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  1. boundary violations
  2. vocational rehabilitation
  3. span of control
  4. psychotherapy
  5. therapeutic community
  6. public account system
  7. classification
  8. remunerative power
  9. Mary Belle Harris (1874-1957)
  10. behavior theory
  11. inmate code
  12. reality therapy
  13. confrontation therapy
  14. formal organization
  15. criminogenic needs
  16. line personnel
  17. staff personal
  18. cognitive skill building
  19. administrative control theory
  20. cost-benefit ratio
  21. state-use system
  22. principle of least eligibility
  23. unity of command
  24. transactional analysis
  25. coercive power
  26. psychotropic medications
  27. inmate balance theory
  28. compliance
  29. civil disabilities
  30. prison program
  31. normative power
  32. piece price system
  33. prisonization
  34. chain of command
  35. Elizabeth Gurney Fry (1780-1845)
  36. social therapy
  37. public works and ways system
  38. unit management
  39. hepatitis C
  1. a Any formal,
    structured activity that takes
    prisoners out of their cells and
    sets them to instrumental tasks.
  2. b Legal restrictions
    that prevent released felons
    from voting and holding elective
    office, engaging in certain
    professions and occupations, and
    associating with known offenders.
  3. c A
    management principle holding
    that a subordinate should report
    to only one supervisor.
  4. d Tactic for reducing prison violence by dividing facilities into small, self-contained, semiautonomous "institutions."
  5. e The process by which a new inmate absorbs the customs of prison society and learns to adapt to the environment.
  6. f A set of rules of conduct that reflect the values and norms of the prison social system and help define for inmates of the model prisoner.
  7. g treatment
    that focuses on patterns of
    interaction with others, especially
    patterns that indicate personal
    problems.
  8. h A
    governance theory which posits
    that for a prison system to
    operate effectively, officials must
    tolerate minor infractions, relax
    security measures, and allow
    inmate leaders to keep order.
  9. i Born in Norwich, England,
    Elizabeth Fry was second
    only to John Howard as a
    nineteenth-century advocate of
    prison reform in Europe. In 1817
    she helped organize the Association
    for the Improvement of
    Female Prisoners in Newgate,
    then the main prison in London.
    This group, made up of wives of
    Quaker businessmen, worked
    to establish prison discipline,
    separation of the sexes, classification
    of criminals, female
    supervision for women inmates,
    adequate religious and secular
    instruction, and the useful employment
    of prisoners. Largely
    through her efforts, such reforms
    rapidly moved to other prisons
    in England and abroad.
  10. j The ability
    to obtain compliance by the
    application or threat of physical
    force.
  11. k A
    form of behavior therapy that
    focuses on changing the thinking
    and reasoning patterns that
    accompany criminal behavior.
  12. l Drug
    treatments designed to lessen
    the severity of symptoms of
    psychological illness.
  13. m A summary
    measure of the value of a
    correctional program in saving
    money through preventing new
    crime.
  14. n A
    treatment technique, usually done
    in a group, that vividly brings
    the offender face-to-face with
    the crime's consequences for the
    victim and society.
  15. o Obedience to an
    order or request.
  16. p A structure
    established for influencing
    behavior to achieve particular
    ends.
  17. q A labor
    system under which a contractor
    provided raw materials and
    agreed to purchase goods made
    by prison inmates at a set price.
  18. r Treatment
    that emphasizes personal
    responsibility for actions and
    their consequences.
  19. s A series of
    organizational positions in order
    of authority, with each person
    receiving orders from the one
    immediately above and issuing
    orders to the one(s) immediately
    below.
  20. t A
    governance theory which posits
    that prison disorder results from
    unstable, divided, or otherwise
    weak management.
  21. u A labor system
    under which goods produced by
    prison industries are purchased
    by state institutions and agencies
    exclusively and never enter the
    free market.
  22. v Employees who
    are directly concerned with
    furthering the institution's goals
    and who are in direct contact
    with clients.
  23. w Treatment
    that attempts to create an
    institutional environment that
    supports prosocial attitudes and
    behaviors.
  24. x A prison
    environment where every aspect
    of the prison is designed to
    promote prosocial attitudes and
    behavior.
  25. y A labor
    system under which a prison
    bought machinery and raw
    materials with which inmates
    manufactured a salable product.
  26. z The ability
    to obtain compliance by
    manipulating symbolic rewards.
  27. aa Employees who
    provide services in support of
    line personnel; examples of
    staff personnel include training
    officers and accountants.
  28. ab Born in Pennsylvania, Mary
    Belle Harris is chiefly known as
    the first warden of the Federal
    Institution for Women. She
    began her work in corrections
    in 1914 when she became the
    superintendent of the Women's
    Workhouse on Blackwell Island,
    New York City. She worked to
    create classification systems,
    developed educational programs,
    and pushed for intermediate
    sentences and parole.
    These aims were incorporated
    into the programs at Alderson,
    which soon became a national
    model.
  29. ac A disease of the liver
    that reduces the effectiveness of
    the body's system of removing
    toxins.
  30. ad The
    doctrine that prisoners ought to
    receive no goods or services
    in excess of those available to
    people who have lived within
    the law.
  31. ae Treatment
    that induces new behaviors
    through reinforcements (rewards
    and punishments), role modeling,
    and other active forms of
    teaching.
  32. af Behavior
    that blurs, minimizes, or disrupts
    the social distance between
    prison staff and inmates, resulting
    in violations of departmental
    policy.
  33. ag A process by which
    prisoners are assigned to types
    of custody and treatment.
  34. ah Prison programming designed
    to teach inmates cognitive and
    vocational skills to help them find
    employment upon release.
  35. ai A labor system under which
    prison inmates work on public
    construction and maintenance
    projects.
  36. aj The
    ability to obtain compliance in
    exchange for material resources.
  37. ak Needs that,
    when successfully addressed by
    treatment programs, result in
    lower rates of recidivism.
  38. al n generic terms,
    all forms of "treatment of the
    mind"; in the prison setting, this
    treatment is coercive in nature.
  39. am A management
    principle holding that a
    supervisor can effectively
    oversee only a limited number of
    subordinates.