170 Multiple choice questions
- refers to the range of reasonable and foreseeable activities that an officer does while carrying out the agency's business
- Compensatory damages
- means any person who is appointed or employed full
time by the state or any political subdivision thereof, or by any private
entity which has contracted with the state or county, and whose primary
responsibility is the supervision, protection, care, custody, and control,
or investigation, of inmates within a correctional institution; however,
the term "correctional officer" does not include any secretarial, clerical, or professionally trained personnel.
- • work alone with little or no supervision
• perform tasks without letting distractions interfere
• independently make decisions and stand by decisions made
• learn new techniques and procedures
• adapt to change without incurring undue stress
• be attentive to their environment
• be responsible for actions taken as well as the consequences of inacti
- This amendment plays a critical role in the care, custody
and control of inmate populations. Excessive use of force or withholding meals
are examples of rights violations prohibited under this amendment
- County jails are used for in-processing and temporary detention of
defendants awaiting trial or disposition on federal or state charges and of convicted
offenders sentenced to short-term detention (a year or less). County jails may also hold
convicted felons returned from prison for court appearances.
- imposes sanctions if an officer fails to document a use of force
- Penalties- sanctions imposed by the employing agency and CJSTC
- is statutorily created within the Florida Department
of Law Enforcement (FDLE) to support and assist the Commission in the execution, administration,
implementation, and evaluation of its powers, duties, and functions. The CJPP manages the administrative
functions involved in the certification and decertification of criminal justice officers in Florida. The CJPP
writes and keeps up to date each of the basic and post-basic training courses that certified officers receive in
Florida. The program also maintains the automated training system for all officer records.
- protect the integrity of the evidence.
- searching people entering a
- calm and
levelheaded in stressful situations, react appropriately, and gather as much information
as possible to make the best decisions.
- prohibits an officer acting under color of law from violating an inmate's civil rights.
- themselves, inmates,
staff, and visitors from harm and violations.
officers charged with civil and criminal actions, provided those
actions occurred within the scope and course of the officer's employment
- holding for use in a
disciplinary hearing or criminal case.
- what is collected does not immediately appear to be relevant to the incident.
- was enacted by Congress
to address the problem of sexual abuse of persons in the custody of U.S. federal, state or
local correctional agencies.
- care, custody and control of inmates while on the job to the best of his or her ability.
- "to ensure that the citizens of the state of Florida are served by
the most qualified, well-trained, competent and ethical criminal justice officers in the
- is anything that proves or disproves a fact in a judicial case or disciplinary hearing
- prove in criminal court that he or she committed all elements of a particular offense.
- maintain internal order, security, and discipline
- is a form of community supervision that is
closely monitored and is more restrictive than probation or parole.
- pat search, K-9, drug, body scan, and
- is defined as any unauthorized article or any authorized article in
excessive quantities or altered from its intended purpose
- is responsibility for a wrongful act or the failure to do an act that
an officer has a duty to perform that injures another person or property and most often involves negligence
- also known as the Florida Mental Health Act, provides for emergency
services and temporary detention for evaluation and voluntary or involuntary short-term
community inpatient treatment, if necessary. See §394.455(18), F.S.
- civil rights liability
- is based on an inference not on personal knowledge
through observation and is presumed to be true.
- was the action reasonable and necessary, and was the amount of force applied reasonable and necessary?
- directly proves a fact without inference or assumption. For example an officer
observes a stabbing; or DNA samples connect a suspect to a crime.
- When the Commission revokes an officer's certification in accordance
with F.S. §943.1395(6), the officer can no longer work as a certified correctional officer
in the state of Florida.
- is any criminal offense
punishable under the laws of this state by a term of imprisonment for less than one year
in a county correctional facility.
- inmate trust fund or charity as designated by the agency
- be fined, imprisoned, or administratively disciplined.
- criminal, civil, and administrative penalties
- determine when a crime has
been committed, and distinguish a crime from a rule violation.
supervisor for information and assistance
- is behavior that demonstrates good character and is marked by pride
in self and career
- occurs when an officer is found guilty of committing a crime
- Confiscated contraband may be destroyed, converted, or reused pursuant to
- the escape of inmates
- may be defined as governmental intrusion into a place where a person has a
reasonable expectation of privacy.
- proof that a crime has been committed,
and proof the person being charged committed the crime.
- flushing, incinerating, or compacting
- the compelling interest to maintain order in the correctional
- is failure to use due or reasonable care, in a situation where an
officer has a duty to act, that results in harm to another
- a different set of elements to find the defendant/offender negligent
- knowingly or intentionally
- in a correctional setting there is a diminished expectation of privacy
and there is no general requirement for a search warrant.
- • be at least 19 years of age
• be a citizen of the United States
• be a high school graduate or its equivalent
• not have been convicted of any felony or misdemeanor which involves perjury or a false
statement, regardless of withholding of adjudication or suspended sentence
• not have received a dishonorable discharge from any of the Armed Forces of the United States
• have processed fingerprints on file with the employing agency
by the Commission
• have a good moral character, as determined by a background investigation under procedures
established by the Commission
• submit an affidavit attesting to compliance (a signed document agreeing to abide by all
• satisfactorily complete a Commission-approved course of basic recruit training
• satisfactorily pass a state examination in the respective specialty
- provides one of the most important protections for state and
county (governmental) correctional agencies and their employees. It includes a list of circumstances and requirements that must be met before the agency or any of its employees can be sued in a state tort action. It also protects individual officers and agency employees from personal liability and from being named as a defendant in a state civil lawsuit.
- is verbal evidence solicited from a witness, victim, or suspect.
- county correctional officers and facilities are governed by
- is a fair probability or reasonable grounds to believe
that a crime was committed, based on the totality of the circumstances.
- Probation, parole, and community control
are part of a community-based correctional system. Its purpose is to supervise the
enforcement of specific restrictions on individuals who have received an alternative to incarceration.
- When a recruit is being hired by a correctional facility, the agency will conduct a thorough
background investigation to determine his or her moral character prior to employment with the
agency. If a recruit has entered the academy prior to employment, the recruit is subject to the same
moral character requirements as active certified officers and may be denied certification by the
Commission if evidence indicates noncompliance with these standards.
- Juvenile suspects are taken to a center for
processing and possible pretrial detention.
- Failure to follow lawful orders from
- prohibits excessive bails and fines, and cruel and
involved, What—all materials used and secured, When—date and time the
incident occurred and any time the evidence was handled thereafter •
Where—location where the evidence was collected, transferred to, or
stored • Why—reason the evidence or material was handled • How—proper
methods for preservation; how evidence is collected is crucial to
verifying its integrity and thus its usability in trial or hearing
- the totality of circumstances and the perception at the time of the event as to what force is reasonably required.
- is the order of authority within an organization.
an unlawful interference with the fundamental rights of another person,
such as the right to due process and equal protection under the law
- include currency or coins, tobacco products, controlled substances, non-prescribed
drugs of any kind or nature, articles of food or clothing altered or in excessive quantity,
firearms or dangerous weapons, cell phones or portable communication devices, or any
items used to aid or affect an escape
- is a court-ordered sentence that places a person under the
supervision of a probation officer under specified court ordered terms and
conditions as an alternative to or supervision after incarceration.
- introduction of contraband,
sexual misconduct, and bribery.
- In addition to the Florida Statutes (F.S.), other legal mandates concerning this profession are found in rules enforced through
- are what people care about and what they think is important. Values
determine how people behave in certain situations.
- is printed or written evidence such as a call out log, written property
receipt, letter, or recording.
- The American Correctional Association expects of its members
unfailing honesty, respect for the dignity and individuality of human beings and a
commitment to professional and compassionate service
- clear and complete for understanding and testimony by another officer or individual
- • establish uniform minimum standards for the employment and training of full-time, part-time,
and auxiliary law enforcement, correctional, and correctional probation officers
• establish and maintain officer training programs, curricula requirements, and certification of
training schools and training school instructors
• certify officers who complete a Florida Basic Recruit Training Program or who are diversely
qualified through experience and training and who meet minimum employment standards
• review and administer appropriate administrative sanctions in instances when an officer,
instructor, or training school is found to be in violation of Florida Statutes and Commission
• promulgate rules and procedures to administer the requirements of §943.085-943.255, F.S.
• conduct studies of compensation, education, and training for correctional, correctional
probation, and law enforcement disciplines
• maintain a central repository of records of all certified criminal justice officers
• develop, maintain, and administer the State Officer Certification Examination for criminal justice officers
- law enforcement, the
court system, and corrections.
- negative community reaction and loss of trust in the profession
- comprises anything gained or obtained by committing a crime
- is documentation of every individual who handled evidence as well as when, why, and what changes, if any, were made to it
- facilitate communication and make
- petty theft, dealing in
stolen property, assault, battery, sexual battery, battery on a facility employee, drugrelated
crimes, criminal mischief, arson, possession of contraband, introduction of
contraband into a correctional facility, escape, lewd and lascivious behavior, bribery,
security threat group (STG)-related crimes, gambling, vandalism, loan sharking, or
- report the incident
- inmate and an attorney.
- pass the State Officer
Certification Examination (SOCE) to become certified as a correctional officer. An applicant must pass the SOCE within three attempts
- criminal and civil.
- (1) a duty to act with care, (2) breach of that duty, (3) proof that the breach of duty caused damages and (4) actual damages.
- As a covered entity, a correctional institution must reasonably safeguard protected
health information to limit incidental uses or disclosures made pursuant to an otherwise
permitted or required use or disclosure in accordance with
- care, custody and control of inmates
employee of the department is authorized to apply physical force upon
an inmate only when and to the extent that it reasonably appears
- make quick, accurate
decisions and prioritize his or her responses.
- intent determines reasonableness in use of force situations in correctional settings.
- body fluids, a homemade weapon, cell phone,
threatening letter, or recorded phone call. Often these items may become evidence.
- an act is specifically prohibited by a
- the Commission has the authority to impose
discipline on an officer's certification if the officer fails to maintain the required standards of conduct.
- an objective reasonableness standard based upon the Fourth Amendment.
rape prevention and awareness in a correctional setting a top priority.
There is a zero-tolerance standard for the incidence of rape in U.S.
- compensatory and punitive.
- privacy standards were developed
to make it a violation to knowingly disclose protected health information.
- writing, by video, photograph or audio
- guarantees the right to a speedy and public trial, to
counsel, to an impartial jury, to be informed of the nature of the charges, and
to confront witnesses
- Penalties- lawsuits against the individual and/or the agency
- timely, clear manner, pursuant to agency policy or procedure and statute
- refers to the structure, functions, and decision-making processes of those
agencies that deal with the management and control of crime and criminal offenders.
- provides authority to county facilities in accordance with the
Florida Model Jail Standards to establish policies and procedures relating to contraband.
- is any
criminal offense punishable under the laws of this state by death or imprisonment in
a state facility for a period exceeding one year.
- protects freedom of speech, the press, and religion, and
the right to peacefully assemble.
- to agency policy and procedures
- may be defined as anything used to commit a crime.
an officer acts or purports to act in the performance of official
duties under any law, ordinance, or regulation, he or she is acting
- within the boundaries of their authority and
uphold the recognized standards of their profession's code of ethics.
- A civil wrong in which the action or inaction of an officer or entity violates the rights of another person
- a reasonable officer would do under the same circumstances
without the benefit of hindsight
- receives consecutive sentences for
- the level of the charge
- Penalties- both civil and criminal
- is a crime punishable by F.S. §944.47 that designates the
introduction, taking, or sending of articles defined as contraband into a correctional
facility as a felony offense. The attempted introduction of contraband is also punishable
under this statute.
- is a group of two or more people who cooperate to accomplish an
objective or multiple objectives.
- the correctional officer has the duty to seize the item.
- seriously and take appropriate action
when a complaint is made.
- states that "A correctional officer or other law enforcement
officer is justified in the use of force, including deadly force, which he or she reasonably believes to be necessary to prevent the escape from a penal institution of a person whom the officer reasonably believes to be lawfully detained in such institution under sentence for an offense or awaiting trial or commitment for an offense"
- dependable, strive at all times to work
efficiently and consistently, and fulfill his or her obligations
- resistance to a verbal command, and physical resistance.
- individuals that have a need and right to kno
- direct, circumstantial or
indirect, physical, testimonial, and documentary.
- enforcing penalties as defined by
the court system and for the care, custody and control of inmates and pretrial detainees
- prohibits unreasonable search and seizure
- In Florida a crime is designated as either a
felony or misdemeanor
- the use of reasonably necessary physical force up to and including deadly force.
- may be defined as the act of taking possession of contraband or evidence
for a violation of rule or law.
- is defined as the principles of honor, morality, and accepted rules of conduct
that direct an individual or group.
- the evidence submitted in court or at a disciplinary hearing is the same evidence that was collected at the crime scene.
the certification, employment, training, and conduct of Florida law enforcement, correctional, and correctional probation officers
- govern all use of force by a correctional officer.
- written reprimand, probation, suspension, or revocation
- punish a defendant who acted with recklessness, malice or deceit and to discourage others from committing the same act.
- Criminal, civil, and civil rights
may result in denial or termination of current or future visits.
- freedom of
expression; freedom from overcrowded conditions, freedom from unreasonable search
and seizure; and freedom to worship and exercise religious beliefs. inmates have
the right to exercise and fresh air, adequate medical treatment, the ability to send and
receive mail, including correspondence with the courts; and food that meets minimum
- an effort
to seek out and discover evidence and contraband in the possession of an inmate.
- access to religious practice and the press
- reasonable and justifiable
- • Sheriff or Warden
• Undersheriff or Assistant Warden
• Colonels or Chief of Security
• Deputies or Officers
- They are core beliefs or desires that guide or motivate a person's attitude and
- coordination, reduces
confusion, and enhances the efficiency of the organization.
- refers to material objects such as weapons, drugs, or money
- • meet all the minimum requirements and standards
• complete the approved basic recruit training
• pass the State Officer Certification Examination
• become actively employed with a correctional facility in an auxiliary, a part-time, or a full-time officer position
- Penalties- as addressed by Florida Statute
- is a violation of the law
- refuse a search
- is the release of an inmate from a correctional institution prior to the
conclusion of the inmate's court-imposed sentence.
- is best known for prohibiting compelled selfincrimination
- a victim is physically injured or suffers a property loss.
- is making a generalizations
about a person or group.
- the principles of right
- These facilities are designed to meet the special needs
of particular offenders. Treatment centers deal with alcohol/drug abusers or mentally ill
offenders. In addition to general processing procedures, various testing (e.g., medical,
mental, educational aptitude) is performed at these facilities.
CO1-2.1.1 Outline the
role of the correctional
CO1-2.1.2 List the major
components of the Criminal
CO1-2.1.3 Explain the
function of the corrections
the components of the
- improperly perform a job task or do not perform a job task that an officer reasonably should perform
- non-consumable items issued by the facility that may be returned to
- an officer respect
the people he or she serves and maintain a personal commitment to the continued
development of his or her skills in the pursuit of excellence.
- freedom from excessive punishments; access to courts; legal
counsel including help from other inmates in preparation of writs, petitions and other
legal papers; and access to an adequate law library.
- Prisons are correctional institutions maintained by federal or
state governments for the confinement of convicted felons.
- may be defined as the type and amount of force that the officer
reasonably believes to be necessary to overcome resistance
- family heritage,
cultural background, personal experiences, and beliefs.
- warnings provide the protections of the Fifth Amendment right against selfincrimination
when a suspect in custody is interrogated in a criminal investigation.
- the person demonstrates criminal intent
- was established to
standardize health records in the U.S.
- • pleads nolo contendere, pleads guilty, or is found guilty of any felony
• pleads nolo contendere, pleads guilty, or is found guilty of a misdemeanor
involving perjury or false statement
• fails to maintain good moral character as defined by the Florida Statutes and
Florida Administrative Code (CJSTC Rule 11B-27, FAC)
• commits any act constituting a felony offense, regardless of criminal
• tests positive for controlled substances by a urine or blood test, in accordance
with the requirements for testing reliability and integrity set forth in Rule 11B-
• is found guilty of excessive use of force under color of authority under Rule
• engages in sexual harassment involving physical contact or misuse of official
• misuses the official position, as defined by §112.313(6), F.S.
• engages in sex while on duty
• has unprofessional relationships with an inmate, detainee, probationer,
parolee, or community controlee; has written or oral communication that
is intended to facilitate conduct which is prohibited by Commission rule;
engages in any physical contact not required in the performance of official
duties that is normally associated with the demonstration of affection or sexual
misconduct as defined in section F.S. §944.35(3)
• makes false statements during the employment process
• commits conduct that subverts or attempts to subvert the state officer
certification examination process in accordance with rule 11B-30.009(3), FAC
• commits conduct that subverts or attempts to subvert the CJSTCapproved
training examination process or an employing agency's promotional
examination process in accordance with, but not limited to, acts described in
rule 11B-27.0011(4)(c)9, FAC
- attitudes about work, respect, and responsibility