MILADY: Final Exam Review flashcards |

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To be effective chemical relaxers must penetrate into this layer of hair

Hydroxide ion

This is the active ingredient in hydroxide relaxers


Hydroxide relaxers have a pH of

Soft curl perm

This is a combination of a thio relaxer and a thio permanent wave that is wrapped on large perm tools

No base

This type of relaxer does not require the use of base cream


Most common type of perm rod

Overprocessed perm

Straight at ends, curly at scalp


One wrapping perm this base gives the greatest volume

Preliminary test curl

To determine how hair will react to a permanent wave

Hydrogen peroxide

Most common ingredient in neutralizers


Permanent waves and relaxers must break the ____ bonds in the ____ layer of the hair

Ammonium thioglycolate

This is the reducing agent or active ingredient in alkaline (cold wave) perms


Besides sodium hydroxide name two other hydroxide relaxers

True acid

Requires use of heat

Glycerol mono thioglycolate

The main active ingredient in true acid or acid balancing perms


Warm cool and neutral can describe a colors Hugh or

4 to 6 weeks

Semi permanent color last for


This type of hair color does not require the use of a patch test

Demi permanent

This type of hair color uses a low volume developer and is also called deposit only

After processing is complete

When is the shampoo given when using an aniline derivative tint


Hair processes faster at the scalp due to this


A double process color involves these two separate procedures

Reverse highlighting

Coloring some strands darker than others


Freeform technique

H2O2, shampoo, color

Highlighting shampoo tints involve the use of these three ingredients


The nape area of the head is found below this reference point


The hair must be wet when using this cutting tool

Fine - medium

The razor is an excellent tool for cutting this texture of hair


One length or low elevation cuts use this type of line


As a safety rule never cut pass this knuckle

Finger wave

This is an example of a repeating line


Creating the illusion of length to the face by adding height or volume on top is for


Focal point of hairstyle


This art principle holds all the elements of design together


This type of line in a design creates width in a style

Ridge curls

A skip wave is created by using two rows of this curl


Direction and movement is provided by this part of the pin curl


This type of roller is not permitted for use in some states because it cannot be properly sanitized

Back Coming

This is the process of combing small sections of hair from ends to scalp to form a cushion


Used on fine hair because it will not weigh it down

299 of 1980

The act of governing cosmetology is public act #


A salon must be supervised daily by licensed cosmetologist who is at least ___ years of age and has at least ___ years experience

500 hours

An instructor of cosmetology must have a high school diploma and complete _____ of training


All of the following are methods to texturize hair with shears except


Disinfectants must have a registration number from this government agency


This type of bacteria grows in pairs and causes pneumonia


Sterilization differs from disinfection because it can kill this

In active or spore forming

During this stage of bacterial growth of bacteria is not harmed by disinfectants, heat, or cold


The M SDS sheet is required for all cosmetics used in the salon by this government agency


Never brush the hair prior to this type of service

15 or higher

SPF recommended to protect client

1% gelatin violet jelly

This type of ointment can be applied to scalp burn during a thermal curling service


Permanent waves and chemical relaxers cannot be used over hair that has been colored with this type of dye


This layer of hair gives the hair strength and elasticity


This gland secretes sebum

Dermal papilla

This structure is found at the base of the follicle and gives the hair its nutrients

Pityrasis steatoides

This is the greasy waxy type of dandruff that cosmetologist cannot treat

Hypertrichosis and hirsuites

These are two terms for excessive amounts of hair


Blood vessels and nerves endings can be found in this layer of skin


Hair follicle filled with keratin and sebum is called a blackhead and


The skin disorder is recognized by red patches covered with white silver scales usually found on the scalp elbows knees chest and lower back


Vitiligo which is abnormal white patches on the skin is also known as this


Nails grow this much in one month for a normal adult

Free edge

The hyponychium is the skin under this part of the nail

Bitten nails


Ingrown nails



The living tissue is at the base of the nail and covers the matrix


All cells are composed of a colorless jelly like substance called

Nervous system

The system controls all activities of the body


This part of blood helps the blood to clot


Sweat and oil glands belong to the group of glands called


These two muscles are the muscles of masochism and or chewing muscles

Moisturizing or conditioning

Type of shampoo that is designed to not remove artificial color from hair


This is the part of the shampoo molecule that attracts water


Conditioners that contain the substance that absorbs moisture and promotes retention of moisture

Sebaceous glands

Excessive oiliness of the hair and scalp is caused by overactive

Oily hair and scalp

Besides dry hair, scalp treatments what other scalp treatments recommend using the direct high frequency

Chemical depilatory

Are not done salons (like shaving)

Corner to center

Proper filing procedure

Hydrogen peroxide

This product is used for nail bleach


Nonpathogenic bacteria are

Quaternary ammonium compounds

A safe and useful type of disinfectant commonly called quats is


Sodium hypochlorite is the chemical name for


Basic unit for all living things

Toxins, disease, injury

Unfavorable conditions for mitosis


The bone that forms the back of the skull above the night


The bones in the fingers or digits are called


The largest and most complex nerve tissue of the body is called

Fifth cranial nerve

The largest of the cranial nerves


Which blood component gives blood its color?

Common carotid arteries

The main arteries that supply blood to the head neck and face are the


Spongy tissue is composed of microscopic cells in which inhaled air is exchanged for carbon dioxide during one breathing cycle are


The layer of skin that we see in this treated by the practitioner is the


The slightly thickened layer of skin that lies between the fingertip in the free edge of the nail plate is

Smooth and unspotted

Surface of a healthy natural nail

Nail psoriasis

Tiny pits or severe roughness on the surface of the nail plate is an indication of

Hair bulb

The thickened club like structure that forms the lower part of the hair root is

Dermal papilla

A small cone shaped area located at the base of the hair follicle that fits into the hair bulb is the

Hydrogen, salt, disulfide

The three different types of side bonds are

Disulfide bonds

Permanent waving and hair relaxers change the shape of the hair by chemically altering the hair's

Lanugo hair

Vellus hair is a short fine and downy hair known as

Telogen phase

The resting or final phase of the hair cycle that lasts until the fully grown hair is shed is the:

Fungal organisms

Tinea is characterized by itching scales and sometimes painful circular lesions and is caused by


A stable mixture of two or more substances in a(n):

ceytl alcohol

An example of an ammonia compound that is used to perform chemical services in a salon


Electronic facial implements are, commonly referred to as


Infusing water soluble products into skin with the use of electric current is known as

Violet Ray

The thermal or he producing current with a high rate of oscillation or vibration is


Establishing equal or appropriate proportions to create symmetry in a design is called

Facial bones

A clients facial shape is determined by the position and prominence of the

Receding hairline

A curved part is used for a high for head or

Chemically treated

Hair that has been lightened colored perm or chemically relaxed is called

Desending order

Ingredients in all shampoos are listed according to the percentage of each ingredient or in

Oil attracting

The lipophilic tail or surfactant molecule is considered to be

Design lines

Reference points in a haircut are used to establish


The space between two lines or surfaces that intersect at a given point is


The line dividing the hair at the scalp, separating one section from another, creating subsections is a

Traveling guideline

The guideline where a small slice of a previous subsection is moved to the next position and becomes the new guideline is a

Barber comb

The comb used for close tapers on the neck and sides and when using a scissor overcome technique is


A section of hair molded in a circular movement in preparation for formation of a pin curl is a

Stationary guideline

A guideline used in a blunt one length cut or used in over direction to create a length or weight increase is a

Carved curls

Pin curls sliced from a shaping and formed without lifting the hair from the head are referred to as

Skip waves

Two rows of ridge curls on the side of the head are called

Shells, sequins, gold beads

As early as 3000 BC Egyptian women wear braids or plaits decorated with which of the following?

Palm roll

Method of locking where portions of hair are placed between the palms of both hands and rolled in clockwise or counterclockwise directions is


Once in the cortex the waving solution breaks the disulfide bond through a chemical reaction called


Waves that are activated from an outside heat source are considered


Hair that has too many disulfide bonds broken and will not hold a firm curl is considered

More tightly

Fine hair takes color faster and can look darker because the melanin granules are grouped

Gradual colors

Natural vegetable and metallic hair colors are also known as


Overlapping haircolor on previously tinted hair can cause breakage and create a visible line of


The process of treating
gray hair or very resistant hair to allow for better penetration of color is


Intense light used to destroy the growth of cells of the hair follicle is a method of hair removal called


The amount sebum produced by the sebaceous glands determine the size of


Products used to increase the water content of the skin surface are

Massage cream

A lubricating cream that must be thoroughly removed for additional products to penetrate the skin is


The direction of the movement in massage should always be from insertion of the muscle towards it


A deeper rubbing massage movement in which pressure is applied to the skin while moving over an underlying structure is

Three lines

The ideal eyebrow shape can be drawn in

45ยฐ angle

To bevel the nail hold a medium grit abrasive board at a

Seeds, plant resin, wood

Essential oils are extracted using various forms of distillation , they are:


To avoid the risk of infection nippers should be never used on clients who are

Nail resin

To press fabric wraps onto the natural nail plate and avoid the transfer of dust or oil use:


What type of shampoo is used to remove a build up from the hair such as metals (copper and iron) and after swimming?


Premote the retension of moisture

Deionized water

The main ingredient in most shampoos


The pH balance of skin and hair

Malassezia / pityriasis capitols simplex

Two types of dandruff that should be referred to a physician

You cannot do services on clients to use or have:

Retina-A, rosacea, microdermabrasion

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