exam 7 ...vehicle operations flashcards |

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  • __________ is the tendency of a vehicle to steer into a sharper turn than the driver intends, sometimes with a loss of traction of the rear to the outside.

    over steer.

    Facing the steering wheel, the top center of the wheel is in the __________ o'clock position.

    12

    The cause of __________ may be a combination of excessive speed, lack of traction on the steering tires, and improper braking in a turn or curve.

    under steering.

    Positioning the hands at the 4 o'clock and 8 o'clock positions (on the steering wheel) provides __________ response and __________ fatigue.

    quicker/reduces

    __________ generally occurs at higher speeds when the rear tires lose traction and excessive braking occurs in a turn or curve.

    over steer.

    To turn left, officers should

    move the left hand into the 12 o'clock position at the top of the steering wheel and then pull the steering wheel down in a smooth motion into a left turn:

    The steering wheel should be held with a firm yet __________ grip.

    relaxed

    To turn right, officers should

    move the right hand into the 12 o'clock position at the top of the steering wheel and pull the steering wheel down in a smooth motion into a right turn:

    When trying to avoid a fixed object, an officer must

    steer the front of the vehicle wide of the object to prevent the rear wheels from striking it.

    Facing the steering wheel, it is recommended officers place their right hand in the __________ o'clock position.

    4

    The correction for under steer is to __________.

    ~remove the foot from the accelerator, maintain steering input but do not apply brakes, and if necessary , steer the car to a safe place and stop.

    When steering the patrol vehicle, it is recommended officers place their right hand in the __________ o'clock position and their left hand in the __________ o'clock position.

    4 and 8

    Facing the steering wheel, the bottom center of the wheel represents the __________ o'clock position.

    6

    Positioning the hands at the 4 o'clock and 8 o'clock positions (on the steering wheel) reduces

    injury if the air bag deploys.

    Speed and steering greatly affect the

    weight transfer of a vehicle, which in turn affects the driver's control of the vehicle.

    Driving in reverse does not

    involve shuffle steering.

    The correction for over steer is to __________.

    ~ remove the foot from the accelerator and/or brakes. steer the car where desired ( when the from tires have not lost traction), refrain from applying the brakes and if necessary , steer the car or safe place and stop.

    How an officer sits in a vehicle is important because

    it enables him or her to correctly steer, accelerate, use mirrors, use proper seat position, and brake.

    __________ is an occurrence that causes the rear wheels to follow a tighter path than the path the front wheels traveled in a turn.

    wheel tracking.

    __________ is the tendency of a vehicle to turn less sharply than the driver intends.

    under steer.

    The design of some steering wheels may

    require a slightly different hand position than the 4 o'clock and 8 o'clock position.

    Facing the steering wheel, it is recommended officers place their left hand in the __________ o'clock position.

    8

    The __________ is the forward motion that causes a vehicle to straighten from a turn when releasing the steering wheel.

    caster effect.

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