ability to judge DISTANCE and percieve space to determine how far away an object is
ability to see above, below and to the sides (a person who is in a stationary vehicle and who has good peripheral vision can see about 180 degrees from side to side)
occurs during acceleration or braking and causes the transfer of a vehicle's weight from FRONT TO REAR or REAR TO FRONT
is the transfer of a vehicle's weight causing an END-FOR-END motion resulting in the vehicle turning 180 degrees on a horizontal plane
the distance from the center of a circle to the outside of the circle. A turn or curve is a portion of a circle.
is a turn that remains the SAME throughout, getting neither wider nor smaller. EX: 90 degree turn at an intersection.
is how the vehicle is steered in relation to a curve's apex while maintaining your lane
the vehicle's position in relation to the curve defines the
early, late, or center apexing techniques.
is when the vehicle is steered so it is CLOSEST to the INSIDE of the curve BEFORE reaching the apex
is when the vehicle steered so it PASSES closest to the inside of the curve AFTER reaching the apex
the late apex _________ __________________ force, reducing the potential for loss of control
(tire traction) is the force that is necessary to keep a vehicle moving in a curved path and is directed INWARD toward the center of rotation
is the force enacted on a vehicle moving in a curved path that acts OUTWARD away from the center rotation
is the tendency of a vehicle to steer into a SHARPER turn than the driver intends, sometimes with a loss of traction of the rear to the outside
how to correct under steering?
remove the foot from the accelator, MAINTAIN steering input but do not apply brakes, and if necessary steer the car to a safe place and stop
how to correct over steering?
remove the foot from the accelerator and/or brake, steer the car where DESIRED (when the front tires have not lost traction), refrain from applying the brakes and if necessary, steer the car to a safe place and stop
is an occurrence that causes the rear wheels to follow a TIghter path than the path the front wheels traveled in a turn
the ____________ should rest on the rim of the steering wheel and never hold the wheel too tight
if officers turn right they should move the __________ hand into the 12 o'clock positon at the top of the steering wheel and pull the steering wheel down in a smooth motion into a right turn.
if officers turnleft they should move the __________ hand into the 12 o'clock positon at the top of the steering wheel and pull the steering wheel down in a smooth motion into a left turn.
is the forward motion that causes a vehicle to straighten from a turn when releasing the steering wheel.
optical driving is looking in the desired direction of travel to avoid an obstacle and steering in that direction
anti-lock braking system (ABS)
is now standard equipment on LATE MODEL vehicles. this type of motor vehicle braking system electronically monitors and controls each of the wheels during braking to keep them from LOCKING
are the front tires on a front- wheel drive vehicle or rear tires on a rear-wheel drive vehicle
results when the wheels LOCK and do not TURN while the vehicle is moving. rolling friction and traction are lost.
results from loss of both rolling friction and traction. the wheels still rotate, but they do not control the vehicle's movement.
happens when a driver over-acceleratess, and the tires sping, the wheels are NOT locked but the driver has lost traction
cornering reqiures entering an intersection safely and properly at normal
driving speeds and making a 90 degree turn to the right or left.
the most common night driving error is to ________ the distance the vehicle's headlights project.
at night, it is easy to lose many
visual cues that are available during the day, which lowers the ability to judge distance and the speed of oncoming traffic.
when driving in emergency mode, emergency lights can increase the amount of _____________ encountered.
is an active attempt by an officer, driving an authorized emergency vehicle (emergency equipment activated), to aprehend occupants of a moving vehicle if the offender increases vehicle speed, takes other evasive action, or refuses to stop in an apparent attampt to avoid apprehenssion.
is the use of vehicles, barricades, cones or other objects to block traffic flow COMPLETELY.