ch.12 vocab flashcards |

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  • traffic crash

    a collision, involving one or more vehicles, that causes property damage, personal injury, or death and is the result of an unitentional act

    drive

    any person who drives or is in actual physical control of a vehicle on a highway or who is exercising control of a vehicle on a highway or who is exercising control of a vehicle or steering a vehicle being towed by a motor vehicle

    pedestrian

    any person afoot

    motor vehicle

    a self-propelled vehicle not operated upon rails or guideway, but not including any bicycle, motorized scooter, electric personal assistive mobility device, swamp buggy, or moped.

    autonomous vehicle

    any vehicle equipped with autonomous technology

    autonomous technology

    technology installed on a motor vehicle that has the capability to drive the vehicle on which the technology is installed without the active control or monitoring by a
    human operated

    Laned highway

    a highway the roadway of which is divided into two or more clearly marked lanes for vehicular traffic.

    limited access facility

    street or highway especially designed for through traffic and over, from, or to which owners or occupants of abutting land or other persons have no right or easement, or only a limited right or easement, of access, light, air, or view by reason of the fact that their property abuts upon such limited access facility or for any other reason; such highways or streets may be parkways from which trucks, buses, and other commercial vehicles are excluded; or they may be freeways open to use by all customary
    forms of street and highway traffic.

    private road or driveway

    except as otherwise provided in paragraph (53)(b), any
    privately owned way or place used for vehicular travel by the owner and those having express or implied
    permission from the owner, but not by other persons

    state road

    any highway designated as a state-maintained road by the Department of Transportation

    roadway

    that portion of a highway improved, designed, or ordinarily used for vehicular travel, exclusive of the berm or shoulder; in the event a highway includes two or more separate roadways, the term roadway as used here refers to any such roadway separately, but not to all such roadways collectively

    street or highway

    ) the entire width between the boundary lines of every way or place of whatever nature when any part
    thereof is open to the use of the public for purposes of vehicular traffic;
    (b) the entire width between the boundary lines of any privately owned way or place used for vehicular
    travel by the owner and those having express or implied permission from the owner, but not by other
    persons, or any limited access road owned or controlled by a special district, whenever, by written
    agreement entered into under ss. 316.006(2)(b) or (3)(b), a county or municipality exercises traffic
    control jurisdiction over said way or place;
    (c) any area, such as a runway, taxiway, ramp, clear zone, or parking lot, within the boundary of any
    airport owned by the state, a county, a municipality, or a political subdivision, which area is used for
    vehicular traffic but which is not open for vehicular operation by the general public; or
    (d) any way or place used for vehicular traffic on a controlled access basis within a mobile home park
    recreation district which has been created under s. 418.30, F.S., and the recreational facilities of which
    district are open to the general public

    intersection

    (a) the area embraced within the prolongation or connection of the lateral curblines; or, if none, then the
    lateral boundary lines of the roadways of two highways which join one another at, or approximately
    at, right angles; or the area within which vehicles traveling upon different highways joining at any other
    angle may come in conflict
    (b) where a highway includes two roadways 30 feet or more apart, then every crossing of each roadway
    of such divided highway by an intersecting highway shall be regarded as a separate intersection; in the
    event such intersecting highway also includes two roadways 30 feet or more apart, then every crossing
    of two roadways of such highways shall be regarded as a separate intersection

    crosswalk

    (a) that part of a roadway at an intersection included within the connections of the lateral lines of the
    sidewalks on opposite sides of the highway, measured from the curbs or, in the absence of curbs, from
    the edges of the traversable roadway
    (b) any portion of a roadway at an intersection or elsewhere distinctly indicated for pedestrian crossing
    by lines or other markings on the surface

    sidewalk

    that portion of a street between the curb line, or the lateral line, of a roadway
    and the adjacent property lines, intended for use by pedestrians

    bicycle path

    any road, path, or way that is open to bicycle travel, which road, path, or way is physically separated from motorized vehicular traffic by an open space or by a barrier and is located either within the highway right-of-way or within an independent right-of-way

    serious bodily injury

    an injury to any person, including
    the driver, which consists of a physical condition that creates a substantial risk of death,
    serious personal disfigurement, or protracted loss or impairment of the function of any
    bodily member or organ

    fatal injury

    an injury resulting in an individual's death within a 12-month period after the traffic crash.

    incapacitating injury

    isible or non-visible signs of injury, such as a bleeding wound or distorted member, usually requiring transportation to a medical facility and
    hospitalization

    non-incapacitating injury

    visible or non-visible signs of injury or complaint of
    injury, not requiring transport from the scene.

    traffic crash management

    You must take control of a traffic crash situation and conduct the resulting investigation by quickly and
    efficiently getting pertinent information and determining the cause of the crash. This
    process is usually referred to as

    It is your responsibility to

    control, manage, normalize, and document a traffic crash as quickly as possible

    The traffic crash management process involves the following ten steps:

    Step 1: Respond to the traffic crash scene safely.
    Step 2: Assess the scene of the crash.
    Step 3: Secure a safe work environment at the crash scene.
    Step 4: Provide emergency medical assistance to injured people, if necessary.
    Step 5: Obtain pertinent information.
    Step 6: Investigate the crash to determine how and why it occurred.
    Step 7: Return the scene to normal as quickly as possible, if appropriate.
    Step 8: Complete driver exchange of information.
    Step 9: Take enforcement action.
    Step 10: Document the crash.

    first harmful event

    (first damage or injury producing event) occurred. The officer can locate the area of collision (AOC) by examining the location of the first harmful event. The AOC may be indicated by crash debris, fixed property damage, broken glass, gouge marks, and
    scrape marks.

    The point of perception

    n is when the driver becomes AWARE of a danger or hazard

    The pre-collision phase or the point of possible perception

    is the EARLIEST possible time the driver could have become aware of a potential danger or hazard.

    Evasive action

    is any action taken by the driver to alter the speed or direction of a vehicle or to avoid a
    pedestrian, such as applying the brakes, turning the steering wheel, or moving out of the
    way

    Reaction time

    ...

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