chapter 1 High Liability flashcards |

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  • there are guidelines for properly inspecting your

    assigned vehicle

    inspections include:

    checking the proper fluid levels, electrical wiring, belts, hoses, and tires.

    the vehicle ___________ and _____________ must be checkes

    interior/exterior

    Most agencies will have a similar _________ that all officers will be required to complete when
    they use an agency vehicle.

    form

    The form helps officers

    remember what equipment must be inspected and allows them to report failing equipment.

    Each agency has its own policy or procedure for handling failing equipment, Some agencies may

    require officers to complete a report detailing the problem. Others may require officers to handle some
    problems themselves, such as changing a tire or a bulb or adding fluids, or to notify a particular shop that will repair the vehicle.

    It is essential to inspect a vehicle _________ taking control of it and operating it on the road.

    before

    An officer will drive his or her police vehicle in extreme conditions, _______ he or she would drive a personal vehicle. Therefore, before using the vehicle, the officer MUST LOCATE any potential problems so they can be repaired.

    unlike

    For personal safety, an officer should perform inspections ________ ____ _______ every use of the vehicle.

    before and after

    When an officer fails to inspect a vehicle properly, that officer faces potential ________ ___________

    safety hazards

    failing to complete an inspection may violate

    agency policy

    officer creates potential for _________ if something happens because of a vehicle problem, especially if inspection and correction could have prevented that problem

    liability

    Before using a vehicle, its body must be inspected to identify any damage. An officer should conduct a quick visual examination of the vehicle's body and undercarriage and look for the following:

    โ€ข scratched paint that may be the result of contact with an object or
    intentional damage
    โ€ข dents that are more obvious signs of contact with another object, perhaps a vehicle
    โ€ข missing or broken light covers that can present a hazard to other drivers and may
    be a traffic violation
    damaged emergency equipment such as a siren, light bar, or other emergency lights that could prevent
    an officer from operating the vehicle in emergency modeโ€”an officer should be aware of malfunctioning
    equipment so it can be repaired before use.
    โ€ข broken or cracked glass that could injure the officer and impair vision
    โ€ข broken or cracked mirrors that could impair vision
    โ€ข a dirty windshield that could impair observation ability
    โ€ข foreign objects, such as tree limbs and road debris trapped under the vehicle, which could cause serious
    problems if they strike one of the vehicle's moving parts
    โ€ข foreign objects on the undercarriage other than natural objects or road debris, which means a
    potentially harmful device such as an explosive (In the event an explosive or other harmful device
    is detected, an officer should back away from the vehicle and contact the appropriate personnel as
    designated by the agency's policies and procedures.)
    โ€ข fluid leaks visible on the ground under the vehicle

    Inspection of the vehicle's exterior also includes its _______ and _________

    tires/rims

    Tires should be checked for

    uneven wear that may result from improper balance or alignment, over inflation, or under inflation

    Proper tire inflation ensures

    tires are inflated at or above the manufacturer's
    recommended PSI (pounds per square inch).

    PSI

    Pounds per square inch

    The recommended PSI can be found on the

    doorjam

    If wear bars are even with the tread surface, the tires will

    not dissipate fluids

    Embedded foreign objects can

    deflate or blow out a tire.

    (embedded object) However, an officer should ______ pull out the object but allow the dealer or maintenance
    personnel to handle the removal

    not

    Cuts in a tire can also cause a

    a blowout and should be observed and addressed.

    inspect the rims on the vehicle for

    dents, cracks, or damage to the bead

    If the _________ tire fails, the vehicle may lose traction.

    front

    if the front tire fails the driver may have difficulty

    steering, feel vibration in
    the steering wheel, and feel the vehicle pulling in the direction of the affected tire

    If the _________ tire fails, the vehicle may also lose traction and pull in an unpredictable direction

    rear

    After inspecting a vehicle's exterior, an officer should not drive it without checking under the

    hood

    A goodlooking exterior does ____ ___________ proper vehicle operation

    not guarantee

    the fluid levels to be checked

    โ€ข engine oil (measured in quarts)
    โ€ข transmission fluid (measured in pints)
    โ€ข brake fluid โ€ข power steering fluid
    โ€ข coolant reservoir โ€ข windshield washer fluid

    engine oil measured in

    quarts

    transmission fluid measured in

    pints

    Belts, hoses, and wires are essential for the

    safe operation of the vehicle and should be inspected each day before operating the vehicle

    Belts should be checked for

    fraying, cuts, cracking, and gouges

    Hoses should be checked for

    dry rot, cracking, holes, bulges, and leaks

    wires should be checked for

    fraying, corrosion, cracked or missing insulation, and exposure

    Due to the communications and emergency equipment installed in a police vehicle, there is a tremendous strain on the

    battery

    The battery should be checked for

    proper operation. The inspection should include terminal connections, water level (if applicable), and signs of damage to the battery's exterior.

    Loose items like briefcases, flashlights, and coffee
    cups travel at the _______ speed as the vehicle.

    same

    if an officer must stop abruptly, unsecured
    items become _______ ___________ in the vehicle

    severe hazard

    An officer should always check ________ for tears or other damage

    seats

    Before and after every shift and after every transport, officers must check under the back seat for possible
    ____________ or ___________ left in the car by suspects

    weapons/contrabands

    Seat belts should be observed for

    fraying and binding and to make sure the clasp locks properly

    Headlights, interior lights, turn signals, and hazard flashers should be tested to ensure that they

    operate normally

    Officers should also check the rearview mirror to see if it is

    securely attached or if it is cracked or broken.

    Communications equipment will be tested to make certain that

    radio transmissions can be made and received.

    The officer should observe gauges for

    visible damage and see if they react properly to input

    The gas and battery gauges should move when the vehicle is turned ____.

    on

    While the vehicle is running, the officer should look under it (standing to the SIDE of the vehicle, not in
    front of it) to check for -

    leaks that may not be apparent when the vehicle is off.

    Inside the TRUNK should be a

    spare tire, vehicle jack, tire tool, and assorted equipment for use on duty (usually issued by the
    agency).

    Long and
    protruding equipment (i.e., long guns, long-handled tools, and equipment) must be
    stored across the

    width of the trunk

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