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101 Matching questions

  1. Thio
  2. 7.8 and 8.2
  3. Salt Bonds
  4. Acid-balanced waves
  5. Cortex
  6. Viscosity
  7. Endothermic waves
  8. Base Direction
  9. Cuticle
  10. fine, color-treated, or damaged hair
  11. Glyceryl Monothioglycolate
  12. No-base relaxers
  13. Chemical Texture Services
  14. Concentrator
  15. double flat wrap
  16. ...
  17. neither swells the hair nor penetrates into the cortex
  18. 100 times more alkaline
  19. Single Flat Wrap
  20. Weave Technique
  21. Loop Rods
  22. Spiral and croquignole
  23. Loop Rod
  24. Croquignole perm wrap
  25. Curvature Permanent Wrap
  26. Thio relaxers
  27. 9.0 and 9.6
  28. Peptide Bonds
  29. Sodium Hydroxide Relaxers
  30. 5 minutes
  31. Ammonium Thioglycolate
  32. Bricklay Permanent Wrap
  33. Hydrogen Peroxide
  34. Double-rod wrap
  35. Low-pH waves
  36. True acid waves
  37. Japanese Thermal Straightening
  38. Concave rods
  39. low-pH wave
  40. reducing agent
  41. Curl Re-formation
  42. Straight Rods
  43. Exothermic waves
  44. No-lye relaxers
  45. examine the scalp before the perm service
  46. Base Cream
  47. a low pH
  48. Normalizing Lotions
  49. always smell the hair after the recommended time has elapsed
  50. Polypeptide chains
  51. Chemical Hair Relaxing
  52. 45-degree
  53. damaging
  54. Base Relaxer
  55. True Acid Waves
  56. will not hold a curl
  57. Spiral Perm Wrap
  58. Can be damaged by a highly alkaline permanent waving solution
  59. Peptide bonds
  60. Alkaline Waves
  61. either water or heat
  62. Metal Hydroxide Relaxers
  63. Medulla
  64. before perming the hair
  65. Base Sections
  66. Base Relaxers
  67. Ammonia-free waves
  68. Outside Heat Source
  69. 5 to 10 minutes
  70. Raise
  71. Ianthionization
  72. heat
  73. On-base placement
  74. thinnest and weakest
  75. Double Flat Wrap
  76. Oxygen
  77. Permanent Waving
  78. Soft Bender Rods
  79. Acid-balanced shampoo
  80. Basic Permanent Wrap
  81. Neutralizer
  82. thermal reconditioning.
  83. Base Control
  84. Ammonia-free wave
  85. Keratin Proteins
  86. Thio Neutralization
  87. Bookend Wrap
  88. Half off-base placement
  89. Hydroxide Relaxers
  90. Piggyback Wrap
  91. Size of the rod
  92. 5.0
  93. Thio-Free waves
  94. Soft Curl Permanent
  95. Off-base placement
  96. Hydroxide Neutralization
  97. Base Placement
  98. Curvature permanent wrap
  99. Amino Acids
  100. alkaline
  101. End Papers
  1. a What are the two basic types of wrapping hair around a perm rod?
  2. b "straight set wrap"; perm wrapping pattern in which all the rods within a panel move in the same direction and are positioned on equal-sized bases; all the base sections are horizontal, and are the same length and width as the perm rod.
  3. c Which type of rod is also commonly known as a circle rod.
  4. d Manufacturers add an alkalizing agent to waving solutions because the acid in them _______.
  5. e Perm wrap in which partings and bases radiate throughout the panels to follow the curvature of the head.
  6. f A pH of 7.0 is ______ than the pH of the hair.
  7. g What is the angle at which the rod is positioned on the head?
  8. h Long, coiled polypeptide chains.
  9. i The reducing agent used in permanent waving solutions.
  10. j The basic components of acid waves are permanent wave solution, activator, and ______.
  11. k "piggyback wrap"; a wrap technique whereby extra-long hair is wrapped on one rod from the scalp to midway down the hair shaft, and another rod is used to wrap the remaining hair strand in the same direction.
  12. l The measurement of the thickness or thinness of a liquid that affects how the fluid flows.
  13. m "circle rod"; tool that is usually about 12-inches long with a uniform diameter along the entire length of the rod.
  14. n Perm rods that are equal in diameter along their entire length or curling area.
  15. o Refers to the position of the rod in relation to its base section; base placement is determined by the angle at which the hair is wrapped.
  16. p A reduction reaction involves either the addition of hydrogen or removal of ______.
  17. q Wrapping technique that uses zigzag partings to divide base areas.
  18. r Conditioners with an acidic pH that restore the hair's natural pH after a hydroxide relaxer prior to shampooing.
  19. s Perms that use sulfates, sulfites, and bisulfites as an alternative to ammonium thioglycolate; they have a low pH
  20. t A ______ is a perm wrap in which one end paper is placed under and another is placed over the strand of hair being wrapped.
  21. u "end bonds"; chemical bonds that join amino acids together, end to end in long chains, to form polypeptide chains.
  22. v Creates an exothermic chemical reaction that heats up the waving solution and speeds up processing.
  23. w What is the most common neutralizer?
  24. x An acid-alkali neutralization reaction that neutralizes (deactivates) the alkaline residues left in the hair by a hydroxide relaxer and lowers the pH of the hair and scalp; hydroxide relaxer neutralization does not involve oxidation or rebuild disulfide bonds.
  25. y ...
  26. z If the client's hair has been treated with a hydroxide relaxer, it ________.
  27. aa What is a method of hair straightening that combines the use of a the relaxer with flat ironing?
  28. ab Perm activated by an outside heat source, usually a conventional hood-type hair dryer.
  29. ac Tool about 12-inches long with a uniform diameter along the entire length.
  30. ad A _______ uses an endothermic process.
  31. ae Very strong alkalis with a pH over 13
  32. af Mild-strength relaxers are formulated for __________.
  33. ag Perms in which the hair strands are wrapped from the ends to the scalp in overlapping concentric layers.
  34. ah Japanese thermal straightening is sometimes called _________.
  35. ai Perm wrap that is similar to double flat wrap but uses only one end paper, placed over the top of the strand of hair being wrapped.
  36. aj Have a pH between 4.5 and 7.0 and require heat to process; they process more slowly than alkaline waves, and do not usually produce as firm a curl.
  37. ak Relaxers are extremely _______.
  38. al The ______ is the tough exterior layer of the hair.
  39. am Subsections of panels into which hair is divided for perm wrapping; one rod is normally placed on each base section.
  40. an In permanent waving, most of the processing takes place within _______
  41. ao With extremely curly hair, the twists are the ______ sections of the hair strands.
  42. ap Which type of bonds are relatively weak physical side bonds that are the result of an attraction between negative and positive electrical charges?
  43. aq Main active ingredient in true acid and acid-balanced waving lotions.
  44. ar Ammonia-free waves can be ________.
  45. as Position of the tool in relation to its base section, determined by the angle at which the hair is wrapped.
  46. at Ionic compounds formed by a metal which is combined with oxygen and hydrogen.
  47. au Compounds made up of carbon, oxygen, hydrogen, nitrogen, and sulfur.
  48. av Relaxers that require the application of protective base cream to the entire scalp prior to the application of the relaxer.
  49. aw The chemical texture service that loosens overly curly hair into loose curls or waves.
  50. ax Use the same ammonium thioglycolate that is used in permanent waving, but at a higher concentration and a higher pH.
  51. ay GMTG, the primary reducing agent in all acid waves, has _____.
  52. az When rinsing the hair for a permanent wave, it is recommended that you _________.
  53. ba "protective base cream"; oily cream used to protect the skin and scalp during hair relaxing.
  54. bb Long chains of amino acids joined together by peptide bonds.
  55. bc The partings and bases radiate throughout the panels to follow the curvature of the head in which type of wrap?
  56. bd Base control in which the hair is wrapped at 45 degree angle beyond perpendicular to its base section, and the rod is positioned on its base.
  57. be In permanent waving, the size of the curl is determined by the _____.
  58. bf What stops the cation of the waving solution and rebuilds the hair into its new curly form?
  59. bg A two-step process whereby the hair undergoes a physical change caused by wrapping hair on perm rods, and then the hair undergoes a chemical change caused by the application of permanent waving solution and neutralizer.
  60. bh When should you perform an elasticity test?
  61. bi Combination of a the relaxer and a the permanent that is wrapped on large rods to make existing curl larger and looser.
  62. bj Process by which hydroxide relaxers permanently straighten hair; they remove a sulfur atom from a disulfide bond and convert it into a Ianthionine bond.
  63. bk Permanent waves that have a 7 or neutral pH; because of their higher pH, they process at room temperature, do not require the added heat of a hair dryer, process more quickly, and produce firmer curls than true acid waves.
  64. bl "cold waves"; have a pH between 9.0 and 9.6, use ammonium thioglycolate as a reducing agent, and process at room temperature without the addition of heat.
  65. bm What is the natural pH of hair?
  66. bn Which type of relaxer requires the application of a protective base cream to the entire scalp prior to the application of the relaxer?
  67. bo Perms that use an ingredient that does not evaporate as readily as ammonia, so there is very little odor associated with their use.
  68. bp The ______ is the innermost layer of the hair.
  69. bq "end wraps"; absorbent papers used to control the ends of the hair when wrapping and winding hair on perm rods.
  70. br Base control in which the hair is wrapped at an angle of 90 degrees or perpendicular to its base section, and the rod is positioned half off its base section.
  71. bs Active ingredient or reducing agent in alkaline permanents
  72. bt Most of the acid waves found in today's salons have a pH between _______.
  73. bu With permanent waving, it is recommended that you ________.
  74. bv The chemical bonds that join amino acids together are called ________.
  75. bw The layer of the hair that provides strength and elasticity.
  76. bx True acid waves require _____ to process.
  77. by Permanent wave solution should be rinsed from the hair for a minimum of ______.
  78. bz Perm wrap similar to actual technique of bricklaying; base sections are offset from each other row by row, to prevent noticeable splits and to blend the flow of the hair.
  79. ca Most alkaline permanent waves have a pH between _______.
  80. cb Lithium hydroxide relaxers and potassium hydroxide relaxers are often advertised and sold as ______.
  81. cc For on-base placement, the hair is wrapped at a _____ angle beyond perpendicular to its base section, and the rod is positioned on its base.
  82. cd What is NOT one of the three main components of an exothermic wave?
  83. ce Hair is wrapped at an angle other than perpendicular to the length of the rod, which causes the hair to spiral along the length of the rod, similar to the stripes on a candy cane.
  84. cf Chemical texturizers ______ the pH of the hair.
  85. cg A ________ is a type of wrap in which the hair is wrapped on one rod from the scalp to midway down the hair shaft.
  86. ch What are commonly known as lye relaxers?
  87. ci Hair services that cause a chemical change that alters the natural wave pattern of the hair.
  88. cj Perm rods that have a smaller diameter in the center that increases to a larger diameter on the ends.
  89. ck Which permanent waves process at room temperature?
  90. cl Hydroxide ions left in the hair after a relaxer can be neutralized using an ________.
  91. cm Base control in which the hair is wrapped at 45 degrees below the center of the base section, so the rod is positioned completely off its base.
  92. cn Hydrogen bonds can be broken by ______.
  93. co A process or service that rearranges the structure of curly hair into a straighter or smoother form.
  94. cp Relaxers that do not require application of a protective base cream.
  95. cq Porous hair: ______
  96. cr An endothermic wave must be activated using an _______.
  97. cs Perm that uses an ingredient other than ATG as the primary reducing agent, such as cysteamine or mercaptamine.
  98. ct Perm wrap in which one end paper is placed under and another is placed over the strand of hair being wrapped.
  99. cu Thioglycolic acid is a common ________.
  100. cv What type of perm is recommended for very damaged hair?
  101. cw Perm wrap in which one end paper is folded in half over the hair ends like an envelope.