ch.12 part 2 flashcards |

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  • The point of perception

    is when the driver becomes aware of a danger or hazard

    pre-collision phase or the point of possible perception is the

    earliest possible time the driver could have become aware of a potential danger or hazard

    Evasive action

    is any action taken by the driver to alter the speed or direction of a vehicle or to avoid a
    pedestrian, such as applying the brakes, turning the steering wheel, or moving out of the
    way

    Reaction time

    is the length of time between the point of possible perception and the start of the evasive action

    Point of no escape

    is the point in time when the crash
    is inevitable, regardless of the evasive action taken.

    The at-collision phase

    begins with the time of initial impact or contact

    Encroachment

    occurs when two objects begin to enter the same space at the same time. This is where the first injury or damage may occur. Damage will occur when
    contact is made between vehicles or objects entering the same space. Evasive action may
    also occur here if no contact is made between vehicles or objects

    Maximum engagement

    is the point at which the vehicles or other objects are crushed together to the greatest extent

    The post-collision phase (disengagement)

    is the point when the vehicles separate,
    either naturally or artificially. Often, a second impact known as secondary contact occurs
    in chain reaction collisions or when one vehicle glances off another into the path of a
    third vehicle, property, or person(s).

    Final rest

    is the point when all activities from the
    crash come to a halt.

    Based on s. 320.0605, F.S., an operator of a vehicle must possess and present, upon demand of a law
    enforcement officer, a certificate of registration (or an alternative stated in the statute) for the vehicle he or she operates, except during the first _______ days after purchase of a vehicle

    30

    The registration is considered current if it

    reflects the information for the vehicle being driven by the driver and if the effective date includes the period in which the crash occurred. Example: In Florida, a certificate of registration is issued with each renewal of the registration license tag and reflects the period of one year from the birth date of the owner or from January 1 for vehicles registered under s. 320.08, F.S

    Any party who fails to provide the
    required proof commits a noncriminal traffic infraction punishable as a

    non-moving violation as provided in
    chapter 318 of the Florida Statutes.

    void citation: "insurance" the law enforcement agency may void the citation if the driver, within _________
    hours of the crash, provides the proof of insurance which was valid at the time of the crash.

    24

    transitory evidence should be dealt with__________ fragile, temporary, and short-lived evidenceโ€”such as
    squeegee marks, tire prints, skid-marks, furrows, puddles (e.g., gasoline, oil, and water),
    vehicle debris, vehicle position in or off a roadway, and the position of the injured or
    deceased peopl

    first

    permanent evidence items should be measured

    as soon as possible, they do not last more than a few days. EX: roadway dimensions, sight distances, grade
    or slope, locations of traffic-control devices, and distances between landmark

    AOC

    area of collision

    Vehicle damage falls into three types:

    contact, induced, and pre-existing.

    Contact damage:

    any damage to a vehicle resulting from the direct pressure of any object in a collision or rollover. It usually appears as scrape marks or striations on the
    body of the vehicle, material rub-off, such as paint from the other vehicle (called paint transfer), rubber, or tree bark, or as a puncture to or imprint on a bumper, guard rail, or other fixed object

    Induced damage:

    any damage to a vehicle other than contact damage, often occurs as bending, breaking, crumpling, twisting, distortion, or buckling of the vehicle metal

    Pre-existing damage:

    existed before the crash. This is usually identifiable as damage which does not fit the pattern of the crash and appears rusted, dirty, or weathered

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