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164 Multiple choice questions

  1. Duffey
  2. Durkime

    We define ourselves by rejecting others.
  3. Bridewell
  4. Russia
  5. Good chance you would be executed
  6. Brockwway
  7. They pain the law officials off

    Monarch is where the money went
  8. 2
  9. Punitive society
  10. Drowned them
  11. The brank and bridal
  12. Australia
  13. Raping another inmate
  14. Jury Nullification
  15. Doctors, families and thugs
  16. The Roman Catholic Church
  17. Kill you and torture your body.
  18. Plantation model.

    When slavery ended, most slaves were homeless so they got in trouble and went to jail.
  19. Britain would send their criminals to the US. They thought by doing this, that it would solve their crime rates. After the Revolutionary war, the English then sent their prisoners to Australia. They then sent women there as well for breeding purposes. Cant' have an entire continent full of men.
  20. Each of the prison shops were allowed to select a representative and go and vote about how to run a prison.
  21. He standardized the laws in 529 AD. He developed outside the 12 tablets.
  22. Incarceration
  23. 2/3
  24. This was like a janitor but then they were given the power to control inmate movement and inmate counts.
  25. Romans/Greeks
  26. Judges
  27. Auburn, Pennsylvania
  28. Don't commit crimes in our town
  29. Slaves
  30. The secular system and the aquisiactical system
  31. Keeping loot from the next conquered village
  32. was a warden at Angola in Louisiana. Toughest prison in the nation. The majority of inmates were black males that have life sentences. He came in and helped with the crime problem. He gave the officers hope that they could move up through the ranks. He became famous for starting a big prison hospice (a place for dying inmates.)
  33. Aquisiactical
  34. Cutting off ears
  35. Italy
  36. in Britain in the 1600, 1700 & 1800's, they developed a hanging culture to reduce crime. There was a revolt of the citizens. When somebody got the death penalty, the jury would refuse to go along with it. They thought capital punishment was excessive.
    -Jury Nullification" is the same thing as pious perjury, but in today's society.
  37. He wanted to implement indeterminate sentencing. He was put in charge of El Mira Reformatory in New York.
  38. Deep freeze
  39. Fines
  40. came up with the Irish Marks System. He popularized Machonacey's idea. He was put in charge of the prison system. He read about Machonacey's system and used his methods and it worked. His ticket of leave was to Dublin, Ireland. He had the police watch them so he helped spread the world of parole.
  41. No correlation
  42. You would be scarred for life with a letter on your hand, depending on what the crime was. Also got branded on the cheeks and forehead.
  43. Democracy and being well organized in war
  44. Murder
  45. (floating hells) was where they would take ships that were no longer sea worthy and would use them as prisons. Sanitation was poor. Prisoners would die and guards would get it too and bring it back to the mainland and would pass the diseases along.
  46. They tied inmates to a wagon wheel and broke all your limbs and left you there to die
  47. Mutual Welfare League
  48. Invented probation. He is the father of probation.
  49. Diseases
  50. Teenage girls would roll around and start barking and the doctors said that they had been possessed by the devil. They were trying to figure out who got the girls to sign their souls to the devil. Tutuba was called to the stage and she admitted that she was working for the devil. The girls started naming people who made them sign their names, so everyone was locked up until it was decided that it was ridiculous and then they let everyone go.
  51. Sentenced to walk to Siberia in chains. It took 2-3 years. Then they worked in Goulags. After their sentence, you were allowed to live in Siberia but if you tried to get back home, you were hung.
  52. Stoning
  53. the warden at Staple "the world's toughest prison." He ran Joliet and Stapel. He was put in charge of 5,000 inmates. He thought all inmates should work. Everyone hated him and he would always walk around with his 3 boxers. He wanted the prison to be spotless. He also didn't like corporal and capital punishment. He ran a very productive prison producing more than 300,000 gallons of fruits and vegetables per year. 64 acre prison at Staples. Inmates marched and had a tight schedule. Had a high turnover rate on the guards because he was so hard on them. Segregation for years at a time was what he used as punishment. He was super mean.
  54. Romans/Greeks
  55. Intensive questioning
  56. The use of drugs and gay activity
  57. take a kettle of boiling water. They would put a stone in it. If you were protected by god, you would be able to grab the stone out without being burned. If they wanted you to get off then the priest would wrap your hands so you would be fine. (Fixed trials)
  58. They were buried alive
  59. father was the head of the family. He had power over the slaves in the family and the right as head of house hold to kill any member of his family, could sell his family members into slavery. He had absolute rights.
  60. William Penn
  61. Oliver Kronwall
  62. Auburn, Pennsylvania system
  63. Telling young people to question their elders
  64. was where you stand. You put your hands and head in the wooden board. People would throw stuff at you. Used for assaults or theft. More serious crimes than the stocks. Sometimes they would cut their ears off before they let them go.
  65. Created by Bentham.

    A circular prison with cells arranged around a central wall from which prisoners could at all times be observed.
  66. Thugs

    In charge of elections
  67. Common law (tradition) and civil law (written)
  68. Joseph Reagan
  69. Devils island in French Giana to stay and die. 97% died before they reached the end of their sentence.
  70. Locked up
  71. was the warden at San Quitten during WWII. Father was a guard and he was raised right there by the jail in Prison Town. Started as a clerk, but then he was put in as a replacement for a warden. Inmates liked him so much at 3,000 inmates signed a petition asking for him to be the new warden. He got rid of corporal punishment, improved food service, established vocational training programs, and opened up an AA chapter. He desegregated most of the prison and made them all go together, specifically the dining hall. He developed a radio program that debuted on the air. 300 stations from coast to coast aired it because it was so popular. He presided over 90 executions. He was known as an "autocradit warden" (paid a lot of attention to what the inmates were thinking, but they didn't go out of their way to communicate with the guards.)
  72. was the warden at tucker and cummins prison farms in AK. He was a professor. He came in as a liberal reformer and tried to clean up Tucker. The tucker telephone was where they strapped you to a gurney and would attach electrodes to your testicles. He didn't like the tucker telephone so he came in and got rid of it. He came in to get rid of the barn bosses as well. He showed evidence of all the inmates that died from barn bosses, but didn't tell his boss that he was going to do that first. Correctional systems didn't care. They said they weren't murdered, that they were just buried there because their families didn't want to come get the bodies. There were no bullet wounds on the bodies so his argument wasn't good. He got the ball rolling on cleaning up the AK prison system but he couldn't finish it because he was fired and was blackmailed and never worked in corrections again.
  73. Free men had the right to exile. Slaves did not have that option. Soldiers were treated harshly. If a soldier ran from battle and was caught, they would decimate them. (Kill every 6th person)
  74. said that every jail should have doctors and that prison guards should get paid salary. He went through all of England and many different countries and looked at all the jails. He was a penal reformer. He noticed that most of the jails were in awful conditions.
  75. Father of parole. He came up with indeterminate sentence
  76. was called Cherry Hill (Philly). Each inmate had a big cell with a skyline. They were in solitary confinement but they had nice toilets and a dog run so he could go out and get fresh air. They could only go out one at a time. They only saw the guards, doctors and preachers and they literally never saw another prisoner. Your job was to concentrate on their craft.
  77. said "In contemporary society, the way we view criminals was vastly shaped by the Puritans." It is also impossible to pay your debt to society with the branding method. The puritans thought that once you were branded, you were beyond redemption. The Puritans had 12 hour sermons on Sundays.
  78. when they started developing jails, and used them as punishment, they wouldn't provide food or blankets or anything. Your family had to provide that stuff for you. People usually starved to death or they sold their clothes for food so they usually died naked.
  79. TB. Bacterial infection
  80. It was underground and cold all the time and the inmates slept in the mineshafts. Jailors went on strike because of the horrendous conditions. Walnut Street Jail was in PA was opened in 1773, was the initially a jail but then expanded to a prison.
  81. sheppards would go to the big city. When arrested, they would strip you naked and tie your hands with a rope and tie that end to a wagon and would whip you in front of the whole town.
  82. Elam Lynds

    They could only have bibles in their cells. It was the first experiment with solitary confinement. The inmates were in small cramped cells and most of them committed suicide. It makes them go "stir crazy." He kept them out working in crews during the day but they can't speak to each other...that would keep them from going crazy. He said they can get more done working in crews.
  83. Making sure everything is going good with staff equally as caring about the inmates.

    Frank Wood
  84. England
  85. Being hung and then the body is put in water. They then put the body in gibbets to decompose and then put them lined up on the streets as a deterrent.
  86. Academic/vocational training, religion, and military drill
  87. Money trouble
  88. Warehouses
  89. Pennsylvania
  90. Lynds, a Puritan ancestor
  91. Because they believed that the spirits of inmates were inside the animals.
  92. Common law - England
    Civil law - Rome
  93. Evil eye
  94. Underground
  95. Roman Catholic Church
  96. From auburn NY. He was the mayor of Auburn
  97. The dunking stool
  98. Church, secular
  99. Well educated
  100. The stocks
  101. Economy. They took your property from you.
  102. To get you to confess so you could be punished.
  103. Colonial American punishment

    A stool that can be lowered into water for however long you need.
  104. Beheading
  105. Ruler of Greece

    Punishment for all crimes was execution
  106. was a famous warden at Alcatraz. He was also the warden at San Quitten and Folsom before Alcatrasz "The Rock." Alcatraz was very small. He tried to show the prisoners how tough he was until one almost killed him.
  107. If the police were after you, you could run inside the church and you were guaranteed sanctuary for up to 40 days.
  108. Van Deman
  109. He caught a disease in a jail he went to look at
  110. When someone is hung, their eyes bulge out and pop. Whoever the dead body was looking at was the one cursed.
  111. you could go to prison and pay a fee for these prisoners and have them come back and work for them. It was worse than slavery. They were often worked to death and nobody reported it, so the buyers would just let them die and then go back to prison and buy someone else. Former slaves were seen as a threat to society in the free world. When they were slaves, they at least had value.
  112. This was the first major crime wave in America An argument about how you get to heaven. Puritans were hated by England and the Dutch so they were sent to Massachusetts. Anne Hutchinson would argue with the Protestant ministers. They thought that she was trying to overthrow the government. Her and her followers were all arrested. John Winthrop (the governor of the state) was the judge. No one had a clear charge for being arrested. They sentenced her to exile. She said she repents and that they can't charge her with the crime anymore. She was exiled anyway.
  113. Had their own separate trials. You would be beat horribly but not killed.
  114. Where you challenge a doctrine. People were burned at the steak.
  115. They were hung as church choirs sang beneath them.
  116. Being hung
  117. became the first surgeon general and told all of his doctors to wash their hands before operating and they saved many soldier's lives. Rush and the Quakers also said that it was wrong to keep men, women and children in the same prison rooms. A portion of the Walnut St. Jail was made into solitary confinement.
  118. chain you to a stone table and keep you there.
  119. Spend money on kids and nurture them to be good people
  120. Eye for an eye, tooth for a tooth
  121. Inmates guarding other inmates
  122. they just left you there and you would die of dehydration.
  123. The auburn system and the penitentiary, Sing-sing
  124. Probation, parole, and prisons
  125. A bird cage that would go over a woman's head. A spike would go into her mouth so she couldn't talk or it would cut her mouth.
  126. Drinking poison. He chose death.
  127. was much higher than today. In rural England, Sheppard's would get into arguments and would fight and kill each other. Knife cut could kill you because they used the same knife to cut everything.
  128. Build a fancy house for him
  129. Staff costs
  130. Prevention
  131. 30%
  132. Children
  133. Verses from the bible
  134. Lynds, the Quakers
  135. were the poor man's jail. You sat on the ground with a wooden structure that had two holes that you put your ankles in and it would be locked. It was cheap and you didn't have to build a jail. Mostly used for drunks.
  136. Socially indigestical

    They were looked at as witches
  137. built by the Quakers. Built small solitary cells and they were too small and dark and the inmates couldn't work their crafts, so they had to tear down the prison.
  138. Drown their babies in a lake
  139. Started the idea to separate men and women
  140. Western europe
  141. Antinomian Controversy of 1636
    The Quaker invasion 1566-1665
    The Salem witch hunt
  142. Aquisiactical
  143. Killing an inmate would release their bad spiritual form so they steamed bodies to the ground to kill them.
  144. Manertine Prison
  145. paid a lot of attention to what the inmates were thinking, but they didn't go out of their way to communicate with the guards. Paid attention to DETAILS.

    Duffey
  146. Became the warden of Sing sing for 21 years. He was a true humanitarian. He reduced the use of corporal punishment. He said the mutual welfare league wasn't working and he dismantled it. He was respected by both the guards and the inmates. He was in favor of furlough. A real standup guy. He would bring in a bunch of famous people to entertain the inmates. When his wife died, all the inmates wanted to pay their last respects and he allowed it. He presided over 300 executions.
  147. Massachusetts
  148. Britain
  149. Penal colony
  150. Chicago
  151. Delaware
  152. A house for poor people
  153. suggested building a prison with a huge tower. Circular building. The officer's room could go up each floor and rotate around so he could look into each cells. He called it the Panopticon. He said it should be a tower so tall that most of the town could see it as a visual reminder to be good. Was never built in England because they couldn't get the funding, but it was built in America. The point was to watch them all the time and they would behave better.
  154. this well had special minerals to help cure diseases. There was an Omns house (home for poor people) that started taking in poor people and then was used for people who committed crimes. Then changed from omns house to a work house.
  155. was a prison guard in MN. MN is a very liberal place. He ran the old Stillwater Penitentiary and said it was unacceptable so they let him build Oak Park Heights Penitentiary. He build it right into the side of a mountain. Harder to escape and the temp is the same year around. Segregated inmates based on what they did. Offered many vocational training programs. He was seen as one of the most enlightened wardens we have ever had. He is called a "proactive warden." (Making sure everything is going good with staff equally as caring about the inmates.) Stressed rehabilitation but if you were a trouble maker, he would lock you up.
  156. This was the second major crime wave in America. Government officials heard that more Quaker women were coming to Plymouth Bay so they went there and intercepted them. They then banished them to Barbados for an unspecified crime. Puritans beat them before sending them to Barbados. This made more Quakers come. When England heard about this, they told the Puritans to stop hurting the Quakers. Quakers were Marters so once they stopped getting hurt, they stopped coming.
  157. Extremely harsh punishment
  158. Big wooden ships that people would sit on benches and would row it with ores. They were used for punishment. They were chained to the bench and had to eat, sleep, and pee on the bench.
  159. Kids who started getting into trouble with the law.

    Created by osborne
  160. built on a factory model and the inmates were in single cells at night and during the day they were out working together. They wore the striped uniforms and walked in lock step. Silent system. Couldn't talk to one another and if they did they got whipped.
  161. a famous executioner. Society would scare people by using his name. If someone was caught and was to be hanged, crowds would come to watch. It was like a picnic outing. On the way to get hung, the clergyman would take notes of the guy's life and then they would print it out and give it to the audience to read while he was being hanged. People would still commit the crimes which shows that capital punishment doesn't really deter anything.
  162. Penal code
  163. Newgate Prison in Simsberry, CT
  164. They would take inmates out on work crews and they would have an inmate on a horse with a rifle and he could shoot other inmates if he wanted.