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  1. over 90 percent
  2. two
  3. Disposable Implements
  4. Wooden Pusher
  5. tapotement
  6. Medium-grit abrasives
  7. one base coat, two coats of polish, and one top coat
  8. should extend just a bit past the fingertip
  9. Lower-grit abrasives
  10. Squoval nail
  11. Scope of Practice
  12. cuticle remover
  13. 20 minutes
  14. Pointed Nail
  15. Fine-grit abrasives
  16. Blended oils
  17. Metal Pusher
  18. squoval
  19. effleurage
  20. nail cream
  21. gloves
  22. parallel to the sidewalls
  23. plastic or metal spatula
  24. Nail Clippers
  25. Dimethyl urea hardeners
  26. Paraffin wax
  27. oval
  28. Protein Hardeners
  29. 40 to 60 watt
  30. Oval Nail
  31. reduce brittleness
  32. Service Sets
  33. a lid
  34. Nipper
  35. white
  36. work more quickly and are better solvents
  37. Essential Oils
  38. both nail and skin care
  39. Reusable Implements
  40. Square nail
  41. 16 to 21 inches
  42. Implements
  43. all states
  44. file prepping
  45. fully covered by a fresh, clean towel
  46. either before the base coat or as a top coat
  47. Microtrauma
  48. hyperpigmentation
  49. Nail Creams
  50. friction
  51. Paraffin
  52. remove implements from disinfectant solutions
  53. Round nail
  54. Nail Oils
  55. buffing and polishing
  1. a Rubbing a file across the sharp edge of another file to prepare it for use.
  2. b Commonly added to products such as body lotion and masks.
  3. c Massage movement involving rapid tapping or striking motions of the hands against the skin.
  4. d 180 to 240 grit abrasives that are used to smooth and refine surfaces and shorten natural nails.
  5. e Designed to seal the surface of the skin.
  6. f "single-use implements"; implements that cannot be reused and must be thrown away after a single use.
  7. g Fine-grit abrasives are designed for removing very fine scratches and _______.
  8. h Product designed to loosen and dissolve dead tissue from the nail plate.
  9. i A stainless-steel implement used to carefully trim away dead skin around the nails.
  10. j A nail shape completely straight across the free edge with no rounding at the outside edges.
  11. k Nail conditioners are primarily used to _______.
  12. l What is NOT kept in a supply tray?
  13. m Success in nail polish application is achieved by using four coats including _________.
  14. n Nail products should be removed from their containers using a _______.
  15. o 240 grit and higher abrasives designed for buffing, polishing, and removing very fine scratches.
  16. p Nail shape suited to thin hands with long fingers and narrow nail beds. The nail is tapered and longer than usual to emphasize and enhance the slender appearance of the hand.
  17. q A standard manicuring table is usually _______ wide.
  18. r The _______ nail has a square free edge that is rounded off at the corner edges.
  19. s Boards and buffers less than 180 grit that quickly reduce the thickness of any surface.
  20. t A nail shape with a square free edge that is rounded off at the corner edges.
  21. u Barrier products that contain ingredients designed to seal the surface and hold subdermal moisture in the skin.
  22. v A hardener that adds cross-links to the natural nail plate. Unlike hardeners containing formaldehyde, DMU does not cause adverse skin reactions.
  23. w It takes approximately ______ to properly clean and disinfect implements after each use.
  24. x The act of causing tiny unseen openings in the skin that can allow entry by pathogenic microbes.
  25. y Sets of all the tools that will be used in a service.
  26. z A spa manicure requires extensive knowledge of _______.
  27. aa The wooden pusher is NOT used to ________.
  28. ab "multiuse implements"; implements that are generally stainless steel because they must be properly cleaned and disinfected between clients.
  29. ac Reusing implements without properly cleaning and disinfecting them is against the law in _____.
  30. ad Oils extracted using various forms of distillation from the seeds, bark, roots, leaves, wood, and/or resin of plants.
  31. ae When applying an iridescent or frosted polish, you must use strokes that are _________.
  32. af A petroleum by-product that has excellent sealing properties to hold moisture in the skin.
  33. ag A slightly tapered nail shape; it usually extends just a bit past the fingertip.
  34. ah A combination of clear polish and protein, such as collagen
  35. ai a petroleum by-product that holds moisture in the skin
  36. aj The _____ nail is a conservative shape that is thought to be attractive on most women's hands.
  37. ak Disinfection containers must have _____.
  38. al The round nail _______________.
  39. am A manicuring table lamp should use a _____ incandescent bulb or a fluorescent bulb.
  40. an The list of services that you are legally allowed to perform in your specialty in your state.
  41. ao The best terry cloth towels for use in a personal service are _____.
  42. ap Compared to non-acetone removers, acetone removers ________.
  43. aq A wooden stick used to remove cuticle tissue from the nail plate, to clean under the free edge of the nail, or to apply products.
  44. ar A reusable implement used to shorten the nail plate quickly and efficiently.
  45. as Massage movement involving a succession of strokes in which the hands glide over an area of the body with varying degrees of pressure or contact.
  46. at Nail hardeners can be applied ______.
  47. au If a single client is going to have both a manicure and a pedicure, how many pairs of gloves will the cosmetologist need?
  48. av A service cushion must be _________.
  49. aw Age spots caused by UV radiation.
  50. ax A conservative nail shape that is thought to be attractive on most women's hands. It is similar to a squoval nail with even more rounded corners.
  51. ay Tools used to perform nail services. They can be reusable or disposable.
  52. az A reusable implement, made of stainless steel; it should not be used to push back the eponychium but can be used to gently scrape cuticle tissue from the natural nail plate.
  53. ba Products designed to absorb into the nail plate to increase flexibility and into the surrounding skin to soften.
  54. bb Soap is known to remove _____ of pathogenic microbes from the hands, when hand washing is performed properly.
  55. bc Method of massage incorporating various strokes that manipulate or press one layer of tissue over another.