Milady Chapter 10 // Cosmetology flashcards |

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smooth and unspotted

A normal healthy nail is firm and flexible and should be ______.

buff them carefully

If a client has ridges running vertically down the length of the natural nail plate, it is recommended that you ______.

Tinea Pedis

What is the medical term for fungal infections associated with the feet?

Yellow-Green

A typical bacterial infection on the nail plate can be identified in the early stages as a ______ spot that becomes darker in its advanced stages.

Onychomadesis

The separation and falling off of a nail from the nail bed is a sign of ______.

Nail Bed

Splinter hemorrhages are caused by physical trauma or injury to the _____.

contaminated

Nail fungi can be transmitted through ______ instruments.

both fingernails and toenails

Onychomadesis can affect _______.

Under no circumstances

A cosmetologist can disobey state or federal rules and regulations ______.

Beau's lines

Visible depressions running across the width of the natural nail plate; usually a result of major illness or injury that has traumatized the body.

Bruised Nails

Condition in which a blood clot forms under the nail plate, causing a dark purplish spot. Usually due to small injuries to the nail bed.

Discolored Nails

Nails turn a variety of colors; may indicate surface staining, a systematic disorder, or poor blood circulation.

Eggshell Nails

Noticeably thin, white nail plates that are more flexible than normal and can curve over the free edge.

Hangnail

"agnail" ; a condition in which the living tissue surrounding the nail plate splits or tears.

Leukonychia Spots

"white spots" ; whitish discolorations of the nails, usually caused by injury to the matrix area; not related to the body's healthy or vitamin deficiencies.

Melanonychia

Darkening of the fingernails or toenails; may be seen as a black band within the nail plate, extending from the base to the free edge.

Nail Disorder

Condition caused by an injury or disease of the nail unit.

Nail Psoriasis

A noninfectious condition that affects the surface of the natural nail plate causing tiny pits or severe roughness on the surface of the nail plate.

Nail Pterygium

Abnormal condition that occurs when the skin is stretched by the nail plate; usually caused by serious injury.

Onychia

Inflammation of the nail matrix, followed by shedding of the natural nail.

Onychocryptosis

"ingrown nails" ; nail grows into the sides of the tissue around the nail.

Onycholysis

Lifting of the nail plate from the nail bed without shedding, usually beginning at the free edge and continuing toward the lunula area.

Onychomadesis

The separation and falling off of a nail plate from the nail bed.

Onychomycosis

Fungal infection of the natural nail plate.

Onychophagy

"bitten nails" ; result of a habit of chewing the nail or chewing the hardened skin surrounding the nail plate.

Onychorrhexis

Split or brittle nails that have a series of lengthwise ridges giving a rough appearance to the surface of the nail plate.

Onychosis

Any deformity or disease of the natural nails.

Paronychia

Bacterial inflammation of the tissues surrounding the nail causing pus, swelling, and redness, usually in the skin fold adjacent to the nail plate.

Pincer Nails

"trumpet nail" ; increased crosswise curvature throughout the nail plate caused by an increased curvature of the matrix. The edges of the nails plate may plate may curl around to form the shape of a trumpet or shape cone at the free edge.

Plicatured Nail

"folded nail" ; a type of highly curved nail usually caused by injury to the matrix but may be inherited.

Pseudomonas Aeruginosa

One of several common bacteria that can cause nail infection.

Pyogenic Granuloma

Severe inflammation of the nail in which a lump of red tissue grows up from the nail bed to the nail plate.

Ridges

Vertical lines running through the length of the natural nail plate that are caused by uneven growth of the nails, usually the result of normal aging.

Splinter Hemorrhages

Hemorrhages caused by trauma or injury to the nail bed that damage the capillaries and allow small amounts of blood flow.

Tinea Pedis

Medical term for fungal infections of the feet; red, itchy rash of the skin on the bottom of the feet and/or in between the toes, usually found between the fourth and fifth toe.

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