Milady Chapter 17 // Cosmetology flashcards |

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Backbrushing

"ruffing"; technique used to build a soft cushion or to mesh two or more curl patterns together for a uniform and smooth comb out.

Backcombing

"tesing, ratting, matting, or french lacing" ; combing small sections of hair from the ends toward the scalp, causing shorter hair to mat at the scalp and form a cushion or base.

Barrel Curls

Pin curls with large center openings, fastened to the head in a standing position on a rectangular base.

Base

Stationary, or nonmoving, foundation of a pin curl (the area closest to the scalp); the panel of hair on which a roller is placed.

Blowdry Styling

Technique of drying and styling damp hair in a single operation.

Carved Curls

"sculptured curls"; pin curls sliced from a shaping and formed without lifting the hair from the head.

Cascade Curls

"stand-up curls"; pin curls fastened to the head in a standing position to allow the hair to flow upward and then downward.

Circle

The part of the pin curl that forms a complete circle; also, the hair that is wrapped around the roller.

Closed-center curls

Pin curls that produce waves that get smaller toward the end.

Concentrator

Nozzle attachment of a blowdryer; directs the air stream to any section of the hair more intensely.

Curl

"circle"; the hair that is wrapped around the roller.

Diffuser

Blowdryer attachment that causes the air to flow more softly and helps to accentuate or keep textural definition.

Double Press

Technique of passing a hot curling iron through the hair before performing a hard press.

End Curls

Used to give a finished appearance to hair ends either turned under or over.

Finger Waving

Process of shaping and directing the hair into an S pattern through the use of the fingers, combs, and waving lotion

Foam

"mousse"; a light, airy, whipped styling product that resembles shaving foam and builds moderate body and volume into the hair.

Full-Base Curls

Thermal curls that sit in the center of their base; strong curls with full volume.

Full-stem curl

Curl placed completely off the base; allows for the greatest mobility.

Gel

Thickened styling preperation that comes in a tube or bottle and creates a strong hold.

Hair Pressing

Method of temporarily straightening extremely curly or unruly hair by means of a heated iron or comb.

Hair Spray

"finishing spray"; a styling product applied in the form of a mist to hold a style in position; available in a variety of holding strengths.

Hair Wrapping

A technique used to keep curly hair smooth and straight.

Half Base

Position of a curl or a roller that sits halfway on its base and halfway behind the base, giving medium volume and movement.

Half-base curls

Thermal curls placed half off their base; strong curls with moderate lift or volume.

Half-stem curl

Curl placed half off the base; permits medium movement and gives good control to the hair.

Hard Press

Technique that removes 100 percent of the curl by applying the pressing comb twice on each side of the hair.

Indentation

The point where curls of opposite directions meet, forming a recessed area.

Knot

"chignon"; a technique used for formal hairstyling that creates the look of a knot or bun.

Liquid Gels

"texturizers"; styling products that are lighter and less viscous than firm hold gels, used for easy styling, defining, and molding.

Medium Press

Technique that removes 60 to 75 percent of the curl by applying a thermal pressing comb once on each side of the hair, using slightly more pressure than in the soft press

No-stem curl

Curl placed directly on its base; produces a tight, firm, long-lasting curl and allows minimum mobility

Off Base

The position of a curl or a roller completely off its base for maximum mobility and minimum volume.

On base

"full base"; position of a curl or roller directly on its base for maximum volume.

Open-center curls

Pin curls that produce even, smooth waves and uniform curls.

Pleat

"classic french twist"; a technique used for formal hairstyling that creates a look of folded hair.

Pomade

"wax"; styling products that add considerable weight to the hair by causing strands to join together, showing separation in the hair.

Ribboning

Technique of forcing the hair between the thumb and the back of the comb to create tension.

Ridge Curls

Pin curls placed immediately behind or below a ridge to form a wave.

Rod

Round, solid prong of a thermal iron.

Shaping

Section of the hair that is molded in a circular movement in preparation for the formation of curls.

Shell

The clamp that presses the hair against the barrel or rod of a thermal iron.

Skip Waves

Two rows of ridge curls, usually on the side of the head.

Soft Press

Technique of pressing the hair to remove 50 to 60 percent of the curl by applying the thermal pressing comb once on each side of the hair.

Spiral Curl

Method of curling the hair by winding a strand around the rod.

Stem

Section of the pin curl between the base and first arc of the circle that gives the curl its direction and movement; the hair between the scalp and the first turn of the roller.

Straightening Gel

Styling product applied to damp hair that is wavy, curly, or extremely curly and then blown dry; relaxes the hair for a smooth, straight look.

Temper

A process used to condition a new brass pressing comb so that it heats evenly.

Thermal Irons

Implements made of quality steel that are used to curl dry hair.

Thermal waving and curling

"marcel waving"; methods of waving and curling straight or pressed dry hair using thermal irons and special manipulative curling techniques

Twist

A technique used for formal hairstyling that creates a look of conical shape.

Updo

Hairstyle in which the hair is arranged up and off the shoulders.

Volume-base curls

Thermal curls placed very high on their base; provide maximum lift or volume.

Volumizers

Styling products that add volume, especially at the base, when wet hair is blown dry.

Waving Lotion

Type of hair gel that makes the hair pliable enough to keep it in place during the finger-waving procedure.

Client Consultation

The first step in the hairstyling process should always be a _____.

Sideways and parallel around the head

In creating horizontal finger waves, the waves are placed _____.

no-stem pin curls

Pin curls that produce tight, firm, long-lasting curls and allow for minimum mobility are known as _____.

Open end

Pin curls formed in a shaping should begin at the ______.

arc-based

Pin curl bases are referred to as rectangular, triangular, square, or ______.

45 degree angle

To smooth hair that is backcombed, the teeth of the comb or brush should be held at a _____ pointing away from you.

Texturizer

A benefit of using _____ is that it offers firmer, longer hold for fine hair with the least amount of heaviness.

Ammonia

To remove dirt, oils, and product residue from the barrel of a thermal iron, use a dampened towel with a soapy solution containing a few drops of ______.

Hard Press

Applying a thermal pressing comb through the hair twice on each side to remove curl is a _____.

Scalp Massage

A tight scalp can be made more flexible with hair brushing and the systematic use of _____.

Balanced and well-proportioned

When executing an undo, always inspect the shape you are building from every angle to ensure that it is _______.

A piece of tissue paper

After heating the iron to the desired temperature, you test it on ______.

A wave

When using rollers, one and a half turns will create _____.

Dry hair only

Hot rollers are to be used on ______.

A special event

Clients are most likely to request a pleat for ______.

5 to 10 minutes

How long do velcro rollers need to stay in the hair?

wet or dry hair

Wrapping can be done on ______.

Blowdry styling

The technique of drying and styling damp hair in one operation is called ______.

Marcel Waving

Thermal waving is also known as _____.

Excessively curly

Nonelectrical thermal irons are commonly favored by stylists who cater to clients with _____ hair.

rolling the cold iron in your hand first forward, then backward.

What is the best way to practice manipulative techniques with thermal irons?

wigs made of nylon hair

What can you NOT use thermal irons on?

long, medium, or short

End curls can be used to give a finished appearance to the ends of _____ hair.

strong

Full- base curls provide a ____ curl.

a dermatologist

Who can diagnose scalp skin disease?

extra heat

Coarse, extremely curly hair requires ______ to process.

cool the comb in the freezer

When tempering a new pressing comb, you should NOT ______.

Rectangular base curls

What is usually recommended at the side front hairline for a smooth, upsweep effect?

Triangular base pin curls

Which type of curls are usually recommended along the front or facial hairline to prevent breaks or splits in the finished hairstyle?

Square base pin curls

Which type of curls are suitable for curly hairstyles without much volume and lift, can be used on any part of the head, and will comb out with lasting results?

The side of the head

Where are skip waves typically found?

Ridge curls

Pin curls placed immediately behind or below a ridge to form a wave are called ______.

Cascade curls

Which type of curls are also known as stand-up curls?

Barrel Curls

Which type of curls have large center openings and are fastened to the head in a standing position on a rectangular base?

On base

Which roller position is recommended for full volume?

Off base

Which roller position is recommended for the least volume?

Backbrushing

What is used to build a soft cushion or to mesh two or more curl patterns together for a uniform and smooth comb out?

Backcombing

What involves combing small sections of hair from the ends toward the scalp, causing shorter hair to mat at the scalp, forming a cushion or base?

Classic Styling Brush

A _____ is a half-round, rubber-based brush.

Grooming Brush

A _____ is generally an oval brush with a mixture of boar and nylon bristles.

Teasing Brush

A _____ is a thin, nylon styling brush that has a tail for sectioning, along with a narrow row of bristles.

Vent brush

A _____ is a brush used to speed up the blowdrying process.

1920s and 1930s

Finger waving was very popular during the _____.

Half-moon curls

Arc-base pin curls are also known as ______.

The Curl

Which part of a roller curl is also known as the circle?

Only on dry hair

Velcro rollers can be used _____.

Pin curls

A hood dryer is recommended if you want ______.

creates a textured surface

When you use a comb with teeth spaced closely together, it ________.

Pomade

Which type of styling product is also known as wax?

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