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  • According to s. 322.15 of the Florida Statues, All people

    driving in Florida must possess a valid driver's license from Florida , another state, or entity approved by the state of Florida or the u.s. gov't

    Drivers must show Florida Dsriver's Licenses upon demand of a

    law enforcement officer or authorized representative of the department of highway safety and motor vehicles (DHSMV)

    Department of Hhighway safety and motor vehicles (DHSMV)

    the Agency RESPONSIBLE for ISSUING driver's license, motor vehicle titles, license plates, and vessel registrations, as well as overseeing the Floida Highway patrol.

    It is Unlawful to drive in Florida with a

    suspended, revoked, cancelled, or disqualified license

    The CHARGE for driving with a suspended, revoked, cancelled, or disqualified license may be a

    1moving violation
    2misdemeanor
    or
    3felony
    -dependong on the cirumstances that exit as per 322.34

    The license also may not be

    faded, altered, multilated, or defaced

    if the driver's license is CONFISCATED due to suspension, mutilation, revocation, or altered; the officer should

    DISPOSE of it according to AGENCY POLICY

    a GENUINE international driver's license LOOKS

    similar to a PASSPORT in contrast to a state-issued driver's license

    Florida License plates are _____________ and ______________

    regular/specialty

    Florida license plates and the UTC procedures manual can be found at the

    DHSMV's website:
    (http://www.flhsmv.gov)
    or
    (http://www.flhsmv.gov/courts/).

    There are _________ current versions of the Florida Driver's License

    four

    License are issued after

    the state of Florida residents PASS the DHSMV TEST granting them the privilege to drive in FLorida

    In Florida card types and license classes are idendtified by

    color headers

    what class is YELLOW:

    Class E Learners license

    what class is GREEN:

    Class D and E

    what class is BLUE:

    CDL's (commmercial Driver License) Classes A,B,C

    what class is Red:

    Identification Card

    The ticket book itself houses ______ total tickets

    25

    One ticket consist of _____copies

    3

    The white copy of the ticket goes to?

    the courts

    The yellow copy of the ticket goes to the?

    Violator

    The pink copy goes with the?

    officer who wrote the ticket

    License for drivers OVER the age of 21 are formatted

    horizontally

    License for drivers UNDER the age of 21 are formattesd

    vertically

    an officer will need to inspect ____________ _____________ to obtain required information, including the expiration date

    older formats

    a license ENDORSEMENT (definition)

    is a special authorization printed on a florida driver's license PERMITTING a driver to drive certain types of vehicles or transport certain types of property or number of passengers

    Examples of endorsements include authorization to drive

    -motorcycles
    -school buses
    -combination vehicleswith double or triple trailers

    Restrictions (printed on a driver's license)

    may LIMIT a driver from operating certain types of motor vehicles or require that they meet certain conditions when driving any motor vehicle

    Restriction Examples

    -someone who needs corrective lenses may be restricted from driving w/o them

    - someone hard of hearing may be required to wear hearing aids when driving

    - equipment required on a vehicle: such as, hand controls for a driver who does not have full use of their legs

    Informational Alerts

    signal an officer about a person's HEALTH CONDITION or PUBLIC SAFETY status

    examples of informational alerts

    A diabetic person's license may display "INSULIN DEPENDENT" in RED PRINT!!!

    If an officer encounters a person who appears to be impaired or in medical distress, that officer must

    call the emergency medical services IMMEDIATELY

    TWO other informational alerts:

    775.21- Sexual PREDATOR
    943.0435- sexual OFFENDERS

    -displayed in the RIGHT HAND CORNER in BLACK!!!!

    REQUIRED restrictions and endorsements will be listed on the

    FRONT of the license

    EXPLANATIIONS of the restrictions and endorsements are the

    BACK of the license

    for drivers authorized to OPERATE A MOTORCYCLE, the following endorsement will appear on the

    FRONT of the driver's license UNDER the EXPIRATION DATE: "Motorcycle Also or Motorcycle Only"

    Another component of licenses is the NOTATION

    of the class on the BACK of the License

    Class A

    required for drivers of trucks or truck combinations with a gross vehicle weight rating (GVWR) of 26,001lbs. or more, provided the TOWED VEHICLE IS MORE THAN 10,000lbs

    Class B

    required for drivers of STRAIGHT TRUCKS with a Gross Vehicle Weight Rating of 26,001lbs or more

    Class C

    required for drivers of vehicles transporting HAZARDOUS MATERIALS is sufficient amounts to require placards of vehicles designed to transport more than 15 PEOPLE (including the driver) and with a gross vehicle weight rating of LESS THAN 26,001lbs.

    Class E

    required for drivers of ANY NON-COMMERCIAL motor vehicle with a gross vehicle weight reting less than 26,001punds, including passenger cars, 15 paddenger vans, trucks, or recreational vehicles and two- or three wheel motor vehicle 50CC or LESS, such as mopeds or small scooters. Farmers and drivers of authorized emergency vehicles who are exempt from obtaining a commercial driver's license must obtain class E license

    Class E LEARNERS

    is limited to driving motor vehicles weighing LESS THAN 8,000 POUNDS. such driver must be with a licensed driver "21 years of age or OLDER" who occupies the CLOSEST seat RIGHT of the driver and the learner may initially drive ar certain hours

    Class E Learner: INITIALLY DRIVE between the hours of

    6am and 7pm

    Class E Learner: THREE MONTHS after issuance of the learner license, the driver may drive from

    6am to 10PM

    A driver with a learner license MAY NOT operate a

    motorcycle W/O motorcycle ENDORSEMENT

    Florida's DHSMV issues:

    Standard and Specialized vehicle TAGS

    while majority of SPECIALIZED tags are

    "VANITY" plates displaying the owner's nickname or commemrating a college, sports team or cause, some have specific uses and restrictions

    specified uses and restrictions: EXAMPLES: some tags are limited to commercial or gov't vehicles, ehile others are:

    assigned based on the owner's status EX: State legislator or Firefighter

    Some SPECIALIZED tags must have additional ________________ characters or descriptions not preprinted on the tag

    Prefix

    when running a specialty tag, an officer should

    follow agency database requirements to enter the prefix

    discriminatory/bias-based policing

    the unequal treatment of any person including stopping, questioning, searching, detaining, or arresting a person.

    solely: or primarily because of the persons race, ethnicity, religion, gender, sexual orientation, or socioeconomic status.

    This behavior is ILLEGAL and will not be tolerated in law enforcement

    discriminatoy or bias-based policing

    some _____________ consider bias-based policing to include:

    OBSERVERS; any law enforcement action-not merely traffic stops- that target an individual based on a variety of group characteristics.

    According to TITLE 18, SECTION 242 of the U.S. Code anyone who

    "under color of any law, statue, ordinance, regulation, or custom, willfully subjects any person....... to the deprivation of any rights, privileges, or immunities secured or protected by the constitution or laws...... or to different punishments, pains, or penalties, on or by reason of color, or race.... shall be fined under this title or imprisoned for no more than ONE YEAR or BOTH

    Title 18: Section 242 If DEATH results..... .shall be fined under this title:

    imprisoned for ANY TERM of years or for LIFE or BOTH or sentenced to DEATH

    Title 18: Section 242 If BODILY INJURY results.......shall be fined under this title:

    imprisoned for no more than 10 YEARS or BOTH

    14th Amendment guarantees:

    every person within the U.S. has EQUAL PROTECTION under law

    In MAPP V. OHIO 367 s.s 643 (196) the supreme court:

    declared that no state can limit this constitutional right; every person is entitled to be treated the same under similar circumstances

    Minority

    describes the SMALLER SEGMENT of a population that differs from the majority by one or more characteristics

    minorities frequently BELIEVE that they are

    unfairly treated by law enforcement officers, particulary with regard to TRAFFIC STOPS

    becuase of PAST UNEQUAL TREATMENT of minorities, most LEO agencies across the Country now require

    officers to REPORT TRAFFIC DATA, which may include race and gender data on their traffic stops

    -this data assists agencies in investigating possible allegations of bias-based policing.
    -courts and laws: use this to DETECT and ELIMINATE unfair policing

    when stopped; traffice violators typically REACT with

    embarrassment, anger, fear and excuses

    situation can be: TENSE

    by conducting a PROPER and PROFESSIONAL traffic stop

    an officer can minimize negative and potentially unsafe results

    to minimize negative and potentially unsafe traffic stops: officers should follow the established professional agency protocol and do the following

    1 greet driver and passenger politely
    2 maintain a pleasant expression
    3 command presence
    4 allow driver to talk
    5 do not argue with violator
    6 don't lecture
    7 keep detention time short
    8 end enteraction with a "thank you"
    9 give complete name and badge # upon request
    10 eliminat eracially- charged stereotypes

    when dealing with a particularly DISRESPCTFUL driver

    officers may be tempted to respond arrongantly

    a PROFESSIONAL LEO must not let

    EGO or EMOTIONS interfere with their actions

    LEO work is stressful, but

    officers sworn to uphold the constitution and laws must consistently heed the laws they enforce

    NO circumstances justify an officer acting in an

    UNPROFESSIONAL or DISCRIMINATORY manner

    Florida is becoming

    increasingly diverse

    because language barriers can impede your commuinication ability, you must determine the drivers

    ability to understand you when making a traffic stop.

    -many state drivers may not speak ENGLISH

    to AVOID communicaton barriers, an officer must consistently exhibit professionalism and remeber to do the following:

    1be patient
    2speak clearly
    3show respect
    4 take adequate time when speaking
    5 avoid talking down/deaming
    6listen carefully
    7refer to source in agency if unable to answer all of the violators questions

    sometimes a _______________ ______________ or _____________ minimizes officers and violators conflict

    1standardized approach

    2 script

    Your CONDUCT will mean the

    difference btwn BUILDING onto the bridge with the community and putting a GAP in that bridge

    violators do not thank the officer for the citation; they thank the officer for

    treating them with respect, courtesy, and dignity

    if working in STATIONARY MODE

    the officer should choose a safe parking place for the patrol vehicle from which to monito vehicle movement and watch for traffic violations

    parking patrol vehicle: SAFE PLACES include

    areas with a wide shoulder off the roadway, available parking areas, and areas with an unobstrucred view of oncoming traffic when entering the roadway

    a traffic stop BEGINS the moment an officer observes

    an event or reason that MERITS the stop

    Unkown risk traffic stops

    refers to a stop in which the potential risk of the situation is NOT KNOWN

    officers MAY stop a vehicle if reasonable suspicion exists that a

    crimw was, is being, or is about to be committed.

    * if officer observe a violation for which a citation may be issued

    other JUSTIFICATIONS for a traffic stop would be to

    -assist a motorists who is obviously LOST or whose vehicle has MECHANICAL TROUBLE
    -to INVESTIGATE SUSPICIOUS behavior
    - to INVESTIGATE a vehicle or occupant matching a BOLO DESCRIPTION

    if you are en route to an emergency call or in-progress crime or are transporting a prisoner, STOPPING a traffic violator is not prudent; ON THE OTHER HAND:

    a reckless driver (316.192) who is IMMEDIATELY ENDANGERING the lives of other motorists and pedestrians may justify a STOP, even if stopping means abondoning the earlier call.

    if immediately stopping the driver may endanger you or other motorists:

    you should NOT make the stop

    Unsafe conditions for a stop include

    -heavy traffic
    -construction
    -or roadway conditions that do not allow room to pull over......making a stop on a LONG BRIDGE is unsafe for this reason

    Plan the stop in an area that

    gives the driver a place to stop safely

    certain roadways and traffic conditions INCREASE the potential for particular traffic violations: these include

    -merge areas
    -intersections
    -acceleration lanes

    Traffic flow

    the GENERAL speed and direction of vehicle or pedestian movement

    may all affext traffic flow by SLOWING drivers and CAUSE CONGESTION

    -weather conditions
    -school zones
    -construction zones
    -neighborhood activities

    in an assigned zone; officers must be familiar with

    normal traffic flow, speed limits and where they change, and changes to traffic flow at different times of day

    the officers FAMILIARITY with area roads is critical to

    selecting a safe stopping location

    there are ____________ steps to initiating a stop

    9

    Step 1

    Manuever the patrol vehicle through traffic safely CATCHING UP to the violator, and determine at what point to safely make the stop

    Step 2

    NOTIFY DISPATCH of the 10-50

    Step 3

    SELECT a safe location to stop vehicle

    complete and accurate dispartch information is especially important for officer safety it ALLOWS

    time for criminal justice database check on the tag before you talk to the driver.

    Step 4

    ACTIVATE EMERGENCY EQUIPMENT to communicate the stop to the driver

    when selecting the safest/ proper location to make a stop, cosider:

    -lighting
    -population
    -width of road and shoulder
    -traffic congestion
    -level of visibility
    -presence of hills and curves

    stopping on an UPGRADE may cause a

    LARGE VEHICLE to ROLL into the patrol vehicle

    check the __________ of the road and the shoulder to ensure that you and violator are far enough off the road so other vehicles can pass

    WIDTH
    -this prevents crashes

    try to pull off onto a _________ ____________ or a slight downgrade

    LEVEL SPOT

    officers SHOULD NOT make a stop on a

    Curve, ramp, crest of a hill, close to an exit ramp, or where road conditions could cause other vehicles to hit the patrol vehicle

    take special caution when conducting stops in areas where CHILDREN are present, such as:

    school parking lots

    officer- driver interaction begins when the officer signals the

    driver to stop

    emergency notification equipment includes

    emergency lights. sirens, headlights, PA system, and horn,

    Step 5

    PARK the patrol vehicle

    Step 6

    CONDUCT a VISUAL assessment of the violator's Vehicle

    Step 7

    EXIT the patrol vehicle

    Step 8

    APPLY appropriate APPROACH TECHNIQUES

    Step 9

    INTERACT with the driver

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