200 Multiple choice questions
- Where the defendant's sentence is pronounced.
frisk - least amount of control, Standing - more control than Terry
frisk but less than kneeling, Kneeling - more control than standing
search but less than prone, Prone - greatest amount of control.
- Before, During, After.
- Specific and articulable facts and rational inferences.
investigative questioning and/or focus shifts to the subject with the
purpose of obtaining a confession; the accused must be permitted to
consult with a lawyer or any statements made will be inadmissible.
- Cases under $5,000
- 1."Bells Mania" or "exhaustive Mania"
2.Neuroleptic Malignant Syndrome
- Use of force in obtaining a confession will make the confession inadmissible.
- The termination of freedom of movement by use of physical force intentionally applied or submission to a show of authority.
examines facts, and then decides whether to hold the defendant without
bail or release the defendant without requiring bail. Or the bail price.
supervisors/field training officers. Detectives/Investigators,
Representatives in other law enforcement agencies, attorneys, parole,
probation, and corrections personnel, involved parties, media reps,
- Federal and State Laws.
- A computerized system which maintains Utah records and verifications for NCIC, NLETS and UCCH.
(National Crime Information Center) (National Law Enforcement Telecommunications System) (Utah Computerized Criminal History)
- Statement made out side of court and offered in evidence to prove the truth of the matter asserted.
- Loss of night vision. Causes Tunnel vision, a 70% reduction of the peripheral field.
Supreme Court held that police may search the passenger compartment of a
vehicle, incident to a recent occupant's arrest (and therefore without a
warrant) only if it is reasonable to believe that the arrestee might
access the vehicle at the time of the search, or that the vehicle
contains evidence of the offense of arrest.
- Illegal drugs that have some medical purposes, doctors can write a prescription. Ex Cocaine
- 1.Non verbal intervention
2. Verbal intervention
3. Physical intervention
- Credibility, Modeling (think of pretty eyes), Inspiring, Challenging, Encouraging, Enabling.
- A law set forth by judgment on a specific case
- Minor offense, least serious crime to commit. Punishable by fine only.
- Criminal, Civil, Departmental Administrative action, Moral.
- Empathy - Understanding someone and where they come from. "Put yourself in their shoes."
Sympathy - Feeling sorry.
- Right to Bear Arms
widespread injury or damage to persons or property by uses of a weapon
of mass destruction, explosion, fire, flood avalanche, collapse of a
building, or other harmful or destruction force or substance that is not
a weapon of mass destruction
- Officer must be lawfully present in the location and the smell is immediately evident.
- Those with minor injuries, who can walk. (DELAYED care)
- Someone 14 years of age or younger.
warnings are not necessarily required simply because questioning takes
place in a police station or because the questioned person is a suspect;
there must be some restriction of freedom to place the suspect "in
- Corroboration of information
- Bigamy - The act of going through a marriage ceremony while already married to another person.
*Remember BIGAMY is the word used in Utah Law to describe both Polygamy and Bigamy.
Polygamy - The practice of having more than one spouse at the same time. (practically the same definition)
- When an officers conduct contains the elements of a criminal offense.
- Over the counter drugs, legal but can be abused. ex Pain meds.
- 1.The death of a person in the process of arrest
2.In route to be incarcerated
3.Incarcerated at a correctional facility/juvenile facility
- A victim with life-threatening injuries who cannot wait for help. (IMMEDIATE care needed)
- A sworn and certified peace officer who is an employee of a law enforcement agency.
- The defendant meets the judge and enters a plea (guilty or not guilty)
- Dog is feeling uneasy
- More likely than not
- Right to reasonable bail. Right to be free of cruel and unusual punishment.
- Protect individuals from deprivation of their constitution rights by law enforcement officers or other government authorities.
- Causes serious PERMINENT disfigurement
- Manic state that results into cardiac arrest, usually associated with in custody death.
- 1. Missing the Danger Signs
2. Taking a bad position
3. Improper mindset
4. Failure to watch hands
5. Relaxing too soon
6. Poor equipment maintenance
7. Sleepy or asleep on-duty
8. Poor search or no search
9. Improper or no handcuffing
10. Tombstone courage
evidence is collected illegally (i.e. without warrant) anything other
evidence (secondary evidence) collected due to that evidence is also
Exceptions are Inevitable Discovery, and Good Faith Doctrine.
- Statutory/Criminal Law
- The Officer, fellow officer, supervisor, agency head, government agency, government entity of which the agency is a part.
- Criminal Intent
- 1. Custody
- Retail Theft happens in a Retail area (store). More commonly known as Shoplifting. The penalties for both are the same.
powers not delegated to the United States by the Constitution, nor
prohibited by it to the States, are reserved to the States respectively,
or to the people.
a person is taken into custody or otherwise deprived of freedom of
action, and is questioned or interviewed, he/she must be given warnings
of specific rights regarding self-incrimination or any statements made
will be inadmissible.
- It builds up in your arteries, making you have a greater chance for heart disease.
- No, the law treats men and women the same.
needed to establish that a crime has been committed and all actions
taken by peace officers have been appropriate. Who, What, When, Where,
How, and Why.
- >14 and <16
- A substance that alters yours thinking, state of mind.
- Under 21 years of age.
- Upwind and Uphill (Think about why Pumbas friends never stood upwind...)
- A victim with injuries that need care very soon, but may be able to wait for help. (URGENT care needed)
- Causes physical pain, TEMPORARY disfigurement
- Rights retained by the people, that are not specifically enumerated in the Constitution.
- Life in prison, life without parol or death penalty.
- You can also use the Vehicle Identification Number (VIN) found on the vehicle or vehicle registration.
- Motorcycle gangs, main 4 : Hell's angels, Pagans, Outlaws, Banditos, and Mongols.
of suspects, victims, witnesses. Names of officers, assistants in
investigation. Important dates and times. Circumstances of crime.
Additional information as necessary.
- Dog is attempting to get the approaching officer to move away
- Right to remain silent. Indictment by grand jury. Double Jeopardy.
- Call______ By Phone
- Provide order in the social system, and serve the citizens of the state.
ability to integrate to ones environment and is reflected solid
personal relationships, satisfaction in living, success and
achievements, flexibility and coping skills, and maturity. Can affect
people of any age in any family but may not permanent.
- It is risky to approach the dog or allow it to come closer.
or knowingly engages in a course of conduct directed at a specific
person and should know it causes fear for safety.
- Protection from unreasonable search and seizure
- Arrested or observed with gang members
Wears known gang cloths
photographed with gang members
uses gang hand signs
Amits or identified as a gang member by a reliable source
- 1.Department of Justice. 2.Department of homeland security. 3.Department of agriculture. 4.Department of the interior.
will be inadmissible when intimidation or coercion are employed through
brutality, deprivation, extended incommunicado interrogation, or
questioning above the IQ and age of a suspect.
conversation held to generate information from a person who has
knowledge of a crime, so an investigation can be continued or concluded.
unintentional death that occurs while a subject is in police custody.
Such deaths usually take place after the subject has demonstrated
bizarre and/or violent behavior, and has been restrained.
- Yes! (This is why they must provide a basis for building a report and must be legible and organized)
- Mental impairment that substantially limits one or more major life activity, permanent.
- 18-24 hours
facts into a permanent record, provide investigative leads, provide a
source for officer evaluation, assist officers for court appearances,
serve as reference material.
- Lower than Felony. Punishable with fine or jail term of one year.
- Within 2 years
- Lowest Chance of addiction and most medical uses.
- Sight! (Don't you dare taste, touch, or breathe in that crap!)
- Most illegal drugs, have almost not legal medical use, Ex. Marijuana
acknowledgement of certain facts which tend to be incriminating with
respect to a specific crime, but not complete enough to constitute a
the perimeter encloses all areas to be searched, make the perimeter
larger rather than smaller, you can always scale back later.
- Illegal drugs have more uses that Schedule II and lower chance of addiction.
- First person active voice
- A law created by the acts of legislature
- Present sense impression.
Statement for medical purposes.
Records of regularly conducted activity.
- Knowingly, Intentionally, Recklessly, Strict Liability
- Intentionally, knowingly, recklessly, with criminal negligence causes the death of another human being.
- Ninety days in jail and up to a $750 fine.
- A law which prescribes a method of enforcing rights or obtaining redress for their violation
- Provides the ability to either fight, flight or freeze
- One year in jail and up to a $2,500 fine.
- Degree of influence you must exert over a person to take them safely into custody.
- Maintain safety, crime scene integrity, exclusively for interviews.
- For misdemeanors and infractions.
- Six months in jail and up to $1,000 fine.
a decision is made by a judge or jury the decision can be appealed to
the appropriate court, such as guilt, innocence or sentencing can be
appealed to the proper courts.
- Right to jury Trial below $20
- License plate number, state or province issuing plate, vehicle identification number (VIN)
- 1-15 years in prison and up to $10,000 fine.
- 0-5 years in prison and up to a $5,000 fine.
- Where the characteristic places you in a position of oppression.
- 1. The police role in a physical arrest is essentially defensive
2. An arrest is an emotional problem as well as physical one
3. Mind over Body.
- The crime committed.
How the crime was committed.
The route the suspect used.
Apparent physical evidence.
Special equipment needed to collect and preserve evidence.
- all person of 16 years of age who are charged with, murder or aggravated murder, or any felony if committed by and adult.
- Medical attention
Transportation to alternate shelter
Stand-by for removal of personal property
Personal safety options
- Five years-life in prison and up to $10,000 fine.
- Anything used to demonstrate the truth of an assertion.
- Dog is feeling submissive or frightened
- Right to not house soldiers without permission from the owner during peacetime.
- The court of Last resort, does not allow new evidence
or statements obtained as a result of an illegal arrest will not be
admissible even though Miranda warnings are given.
- Voyeurism - is recording/photographing any part of the human body without permission that should be private.
Privacy Violation - trespasses on property or installs equipment with intent to spy on someone in a private place (i.e. like a home).
- An acknowledgement of the commission of all elements of a crime and the individuals involvement in their commission.
- Trickery cannot be used to obtain incriminating statements
- Where the characteristic gives you power or privilege.
a person by means of fire or explosives unlawfully and intentionally
damages any property with intention of defrauding an insurer; or the
property of another.
- A search may be made if evidence of criminal activity can be seen without entry or search.
ILO program is designed to ensure appropriate communication between all
local and state law enforcement agencies and the Fusion Center.
- Those who cannot be saved.
Example: Dead or very low likelihood of survival.
(NO CARE needed.
- Requires some inferences to connect it to a conclusion.
Example-Finger prints, footprints, tire marks, fibers, etc...
- Dog Food, Food/water bowels, dog toys, Dog droppings, leashes and constraints etc.
level of suspicion that would cause a reasonable person, under the
circumstances to believe that criminal activity has occurred or is
- Within 1 year
- White- Unaware
Orange- Alert, specific
Red- Fight sensory overload
Black- Sensory overload, Unable to react.
- Not open to public
No jury trial
Bail is different
- Laws in the form of rules and regulations to carry out regulatory powers
- Deprivation of freedom in any significant manner as it relates to interviews and interrogations.
professionalism, treat everyone with respect. Don't see the world in
black and white. No case is ever the same, therefore don't treat every
case the same.
- You cannot be tried for the same crime with the same evidence twice in the same court.
reason based upon known facts to believe a crime has been committed or
that certain property is connected with a crime.
a person suspected of having committed an offense or who is reluctant
to make full disclosure of information that is pertinent to an
- Communications between husband and wife.
Attorney and client
Physician or therapist and patient
Minister or priest
- Evidence is admissible if the law can articulate that the evidence would have been discovered by lawful means.
- Promotes a "rest and digest" response, promotes calming of the nerves and return to regular function, and enhances digestion.
- 1.Severity of crime at issue
2.If the suspect poses an immediate threat to the safety of the officers or others.
3.Whether the suspect is actively resisting arrest or attempting to evade arrest.
- -Drivers License Division (DLD)
-Division of Motor Vehicles (DMV)
-Statewide Warrants/Protective Orders (SWW)
-National Law Enforcement Telecommunications System (NLETS)
-National Crime Information Center (NCIC)
-Utah Computerized Criminal History (UCCH)
- closure of a case by assigned probation officer without judicial determination.
- Right to speedy trial. Right to confront witnesses. Right to an attorney.
- Letter of warning, suspension 3 to 4 years, revocation
person who has a mental or emotion condition which has substantial
adverse effects on their ability to function, and who requires care and
treatment. (Not including people who are alcohol or drug dependent
people because they would unlikely by receptive to intervention
- Induces the commission of an offense.
to a court trial. Where the lawyers enter evidence and examine
witnesses. Sole purpose is for the judge to determine if there is
sufficient evidence to hold defendant for trial.
sexual activity with an animal (any live nonhuman vertebrate creature
including fowl), with the intent of sexual gratification
- Within 4 years
- Leadership in agency: Like you're a sergeant or lieutenant.
Leadership in Community: You are the police officer on the scene which makes you the one in charge.
- Lay persons of a defendants peers
- physical pain, illness, or any impairment on the body
- Forced to do the crime
- Laws concerned with civil or private rights and rememdies
- 1.Sucker/round house punch
main court proceeding. deferent has the right to confront witnesses and
have an attorney. Prosecutor also represents the evidence and examine
witnesses to prove the case to the judge or jury.
- Clear and convincing evidence.
Preponderance of the evidence.
- When you can articulate suspicion that the person has weapons and poses a threat to the officer or others.
- Deliberately violating accepted principles of right and wrong, What is considered immoral by most people, Situational morality.
- 1.Knock and Talk
2.Talking to anyone on the street
- If you believe that they are in danger, if their life was in danger.
- Freedom to religion. Freedom of speech. Freedom of the press. Right of assembly.
- The interviewer concludes the interview and expresses appreciation.
- A combination of a category and narrative, because it encompasses all of the advantages of the format styles.
- Warm-up period when the interviewer establishes rapport.
- Directly supports the truth of an assertion.
Example-Caught on video.
- ATTEMPTED criminal act
- The most serious offense. Punishable by with with prison, jail, and/or fine.
- 40 hours
- Yes, if not more dangerous and violent.
- Class B and C, violation of ordinances, and misdemeanors for those under 18 years of age
- Criminal Act
3.Marking and colors
4.Placards and labels
either moral nor immoral; not belong in or caring for morality and
immorality. A person can be amoral in area and not amoral in another
- Someone who is under 18 years of age.
- 1. Hands
3. Relatives, Friends, Bystanders who might intervene
4. Escape routes
5. Your footing
6. Cover and/or concealment for subject and officer
- 1. On-going abuse
2. Danger to society
- Emergency Response Guidebook
- Preponderance of the evidence
- The interviewer acquires the desired information about the case.
- Area to which extends the intimate activity associated with the sanctity of a mans home and privacies of life.
*Barney Style: Area immediately surrounding home
dog with food, toys, fire extingquisher, noise makers (like an air
horn), chemical agents or weapons, or electronic devices.