Milady Chapter 19 // Cosmetology flashcards |

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Block

Head-shaped form, usually made of canvas-covered cork or styrofoam, on which the wig is secured for fitting, cleaning, coloring, and styling.

Bonding

Method of attaching hair extensions in which hair wefts or single strands are attached with an adhesive or bonding agent.

Braid-and-sew method

Attachment method in which hair extensions are secured to client's own hair by sewing braids or a weft onto an on-the-scalp braid or cornrow, which is sometimes called the track.

Cap wigs

Wigs constructed of elasticized, mesh-fiber bases to which the hair is attached.

Capless wigs

"caps"; machine-made from human or artificial hair which is woven into rows of wefts. Wefts are sewn to elastic strips in a circular pattern to fit the head shape.

Fallen hair

Hair that has been shed from the head or gathered from a hairbrush, as opposed to hair that has been cut; the cuticles of the strands will move in different directions.

Fusion Bonding

Method of attaching extensions in which extension hair is bonded to the client's own hair with a bonding material that is activated by heat from a special tool.

Hair Extensions

Hair additions that are secured to the base of the client's natural hair in order to add length, volume, texture, or color.

Hairpiece

Small wig used to cover the top or crown of the head, or a hair attachment of some sort.

Hand-tied wigs

"hand-knotted wigs"; wigs made by inserting individual strands of hair into mesh foundations and knotting them with a needle.

Integration hairpiece

Hairpiece that has openings in the base through which the client's own hair is pulled to blend with the hair (natural or synthetic) of the hairpiece.

Machine-made wigs

Wigs made by matching by feeding wefts through a sewing machine, and then sewing them together to form the base and shape of the wig.

Semi-hand-tied wigs

Wigs constructed with a combination of synthetic hair and hand-tied human hair.

Toupee

Small wig used to cover the top or crown of the head.

Turned Hair

"Remi hair" ; the root end of every single strand is sewn into the base, so that the cuticles of all hair strands move in the same direction: down.

Wefts

Long strips of human or artificial hair with a threaded edge.

Wig

Artificial covering for the head consisting of a network of interwoven hair.

Burn it with a match

What is the fastest way to determine whether a strand of hair is synthetic?

It cannot be exposed to extreme heat.

What is a disadvantage of synthetic hair?

Look realistic

When performing a haircutting procedure on a wig, the goal generally is to make the wig _______.

Toward the weight

When cutting a wig using a free-form method, move from longer to shorter lengths, working _______.

Machine-made

Which method of construction is typically least expensive?

Sulfur Base

When shampooing a wig, it is recommended that you avoid shampoos that have a ______.

70

Synthetic hair colors used on wigs and hairpieces are standardized according to the ______ colors on the hair color ring used by wig and hairpiece manufacturers.

Double-lock stitch

The _______ is a sewing stitch is which the thread is wound around the needle twice.

Bonding Method

The _______ involves attaching hair wefts or single strands with an adhesive or glue.

Heat

The fusion method of extensions requires that the bonding material be activated with _____.

Low

When using heat on human hair, you should set the styling tool on _____.

Natural Boar

Traditionally, brushes made with ______ bristles have been regarded as best for use on human hair.

Hairpins

A hair wrap is secured to the client's own hair with ______.

Sharp

When sewing on an extension using the braid-and-sew attachment method, it is recommended that you do NOT use a ______ needle.

One inch

When bonding, it is recommended that you work _____ away from the hairline to keep the wefts from showing.

4 inches

To use a linking method of attachment, the natural hair should be at least how long?

Wavy

Indian hair is usually ______.

use the wind test to gauge how realistic it looks

When styling a wig, it is recommended that you __________.

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