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A visitor may threaten to harm staff members or their family, or to report the staff member to
Part of the officer's job is to _________ when other staff is being manipulated and deceived as well.
is a learned skill that officers use to quickly determine the context, threat, and relevance of events unfolding around them by paying attention to volume, pitch, tone, and inflection.
Can inhibit an officer's ability to protect him- or herself as well as coworkers
Lack of stamina, agility and mobility
can affect an officer's focus and attention to detail, which can negatively influence decision making.
family issues, health, lack of sleep, poor eating habits, financial situation, and academic demands
shift work, supervisors, coworkers, contact with the general public, court appearances, and performance standards
personal attitudes toward work, perception of others, and work or academic goals
is an officer's knowledge and understanding of the totality of circumstances, which helps facilitate effective decision making.
Three stages of situational awareness
Being alert, identifying a potential threat and responding to a threat.
Officers must be aware of what is going on around them at all times. Paying attention to sights and sounds helps with maintaining a high level of alertness.
Identifying a potential threat:
Officers should concentrate on possible threats while remaining aware of their surroundings. This stage can occur several times during a shift.
Responding to a threat:
Officers should focus their attention on potential threats while exhibiting intense concentration and avoiding tunnel vision, which is the narrowing of the attention field due to stress. In response to an actual threat, an officer should be mentally ahead of the threat and take appropriate action.
is placing yourself in a tactically advantageous location to observe what is occurring in an area.
positioning, posture, observing, and listening
Officers may use _____________. when evaluating a situation.
is holding your body in such a way as to show your strength, confidence, interest and control.
Your presence can determine whether a subject's resistance escalates or de-escalates. Command presence projects an image of confidence in your skills and abilities. If you appear to lack confidence, inmates will attempt to manipulate or deceive you.
the officer demonstrates confidence and control by avoiding such distracting behaviors as foot tapping, nail biting, and fidgeting.
is another skill of situational awareness. Officers should be aware of any occurrence or activity, erratic mood changes, emotional outbursts, acting out, threatening behavior, and changes in inmate energy levels that may signify safety and security problems.
Systematic identification checks
provide an accurate account of everyone entering and leaving a facility, which minimizes the potential for escapes, mistaken releases, and unauthorized entry.
Facial Recognition Software:
recognizes distinct facial features and links to a database which may contain all information listed below in Types of Valid Personal Identification.
Personal knowledge or recognition of a person is
not acceptable as an official method of identification.
Automated Visitor Registration (AVR) hand scanner:
recognizes distinct fingerprint features and links to a database, which may contain identifying information for visitors and vendors. This system links authorized visitors to specific inmates they are allowed to visit.
Automated Barcode Scanner:
reads barcodes located on the wristband, armband or identification card and verifies information
Some of the common information contained in the automated and manual identification systems includes:
photograph, identification number, height, weight, date of birth, Social Security number, address, race, gender, age, charge, aliases, identifying marks, receipt/release date, facility location, barcode and magnetic strip.
a hidden image that is visible when viewed at certain angles or with appropriate lighting, like on a driver's license
a recognizable image or pattern in paper that appears lighter or darker when held up to the light
Magnetic strip or Bar code
a dark stripe on the back of the identification card that contains all information on the card
Examine the identification, looking for obvious alterations or inconsistencies, such as
missing vital information, missing security features, raised lettering or photo re-lamination, use of different fonts, or variations in background
In order to ensure a positive identification, compare the individual's physical appearance to his or her photo identification. Features to compare include:
skin color, eye color, hair, facial structure, and any other distinctive features like scars or birthmarks
is when an inmate attempts to get something he or she wants by influencing the officer or staff to do something they would not ordinarily do.
Attempting to create bonds with staff members
an inmate going above and beyond expected job duties in an attempt to get a favor or special consideration
Using special circumstances or situations
using a disability or illness to gain preferential or special treatment
Attempting to engage staff in casual non-job related conversation
requesting personal information regarding staff, asking where the officer is from, what school the officer attended, the officer's age or marital status, the number of children the officer has, or asking about the officer's favorite ball team
Spreading rumors about staff or attempting to turn one staff member against another
discussing information about staff members with an officer. "I heard Sgt. Doe talking about you yesterday and he said that you were lazy."
Over-familiarization with staff
knowing enough about an officer to notice a change in his or her routine
observe correctional officers who use inmate jargon, ignore minor rule infractions, play favorites, enforce rules for some and not others, or are easily distracted
usually the only paid members of the team because they must expose themselves to the correctional officer by asking for small items like candy, cigarettes, pencils, etc.
befriend the correctional officer and use the friendship to ultimately coerce the officer into engaging in rule infractions. Least suspected by the correctional officer
stand guard when the correctional officer is in the process of granting illegal favors, violating institutional rules, or being compromised or harmed
To avoid inmate manipulation and deception:
an officer should refrain from being overly friendly or giving out personal information.
is any unauthorized article or any authorized article in excessive quantities or altered from its original state
is any authorized item found in excessive amounts or altered from its original state that does not pose an immediate threat to the safety or security of the staff, inmates and facility
is any item that poses a serious threat to the safety and security of the staff, inmates and facility.
Firearms, homemade knives (shanks), other weapons, drugs, intoxicating beverages, toxic materials, prescription medication, inhalants, cell phones and electronic devices that store or receive data are examples of?
a physical frisk of a subject in a predetermined pattern to locate weapons or other types of contraband
utilizes the quadrant search approach in an institutional setting, by physically patting and squeezing the clothing of a person in a systematic pattern
used when a subject is taken into custody in an unsecured environment by physically patting and squeezing the clothing of a person in a systematic pattern
use of electronic devices to detect a metal object on or within a person or concealed within an item
body cavity search
visually and physically inspecting body openings; such searches are to be conducted by medical staff only
Chain of custody
is the witnessed written record of all individuals who have maintained unbroken control of the evidence since its collection.
Common types of contraband stored as evidence
may include weapons, illegal drugs, or items used in a serious incident or to commit a crime.
Items that require special disposal
money, medication, illegal drugs, weapons and bio hazardous materials.
Spiral search pattern
usually used by one person. The searcher begins at a central point and moves in increasingly larger circles to the outermost boundary of the search area.
Strip/line search pattern
usually used in a predetermined area by several people. The search area is divided into lanes that are searched by one or more people in both directions until the entire area has been examined.
Grid search pattern
a variation of the strip/line search pattern. It overlaps a series of lanes in a cross pattern.
Zone/quadrant search pattern
used for an area that is large. The area should be divided into four different sections and searched using one of the patterns above
used for viewing areas not easily seen, such as under or behind bunks, sinks, toilets and other areas.
any item used to search holes, cracks, or hollow areas. One such method is using a wire to check grills, door tracks, faucets, and drains.
Metal detectors (hand-held or walk through)
devices, often found at entrance and exit points of the facility, used to detect metallic objects or materials. When searching a bunk, the officer can scan the mattress instead of physically handling it. Using this method will protect the officer from possible injury and prevent the destruction of property
Canines and their handlers
specially trained to detect certain types of contraband such as drugs, other chemicals, and cell phones.
is a comfortable or relaxed state of mind, which lulls the officer into a false sense of safety and security.
appears to be valid, but may be missing some or all of the essential features and information.
if the officer succumbs to inmate manipulation and deception, he or she may face disciplinary action, _________ and criminal charges.
participants of the team
may consist of, but are not limited to, observers, contacts, runners, turners and pointmen.
To ________ inmate manipulation and deception, an officer should refrain from being overly friendly or giving out personal information.
should never taste or smell any material found in a facility, or handle suspected contraband more than is absolutely necessary.