"ruffing"; technique used to build a soft cushion or to mesh two or more curl patterns together for a uniform and smooth comb out.
"tesing, ratting, matting, or french lacing" ; combing small sections of hair from the ends toward the scalp, causing shorter hair to mat at the scalp and form a cushion or base.
Pin curls with large center openings, fastened to the head in a standing position on a rectangular base.
Stationary, or nonmoving, foundation of a pin curl (the area closest to the scalp); the panel of hair on which a roller is placed.
"sculptured curls"; pin curls sliced from a shaping and formed without lifting the hair from the head.
"stand-up curls"; pin curls fastened to the head in a standing position to allow the hair to flow upward and then downward.
The part of the pin curl that forms a complete circle; also, the hair that is wrapped around the roller.
Nozzle attachment of a blowdryer; directs the air stream to any section of the hair more intensely.
Blowdryer attachment that causes the air to flow more softly and helps to accentuate or keep textural definition.
Technique of passing a hot curling iron through the hair before performing a hard press.
Process of shaping and directing the hair into an S pattern through the use of the fingers, combs, and waving lotion
"mousse"; a light, airy, whipped styling product that resembles shaving foam and builds moderate body and volume into the hair.
Method of temporarily straightening extremely curly or unruly hair by means of a heated iron or comb.
"finishing spray"; a styling product applied in the form of a mist to hold a style in position; available in a variety of holding strengths.
Position of a curl or a roller that sits halfway on its base and halfway behind the base, giving medium volume and movement.
Thermal curls placed half off their base; strong curls with moderate lift or volume.
Curl placed half off the base; permits medium movement and gives good control to the hair.
Technique that removes 100 percent of the curl by applying the pressing comb twice on each side of the hair.
"texturizers"; styling products that are lighter and less viscous than firm hold gels, used for easy styling, defining, and molding.
Technique that removes 60 to 75 percent of the curl by applying a thermal pressing comb once on each side of the hair, using slightly more pressure than in the soft press
Curl placed directly on its base; produces a tight, firm, long-lasting curl and allows minimum mobility
The position of a curl or a roller completely off its base for maximum mobility and minimum volume.
"classic french twist"; a technique used for formal hairstyling that creates a look of folded hair.
"wax"; styling products that add considerable weight to the hair by causing strands to join together, showing separation in the hair.
Technique of forcing the hair between the thumb and the back of the comb to create tension.
Section of the hair that is molded in a circular movement in preparation for the formation of curls.
Technique of pressing the hair to remove 50 to 60 percent of the curl by applying the thermal pressing comb once on each side of the hair.
Section of the pin curl between the base and first arc of the circle that gives the curl its direction and movement; the hair between the scalp and the first turn of the roller.
Styling product applied to damp hair that is wavy, curly, or extremely curly and then blown dry; relaxes the hair for a smooth, straight look.
Thermal waving and curling
"marcel waving"; methods of waving and curling straight or pressed dry hair using thermal irons and special manipulative curling techniques
Type of hair gel that makes the hair pliable enough to keep it in place during the finger-waving procedure.
Sideways and parallel around the head
In creating horizontal finger waves, the waves are placed _____.
no-stem pin curls
Pin curls that produce tight, firm, long-lasting curls and allow for minimum mobility are known as _____.
45 degree angle
To smooth hair that is backcombed, the teeth of the comb or brush should be held at a _____ pointing away from you.
A benefit of using _____ is that it offers firmer, longer hold for fine hair with the least amount of heaviness.
To remove dirt, oils, and product residue from the barrel of a thermal iron, use a dampened towel with a soapy solution containing a few drops of ______.
Applying a thermal pressing comb through the hair twice on each side to remove curl is a _____.
A tight scalp can be made more flexible with hair brushing and the systematic use of _____.
Balanced and well-proportioned
When executing an undo, always inspect the shape you are building from every angle to ensure that it is _______.
Nonelectrical thermal irons are commonly favored by stylists who cater to clients with _____ hair.
rolling the cold iron in your hand first forward, then backward.
What is the best way to practice manipulative techniques with thermal irons?
long, medium, or short
End curls can be used to give a finished appearance to the ends of _____ hair.
Rectangular base curls
What is usually recommended at the side front hairline for a smooth, upsweep effect?
Triangular base pin curls
Which type of curls are usually recommended along the front or facial hairline to prevent breaks or splits in the finished hairstyle?
Square base pin curls
Which type of curls are suitable for curly hairstyles without much volume and lift, can be used on any part of the head, and will comb out with lasting results?
Which type of curls have large center openings and are fastened to the head in a standing position on a rectangular base?
What is used to build a soft cushion or to mesh two or more curl patterns together for a uniform and smooth comb out?
What involves combing small sections of hair from the ends toward the scalp, causing shorter hair to mat at the scalp, forming a cushion or base?
A _____ is a thin, nylon styling brush that has a tail for sectioning, along with a narrow row of bristles.