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35 True/False questions

  1. Nail DisorderSplinter hemorrhages are caused by physical trauma or injury to the _____.

          

  2. OnychomycosisFungal infection of the natural nail plate.

          

  3. Plicatured Nail"folded nail" ; a type of highly curved nail usually caused by injury to the matrix but may be inherited.

          

  4. Tinea PedisWhat is the medical term for fungal infections associated with the feet?

          

  5. OnycholysisAny deformity or disease of the natural nails.

          

  6. Pincer Nails"trumpet nail" ; increased crosswise curvature throughout the nail plate caused by an increased curvature of the matrix. The edges of the nails plate may plate may curl around to form the shape of a trumpet or shape cone at the free edge.

          

  7. OnychosisAny deformity or disease of the natural nails.

          

  8. buff them carefullyIf a client has ridges running vertically down the length of the natural nail plate, it is recommended that you ______.

          

  9. Bruised Nails"trumpet nail" ; increased crosswise curvature throughout the nail plate caused by an increased curvature of the matrix. The edges of the nails plate may plate may curl around to form the shape of a trumpet or shape cone at the free edge.

          

  10. RidgesVertical lines running through the length of the natural nail plate that are caused by uneven growth of the nails, usually the result of normal aging.

          

  11. MelanonychiaBacterial inflammation of the tissues surrounding the nail causing pus, swelling, and redness, usually in the skin fold adjacent to the nail plate.

          

  12. Nail PsoriasisA noninfectious condition that affects the surface of the natural nail plate causing tiny pits or severe roughness on the surface of the nail plate.

          

  13. Beau's linesCondition in which a blood clot forms under the nail plate, causing a dark purplish spot. Usually due to small injuries to the nail bed.

          

  14. Nail PterygiumAbnormal condition that occurs when the skin is stretched by the nail plate; usually caused by serious injury.

          

  15. Splinter HemorrhagesHemorrhages caused by trauma or injury to the nail bed that damage the capillaries and allow small amounts of blood flow.

          

  16. OnychiaBacterial inflammation of the tissues surrounding the nail causing pus, swelling, and redness, usually in the skin fold adjacent to the nail plate.

          

  17. Onychophagy"bitten nails" ; result of a habit of chewing the nail or chewing the hardened skin surrounding the nail plate.

          

  18. HangnailInflammation of the nail matrix, followed by shedding of the natural nail.

          

  19. OnychomadesisThe separation and falling off of a nail plate from the nail bed.

          

  20. OnychomadesisFungal infection of the natural nail plate.

          

  21. Tinea PedisMedical term for fungal infections of the feet; red, itchy rash of the skin on the bottom of the feet and/or in between the toes, usually found between the fourth and fifth toe.

          

  22. OnychorrhexisThe separation and falling off of a nail plate from the nail bed.

          

  23. Pyogenic GranulomaSevere inflammation of the nail in which a lump of red tissue grows up from the nail bed to the nail plate.

          

  24. Eggshell NailsNoticeably thin, white nail plates that are more flexible than normal and can curve over the free edge.

          

  25. Leukonychia Spots"white spots" ; whitish discolorations of the nails, usually caused by injury to the matrix area; not related to the body's healthy or vitamin deficiencies.

          

  26. ParonychiaBacterial inflammation of the tissues surrounding the nail causing pus, swelling, and redness, usually in the skin fold adjacent to the nail plate.

          

  27. Yellow-GreenVertical lines running through the length of the natural nail plate that are caused by uneven growth of the nails, usually the result of normal aging.

          

  28. OnychocryptosisFungal infection of the natural nail plate.

          

  29. smooth and unspottedA normal healthy nail is firm and flexible and should be ______.

          

  30. Under no circumstances"trumpet nail" ; increased crosswise curvature throughout the nail plate caused by an increased curvature of the matrix. The edges of the nails plate may plate may curl around to form the shape of a trumpet or shape cone at the free edge.

          

  31. Pseudomonas AeruginosaSevere inflammation of the nail in which a lump of red tissue grows up from the nail bed to the nail plate.

          

  32. contaminatedNail fungi can be transmitted through ______ instruments.

          

  33. Discolored NailsNails turn a variety of colors; may indicate surface staining, a systematic disorder, or poor blood circulation.

          

  34. both fingernails and toenailsCondition in which a blood clot forms under the nail plate, causing a dark purplish spot. Usually due to small injuries to the nail bed.

          

  35. Nail BedSplinter hemorrhages are caused by physical trauma or injury to the _____.