Milady Chapter 7 // Cosmetology flashcards |

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A ______ is a physician who specializes in diseases and disorders of the skin, hair, and nails.

smooth with a fine-grained texture

Healthy skin is: ______

Adrenal Glands

What glands are not an appendage of the skin?

epidermis, dermis, subcutaneous

Correctly identify the layers of the skin and fat from the outermost layer to the innermost layer.

Stratum Corneum

Cells that are almost dead and pushed to the surface to replace cells are shed from the:______

Papillary Layer

The layer directly beneath the epidermis is the ______.

Subcutaneous Tissue

Which type of tissue gives smoothness and contour to the body and provides a protective cushion?

Motor Nerve Fibers

Which nerve fibers are distributed to the arrestor pili muscles attached to the hair follicles?

Secretory Nerve Fibers

What are nerves that regulate the secretion of perspiration and sebum?

Nerve endings

Basic sensations such as touch, pain, heat, cold, and pressure are registered by ______.


The amount and type of pigment produced by an individual is determined primarily by his or her _____.

Collagen and Elastin

Skin gets its strength, form, and flexibility from _____.

Secrete a lubricating substance

The sudoriferous glands do NOT ______.

regulates the function of your cells

To keep your body healthy, you must be sure that what you eat ______.

Vitamin C

Which vitamin accelerates the skin's healing processing and is vitally important in fighting the aging process?


The epidermis is the ______ layer of the skin.

hair follicles

The scalp has larger and deeper ______ than the skin on the rest of the body.


It is ______ for a cosmetologist to completely remove a client's callus in the salon.

Food Labels

One of the best ways to follow a healthy diet is to read ______.


Emotional stress and hormone imbalances can increase the flow of _____.

carbohydrates, fats, proteins, vitamins, minerals, and water

To function correctly, the body needs what 6 things?

moderate amounts of salt and sugar

The USDA recommends that people eat ______.

nutritional supplements

Vitamin pills are considered ______.


The appropriate amount of water that a person should drink each day is determined by the person's ______.

daytime fatigue

Lack of water is the principal cause of ______.

Dermal Papillae

Small, cone-shaped elevations at the bottom of the hair follicles are ______.

Stratum Spinosum

The layer of the epidermis where the process of skin cell shedding is the ______.

Secretory Coil

What is the coiled base of the sudoriferous gland?


What is a small, round elevation on the skin that contains no fluid but may develop pus?


Fatty tissue found below the dermis is _____ tissue.


What is an inflamed pimple containing pus?

Papillary Layer

What is the outer layer of the epidermis?

Stratum Granulosum

What is the layer of the epidermis that is composed of cells filled with keratin?


What is the fatty or oily secretion that lubricates the skin and preserves the softness of the hair?

Stratum Germinativum

The layer of the epidermis also known as the basal cell layer is the _____.


Thickening of the skin caused by continued, repeated pressure on any part of the skin, especially the hands and feet.


"blackhead" ; hair follicle filled with keratin and sebum.


Cells that produce the dark skin pigment called melanin.

Stratum Lucidum

Clear, transparent layer of the epidermis under the stream corneum.

Tactile Corpuscles

Small epidermal structures with nerve endings that are sensitive to touch and pressure.

Vitamin E

Helps protect the skin from the harmful effects of the sun's UV light.

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