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107 True/False questions

  1. MedullaThe ______ is the innermost layer of the hair.

          

  2. thermal reconditioning.Japanese thermal straightening is sometimes called _________.

          

  3. Base SectionsSubsections of panels into which hair is divided for perm wrapping; one rod is normally placed on each base section.

          

  4. Half off-base placementBase control in which the hair is wrapped at an angle of 90 degrees or perpendicular to its base section, and the rod is positioned half off its base section.

          

  5. CortexWhat is the middle layer of the hair?

          

  6. Ammonium ThioglycolateActive ingredient or reducing agent in alkaline permanents

          

  7. Metal Hydroxide RelaxersWhich type of relaxer contains one component and is used without any additional mixing?

          

  8. Spiral and croquignoleWhat are the two basic types of wrapping hair around a perm rod?

          

  9. Thio NeutralizationStops the action of a permanent wave solution and rebuilds the hair in its new curly form.

          

  10. fine, color-treated, or damaged hairHydrogen bonds can be broken by ______.

          

  11. Ammonia-free wavesPerms that use an ingredient that does not evaporate as readily as ammonia, so there is very little odor associated with their use.

          

  12. Double Flat WrapPerm wrap in which one end paper is placed under and another is placed over the strand of hair being wrapped.

          

  13. Glyceryl MonothioglycolateMain active ingredient in true acid and acid-balanced waving lotions.

          

  14. Endothermic wavesPerm activated by an outside heat source, usually a conventional hood-type hair dryer.

          

  15. IanthionizationWhat is NOT one of the three main components of an exothermic wave?

          

  16. Off-base placementBase control in which the hair is wrapped at 45 degrees below the center of the base section, so the rod is positioned completely off its base.

          

  17. neither swells the hair nor penetrates into the cortexWhen rinsing the hair for a permanent wave, it is recommended that you _________.

          

  18. Croquignole perm wrapPerms in which the hair strands are wrapped from the ends to the scalp in overlapping concentric layers.

          

  19. low-pH wave"cold waves"; have a pH between 9.0 and 9.6, use ammonium thioglycolate as a reducing agent, and process at room temperature without the addition of heat.

          

  20. Base PlacementRefers to the position of the rod in relation to its base section; base placement is determined by the angle at which the hair is wrapped.

          

  21. damagingAmmonia-free waves can be ________.

          

  22. True Acid WavesHave a pH between 4.5 and 7.0 and require heat to process; they process more slowly than alkaline waves, and do not usually produce as firm a curl.

          

  23. Double-rod wrap"piggyback wrap"; a wrap technique whereby extra-long hair is wrapped on one rod from the scalp to midway down the hair shaft, and another rod is used to wrap the remaining hair strand in the same direction.

          

  24. Thio NeutralizationWhat stops the cation of the waving solution and rebuilds the hair into its new curly form?

          

  25. double flat wrapHair is wrapped at an angle other than perpendicular to the length of the rod, which causes the hair to spiral along the length of the rod, similar to the stripes on a candy cane.

          

  26. Single Flat WrapPerm wrap that is similar to double flat wrap but uses only one end paper, placed over the top of the strand of hair being wrapped.

          

  27. examine the scalp before the perm serviceWith permanent waving, it is recommended that you ________.

          

  28. 100 times more alkalineRelaxers are extremely _______.

          

  29. Low-pH wavesPerms that use sulfates, sulfites, and bisulfites as an alternative to ammonium thioglycolate; they have a low pH

          

  30. NeutralizerThe basic components of acid waves are permanent wave solution, activator, and ______.

          

  31. Salt BondsThe chemical bonds that join amino acids together are called ________.

          

  32. will not hold a curlIf the client's hair has been treated with a hydroxide relaxer, it ________.

          

  33. Loop RodsWhich type of bonds are relatively weak physical side bonds that are the result of an attraction between negative and positive electrical charges?

          

  34. Permanent WavingA two-step process whereby the hair undergoes a physical change caused by wrapping hair on perm rods, and then the hair undergoes a chemical change caused by the application of permanent waving solution and neutralizer.

          

  35. Loop Rod"circle rod"; tool that is usually about 12-inches long with a uniform diameter along the entire length of the rod.

          

  36. Amino Acids"end wraps"; absorbent papers used to control the ends of the hair when wrapping and winding hair on perm rods.

          

  37. Base Cream"protective base cream"; oily cream used to protect the skin and scalp during hair relaxing.

          

  38. Soft Curl Permanent"straight set wrap"; perm wrapping pattern in which all the rods within a panel move in the same direction and are positioned on equal-sized bases; all the base sections are horizontal, and are the same length and width as the perm rod.

          

  39. 7.8 and 8.2Ammonia-free waves can be ________.

          

  40. CuticleThe ______ is the tough exterior layer of the hair.

          

  41. RaiseChemical texturizers ______ the pH of the hair.

          

  42. Base Control"protective base cream"; oily cream used to protect the skin and scalp during hair relaxing.

          

  43. Peptide Bonds"end bonds"; chemical bonds that join amino acids together, end to end in long chains, to form polypeptide chains.

          

  44. Chemical Hair RelaxingHair services that cause a chemical change that alters the natural wave pattern of the hair.

          

  45. either water or heatHydrogen bonds can be broken by ______.

          

  46. Base RelaxerUse the same ammonium thioglycolate that is used in permanent waving, but at a higher concentration and a higher pH.

          

  47. Normalizing LotionsConditioners with an acidic pH that restore the hair's natural pH after a hydroxide relaxer prior to shampooing.

          

  48. ViscosityWhat is the thickness or thinness of a liquid?

          

  49. Basic Permanent Wrap"straight set wrap"; perm wrapping pattern in which all the rods within a panel move in the same direction and are positioned on equal-sized bases; all the base sections are horizontal, and are the same length and width as the perm rod.

          

  50. Straight RodsWhich type of bonds are relatively weak physical side bonds that are the result of an attraction between negative and positive electrical charges?

          

  51. Size of the rod"circle rod"; tool that is usually about 12-inches long with a uniform diameter along the entire length of the rod.

          

  52. Polypeptide chains"end bonds"; chemical bonds that join amino acids together, end to end in long chains, to form polypeptide chains.

          

  53. Piggyback WrapA ________ is a type of wrap in which the hair is wrapped on one rod from the scalp to midway down the hair shaft.

          

  54. Curvature Permanent WrapPerm wrap in which partings and bases radiate throughout the panels to follow the curvature of the head.

          

  55. Peptide bondsWhich type of bonds are relatively weak physical side bonds that are the result of an attraction between negative and positive electrical charges?

          

  56. OxygenA reduction reaction involves either the addition of hydrogen or removal of ______.

          

  57. Keratin ProteinsWhat is the most common neutralizer?

          

  58. a low pHGMTG, the primary reducing agent in all acid waves, has _____.

          

  59. Sodium Hydroxide RelaxersWhich type of relaxer contains one component and is used without any additional mixing?

          

  60. True acid wavesWhat type of perm is recommended for very damaged hair?

          

  61. Hydroxide RelaxersVery strong alkalis with a pH over 13

          

  62. 9.0 and 9.6GMTG, the primary reducing agent in all acid waves, has _____.

          

  63. Base RelaxersWhich type of relaxer requires the application of a protective base cream to the entire scalp prior to the application of the relaxer?

          

  64. ConcentratorWhat is NOT one of the three main components of an exothermic wave?

          

  65. Japanese Thermal StraighteningWhat is a method of hair straightening that combines the use of a the relaxer with flat ironing?

          

  66. Outside Heat SourceAn endothermic wave must be activated using an _______.

          

  67. Chemical Texture ServicesHair services that cause a chemical change that alters the natural wave pattern of the hair.

          

  68. Curvature permanent wrap"straight set wrap"; perm wrapping pattern in which all the rods within a panel move in the same direction and are positioned on equal-sized bases; all the base sections are horizontal, and are the same length and width as the perm rod.

          

  69. 5 to 10 minutesIn permanent waving, most of the processing takes place within _______

          

  70. reducing agentThioglycolic acid is a common ________.

          

  71. before perming the hairThioglycolic acid is a common ________.

          

  72. Alkaline WavesRelaxers are extremely _______.

          

  73. Thio-Free wavesPerm that uses an ingredient other than ATG as the primary reducing agent, such as cysteamine or mercaptamine.

          

  74. heatWhat is the natural pH of hair?

          

  75. Spiral Perm WrapPerm wrap that is similar to double flat wrap but uses only one end paper, placed over the top of the strand of hair being wrapped.

          

  76. Bookend Wrap"piggyback wrap"; a wrap technique whereby extra-long hair is wrapped on one rod from the scalp to midway down the hair shaft, and another rod is used to wrap the remaining hair strand in the same direction.

          

  77. Curl Re-formationProcess by which hydroxide relaxers permanently straighten hair; they remove a sulfur atom from a disulfide bond and convert it into a Ianthionine bond.

          

  78. 45-degreeFor on-base placement, the hair is wrapped at a _____ angle beyond perpendicular to its base section, and the rod is positioned on its base.

          

  79. Acid-balanced shampooWhat is NOT one of the three main components of an exothermic wave?

          

  80. On-base placementBase control in which the hair is wrapped at 45 degree angle beyond perpendicular to its base section, and the rod is positioned on its base.

          

  81. always smell the hair after the recommended time has elapsedWhen rinsing the hair for a permanent wave, it is recommended that you _________.

          

  82. Concave rods"circle rod"; tool that is usually about 12-inches long with a uniform diameter along the entire length of the rod.

          

  83. End Papers"end wraps"; absorbent papers used to control the ends of the hair when wrapping and winding hair on perm rods.

          

  84. No-lye relaxersRelaxers that do not require application of a protective base cream.

          

  85. Can be damaged by a highly alkaline permanent waving solutionPorous hair: ______

          

  86. ...The layer of the hair that provides strength and elasticity.

          

  87. 5.0What is the natural pH of hair?

          

  88. ThioChemical texturizers ______ the pH of the hair.

          

  89. CortexTrue acid waves require _____ to process.

          

  90. Base DirectionWhat is the angle at which the rod is positioned on the head?

          

  91. alkalineRelaxers are extremely _______.

          

  92. Hydrogen PeroxideLong, coiled polypeptide chains.

          

  93. Bricklay Permanent Wrap"straight set wrap"; perm wrapping pattern in which all the rods within a panel move in the same direction and are positioned on equal-sized bases; all the base sections are horizontal, and are the same length and width as the perm rod.

          

  94. Exothermic wavesCreates an exothermic chemical reaction that heats up the waving solution and speeds up processing.

          

  95. Ammonia-free wave"cold waves"; have a pH between 9.0 and 9.6, use ammonium thioglycolate as a reducing agent, and process at room temperature without the addition of heat.

          

  96. Straight Rods"circle rod"; tool that is usually about 12-inches long with a uniform diameter along the entire length of the rod.

          

  97. Hydroxide NeutralizationStops the action of a permanent wave solution and rebuilds the hair in its new curly form.

          

  98. ViscosityThe measurement of the thickness or thinness of a liquid that affects how the fluid flows.

          

  99. Metal Hydroxide RelaxersVery strong alkalis with a pH over 13

          

  100. 5 minutesPermanent wave solution should be rinsed from the hair for a minimum of ______.

          

  101. Base DirectionSubsections of panels into which hair is divided for perm wrapping; one rod is normally placed on each base section.

          

  102. Acid-balanced wavesPermanent waves that have a 7 or neutral pH; because of their higher pH, they process at room temperature, do not require the added heat of a hair dryer, process more quickly, and produce firmer curls than true acid waves.

          

  103. Thio relaxersRelaxers that do not require application of a protective base cream.

          

  104. Weave TechniqueWhich type of relaxer requires the application of a protective base cream to the entire scalp prior to the application of the relaxer?

          

  105. No-base relaxersRelaxers that require the application of protective base cream to the entire scalp prior to the application of the relaxer.

          

  106. thinnest and weakestWhat type of perm is recommended for very damaged hair?

          

  107. Soft Bender RodsTool about 12-inches long with a uniform diameter along the entire length.