ch. 10 PART 2 flashcards |

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  • 316.(216)

    explains the LEGAL RIGHT to use LIGHTS and SIRENS to get the violators attention during a traffic stop

    if someone ignores the lights during a traffic stop; the officer should tap the siren _________ or _________ SECONDS

    one;two

    The LIGHT BAR is one system; along with

    strobe, flaskers and other lights

    if stop occurs at NIGHT use _____________ fro additional lighting

    Spotlights

    the patrol vehicle's high beams, spotlights, and takedownlights conceal an officer from the

    violator's VIEW and are important for officer safety and survival

    acivate the patrol vehicle's beams: UNLESS

    they interfere with ONCOMING TRAFFIC or restrict your vision by reflecting off the violator's REAR BUMPER or another object

    takedown lights

    the WHITE LIGHTS facing FORWARD on the light bar
    -they illuminate the interior oof violator's vehicle and prevent the driver from seeing into the patrol vehicle

    once the violator acknowledges that you have directed them to pull over, go through the followin steps: 3

    1 as the driver changes lanes, follow SMOOTHLY
    2 follow the violator's vehicle at a SAFE DISTANCE
    3 if uncomfortable with the initial stopping place use the PA SYSTEM to direct the violator to a safer location

    -officers might say: "Driver drive into the parking lot ahead" or "Driver, pull your vehicle futher to the right".
    -Be firm, but respectful

    Safe distance

    is staying far enough behind the violator to be able to REACT to the situation at hand.

    AVOID: traffic lanes
    watch for pedestrians, and protect violator

    during the stop, the overhead emergency lights should be left activated to

    WARN oncoming traffic

    criminal Act: Driving under the influence

    316. (193)

    criminal Act: Leaving the scene of a crash

    316.(027) and 316.(061)

    criminal Act: Fleeing aor attemptinh to elude a police officer

    316. (1935)

    criminal Act: Reckless driving

    316.(192)

    criminal Act: Making a false crash report

    316. (067)

    criminal Act: willfully failing or refusing to comply with any lawful ORDER or direction of a LEO or Fire Rescue:

    316. (072 (3) )

    criminal Act: Obstructing traffic for purposes of SOLICITATION

    316. (2045(2))

    criminal Act: Obestructing an officer attempting to enforce VEHICLE WEIGHT LIMITS

    316. (545 (1))

    traffic stops are among the

    most FREQUENT ACTIVITIES that Law Enforcement Officers perform

    Even though officers perform the DAY IN and DAY OUT there is no such this as a

    Routine traffic stop

    many officers are killed EACH YEAR and _____________ more are

    Thousands; injured during these traffic related encounters

    Both __________ and _________ officers must BE AWARE of the potential risk each time they make a stop

    1new 2seasoned

    any traffic stop requires that an officer be _______________ in applying officer safety skills throughout the vehicle stop

    vigilant

    Florida Statue 316.003 (75) Defines Vehicle as

    every device, in, upon, or by which any person or property is or may be TRANSPORTED or drawn upon a highway, excepting devices used exclusively upon stationary rails or tracks.

    according to the Florida Legal Guidelines: Traffic Stop is the

    lawful TEMPORARY DETENTION of an individual in a vehicle by a Law Enforcement officer for an investigative purpose

    through EFFECTIVE TRAFFIC ENFORCEMENT officers can

    DETER or DETECT unlawful acts or events that require Law Enforcement action

    effective traffic enforcement: helps detect and deter unlawful acts: EXAMPLES-10

    1 car theft and carjacking
    2people with outstanding warrants and escaped prisoners
    3 drivers with suspended license
    4abused, kidnapped, and runaway children
    5 illegal weapons
    6 drug use or trafficking
    7 minors in possession of alcohol
    8impaired drivers under the influence of alcohol, chemical or contolled substances
    9 criminal fleeing crime scenes
    10 unisured motorists

    Florida Uniform Disposition of Traffic Infractions Act 318. (14)

    Decriminalizes most traffic violations

    all other violations of Chapter 316 of the Florida Statue are DEEMED INFRACTIONS:

    NONCRIMINAL violations that may be punished by fines, court costs, driving school, and community service hours, but NOT BY INCARCERATION

    because a traffic-infraction violator MAY NOT be jailed

    he/she has no right to a trial by JURY or COURT-APPOINTED LAWYER

    an INFRACTION can be either a:

    -moving
    -non-moving violation
    -depending on how the statue defines the infraction

    a CRIMINAL VIOLATION will be either:

    misdemeanor or felony

    Because a moving violation could result in a CRASH or INJURY

    violators pay a HIGHER FINE and may have POINTS assessed against their driver's license

    a NON-MOVING violation does NOT usually

    cause a crash or injury, so fines cost LESS.
    -they do not assess points against a violator's license IF the violator complies (fixes faulty equiment) within a SPECIFIED PERIOD OF TIME

    Unlawful speed is a ____________ ___________

    moving violaton

    not wearing a SAFETY BELT is a

    non-moving violation

    Section 320- deals with

    Motor vehicle license and registration

    Section 316-deals with

    Uniform traffic control law

    Section 322-deals with

    Driver's License

    Moving Violations: (12)

    1obedience to and required traffic control devices
    2 traffic control signal devices
    3 careless driving
    4operation of vehicles and actions of pedestrians on approach of authorized emergency vehicle
    5vehicles approaching or entering intersections
    6vehicle turning left
    7unlawful speed
    8vehicle entering stop or yield intersection
    9possession of open containers of alcholic beverages in vehicles prohibited; penalties
    10 child restraint requirements
    11traffic to stop for school buses
    12 when LIGHTED LAMPS are required

    moving violation: obedience to and required traffic controdl device

    316.(074)

    moving violation: traffic control signal devices

    316. (075)

    moving violation: careless driving

    316. (1925)

    moving violation: operation of vehicles and actions of pedestrians on approach of authorized emergency intersections

    316.(126)

    moving violation: vehicles approaching or entering intersections

    316.(121)

    moving violation: vehicle turning left

    316. (122)

    moving violation: unlawful speed

    316. (183)

    moving violation: vehicle entering stop of yield intersection

    316.(123)

    moving violation: possession of open container of alcoholic beverages in vehicles prohibited; penalties

    316.(1936)

    moving violation: child restraint requirements

    316. (613)

    moving violation: traffic to stop for school bus

    316. (172)

    when LIGHTED LAMPS are required

    316. (217)

    Non-movind violations: (10)

    1 Tail lamps
    2safety of vehicle
    3expiration of registration
    4safety belt usuage
    5licensing of vehicles
    6temporary tags
    7color of clearance lamps, identification lamps, side marker lamps, back lamps, reflectors, and deceleration lights.
    8bicycle regulations
    9 stopping, standing, or parking prohibited in specified places
    10 security required; proof of security and display thereof; dismissal of cases

    non-moving: tail lammps

    316. 221

    non-moving: safety of VEHICLE

    316.610

    non-moving: expiration of registration

    320. 07(3)(a)

    non-moving: temporary tags

    320. 131

    non-moving: licensing of VEHICLES

    316.605

    non-moving: safety bely usuage

    316. 614

    non-moving: color of clearance lamps,I.D. lamps, side amrkers lamps, back up lamps, reflector, and deceleraton lights

    316. 224 (3)

    non-moving: bicycle regulations

    316. 2065

    non-moving: stopping, standing, or parking prohibited in specified places

    316. 1945

    non-moving: security required: proof of SECURITY and display thereof; dismissal of cases

    316.646(1)

    Criminal Traffic Violations (8)

    1 Driving under the influence; penalties
    2 Drivers must be licensed; penalties
    3 license restrictions
    4 driving while license suspended, revoked, conceled or disqualified
    5 unlawful use of license
    6 crashes involving damage to vehicle or property (NOT REPORTED OR HIT AND RUN)
    7 crash involving death or personal injuries
    8 rechless driving

    Criminal traffic violation: driving under the influence; penalties

    316.193

    Criminal traffic violation: dirvers MUST be licensed

    322. 03

    Criminal traffic violation: License restrictions

    322.16

    Criminal traffic violation: driving while license Suspended, Revoked, Canceled, or Disqualified

    322. 34(2)(5)

    Criminal traffic violation: unlawful use of license

    322. 32

    Criminal traffic violation: crashes involving damage to vehicle or property (not reported or hit and run)

    316. 061

    Criminal traffic violation: crash involving death or personal injuries

    316.027

    Criminal traffic violation: reckless driving

    316.192

    as a general rule, the patrol vehicle should be positioned

    ONE and a HALF to TWO CAR lenghts behind the violator's vehicle

    if the violator stops on the RIGHT side of the road, assume the OFFSET POSITION:

    in which you alighn the CENTER of the patrol vehicle's HOOD with the LEFT TAILLIGHT of the violator's car

    if the stop occurs on the LEFT side of the road

    the officer will align the center of the patrol vehicle's hood with the RIGHT taillight of the violator's vehicle

    The WHEELS should be turned toward the

    ROAD

    having the patrol car in the offset position may provide

    cover from potential skipping rounds shout from the violator's vehicle

    less than OPTIMUM CONDITIONS

    construction, sinkhol, city streets, as opposed to major highways.
    *it may be necessary to make a traffic stop in a roadway

    upon exititng the patrol vehicle, make sure your equipment belt is free of the seatbelt and that the

    seat belt does not hinder your exit of the vehicle
    -use emergency lights at all times

    the back up officers patrol vehicle should be parked at a safe distance behind the

    primary patrol vehicle
    -officer should approach on the passenger side

    one clue of possible danger is if the occupants are

    nervoulsy watching the officer

    suspicious movement may suggest danger such as:

    moving towards the floor baord or backseat, excessive motion that seems beyond natural curiousity, or rigid, wooden posture

    wooden posture

    indicates occupants who are frightened or poised for action

    if the vehicle appears to be heavily weighed down in the rear; the vehicle could be:

    carrying stolen merchandise, drugs, tools, a person or a corpse

    securely close the vehicle door so it will not

    -blow open and possibly be struck by a passing vehicle
    -close the door quietly and keep the portablle radio just loud enough to hear radio traffic
    -a silent exit from the patrol vehicle give the officer time to approach the vehicle and assess the situation before the driver REACTs

    always continue to observe both the ________________ and the _________________________ throughout the stop

    vehicle;passenger

    check the trunk lock and:

    trunk lid alignment to determine if someone is possiby in the trunk.
    -always check for a POPPED trunk lock: this indicates that someone hammered out the keyhole

    if you see a HOLE in the trunk, it is a common sing that it is a

    Stolen vehicle

    if the trunk lid is UNLATCHED

    you should push it down when you approach the vehicle. doing so will lock in anyone hiding inside the trunk

    indicators that the plate may NOT belong to the vehicle includes: (5)

    1the way the plate attached (bolts,wires) may suggest the license plate was removed from another vehicle
    2 age of attachement relative to the plate (ex:are there shiny, new bolts on a dirty plate)
    3 expired expiration sticker or sticker that looks like it was removed from another plate
    4paint or dark film on the license plate
    5 the presence of dead insects on the tag, suggesting it was the FRONT PLATE of another vehicle

    touching the rear of the violator's vehicle ensures that:

    the trunk nlid/hatch is closed and transfers the officer's fingerprints to the vehicle as EVIDENCE of contact

    stop at the _________ ______ of the driver's door

    back edge

    at NIGHT, only hold a flashlight in your

    support hand

    standing behind the driver's DOORPOST gives an officer a:

    position of advantage while maintaining a safe distance when talkning with the driver

    when approaching on the violator's side, you see a passenger in the back seat, stop at the

    back rear window and instruct the driver to open the WINDOWS

    if you decide to approach the vehicle on the passenger side

    beging by walking behind the patrol vehicle avoid crossing in front of the headlights and betraying your location

    the occupants of the vehicle will likely expect an officer to approach on the

    driver's side

    at night keep your flashlight off while

    approaching the vehicle, UNTIL you make contact with the driver and other passengers

    popped or damaged ignition

    the plastic housing around the column's base has been popped open, exposing ignition bars that can be pulled forward to start the car

    no approach tactic

    call the driver back to your patrol vehicle

    a _______________________ but commanding presence is the key to effective communication with the vehicle driver

    courteous

    observation skills, safe positioning and safe distancing are important to consider when

    IMTERVIEWING the driver or passenger

    explain the reason for the stop in terms of what you saw the VEHICLE DOING not the

    Driver

    driver's in florida must provide a driver's license, vehicle registration, and proof of insurance upon

    officers request. proof of inssurance can be eith UNIFORM PAPER or ELECTRONICALLY

    never _____________ a wallet from the driver

    take

    the driver is the only occupant in the vehicle COMPELLED to provide

    documentaton.-unless other occupants are suspected of a crime violation

    officers should request documents that provide the most accurate personal information such as:

    -DL's or state-issued ID card
    -residence card for non-citizens (green card)
    -military ID
    -school picture ID
    -social security card

    safely returning to the patrol vehicle means

    never losing sight of the stopped vehicle and the occupants even if you are running FCIC/NCIC database check.

    FCIC/NCIC database info can be useful during traffic stops; helps identify

    -outstanding arrest warrants (entire U.S.)
    -DL and Vehicle registrations (entire U.S. and Canada)
    -Missing juveniles and adults, and stolen property (entire U.S.)

    officers often use _______________ and_________________________ in judgement

    discretion;flexibility

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