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  • Definition for "Ethics"

    A set of moral issues or aspects.

    Seven Internal and external influences that affect and complicate an officer's decision.

    1. Pressures come from various sources.
    2. Relationships with friends and family.
    3. The media
    4. Department Regulations
    5. Citizens
    6. Interdepartmental Politics
    7. The officer's own ethical and moral beliefs.

    Identify four factors which contribute to unethical behavior.

    1. Anger
    2. Lust
    3. Greed
    4. Peer Pressure

    What an ethical correctional officer will do while on duty.

    1. Treat everyone professionally and without bias.
    2. Conduct duties objectively.
    3. Respect the profession of corrections.
    4. Be responsible to his/her family and community.

    What and ethical correctional officer will not do while on duty.

    1. Use excessive force.
    2. Accept gratuities.
    3. Commit perjury.
    4. Falsify reports.

    List reasons a well written report is important.

    1. A report is a permanent record.
    2. A report reflects on the training of the reporter.
    3. Reports may be reviewed by many people, including the public.
    4. Reports may be used in court.
    5. Reports can be a means of:
    a. Justifying a correctional officer's actions.
    b. Confirming or justifying a facility's policies and procedures.
    c. Changing a facility's policy and procedure.

    Describe requirements of a well written report.

    a. Complete
    b. Concise
    c. Clear
    d. Correct
    e. Professional

    Explain the primary sources of inmate rights

    1. United States Constitutional Amendments.
    2. Case Law.
    3. Federal Statutory Rights.
    4. State Statutory Rights.

    Explain the general parts of a civil lawsuit in a correctional setting.

    1. Plaintiff - the party that brings a civil suit in a court of law.
    2. Defendant - the person sued in a civil proceeding.
    3. Tort - civil wrong, other than breach of contract, for which a remedy may be obtained in the form of damages.

    Identify the legal standards in which use of force is evaluated in a correctional setting.

    1. Was the force applied in a good faith effort to maintain or restore discipline or order?
    2. Was the force applied maliciously and sadistically for the very purpose of causing harm?

    Explain the U. S. S. C. ruling that defines the standards of deliberate indifference, according to Farmer v. Brennan (1994).

    Correction officials must know of and disregard a substantial risk of serious risk of serious harm, to include the prisoner's health and safety.

    Explain what qualifies as deliberate indifference to medical needs, according to Estelle v. Gamble (1976).

    Unnecessary and wanton infliction of pain through refusal of medical care by correctional or medical staff or intentionally delaying or interfering with treatment.

    Seven factors required of a correctional officer.

    1.Job knowledge.
    3.Consistent temperament.
    4.The ability to communicate.
    5.The ability to recognize individual differences.
    6.The ability to correct and praise.
    7.Keep your word.

    Five reasons for corrections training.

    1.To acquire new knowledge.
    2.To prepare for proper job performance.
    3.To improve safety and survival during critical events.
    4.To standardize procedures within the field of corrections.
    5.To build confidence with new found knowledge and skills.

    Define the term "Bail."

    A guarantee, usually in the form of money, that the accused will appear in court.

    Probable Cause

    Facts and circumstances within the officer's knowledge, and which he/she has reasonably trustworthy information sufficient to warrant a person to believe that an offense has been or is being committed by the person to be arrested.

    What are the major components of the Criminal Justice System?

    1.Law enforcement.

    What is the relationship between an SPO and a test question?

    A test question must respond directly to an SPO and every SPO may be the basis of a test question.


    Any violence, compulsion, or constraint physically exerted by any means upon or against a person or thing.

    Three goals of Correctional supervision

    1.Care of Inmates.
    2.Custody of Inmates.
    3.Control Inmates.

    Five classes of jails in Ohio

    1.Twelve hour facility.
    2.Full service jail.
    3Five day facility.
    4.Minimum security jail.
    5.Temporary holding facility.

    Two a Correctional Officer has when dealing with minor incidents of misbehavior.

    2.Suspension of rights or disciplinary isolation up to 120 hours.

    Guidelines a Correctional Officer should use when communicating informal discipline to an inmate.

    1.Discipline an inmate in private.
    2.Treat all inmates fairly but firmly when disciplining them.
    3.Try to talk to inmates about the reason for their misbehavior.
    4.Maintain a professional attitude when disciplining inmates.
    5.Use discretion in writing reports.

    Seven sources of authority by which a prisoner may be committed to a facility.

    1.Commitments issued by the court for execution.
    2.Court orders from the Attorney's General's office for the detention of state witnesses.
    3.Arrest warrants issued Common Pleas Court, Municipal Courts, County Courts, Mayors Courts.
    4.Hold orders issued by the Adult Parole Authority of the State of Ohio.
    Journal entry from any court of record.
    5.Journal entry from any court of record.
    6.On view arrest charged by the arresting officer.
    7.Other:Enroute prisoners, contempt prisoners, other as advised by different courts.

    Five reasons for photo graphing Inmates.

    1.Ready identification while the inmate is in the facility.
    2.To maintain a master mug shot file in the department.
    3.To provide photographs to law enforcement officers for the purpose of a photo line up.
    4.For the identification of a prisoner who may escape from an officer in transit or jailbreak.
    5.To properly identify inmates upon release.

    Three purposes for the "IPC" training module.

    1.To give trainees practical skills.
    2.To equip trainees to apply those skills the management of people.
    3.To develop each trainee so that he/she can make effective use of his/her strengths as a communicator.

    What are the basic skills (sizing up method)?


    What are the add on skills?

    2.Ask questions

    What are the application skills?

    1.Handle requests
    2.Make requests

    Identify two major elements of positioning.

    1.Putting yourself in the best possible position to see and hear groups and individuals.
    2.Place yourself far enough to remain safe while still remaining close enough to see and hear what's happening.

    Identify the three major parts of positioning.

    2.Facing squarely
    3.Looking directly


    Holding your body in such a way that shows strength, confidence, interest, and control.

    Three components of good posturing.

    1.Standing erect.
    2.Eliminating distracting behaviors.
    3.Inclining slightly forward.

    "Four elements of observing"

    1.Looking at behavior appearance and environment.
    2.Drawing inferences
    3.Deciding normal/abnormal
    4.Deciding trouble/no trouble

    Visual clues used during the first part of observing.

    1.Inmate behavior

    "4" clues that can be used to develop inferences.

    1.Inmate feelings.
    2.Inmate relationships.
    3.Inmate energy levels.
    4.inmate values.

    Four steps in listening.

    1.Suspemd judgment.
    2.Pick out key words of phrases.
    3.Identify the intensity of what was said.
    4.Reflect on mood.

    Two "Add-on" skills used in I.P.C.

    1.Respond to inmate.
    2.Asking questions.

    Items that may be used to determine intensity.

    3.Voice pitch

    "Identify Content"

    The skill of seeing and hearing what is really happening and the ability to reflect that understanding back to the inmate.

    Two steps in identifying content.

    1.Think about the content, "What was seen and/or Heard."
    2.Reflect back using a responding format.

    "Identify Meaning"

    Requires you to paraphrase the content of an inmate's statement in such a way as to provide a meaningful reason for the inmate's feeling.

    Two steps in identifying meaning.

    1.Think about the meaning.
    2.Reflect back to the feeling and meaning.

    Identify the two steps in handling request.

    1.Check things out.
    2.Give a response with a reason.

    Reasons for giving an inmate an explanation for an officer's response.

    1.Apply the basic skills.
    2.Minimize future gripes.
    3.If approved, it may be conditioned for this time.

    "Reinforcing Behavior"

    The ability to administer negative and positive consequences effectively.

    Two parts of reinforcing Behavior

    1.Reinforce positively and negatively.
    2.Use verbal and non verbal techniques.

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