Milady Chapter 6 Anatomy & Physiology flashcards |

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The connection between two or more bones of the skeleton is a:

Joint

The skull is divided into two parts: the cranium, which protects the brain, and the:

Facial Skeleton

The bone of the cranium that forms the back of the skull is the:

Occipital Bone

Two bones that form the bridge of the nose and are involved in facial massage are:

Nasal Bones

The inner and large bone of the forearm located on the side of the little finger is the:

Ulna

The bone that forms the forehead is the:

Frontal Bone

Two bones that form the sides and crown of the cranium are:

Parietal Bones

The largest and strongest bone of the face is the:

Mandible (Lower Jawbone)

The largest bone of the arm, extending from the elbow to the shoulder, is the:

Humerus

The body system that covers, shapes, and supports the skeleton tissue is the:

Muscular System

Fibrous tissues that stretch and contract according to the body's demand for movement are:

Muscles

The part of the muscle that does not move is the:

Origin

Muscles that are voluntary or controlled by will are:

Striated Muscles

Muscle found in the heart and not found in other parts of the body is:

Cardiac Muscle

In massage, pressure on a muscle is directed from:

Insertion to Origin

The muscle that draws the scalp backward is the:

Occipitalis

The scalp muscle responsible for drawing the scalp forward is the:

Frontalis

The broad muscle that covers the top of the skull is the:

Epicranius

Cosmetologists must be concerned with muscles of the head, neck, face, and arms that are:

Voluntary

The ring muscle of the eye socket that controls the ability to close one's eyes is:

Orbicularis Oculi

The muscles of the chest that assist in the swinging movement of the arms are the:

Pectoralis

Muscles that straighten the wrist, hand, and fingers to form a straight line are the:

Extensors

The extensor muscles involved with the bending of the wrist are the:

Flexors

The scientific study of the structure, function, and pathology of the nervous system is:

Neurology

The nervous system that controls all voluntary muscle actions is the:

Central Nervous System

The nervous system responsible for carrying impulses or messages to the central nervous system is the:

Peripheral Nervous System

The largest and most complex nerve tissue in the body is the:

Brain

The portion of the central nervous system that originates in the brain and extends down the lower trunk is the:

Spinal Cord

Sensory nerves located close to the surface of the skin are:

Receptors

Nerves that carry impulses from the brain to the muscles are:

Motor Nerves

An automatic nerve reaction to a stimulus that produces movement is a:

Reflex

The sensory nerve of the face that controls the muscles involved with chewing is the:

Fifth Cranial Nerve

The two divisions of the circulatory system are the:

Blood Vascular and Lymph Vascular

The function of white blood cells is to destroy disease-causing:

Microorganisms

Specialized organs that remove elements from the blood and convert them into new compounds are:

Glands

How many bones make up the foot?

26

Which of the following bones forms the kneecap joint?

Patella

Which of the following choices is not a major artery that supplies blood to the lower leg and foot?

Interior Tibial Artery

The dorsal nerve supplies impulses to the:

Skin on top of the foot

The basic unit of all living things from bacteria to animals and plants is:

Cells

The colorless jellylike substance in cells is:

Protoplasm

The study of the structure of the human body is called:

Anatomy

The dense, active protoplasm found in the center of the cell is the:

Nucleus

The study of the functions and activities performed by the body structure is:

Physiology

The process where cells reproduce and divide into two identical cells is called:

Mitosis

The chemical process in living organisms where cells are nourished and carry out their activities is:

Metabolism

The chemical process of metabolism has two processes: Anabolism &

catabolism

A collection of similar cells that perform a particular function is a:

Tissue

Tissues that support, protect, and bind together other tissues of the body are:

Connective Tisssue

Nerve tissue is composed of special cells that make up the nerves, brain, and spinal cord called:

Neurons

The tissue that contracts and moves various parts of the body is:

Muscular Tissue

The human body has how many major systems?

10

The system that is the physical foundation of the body is the:

Skeletal Systeam

With the exception of the teeth, the hardest tissue in the body is:

Bone

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