acquired immune deficiency syndrome
"AIDS" ; a disease that breaks down the body's immune system. ; caused by HIV.
Immunity that the body develops after overcoming a disease, through inoculation (such as flu vaccinations), or through exposure to natural allergens, such as pollen, cat dander, and ragweed.
Reaction due to extreme sensitivity to certain foods, chemicals, or other normally harmless substances.
Short rod-shaped bacteria. Most common bacteria and produce diseases such as tetanus, typhoid fever, tuberculosis, and diphtheria.
The number of viable organisms in or on an object or surface or the organic material on a surface or object before decontamination or sterilization.
Disease-causing microorganisms carried in the body by blood or body fluids, such as hepatitis and HIV.
"chelating detergents"; detergents that break down stubborn films and remove the residue of pedicure products such as scrubs, salts, and masks.
The presence, or the reasonably anticipated presence of blood or other potentially infectious materials on an item's surface or visible debris or residues such as dust, hair, and skin.
The removal of blood or other potentially infectious materials on an item's surface and the removal of visible depress or residue such as dust, hair, and skin.
Transmission of blood or body fluids through touching, kissing, coughing, sneezing, and talking.
An abnormal condition of all or part of the body, or its systems or organs, that makes the body incapable of carrying on normal function.
Chemical products that destroy all bacteria, fungi, and viruses (but not spores) on surfaces.
A chemical process that uses specific products to destroy harmful organisms (except bacterial spores) on environmental surfaces.
Contact with non intact skin, blood, body fluid or other potentially infectious materials that is the result of the performance of an employee's duties.
Microscopic plant parasites, which include molds, mildews, and yeasts; can produce contagious diseases such as ringworm.
Human Papilloma Virus (HPV)
"Planter warts" ; a virus that can infect the bottom of the foot and resembles small black dots, usually in clustered groups.
Transmission of blood or body fluids through contact with an intermediate contaminated object such as a razor, extractor, nipper, or an environmental surface.
Disease caused by pathogenic microorganisms that enter the body. It may or may not be spread person to person.
A condition in which the body reacts to injury, irritation, or infection; characterized by redness, heat, pain, and swelling.
An infection, such as a pimple or abscess, that is confined to a particular part of the body and appears as a lesion containing pus.
Material Safety Datta Sheet (MSDS)
information compiled by the manufacturer about product safety, including the names of hazardous ingredients, safe handling and use procedures, precautions to reduce the risk of accidental harm or overexposure, and flammability warnings.
Methicillin-resistant staphylococcus aureus
"MRSA" ' a type of infectious bacteria that is highly resistant to conventional treatments such as antibiotics.
A type of fungus that affects plants or grows on intimate objects, but does not cause human infections in the salon.
"reusable" ' items that can be cleaned, disinfected, and used on more than one person, even if the item is accidentally exposed to blood or body fluid.
Harmless microorganisms that may perform useful functions and are safe to come in contact with since they do not cause disease or harm.
An item that is made or constructed of a material that has no pores or openings and cannot absorb liquids.
Illness resulting from conditions associated with employment, such as prolonged and repeated overexposure to certain products or ingredients.
Organisms that grow, feed, and shelter on or in another organisms while contributing nothing to the survival of that organism. They mush have a host to survive.
Harmful microorganisms that can cause disease or infection in humans when they invade the body.
Disease produced by organisms, including bacteria, viruses, fungi, and parasites.
Powerful tuberculocidal disinfectants. They are a form of formaldehyde, have a very high pH, and can damage the skin and eyes.
Quaternary Ammonium Compounds (quats)
What are disinfectants that are very effective when used properly in the salon?
A chemical process for reducing the number of disease-causing germs on cleaned surfaces to a safe level.
Pus-forming bacteria that grow in clusters like a bunch of grapes. They cause abscesses, pustules, and boils.
Pus-forming bacteria arranged in curved lines resembling a string of beads. They cause infections such as strep throat and blood poisoning.
Disease that affects the body a a whole, often due to under-functioning or over-functioning or internal glands or organs. It is carried through the blood stream or the lymphatic system.
"barbers itch" ; a superficial fungal infection that commonly affects the skin. It is primarily limited to the bearded areas of the face and neck or around the scalp.
A fungal infection of the scalp characterized by red papillose, or spots, at the opening of the hair follicles.
A set of guidelines published by OSHA that require the employer and the employee to assume that all human blood and body fluids are infectious for blood borne pathogens.
A parasitic submicroscopic particle that infects and resides in cells of biological organisms.
whirlpool foot spas
In 2000, a bacteria called "Mycobacterium fortuitum" caused a client outbreak due to the failure of the practitioner to follow proper disinfection guidelines for what?
A ______ infection appears as a lesion containing pus and is confined to a particular part of the body.
Environmental Protection Agency (EPA)
Disinfectants used in salons must carry an ________ registration number.
Completely immersed in an EPA-registered disinfectant.
A salon implement that accidentally comes in contact with blood or body fluids must be thoroughly cleaned and _______.
When washing your hands, you apply soap, lather and scrub your hands and under the free edges of nails with a nail brush for at least ______.
Universal Precautions require employees to assume that human blood and body fluids are infectious for _______.
When disinfecting a whirlpool foot spa after use by a client, you must circulate the disinfectant for ______ or for the time recommended by the manufacturer.
At least once a week
How often should you clean a whirlpool foot spa and leave disinfectant solution in it overnight?
With a clean paper towel
After cleaning and disinfecting a pipe-less foot spa at the end of the day, how should you dry it?
Accelerated hydrogen peroxide, or AHP, is a recently approved form of disinfectant that only needs to be changed every ______.
Licensing, enforcement, and your conduct when you are working in the salon are regulated by ______ agencies.
diluted before use
If the label on a disinfection product includes the word "concentrate", it means that the product must be _______.
no longer used
Fumigants are _____ in salons because they produce potentially harmful formaldehyde gas.
Salons should keep a _______ that identifies each time a piece of equipment is used, cleaned, disinfected, tested, and maintained.
clean and disinfect
There is no additive, powder, or tablet that eliminates the need for you to _____ equipment such as whirlpool foot spas.
Not having ______ available poses a health risk to anyone exposed to hazardous materials and violates federal and sate regulations.
no more effective than
Antimicrobial and antibacterial soaps are ________ regular soaps or detergents.
After they have been properly cleaned and disinfected, implements should be stored in a ________ container.
pipe-less foot spa
When cleaning and disinfecting a ______, remove the impeller, footplate, and any other removable parts according to the manufacturer's instructions.
clean, disinfected nail brush
Before beginning any service, you should wash your hands using pump soap, water, and a ________.
Intermediate Contaminated Object
Transmission of blood or body fluids through contact with an ________, such as a razor or an environmental surface, is indirect transmission.
What is a disease caused by pathogenic microorganisms that enter the body, and which may or may not be spread from one person to another person?