occurs when a suspect TAKES property from a person by using force, violence, or assault. places victim in fear.
to establish probable cause for robbery
document that the suspect took
the money or property from the person or custody of the victim by using
force, violence, and assault, or by placing the victim in fear during
the course of taking it.Add that the property
taken was of some value and whether the suspect took the property with the intent to
deprive the victim of his or her right to it or any benefit from it, permanently or
Common targets of robberies are
people at home, retail stores,
convenience stores, banks, and ATMs, including situational victims, senior citizens,
drunken people, drug suspects/participants, homeless persons, and prostitutes.
to establish probable cause for robbery by sudden
document that the suspect took
the money or property from the person of the victim and in the course of
the taking, the victim was or became aware of the taking.
The property taken was of some value and the taking was with the intent to deprive the victim or the owner, permanently or temporarily, of his or her right to the property.
is the robbing of a person of his
or her vehicle by the use of force, violence, assault, or by putting
them in fear during the course of the robbery, as defined
in s. 812.133, F.S.
To establish probable cause for carjacking,
document that the suspect took the motor
vehicle from the person or custody of the victim using force, violence, assault, or by
placing the victim in fear during the course of the taking.
Home invasion robbery
is a robbery that occurs within the victim's dwelling while
the victim is present and aware that a robbery is taking place. This is often confused with
burglary to an occupied residence or vacant residence, which differs in that there is no
use or threat of violence against the occupant, as defined in s. 812.135, F.S.
To establish probable cause for home-invasion robbery
document that the suspect
entered the dwelling of the victim and that at the time the suspect entered the dwelling,
the suspect intended to commit robbery. While inside the dwelling, the suspect did
dwelling is a
building or conveyance of any
kind, including any attached porch, whether such building or conveyance
is temporary or permanent, mobile or immobile,
which has a roof over it and intended for people to lodge in at night, together with the
enclosed space of ground and outbuildings immediately surrounding it.
Always approach the scene as a crime scene and consider it a homicide until
the information gathered consistently points to elements of a death by natural or
Scan the area surrounding the body for potential hazards or evidence by performing a
360-degree visual sweep of the perimeter.
If the scene is in a public location, place a visual barrier such as a
crime scene tape) between the scene and the public without cross contaminating
There are several physical indicators that a person is deceased and will not respond to
CPR. Some of these indicators include obvious signs of
decapitation and decomposition
After death and over time, the body temperature will adjust to that of the
surrounding environment and may be cold to the touch.
While observing the body, look for obvious signs of trauma, such as the
presence of blood, cuts, gashes, or bruising.
Look for an obvious fatal injury such as
a bullet hole in the head or chest, and notify
your supervisor or investigator of any signs of trauma or obvious fatal injury.
putting the body in the mortuary refrigerator until the autopsy
the body will change over time and will be
The investigator may also use rigor and lividity to help determine the
position of the body at death and whether the body was moved after death.
Only a medical examiner can
final determination after the completion of his or her investigation, which can take weeks to conclude.
When any person dies in Florida
by criminal violence, accident, suicide, suddenly in apparent good
health, or through any suspicious or unusual circumstance, law
notify the medical examiner (ME).
If there are no signs of foul play or trauma,
contact the deceased person's physician and
inform him or her of the death.
Sudden Unexpected Infant Death is
the sudden and unexpected death of an infant
due to natural or unnatural causes.
Unnatural causes can include
drowning, electrocution, hyperthermia,
hypothermia, carbon monoxide poisoning, and
homicide. These causes of infant death can be
easily overlooked at first; however, they can be
explained after a careful and thorough
Sudden Infant Death Syndrome
is one of several causes of SUID and is the most
common cause of death in infants aged one
month to one year in the United States. SIDS
occurs most commonly in infants two to four
months of age and rarely after eight months of
age. It occurs more frequently in African
Americans, American Indians, and Alaska
Natives than in Caucasians. It occurs suddenly and without warning, often during periods of sleep.
Ninety percent (90%) of the cases occur during a
critical period of rapid growth and brain development in the first six months
SIDS is a diagnosis that should be
given only after
all other possible causes of sudden, unexplained death have been ruled out by a thorough
A complete death scene investigation is often the only way to make a distinction
SIDS and suffocation as a cause of death.
Suffocation can be caused by
choking, constriction of the chest or abdomen, strangulation, narrowing of the
airways due to an allergic reaction or some other disorder, inhalation of toxic gases, immersion in water,
wedging or entrapment, or neck compression.
Common objects in the child's immediate environment often involved in suffocation include
plastic bags, soft pillows, bedding, or stuffed animals.
In many cases of SUID, the infant usually appears healthy before death, but occasionally there is evidence of
mild upper respiratory infection or recent physical stress.
Parents or caregivers may have placed the infant in a bed or crib for a nap and returned to find the infant not breathing or apparently dead. This may occur
This may occur 10-20 minutes or up to several hours after
the parent places the child in bed.
Interview the person who last saw the infant alive and the person who
found the infant dead, asking about the
infant's exact position and anything observed or heard.
Centers for Disease Control SUID Investigative model, should conduct
doll re-enactments of the placed, last seen alive,
and found position of the infant at the scene.