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164 True/False questions

  1. Western state Pennsylvania systemswas called Cherry Hill (Philly). Each inmate had a big cell with a skyline. They were in solitary confinement but they had nice toilets and a dog run so he could go out and get fresh air. They could only go out one at a time. They only saw the guards, doctors and preachers and they literally never saw another prisoner. Your job was to concentrate on their craft.

          

  2. ______ had the worlds largest juvenile courtPrevention

          

  3. In Aquisiactical courts, if you could read _______ you were free but if you couldn't, then you were hung.Italy

          

  4. Clinton DuffeyThey would take inmates out on work crews and they would have an inmate on a horse with a rifle and he could shoot other inmates if he wanted.

          

  5. Nuns were often tried with ______Judges

          

  6. Oldest/first prisonManertine Prison

          

  7. Thomas Mott OsborneFrom auburn NY. He was the mayor of Auburn

          

  8. America keeps everyone ______ more than anyone else.Locked up

          

  9. Why were animals tried and executed?Sentenced to walk to Siberia in chains. It took 2-3 years. Then they worked in Goulags. After their sentence, you were allowed to live in Siberia but if you tried to get back home, you were hung.

          

  10. Women who yelled at theirs husbands were punished how?Socially indigestical

    They were looked at as witches

          

  11. Three major events in EnglandProbation, parole, and prisons

          

  12. Highbrow inmatesBecame the warden of Sing sing for 21 years. He was a true humanitarian. He reduced the use of corporal punishment. He said the mutual welfare league wasn't working and he dismantled it. He was respected by both the guards and the inmates. He was in favor of furlough. A real standup guy. He would bring in a bunch of famous people to entertain the inmates. When his wife died, all the inmates wanted to pay their last respects and he allowed it. He presided over 300 executions.

          

  13. First prison in America.Well educated

          

  14. Heracywas a warden at Angola in Louisiana. Toughest prison in the nation. The majority of inmates were black males that have life sentences. He came in and helped with the crime problem. He gave the officers hope that they could move up through the ranks. He became famous for starting a big prison hospice (a place for dying inmates.)

          

  15. Louis LawesBecame the warden of Sing sing for 21 years. He was a true humanitarian. He reduced the use of corporal punishment. He said the mutual welfare league wasn't working and he dismantled it. He was respected by both the guards and the inmates. He was in favor of furlough. A real standup guy. He would bring in a bunch of famous people to entertain the inmates. When his wife died, all the inmates wanted to pay their last respects and he allowed it. He presided over 300 executions.

          

  16. The best and most effective way to control crime?Delaware

          

  17. Antinomian Controversy of 1636This was the first major crime wave in America An argument about how you get to heaven. Puritans were hated by England and the Dutch so they were sent to Massachusetts. Anne Hutchinson would argue with the Protestant ministers. They thought that she was trying to overthrow the government. Her and her followers were all arrested. John Winthrop (the governor of the state) was the judge. No one had a clear charge for being arrested. They sentenced her to exile. She said she repents and that they can't charge her with the crime anymore. She was exiled anyway.

          

  18. The best rehab programs are reducing recidivism by what percentsheppards would go to the big city. When arrested, they would strip you naked and tie your hands with a rope and tie that end to a wagon and would whip you in front of the whole town.

          

  19. Women were not allowed to be ______Judges

          

  20. Kia Ericksonsaid "In contemporary society, the way we view criminals was vastly shaped by the Puritans." It is also impossible to pay your debt to society with the branding method. The puritans thought that once you were branded, you were beyond redemption. The Puritans had 12 hour sermons on Sundays.

          

  21. Who tried to steal the bodies after they were hung?Pennsylvania

          

  22. Burl Cainwas a warden at Angola in Louisiana. Toughest prison in the nation. The majority of inmates were black males that have life sentences. He came in and helped with the crime problem. He gave the officers hope that they could move up through the ranks. He became famous for starting a big prison hospice (a place for dying inmates.)

          

  23. First state to have probationMassachusetts

          

  24. What happened when I feudalism ended?Drown their babies in a lake

          

  25. Murder rate in Middle Ages in EnglandNewgate Prison in Simsberry, CT

          

  26. Lex TalionisBecame the warden of Sing sing for 21 years. He was a true humanitarian. He reduced the use of corporal punishment. He said the mutual welfare league wasn't working and he dismantled it. He was respected by both the guards and the inmates. He was in favor of furlough. A real standup guy. He would bring in a bunch of famous people to entertain the inmates. When his wife died, all the inmates wanted to pay their last respects and he allowed it. He presided over 300 executions.

          

  27. Jack catcha famous executioner. Society would scare people by using his name. If someone was caught and was to be hanged, crowds would come to watch. It was like a picnic outing. On the way to get hung, the clergyman would take notes of the guy's life and then they would print it out and give it to the audience to read while he was being hanged. People would still commit the crimes which shows that capital punishment doesn't really deter anything.

          

  28. Women who never got married and had kids are called ______Socially indigestical

    They were looked at as witches

          

  29. Barn bossessaid that every jail should have doctors and that prison guards should get paid salary. He went through all of England and many different countries and looked at all the jails. He was a penal reformer. He noticed that most of the jails were in awful conditions.

          

  30. Women who yelled a lot were punished how?The brank and bridal

          

  31. Eastern state Pennsylvania systemsCommon law (tradition) and civil law (written)

          

  32. Prisons are mostly _______Warehouses

          

  33. Why did they use torture in inquisitionFines

          

  34. Inquisition was not used in ______ only Italy and Spain.England

          

  35. Which system was most popular in American and which system was most popular in the world?Auburn, Pennsylvania

          

  36. Economy and crimes have what type of correlationProbation, parole, and prisons

          

  37. America is the most ______Italy

          

  38. Galley ship(floating hells) was where they would take ships that were no longer sea worthy and would use them as prisons. Sanitation was poor. Prisoners would die and guards would get it too and bring it back to the mainland and would pass the diseases along.

          

  39. Most honorable way of being executedFrom auburn NY. He was the mayor of Auburn

          

  40. Autocradit wardenwas a warden at Angola in Louisiana. Toughest prison in the nation. The majority of inmates were black males that have life sentences. He came in and helped with the crime problem. He gave the officers hope that they could move up through the ranks. He became famous for starting a big prison hospice (a place for dying inmates.)

          

  41. Forms of punishment in ancient romeProbation, parole, and prisons

          

  42. What message did lining gibbets beside the road give?Don't commit crimes in our town

          

  43. Trial by Ordealwas a prison guard in MN. MN is a very liberal place. He ran the old Stillwater Penitentiary and said it was unacceptable so they let him build Oak Park Heights Penitentiary. He build it right into the side of a mountain. Harder to escape and the temp is the same year around. Segregated inmates based on what they did. Offered many vocational training programs. He was seen as one of the most enlightened wardens we have ever had. He is called a "proactive warden." (Making sure everything is going good with staff equally as caring about the inmates.) Stressed rehabilitation but if you were a trouble maker, he would lock you up.

          

  44. Which court had less severe punishment?Stoning

          

  45. In the south in the late 1800s, they used _______ instead of using big fortress prisonsPlantation model.

    When slavery ended, most slaves were homeless so they got in trouble and went to jail.

          

  46. InquisitionIntensive questioning

          

  47. Where were women sent for breeding purposes?Australia

          

  48. The stocks(floating hells) was where they would take ships that were no longer sea worthy and would use them as prisons. Sanitation was poor. Prisoners would die and guards would get it too and bring it back to the mainland and would pass the diseases along.

          

  49. Prisoners go into _______ while locked up. Nothing about them changesMoney trouble

          

  50. Nuns were charged in what kind of courts?Aquisiactical

          

  51. Inquisition began in _______Italy

          

  52. America has the highest ______ rateIncarceration

          

  53. What was Socrates crime?Telling young people to question their elders

          

  54. Mutual Welfare Leaguetake a kettle of boiling water. They would put a stone in it. If you were protected by god, you would be able to grab the stone out without being burned. If they wanted you to get off then the priest would wrap your hands so you would be fine. (Fixed trials)

          

  55. Elizabeth Gurnee Frywas the warden at San Quitten during WWII. Father was a guard and he was raised right there by the jail in Prison Town. Started as a clerk, but then he was put in as a replacement for a warden. Inmates liked him so much at 3,000 inmates signed a petition asking for him to be the new warden. He got rid of corporal punishment, improved food service, established vocational training programs, and opened up an AA chapter. He desegregated most of the prison and made them all go together, specifically the dining hall. He developed a radio program that debuted on the air. 300 stations from coast to coast aired it because it was so popular. He presided over 90 executions. He was known as an "autocradit warden" (paid a lot of attention to what the inmates were thinking, but they didn't go out of their way to communicate with the guards.)

          

  56. The warden that devised the Auburn system. He said people didn't have names, only numbers. Good behavior was not to be rewarded in any way.Elam Lynds

    They could only have bibles in their cells. It was the first experiment with solitary confinement. The inmates were in small cramped cells and most of them committed suicide. It makes them go "stir crazy." He kept them out working in crews during the day but they can't speak to each other...that would keep them from going crazy. He said they can get more done working in crews.

          

  57. How were drunks punished?The stocks

          

  58. The pillorywas where you stand. You put your hands and head in the wooden board. People would throw stuff at you. Used for assaults or theft. More serious crimes than the stocks. Sometimes they would cut their ears off before they let them go.

          

  59. Brockway stressed three thingsAcademic/vocational training, religion, and military drill

          

  60. PanopticonRuler of Greece

    Punishment for all crimes was execution

          

  61. How were people hung differently in the US compared to Britain?They were hung as church choirs sang beneath them.

          

  62. What did pregnant nuns do?He caught a disease in a jail he went to look at

          

  63. _________ use the first large scale prison ideas with the monks being locked up in their little house for decades.Roman Catholic Church

          

  64. Most of our criminal systems came from ______Murder

          

  65. Where were Russian prisoners sent?Sentenced to walk to Siberia in chains. It took 2-3 years. Then they worked in Goulags. After their sentence, you were allowed to live in Siberia but if you tried to get back home, you were hung.

          

  66. Where does common law and civil law come from?Common law - England
    Civil law - Rome

          

  67. Alexander Machonacey was in charge of the ______Children

          

  68. What is Ancient Greece known for?The auburn system and the penitentiary, Sing-sing

          

  69. Mass graves in the medieval times was become of _____Britain

          

  70. Who said, "All societies need criminals?" And why?Because they believed that the spirits of inmates were inside the animals.

          

  71. Breaking on a wheelThey tied inmates to a wagon wheel and broke all your limbs and left you there to die

          

  72. When inmates are schizophrenic and released, they are given mess for how many weeks?Economy. They took your property from you.

          

  73. Who experience the second level of the Manertine Prison the most?they just left you there and you would die of dehydration.

          

  74. Convict bossesInmates guarding other inmates

          

  75. Where were French prisoners sent?Devils island in French Giana to stay and die. 97% died before they reached the end of their sentence.

          

  76. The criminal justice system is based off ________ ideas.Delaware

          

  77. What was the most common punishment in Ancient Greece and Rome?Common law - England
    Civil law - Rome

          

  78. Newgate PrisonCreated by Bentham.

    A circular prison with cells arranged around a central wall from which prisoners could at all times be observed.

          

  79. The first person to use indeterminate sentencing on a large scalewas called Cherry Hill (Philly). Each inmate had a big cell with a skyline. They were in solitary confinement but they had nice toilets and a dog run so he could go out and get fresh air. They could only go out one at a time. They only saw the guards, doctors and preachers and they literally never saw another prisoner. Your job was to concentrate on their craft.

          

  80. Oldest form of collective punishmentStoning

          

  81. Most of the prisons budget is spent on ______ not rehabilitation.Britain

          

  82. Proactive WardenMaking sure everything is going good with staff equally as caring about the inmates.

    Frank Wood

          

  83. Justinian CodeHe standardized the laws in 529 AD. He developed outside the 12 tablets.

          

  84. Osborne also created ______Mutual Welfare League

          

  85. ______ works better than treatment.Prevention

          

  86. Slaves had more rights over _____Build a fancy house for him

          

  87. A building tenderThis was like a janitor but then they were given the power to control inmate movement and inmate counts.

          

  88. Sir Walter Croftonwas a prison guard in MN. MN is a very liberal place. He ran the old Stillwater Penitentiary and said it was unacceptable so they let him build Oak Park Heights Penitentiary. He build it right into the side of a mountain. Harder to escape and the temp is the same year around. Segregated inmates based on what they did. Offered many vocational training programs. He was seen as one of the most enlightened wardens we have ever had. He is called a "proactive warden." (Making sure everything is going good with staff equally as caring about the inmates.) Stressed rehabilitation but if you were a trouble maker, he would lock you up.

          

  89. Hammurabi was the king of Babylon who created the first ______Judges

          

  90. Omns houseA house for poor people

          

  91. Two big legal systemsGood chance you would be executed

          

  92. HulksBeing hung and then the body is put in water. They then put the body in gibbets to decompose and then put them lined up on the streets as a deterrent.

          

  93. Building tenders could beat an inmate to death if he was caught ________Penal colony

          

  94. In Western Europe, as a deterrence, they would _________Warehouses

          

  95. What was the additional punishment involving the pillory?Cutting off ears

          

  96. The two kinds of infractions for which inmates refused to convict other inamtesThe use of drugs and gay activity

          

  97. What two things did Lynds build?The auburn system and the penitentiary, Sing-sing

          

  98. Who invented prisons?was where you stand. You put your hands and head in the wooden board. People would throw stuff at you. Used for assaults or theft. More serious crimes than the stocks. Sometimes they would cut their ears off before they let them go.

          

  99. Dangerous DidBig wooden ships that people would sit on benches and would row it with ores. They were used for punishment. They were chained to the bench and had to eat, sleep, and pee on the bench.

          

  100. John Augustuswas the warden at tucker and cummins prison farms in AK. He was a professor. He came in as a liberal reformer and tried to clean up Tucker. The tucker telephone was where they strapped you to a gurney and would attach electrodes to your testicles. He didn't like the tucker telephone so he came in and got rid of it. He came in to get rid of the barn bosses as well. He showed evidence of all the inmates that died from barn bosses, but didn't tell his boss that he was going to do that first. Correctional systems didn't care. They said they weren't murdered, that they were just buried there because their families didn't want to come get the bodies. There were no bullet wounds on the bodies so his argument wasn't good. He got the ball rolling on cleaning up the AK prison system but he couldn't finish it because he was fired and was blackmailed and never worked in corrections again.

          

  101. Draconian punishmentThey would take inmates out on work crews and they would have an inmate on a horse with a rifle and he could shoot other inmates if he wanted.

          

  102. Who has the second highest lock up rate?Russia

          

  103. Who was known as the autocradit warden?Duffey

          

  104. The secular systemwas where you stand. You put your hands and head in the wooden board. People would throw stuff at you. Used for assaults or theft. More serious crimes than the stocks. Sometimes they would cut their ears off before they let them go.

          

  105. Frank woodRuler of Greece

    Punishment for all crimes was execution

          

  106. Aquisiactical systemIntensive questioning

          

  107. Who developed civil law?Became the warden of Sing sing for 21 years. He was a true humanitarian. He reduced the use of corporal punishment. He said the mutual welfare league wasn't working and he dismantled it. He was respected by both the guards and the inmates. He was in favor of furlough. A real standup guy. He would bring in a bunch of famous people to entertain the inmates. When his wife died, all the inmates wanted to pay their last respects and he allowed it. He presided over 300 executions.

          

  108. First level in Manertine Prison. What did they do?chain you to a stone table and keep you there.

          

  109. Explain churches being used as a sanctuaryyou could go to prison and pay a fee for these prisoners and have them come back and work for them. It was worse than slavery. They were often worked to death and nobody reported it, so the buyers would just let them die and then go back to prison and buy someone else. Former slaves were seen as a threat to society in the free world. When they were slaves, they at least had value.

          

  110. The auburn system in NYFrom auburn NY. He was the mayor of Auburn

          

  111. Used segregation as punishmentExtremely harsh punishment

          

  112. _______ system was cheaper to build and the _______ system was cheaper to operate.Auburn, Pennsylvania

          

  113. The most common criminal sanctionFines

          

  114. Where did the Quakers settle?Pennsylvania

          

  115. St Bridgett's Welltake a kettle of boiling water. They would put a stone in it. If you were protected by god, you would be able to grab the stone out without being burned. If they wanted you to get off then the priest would wrap your hands so you would be fine. (Fixed trials)

          

  116. What were the two parallel criminal justice systems in Europe?Fines

          

  117. Gibbet(floating hells) was where they would take ships that were no longer sea worthy and would use them as prisons. Sanitation was poor. Prisoners would die and guards would get it too and bring it back to the mainland and would pass the diseases along.

          

  118. James Johnstonwas a famous warden at Alcatraz. He was also the warden at San Quitten and Folsom before Alcatrasz "The Rock." Alcatraz was very small. He tried to show the prisoners how tough he was until one almost killed him.

          

  119. Zebulon BrockwayHe wanted to implement indeterminate sentencing. He was put in charge of El Mira Reformatory in New York.

          

  120. The amount that goes back into incarceration after being releasedwhen they started developing jails, and used them as punishment, they wouldn't provide food or blankets or anything. Your family had to provide that stuff for you. People usually starved to death or they sold their clothes for food so they usually died naked.

          

  121. Alexander Machonacey was the private sector of ___Children

          

  122. An advantage for joining the Roman ArmyFather of parole. He came up with indeterminate sentence

          

  123. Manertine Prison's locationThis was the second major crime wave in America. Government officials heard that more Quaker women were coming to Plymouth Bay so they went there and intercepted them. They then banished them to Barbados for an unspecified crime. Puritans beat them before sending them to Barbados. This made more Quakers come. When England heard about this, they told the Puritans to stop hurting the Quakers. Quakers were Marters so once they stopped getting hurt, they stopped coming.

          

  124. Today's pious perjury is ______Italy

          

  125. Dr. Benjamin Rushbecame the first surgeon general and told all of his doctors to wash their hands before operating and they saved many soldier's lives. Rush and the Quakers also said that it was wrong to keep men, women and children in the same prison rooms. A portion of the Walnut St. Jail was made into solitary confinement.

          

  126. Being cursed by the bulging eyes of the ones hung is called ____when they started developing jails, and used them as punishment, they wouldn't provide food or blankets or anything. Your family had to provide that stuff for you. People usually starved to death or they sold their clothes for food so they usually died naked.

          

  127. Why were people branded?The Roman Catholic Church

          

  128. Lynds used inmates to ______Mutual Welfare League

          

  129. Explain the beginning of jails in englandwas much higher than today. In rural England, Sheppard's would get into arguments and would fight and kill each other. Knife cut could kill you because they used the same knife to cut everything.

          

  130. How did they kill sorcerersDrowned them

          

  131. What was the punishment in Ancient Rome for vestal virgins who broke their vows?Cutting off ears

          

  132. Who was responsible for the Great Law of Pennsylvania?William Penn

          

  133. Drakonsaid "In contemporary society, the way we view criminals was vastly shaped by the Puritans." It is also impossible to pay your debt to society with the branding method. The puritans thought that once you were branded, you were beyond redemption. The Puritans had 12 hour sermons on Sundays.

          

  134. How did people get let off for their crimes in Britain?They pain the law officials off

    Monarch is where the money went

          

  135. Most dishonorable way to be executedBeing hung

          

  136. Second level in Manertine Prison. What did they do?they just left you there and you would die of dehydration.

          

  137. Three main elements of correctionsRomans/Greeks

          

  138. PaterfamiliasRuler of Greece

    Punishment for all crimes was execution

          

  139. The last state to use the whipping postDelaware

          

  140. Thomas MurtonIt was underground and cold all the time and the inmates slept in the mineshafts. Jailors went on strike because of the horrendous conditions. Walnut Street Jail was in PA was opened in 1773, was the initially a jail but then expanded to a prison.

          

  141. Convict leasing systemsyou could go to prison and pay a fee for these prisoners and have them come back and work for them. It was worse than slavery. They were often worked to death and nobody reported it, so the buyers would just let them die and then go back to prison and buy someone else. Former slaves were seen as a threat to society in the free world. When they were slaves, they at least had value.

          

  142. _______ said inmates should work together and the _______ said inmates should work alone.Lynds, the Quakers

          

  143. Who made the best contributions?Probation, parole, and prisons

          

  144. TransportationCreated by Bentham.

    A circular prison with cells arranged around a central wall from which prisoners could at all times be observed.

          

  145. How did John Howard die?said that every jail should have doctors and that prison guards should get paid salary. He went through all of England and many different countries and looked at all the jails. He was a penal reformer. He noticed that most of the jails were in awful conditions.

          

  146. Who hated the Catholics and sent troops to Ireland to slaughter them?To get you to confess so you could be punished.

          

  147. The brank or the bridalBritain would send their criminals to the US. They thought by doing this, that it would solve their crime rates. After the Revolutionary war, the English then sent their prisoners to Australia. They then sent women there as well for breeding purposes. Cant' have an entire continent full of men.

          

  148. When inmates were hung, why did they cover theirs faces with a hood?When someone is hung, their eyes bulge out and pop. Whoever the dead body was looking at was the one cursed.

          

  149. Alexander Machonaceysaid that every jail should have doctors and that prison guards should get paid salary. He went through all of England and many different countries and looked at all the jails. He was a penal reformer. He noticed that most of the jails were in awful conditions.

          

  150. Pious perjuryin Britain in the 1600, 1700 & 1800's, they developed a hanging culture to reduce crime. There was a revolt of the citizens. When somebody got the death penalty, the jury would refuse to go along with it. They thought capital punishment was excessive.
    -Jury Nullification" is the same thing as pious perjury, but in today's society.

          

  151. The Salem witch huntTeenage girls would roll around and start barking and the doctors said that they had been possessed by the devil. They were trying to figure out who got the girls to sign their souls to the devil. Tutuba was called to the stage and she admitted that she was working for the devil. The girls started naming people who made them sign their names, so everyone was locked up until it was decided that it was ridiculous and then they let everyone go.

          

  152. St Bridgett's Well became known as ______Bridewell

          

  153. Priests were tried in what kind of court? They were executed if they were in what kind of court?Doctors, families and thugs

          

  154. The man, Socrates, died from_________Drinking poison. He chose death.

          

  155. Prisons are being shut down for what reason?They tied inmates to a wagon wheel and broke all your limbs and left you there to die

          

  156. Lowbrow inmatesThugs

    In charge of elections

          

  157. John Howardsaid that every jail should have doctors and that prison guards should get paid salary. He went through all of England and many different countries and looked at all the jails. He was a penal reformer. He noticed that most of the jails were in awful conditions.

          

  158. The dunking stoolColonial American punishment

    A stool that can be lowered into water for however long you need.

          

  159. _____ believed you should scare inmatesA bird cage that would go over a woman's head. A spike would go into her mouth so she couldn't talk or it would cut her mouth.

          

  160. The Quaker invasionIt was underground and cold all the time and the inmates slept in the mineshafts. Jailors went on strike because of the horrendous conditions. Walnut Street Jail was in PA was opened in 1773, was the initially a jail but then expanded to a prison.

          

  161. Joseph Reaganthe warden at Staple "the world's toughest prison." He ran Joliet and Stapel. He was put in charge of 5,000 inmates. He thought all inmates should work. Everyone hated him and he would always walk around with his 3 boxers. He wanted the prison to be spotless. He also didn't like corporal and capital punishment. He ran a very productive prison producing more than 300,000 gallons of fruits and vegetables per year. 64 acre prison at Staples. Inmates marched and had a tight schedule. Had a high turnover rate on the guards because he was so hard on them. Segregation for years at a time was what he used as punishment. He was super mean.

          

  162. What problem does Russia have?TB. Bacterial infection

          

  163. Jeremy BenthamRuler of Greece

    Punishment for all crimes was execution

          

  164. The George Jr. Republicthe warden at Staple "the world's toughest prison." He ran Joliet and Stapel. He was put in charge of 5,000 inmates. He thought all inmates should work. Everyone hated him and he would always walk around with his 3 boxers. He wanted the prison to be spotless. He also didn't like corporal and capital punishment. He ran a very productive prison producing more than 300,000 gallons of fruits and vegetables per year. 64 acre prison at Staples. Inmates marched and had a tight schedule. Had a high turnover rate on the guards because he was so hard on them. Segregation for years at a time was what he used as punishment. He was super mean.