164 Multiple choice questions
We define ourselves by rejecting others.
- Good chance you would be executed
- They pain the law officials off
Monarch is where the money went
- Punitive society
- Drowned them
- The brank and bridal
- Raping another inmate
- Jury Nullification
- Doctors, families and thugs
- The Roman Catholic Church
- Kill you and torture your body.
- Plantation model.
When slavery ended, most slaves were homeless so they got in trouble and went to jail.
would send their criminals to the US. They thought by doing this, that
it would solve their crime rates. After the Revolutionary war, the
English then sent their prisoners to Australia. They then sent women
there as well for breeding purposes. Cant' have an entire continent full
- Each of the prison shops were allowed to select a representative and go and vote about how to run a prison.
- He standardized the laws in 529 AD. He developed outside the 12 tablets.
- This was like a janitor but then they were given the power to control inmate movement and inmate counts.
- Auburn, Pennsylvania
- Don't commit crimes in our town
- The secular system and the aquisiactical system
- Keeping loot from the next conquered village
a warden at Angola in Louisiana. Toughest prison in the nation. The
majority of inmates were black males that have life sentences. He came
in and helped with the crime problem. He gave the officers hope that
they could move up through the ranks. He became famous for starting a
big prison hospice (a place for dying inmates.)
- Cutting off ears
Britain in the 1600, 1700 & 1800's, they developed a hanging
culture to reduce crime. There was a revolt of the citizens. When
somebody got the death penalty, the jury would refuse to go along with
it. They thought capital punishment was excessive.
-Jury Nullification" is the same thing as pious perjury, but in today's society.
- He wanted to implement indeterminate sentencing. He was put in charge of El Mira Reformatory in New York.
- Deep freeze
up with the Irish Marks System. He popularized Machonacey's idea. He
was put in charge of the prison system. He read about Machonacey's
system and used his methods and it worked. His ticket of leave was to
Dublin, Ireland. He had the police watch them so he helped spread the
world of parole.
- No correlation
would be scarred for life with a letter on your hand, depending on what
the crime was. Also got branded on the cheeks and forehead.
- Democracy and being well organized in war
hells) was where they would take ships that were no longer sea worthy
and would use them as prisons. Sanitation was poor. Prisoners would die
and guards would get it too and bring it back to the mainland and would
pass the diseases along.
- They tied inmates to a wagon wheel and broke all your limbs and left you there to die
- Mutual Welfare League
- Invented probation. He is the father of probation.
girls would roll around and start barking and the doctors said that
they had been possessed by the devil. They were trying to figure out who
got the girls to sign their souls to the devil. Tutuba was called to
the stage and she admitted that she was working for the devil. The girls
started naming people who made them sign their names, so everyone was
locked up until it was decided that it was ridiculous and then they let
to walk to Siberia in chains. It took 2-3 years. Then they worked in
Goulags. After their sentence, you were allowed to live in Siberia but
if you tried to get back home, you were hung.
warden at Staple "the world's toughest prison." He ran Joliet and
Stapel. He was put in charge of 5,000 inmates. He thought all inmates
should work. Everyone hated him and he would always walk around with his
3 boxers. He wanted the prison to be spotless. He also didn't like
corporal and capital punishment. He ran a very productive prison
producing more than 300,000 gallons of fruits and vegetables per year.
64 acre prison at Staples. Inmates marched and had a tight schedule. Had
a high turnover rate on the guards because he was so hard on them.
Segregation for years at a time was what he used as punishment. He was
- Intensive questioning
- The use of drugs and gay activity
a kettle of boiling water. They would put a stone in it. If you were
protected by god, you would be able to grab the stone out without being
burned. If they wanted you to get off then the priest would wrap your
hands so you would be fine. (Fixed trials)
- They were buried alive
was the head of the family. He had power over the slaves in the family
and the right as head of house hold to kill any member of his family,
could sell his family members into slavery. He had absolute rights.
- William Penn
- Oliver Kronwall
- Auburn, Pennsylvania system
- Telling young people to question their elders
where you stand. You put your hands and head in the wooden board.
People would throw stuff at you. Used for assaults or theft. More
serious crimes than the stocks. Sometimes they would cut their ears off
before they let them go.
- Created by Bentham.
A circular prison with cells arranged around a central wall from which prisoners could at all times be observed.
In charge of elections
- Common law (tradition) and civil law (written)
- Joseph Reagan
- Devils island in French Giana to stay and die. 97% died before they reached the end of their sentence.
- Locked up
the warden at San Quitten during WWII. Father was a guard and he was
raised right there by the jail in Prison Town. Started as a clerk, but
then he was put in as a replacement for a warden. Inmates liked him so
much at 3,000 inmates signed a petition asking for him to be the new
warden. He got rid of corporal punishment, improved food service,
established vocational training programs, and opened up an AA chapter.
He desegregated most of the prison and made them all go together,
specifically the dining hall. He developed a radio program that debuted
on the air. 300 stations from coast to coast aired it because it was so
popular. He presided over 90 executions. He was known as an "autocradit
warden" (paid a lot of attention to what the inmates were thinking, but
they didn't go out of their way to communicate with the guards.)
the warden at tucker and cummins prison farms in AK. He was a
professor. He came in as a liberal reformer and tried to clean up
Tucker. The tucker telephone was where they strapped you to a gurney and
would attach electrodes to your testicles. He didn't like the tucker
telephone so he came in and got rid of it. He came in to get rid of the
barn bosses as well. He showed evidence of all the inmates that died
from barn bosses, but didn't tell his boss that he was going to do that
first. Correctional systems didn't care. They said they weren't
murdered, that they were just buried there because their families didn't
want to come get the bodies. There were no bullet wounds on the bodies
so his argument wasn't good. He got the ball rolling on cleaning up the
AK prison system but he couldn't finish it because he was fired and was
blackmailed and never worked in corrections again.
men had the right to exile. Slaves did not have that option. Soldiers
were treated harshly. If a soldier ran from battle and was caught, they
would decimate them. (Kill every 6th person)
that every jail should have doctors and that prison guards should get
paid salary. He went through all of England and many different countries
and looked at all the jails. He was a penal reformer. He noticed that
most of the jails were in awful conditions.
- Father of parole. He came up with indeterminate sentence
called Cherry Hill (Philly). Each inmate had a big cell with a skyline.
They were in solitary confinement but they had nice toilets and a dog
run so he could go out and get fresh air. They could only go out one at a
time. They only saw the guards, doctors and preachers and they
literally never saw another prisoner. Your job was to concentrate on
"In contemporary society, the way we view criminals was vastly shaped
by the Puritans." It is also impossible to pay your debt to society with
the branding method. The puritans thought that once you were branded,
you were beyond redemption. The Puritans had 12 hour sermons on Sundays.
they started developing jails, and used them as punishment, they
wouldn't provide food or blankets or anything. Your family had to
provide that stuff for you. People usually starved to death or they sold
their clothes for food so they usually died naked.
- TB. Bacterial infection
was underground and cold all the time and the inmates slept in the
mineshafts. Jailors went on strike because of the horrendous conditions.
Walnut Street Jail was in PA was opened in 1773, was the initially a
jail but then expanded to a prison.
would go to the big city. When arrested, they would strip you naked and
tie your hands with a rope and tie that end to a wagon and would whip
you in front of the whole town.
- Elam Lynds
They could only have bibles in their cells. It was the first experiment with solitary confinement. The inmates were in small cramped cells and most of them committed suicide. It makes them go "stir crazy." He kept them out working in crews during the day but they can't speak to each other...that would keep them from going crazy. He said they can get more done working in crews.
- Making sure everything is going good with staff equally as caring about the inmates.
hung and then the body is put in water. They then put the body in
gibbets to decompose and then put them lined up on the streets as a
- Academic/vocational training, religion, and military drill
- Money trouble
- Lynds, a Puritan ancestor
- Because they believed that the spirits of inmates were inside the animals.
- Common law - England
Civil law - Rome
- Evil eye
- Roman Catholic Church
- From auburn NY. He was the mayor of Auburn
- The dunking stool
- Church, secular
- Well educated
- The stocks
- Economy. They took your property from you.
- To get you to confess so you could be punished.
- Colonial American punishment
A stool that can be lowered into water for however long you need.
- Ruler of Greece
Punishment for all crimes was execution
a famous warden at Alcatraz. He was also the warden at San Quitten and
Folsom before Alcatrasz "The Rock." Alcatraz was very small. He tried to
show the prisoners how tough he was until one almost killed him.
- If the police were after you, you could run inside the church and you were guaranteed sanctuary for up to 40 days.
- Van Deman
- He caught a disease in a jail he went to look at
- When someone is hung, their eyes bulge out and pop. Whoever the dead body was looking at was the one cursed.
could go to prison and pay a fee for these prisoners and have them come
back and work for them. It was worse than slavery. They were often
worked to death and nobody reported it, so the buyers would just let
them die and then go back to prison and buy someone else. Former slaves
were seen as a threat to society in the free world. When they were
slaves, they at least had value.
was the first major crime wave in America An argument about how you get
to heaven. Puritans were hated by England and the Dutch so they were
sent to Massachusetts. Anne Hutchinson would argue with the Protestant
ministers. They thought that she was trying to overthrow the government.
Her and her followers were all arrested. John Winthrop (the governor of
the state) was the judge. No one had a clear charge for being arrested.
They sentenced her to exile. She said she repents and that they can't
charge her with the crime anymore. She was exiled anyway.
- Had their own separate trials. You would be beat horribly but not killed.
- Where you challenge a doctrine. People were burned at the steak.
- They were hung as church choirs sang beneath them.
- Being hung
the first surgeon general and told all of his doctors to wash their
hands before operating and they saved many soldier's lives. Rush and the
Quakers also said that it was wrong to keep men, women and children in
the same prison rooms. A portion of the Walnut St. Jail was made into
- chain you to a stone table and keep you there.
- Spend money on kids and nurture them to be good people
- Eye for an eye, tooth for a tooth
- Inmates guarding other inmates
- they just left you there and you would die of dehydration.
- The auburn system and the penitentiary, Sing-sing
- Probation, parole, and prisons
- A bird cage that would go over a woman's head. A spike would go into her mouth so she couldn't talk or it would cut her mouth.
- Drinking poison. He chose death.
much higher than today. In rural England, Sheppard's would get into
arguments and would fight and kill each other. Knife cut could kill you
because they used the same knife to cut everything.
- Build a fancy house for him
- Staff costs
- Verses from the bible
- Lynds, the Quakers
the poor man's jail. You sat on the ground with a wooden structure that
had two holes that you put your ankles in and it would be locked. It
was cheap and you didn't have to build a jail. Mostly used for drunks.
- Socially indigestical
They were looked at as witches
by the Quakers. Built small solitary cells and they were too small and
dark and the inmates couldn't work their crafts, so they had to tear
down the prison.
- Drown their babies in a lake
- Started the idea to separate men and women
- Western europe
- Antinomian Controversy of 1636
The Quaker invasion 1566-1665
The Salem witch hunt
- Killing an inmate would release their bad spiritual form so they steamed bodies to the ground to kill them.
- Manertine Prison
a lot of attention to what the inmates were thinking, but they didn't
go out of their way to communicate with the guards. Paid attention to
the warden of Sing sing for 21 years. He was a true humanitarian. He
reduced the use of corporal punishment. He said the mutual welfare
league wasn't working and he dismantled it. He was respected by both the
guards and the inmates. He was in favor of furlough. A real standup
guy. He would bring in a bunch of famous people to entertain the
inmates. When his wife died, all the inmates wanted to pay their last
respects and he allowed it. He presided over 300 executions.
- Penal colony
- A house for poor people
building a prison with a huge tower. Circular building. The officer's
room could go up each floor and rotate around so he could look into each
cells. He called it the Panopticon. He said it should be a tower so
tall that most of the town could see it as a visual reminder to be good.
Was never built in England because they couldn't get the funding, but
it was built in America. The point was to watch them all the time and
they would behave better.
well had special minerals to help cure diseases. There was an Omns
house (home for poor people) that started taking in poor people and then
was used for people who committed crimes. Then changed from omns house
to a work house.
a prison guard in MN. MN is a very liberal place. He ran the old
Stillwater Penitentiary and said it was unacceptable so they let him
build Oak Park Heights Penitentiary. He build it right into the side of a
mountain. Harder to escape and the temp is the same year around.
Segregated inmates based on what they did. Offered many vocational
training programs. He was seen as one of the most enlightened wardens we
have ever had. He is called a "proactive warden." (Making sure
everything is going good with staff equally as caring about the
inmates.) Stressed rehabilitation but if you were a trouble maker, he
would lock you up.
was the second major crime wave in America. Government officials heard
that more Quaker women were coming to Plymouth Bay so they went there
and intercepted them. They then banished them to Barbados for an
unspecified crime. Puritans beat them before sending them to Barbados.
This made more Quakers come. When England heard about this, they told
the Puritans to stop hurting the Quakers. Quakers were Marters so once
they stopped getting hurt, they stopped coming.
- Extremely harsh punishment
wooden ships that people would sit on benches and would row it with
ores. They were used for punishment. They were chained to the bench and
had to eat, sleep, and pee on the bench.
- Kids who started getting into trouble with the law.
Created by osborne
on a factory model and the inmates were in single cells at night and
during the day they were out working together. They wore the striped
uniforms and walked in lock step. Silent system. Couldn't talk to one
another and if they did they got whipped.
famous executioner. Society would scare people by using his name. If
someone was caught and was to be hanged, crowds would come to watch. It
was like a picnic outing. On the way to get hung, the clergyman would
take notes of the guy's life and then they would print it out and give
it to the audience to read while he was being hanged. People would still
commit the crimes which shows that capital punishment doesn't really
- Penal code
- Newgate Prison in Simsberry, CT
would take inmates out on work crews and they would have an inmate on a
horse with a rifle and he could shoot other inmates if he wanted.