enforcement, and your conduct when you are working in the salon are regulated by ______ agencies.
  84. There is no additive, powder, or tablet that eliminates the need for you to _____ equipment such as whirlpool foot spas.
  85. What is a fluid created by infection.
  86. Harmful microorganisms that can cause disease or infection in humans when they invade the body.
  87. Reaction due to extreme sensitivity to certain foods, chemicals, or other normally harmless substances.
  88. Powerful tuberculocidal disinfectants. They are a form of formaldehyde, have a very high pH, and can damage the skin and eyes.
  89. Disinfectants used in salons must carry an ________ registration number.
  90. "MRSA" ' a type of infectious bacteria that is highly resistant to conventional treatments such as antibiotics.
  91. What is a disease that is spread by contact from one person to another person?
  92. How often should you clean a whirlpool foot spa and leave disinfectant solution in it overnight?
  93. A salon implement that accidentally comes in contact with blood or body fluids must be thoroughly cleaned and _______.
  94. Spiral or corkscrew-shaped bacteria that cause diseases such as syphilis and Lyme disease.
  95. Made or constructed of a material that has pores or openings. Is absorbent.
  96. A ______ infection appears as a lesion containing pus and is confined to a particular part of the body.
  97. One-celled microorganisms that have both plant and animal characteristics.
  98. Self-movement
  99. When disinfecting a whirlpool foot spa after use by a client, you must circulate the disinfectant for ______ or for the time recommended by the manufacturer.
  100. As a cosmetologist, you are ______ to recommend treatments for diseases.
  101. "Planter warts" ; a virus that can infect the bottom of the foot and resembles small black dots, usually in clustered groups.
  102. Bacteria generally consist of an outer cell wall containing a liquid called ______.
  103. A set of guidelines published by OSHA that require the employer and the employee to assume that all human blood and body fluids are infectious for blood borne pathogens.
  104. After cleaning and disinfecting a pipe-less foot spa at the end of the day, how should you dry it?
  105. A type of fungus that affects plants or grows on intimate objects, but does not cause human infections in the salon.
  106. Transmission of blood or body fluids through contact with an intermediate contaminated object such as a razor, extractor, nipper, or an environmental surface.
  107. A contagious skin disease that is caused by the itch mite, which burrows under the skin.
  108. Harmless microorganisms that may perform useful functions and are safe to come in contact with since they do not cause disease or harm.
  109. Any organism of microscopic or submicroscopic size.
  110. Chemical germicides formulated for use on skin; registered and regulated by the FDA.
  111. "AIDS" ; a disease that breaks down the body's immune system. ; caused by HIV.
  112. Never let disinfectants such as phenols and quotes come in contact with your _____.
  113. Which form of hepatitis is the most difficult to kill on a surface?
  114. "reusable" ' items that can be cleaned, disinfected, and used on more than one person, even if the item is accidentally exposed to blood or body fluid.
  115. Items that cannot be used more than once.
  116. Short rod-shaped bacteria. Most common bacteria and produce diseases such as tetanus, typhoid fever, tuberculosis, and diphtheria.
  117. What are bacteria that grow in pairs and can cause pneumonia?
  118. Disinfectants that kill the bacteria that causes tuberculosis.
  119. The process that completely destroys all microbial life, including spores.