Milady Chapter 9 // Cosmetology flashcards |

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shiny

A normal, healthy nail is ______.

Nail Bed

What is the portion of the living skin on which the nail plate sits?

Lunula

The _____ is the whitish, half-moon shape at the base of the nail.

Free Edge

What is the part of the nail plate that extends over the tip of the finger or toe?

Ligament

A _______ is a tough band of fibrous tissue that connects the bones or holds an organ in place.

Sidewall

The _____ is the fold of skin overlapping the side of the nail.

Matrix

After an injury, infection, or disease, the natural nail will return to its healthy growth as long as the _____ is healthy and undamaged.

4 to 6 months

How long does replacement of the natural fingernail usually take?

Thumb

The finger nail on the ______ typically grows slowest.

15 and 25 percent

The nail has a water content between _______.

Skin

The natural nail is an appendage of the _____.

Body

The appearance of the nails can reflect the general health of the _____.

Nail Plate

The ______ is relatively porous and will allow water to pass through.

Nerves, lymph, and blood vessels

What 3 things does the matrix contain?

Cuticle

What is tissue that adheres directly to the natural nail plate but which can be easily removed with gentle scraping?

Push Back

Cosmetologists are allowed to ______ the eponychium.

Cuticle

Cuticle moisturizers, softeners, and conditioners are NOT designed to treat the ______.

Matrix

Toenails are thicker and harder than fingernails because the ______ of the toenail is longer than that of the fingernail.

Shed

Unlike healthy hair, healthy nails are not ____ periodically

9 months to 1 year

How long does it take for toenails to be fully replaced?

Eponychium

What is the living skin at the base of the natural nail plate that covers the matrix area?

Bed Epithelium

What is the thin layer of tissue between the nail plate and the nail bed that attaches the two?

Hyponychium

What is the slightly thickened layer of skin that lies between the fingertip and free edge of the natural nail plate?

Nail Cuticle

What is the dead, colorless tissue attached to the natural nail plate?

Matrix

The _____ is the area where the nail plate cells are formed.

Nail Bed

Portion of the living skin that supports the nail plate as it grows toward the free edge.

Nail Folds

Folds of normal skin that surround the natural nail plate.

Nail Grooves

Slits or furrows on the sides of the sidewall.

Nail Plate

Hardened keratin plate that sits on and covers the natural nail bed. It is the most visible and functional part of the natural nail unit.

Natural Nail

"onyx" ; the hard protective plate is composed mainly of keratin, the same fibrous protein found in skin and hair.

Natural Nail Unit

Composed of several major parts of the fingernail including the nail plate, nail bed, matrix, cuticle, eponychium, hyponychium, specialized ligaments, and nail fold.

Sidewall

"lateral nail fold" ; the fold of skin overlapping the side of the nail.

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