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39 True/False questions

  1. inmate codeThe ability
    to obtain compliance by
    manipulating symbolic rewards.

          

  2. staff personalEmployees who
    provide services in support of
    line personnel; examples of
    staff personnel include training
    officers and accountants.

          

  3. piece price systemA labor system
    under which goods produced by
    prison industries are purchased
    by state institutions and agencies
    exclusively and never enter the
    free market.

          

  4. Mary Belle Harris (1874-1957)Born in Pennsylvania, Mary
    Belle Harris is chiefly known as
    the first warden of the Federal
    Institution for Women. She
    began her work in corrections
    in 1914 when she became the
    superintendent of the Women's
    Workhouse on Blackwell Island,
    New York City. She worked to
    create classification systems,
    developed educational programs,
    and pushed for intermediate
    sentences and parole.
    These aims were incorporated
    into the programs at Alderson,
    which soon became a national
    model.

          

  5. reality therapyTreatment
    that attempts to create an
    institutional environment that
    supports prosocial attitudes and
    behaviors.

          

  6. remunerative powerThe
    ability to obtain compliance in
    exchange for material resources.

          

  7. vocational rehabilitationPrison programming designed
    to teach inmates cognitive and
    vocational skills to help them find
    employment upon release.

          

  8. behavior theoryTreatment
    that emphasizes personal
    responsibility for actions and
    their consequences.

          

  9. social therapyTreatment
    that attempts to create an
    institutional environment that
    supports prosocial attitudes and
    behaviors.

          

  10. hepatitis CA set of rules of conduct that reflect the values and norms of the prison social system and help define for inmates of the model prisoner.

          

  11. cost-benefit ratioA summary
    measure of the value of a
    correctional program in saving
    money through preventing new
    crime.

          

  12. classificationThe process by which a new inmate absorbs the customs of prison society and learns to adapt to the environment.

          

  13. unity of commandA series of
    organizational positions in order
    of authority, with each person
    receiving orders from the one
    immediately above and issuing
    orders to the one(s) immediately
    below.

          

  14. coercive powerThe ability
    to obtain compliance by
    manipulating symbolic rewards.

          

  15. psychotherapyn generic terms,
    all forms of "treatment of the
    mind"; in the prison setting, this
    treatment is coercive in nature.

          

  16. span of controlA management
    principle holding that a
    supervisor can effectively
    oversee only a limited number of
    subordinates.

          

  17. prisonizationA process by which
    prisoners are assigned to types
    of custody and treatment.

          

  18. transactional analysisTreatment
    that attempts to create an
    institutional environment that
    supports prosocial attitudes and
    behaviors.

          

  19. cognitive skill buildingLegal restrictions
    that prevent released felons
    from voting and holding elective
    office, engaging in certain
    professions and occupations, and
    associating with known offenders.

          

  20. criminogenic needsNeeds that,
    when successfully addressed by
    treatment programs, result in
    lower rates of recidivism.

          

  21. civil disabilitiesLegal restrictions
    that prevent released felons
    from voting and holding elective
    office, engaging in certain
    professions and occupations, and
    associating with known offenders.

          

  22. principle of least eligibilityA
    governance theory which posits
    that for a prison system to
    operate effectively, officials must
    tolerate minor infractions, relax
    security measures, and allow
    inmate leaders to keep order.

          

  23. confrontation therapyA
    treatment technique, usually done
    in a group, that vividly brings
    the offender face-to-face with
    the crime's consequences for the
    victim and society.

          

  24. chain of commandA
    management principle holding
    that a subordinate should report
    to only one supervisor.

          

  25. state-use systemA labor system
    under which goods produced by
    prison industries are purchased
    by state institutions and agencies
    exclusively and never enter the
    free market.

          

  26. public account systemA labor
    system under which a contractor
    provided raw materials and
    agreed to purchase goods made
    by prison inmates at a set price.

          

  27. administrative control theoryA
    governance theory which posits
    that prison disorder results from
    unstable, divided, or otherwise
    weak management.

          

  28. line personnelEmployees who
    provide services in support of
    line personnel; examples of
    staff personnel include training
    officers and accountants.

          

  29. prison programAny formal,
    structured activity that takes
    prisoners out of their cells and
    sets them to instrumental tasks.

          

  30. formal organizationThe process by which a new inmate absorbs the customs of prison society and learns to adapt to the environment.

          

  31. unit managementTactic for reducing prison violence by dividing facilities into small, self-contained, semiautonomous "institutions."

          

  32. inmate balance theoryA
    governance theory which posits
    that for a prison system to
    operate effectively, officials must
    tolerate minor infractions, relax
    security measures, and allow
    inmate leaders to keep order.

          

  33. complianceA set of rules of conduct that reflect the values and norms of the prison social system and help define for inmates of the model prisoner.

          

  34. normative powerThe ability
    to obtain compliance by
    manipulating symbolic rewards.

          

  35. boundary violationsA process by which
    prisoners are assigned to types
    of custody and treatment.

          

  36. Elizabeth Gurney Fry (1780-1845)Born in Pennsylvania, Mary
    Belle Harris is chiefly known as
    the first warden of the Federal
    Institution for Women. She
    began her work in corrections
    in 1914 when she became the
    superintendent of the Women's
    Workhouse on Blackwell Island,
    New York City. She worked to
    create classification systems,
    developed educational programs,
    and pushed for intermediate
    sentences and parole.
    These aims were incorporated
    into the programs at Alderson,
    which soon became a national
    model.

          

  37. public works and ways systemA labor
    system under which a prison
    bought machinery and raw
    materials with which inmates
    manufactured a salable product.

          

  38. therapeutic communityA prison
    environment where every aspect
    of the prison is designed to
    promote prosocial attitudes and
    behavior.

          

  39. psychotropic medicationsDrug
    treatments designed to lessen
    the severity of symptoms of
    psychological illness.