Milady Chapter 23 // Cosmetology flashcards |

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"lack of lipids"; skin that does not produce enough sebum indicated by absence of visible pores.


Individual doses of serum, sealed in small vials.


The therapeutic use of plant aromas for beauty and health treatment.

Brushing Machine

A rotating electric appliance with interchangeable brushes that can be attached to the rotating head.

Chemical Exfoliants

Products that contain chemicals that either loosen or dissolve dead cell buildup.


Massage movement accomplished by grasping the flesh firmly in one hand and moving the hand up and down along the bone while the other hand keeps the arm or leg in a steady position.

Clay-based masks

Oil-absorbing cleansing masks that have an exfoliating effect and an astringent effect on oily and combination skin, making large pores temporarily appear smaller.

Cleansing milks

Non-foaming lotion cleansers designed to cleanse dry and sensitive skin types and to remove makeup


Condition that requires avoiding certain treatments, procedures, or products to prevent undesirable side effects.


Distended capillaries caused by weakening of the capillary walls

Cream Masks

Masks often containing oils and emollients as well as humectants; have a strong moisturizing effect.


Light, continuous stroking movement applied with the fingers or the palms in a slow, rhythmic manner.


The use of electrical currents to treat the skin.


Oil or fatty ingredients that prevent moisture from leaving the skin.

Enzyme peels

a type of chemical exfoliant that works by dissolving keratin protein in the surface cells of the skin.


Products that help bring about exfoliation.


The removal of excess dead cells from the skin surface.

Foaming Cleansers

Cleansers containing surfactants which cause the product to foam and rinse off easily.


Deep rubbing movement requiring pressure on the skin with the fingers or palm while moving them over an underlying structure.


Form of petrissage in which the tissue is grasped, gently lifted, and spread out; used mainly for massaging the arms.


"roll-off masks"; peeling creams that are rubbed off the skin.


Chopping movement performed with the edges of the hands in massage.


"hydrators or water binding agents"; ingredients that attract water.


concentrated treatment products often composed of mineral clays, moisturizing agents, skin softeners, aromatherapy oils, and other beneficial ingredients to cleanse, exfoliate, tighten, tone, hydrate, and nourish the skin.


Manual or mechanical manipulation of the body by rubbing, gently pinching, kneading, tapping, and other movements to increase metabolism and circulation, promote absorption, and relieve pain

Massage creams

Lubricants used to make the skin slippery during massage

Mechanical exfoliants

Methods used to physically remove dead cell buildup


Mechanical exfoliation that involves shooting aluminum oxide or other crystals at the skin with a hand-held device that exfoliates dead cells.

Microdermabrasion scrubs

scrubs that contain aluminum oxide crystals.

Modelage masks

facial masks containing special crystals of gypsum, a plaster-like ingredient.


Products that help increase the moisture content of the skin surface.

Motor Point

Point on the skin over the muscle where pressure or stimulation will cause contraction of that muscle.

Open Comedones

"blackheads"; follicles impacted with solidified sebum and dead cell buildup.


Follicle opening

Paraffin Wax Masks

Specially prepared facial masks containing paraffin and other beneficial ingredients; typically used with treatment cream.


Needing movement performed by lifting, squeezing, and pressing the tissue with a light, firm pressure.


Massage movement in which the tissues are pressed and twisted using a fast back-and-forth movement


Concentrated products that generally contain higher concentrations of ingredients designed to penetrate and treat various skin conditions


A facial machine that heats and produces a stream that can be focused on the client's face or other areas of skin.


"percussion"; movements consisting of short quick tapping, slapping, and hacking movements


"fresheners or astringents"; lotions that help rebalance the pH and remove remnants of cleanser from the skin.

Treatment cream

A specialty product designed to facilitate change in the skin's appearance


In massage, the rapid shaking of the body part while the balls of the fingertips are pressed firmly on the point of application.


Vigorous movement in which the hands, placed a little distance apart on both sides of the client's arm or leg, working downward apply a twisting motion against the bones in the opposite direction.

in an upward and outward movement

When removing a cleanser from the eye area, it should be done with damp facial sponges or cotton pads _______

Visible Pores

When performing a skin analysis with a magnifying lamp, the first thing the technician should look for is the presence or absence of _______.


Skin that has small pores and may be flaky or dry with fine lines and wrinkles is characterized as _______.

Large pores

Oily skin or skin that produces too much sebum may appear shiny or greasy and have ________.

Anaerobic Bacteria

When a follicle becomes clogged, resulting in an infection of the follicle, it is caused by a type of acne bacteria called ________.

Acne Papules

Red pimples that do not have a pus head are referred to as _______.


Skin condition caused by sun exposure or hormone imbalances resulting in dark blotches of color in areas of the skin.


Chronic hereditary disorder indicated by constant or frequent facial blushing.

Stratum Corneum

Cosmetology professionals are only allowed to use products that remove surface dead cells from the ________.

Alpha Hydroxy Acid

Gentle chemical exfoliation acid that helps dissolve the bonds and intercellular cement between cells.


A ______ is a highly concentrated skin product applied under a moisturizer or sunscreen.


The thin, open-meshed, woven cotton fabric used in a paraffin mask application.


A form of petrissage in which the tissue is grasped, gently lifted, and spread out.


What is the most stimulating form of massage?

Fairly thick layer of cleanser or moisturizer

When using a brushing machine to perform an exfoliation, the skin should be treated with a __________.


The process of softening and emulsifying hardened sebum stuck in the follicles.


Water-soluble products are penetrated into the skin using galvanic current and a process called _______

Aggravate Redness blistering

If you use harsh scrubs on sensitive skin, it can _______.

Aging Skin

Sun-damaged skin is often confused with _______.

at least two weeks

Salon AHA exfoliants should never be used unless the client has been using 10 percent AHA products at home for ______ prior to the higher concentration salon treatment, and using a daily facial sunscreen product.

More intensive

Compared to day-use products, night treatments are usually _________.

increases product absorption

One of the biggest benefits of massage is that it _______.

have an exfoliating effect

Clay-based masks ______.


Alginate masks are often _______-based


Ingredients that attract water are known as _______.

closed comedone

A _______ is a follicle impacted with solidified sebum and dead cell buildup that appears as small bumps just underneath the skin's surface.

Modelage Mask

Which type of mask contains special crystals of gypsum?


Lotions that help rebalance the pH and remove remnants of cleanser from the skin are called ______.


An _______ is an applicator for directing the electric current from the galvanic machine to the client's skin.


What is the opening of a follicle called?

enzyme peel

A type of chemical exfoliant that works by dissolving keratin proteins in the surface cells of the skin?


An ______ is an individual dose of serum contained in a small vial.

open comedone

An _______ is a follicle impacted with solidified sebum and dead cell buildup.

mechanical exfoliants

Methods used to physically remove dead cell buildup.


A condition characterized by distended or dilated surface blood vessels.

metal bone pins

Electrical treatments should NOT be performed on clients with _________.


Cosmetologist should NOT wear which type of jewelry while administering a facial treatment?

reduce hyperpigmentation

Proper exfoliation will _______.


Moisturizers for oily skin are most often in ________ form.

increase blood circulation

Modelage masks _______.

you lift, squeeze, and press the tissue

When performing petrissage _________.


Which type of massage involves grasping the flesh firmly in one hand and moving the hand up and down along the bone while the other hand keeps the arm or leg in a steady position?

the edges

Hacking is performed with which part of the hands?

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