When approaching the suspect vehicle to search for hidden passengers (during a high risk traffic stop), backup officers
should move at the same time using a tactical approach with their weapons pointed at the vehicle at all times.
Once the interior of the suspect vehicle is cleared of passengers (during a high risk traffic stop), the officer should
retrieve the keys or remote in order to open the trunk.
If the driver pulls away after the high risk traffic stop is initiated, officers should
make a second attempt to pull the vehicle over.
During a high risk traffic stop, you may use the PA system to
identify yourself as a law enforcement officer.
If the suspect (of a high risk traffic stop) does not stop after a second attempt to pull him or her over, you must decide whether or not the situation is
legal, feasible, and necessary and meets the agency's criteria for pursuit.
Once the suspect driver is in the take-down area (at a high risk traffic stop), a __________ may tell the driver to kneel/become prone ( or whatever position of disadvantage applies) when the driver arrives. The officer should then holster his or her weapon and approach and handcuff the driver.
Once the driver has exited the suspect vehicle (at a high risk traffic stop), tell the driver to step away from the vehicle, extend arms above their head, lift the back of their shirt by the collar, and slowly __________.
turn in a complete circle
At a high risk traffic stop, all passengers should be
removed from the suspect vehicle one by one after each is secured.
After the suspects and any passengers are out of the suspect vehicle (at a high risk traffic stop),
check the vehicle for hidden passengers.
Once the suspect vehicle has been searched for hidden passengers and the investigation has taken place (at a high risk traffic stop),
the suspects are either informed of the charges, arrested, and transported to the agency or jail, or released if the people stopped are not the suspects.
Proper documentation of the high risk traffic stop-
from information at roll call to locating a possible suspect, confirming a warrant, contacting and then arresting the suspect, and seizing evidence-helps lead to a conviction on all charges.
The verbal control used by the primary officer (at a high risk traffic stop) provides
order and keeps the suspects from gaining an advantage.
When a high risk traffic stop scene is secured and all safe, the primary officer should notify dispatch to clear or open the channel and __________ emergency radio traffic.
At a high risk traffic stop, if the suspect vehicle's windows are heavily tinted and the occupants are not easy to see, instruct the occupants to
put their hands outside the windows so they remain visible.
The __________ rule is a bluff safety technique in which an officer, after the suspect and passengers are out of the suspect vehicle, checks for another hidden passenger.
At a high risk traffic stop, no passengers should
be removed from the suspect vehicle until the driver is secured.
A __________ area is a designated area of disadvantage to the suspect vehicle driver or occupant often used for searching and securing.
When giving voice commands (during a high risk traffic stop), stay
within the cover of the patrol vehicle.
If there is no response to the "plus one" bluff (when checking for hidden passengers at a high risk traffic stop), the
backup officers should approach the suspect vehicle.
During a high risk traffic stop, the __________ should use verbal commands to direct the occupants of the suspect vehicle.
How can officers take cover using the patrol vehicle (during a high risk traffic stop)?
exit the vehicles
crouch behind the vehicles' doors
remain seated in the vehicles
Using emergency lighting (during a high risk traffic stop) can be
effective for officer safety day or night.
During a high risk traffic stop, an officer must
maintain radio contact with dispatch and with responding units.
During a high risk traffic stop that takes place at night, the backup vehicle's takedown lights, high beams, and spotlight should be focused on the __________ side.
suspect vehicle's passenger
When backup has arrived (for a high risk traffic stop), the primary officer should
locate a safe stopping place.
For a high risk traffic stop, the first backup patrol vehicle should generally be positioned __________ of the primary patrol vehicle.
to the right
As circumstances change (during a high risk traffic stop), update dispatch and backup on
the movement and route of the suspect vehicle, activity of the occupants in the vehicle, and your observations of weapons or contraband.
After selecting the stopping location (for a high risk traffic stop) and communicating with dispatch and backup,
the primary officer should turn on the patrol vehicle's emergency red/blue lights and the siren to direct the driver of the suspect vehicle to stop the car.
When conducting a high risk traffic stop, a greater distance behind the suspect vehicle will
provide you with more protection.
During a high risk traffic stop, position all backup vehicles __________ door width(s) apart so that all vehicle doors can open completely.
Periodically (during a high risk traffic stop), the primary officer should
request the location and estimated time of arrival (ETA) of the backup units to keep from waiting in vain.
During a high risk traffic stop, the primary patrol vehicle should generally be offset towards the __________ side of the suspect vehicle.
During a high risk traffic stop, a third backup vehicle (or fourth) should be positioned to
one side or the rear of the primary vehicle at a slight angle
The key to safely conducting a high risk traffic stop is for an officer to have
knowledge of his or her work zone.
During a high risk traffic stop, the __________ is the most effective and readily available cover.
After the suspect vehicle has stopped and all patrol vehicles are properly positioned (during a high risk traffic stop), the officers must __________ to improve their safety.
use available cover
What are the characteristics of a safe stopping site for a high risk traffic stop?
has a straight road (versus a curved road)
has light traffic
away from heavy vehicle traffic
in an open or rural area (versus a business area)
large enough to accommodate backup units
visible to officers and oncoming traffic
away from heavy pedestrian traffic
When initiating a high risk traffic stop, the primary officer should choose a stopping site with
enough roadway width to accommodate two or more patrol vehicles.
Select ALL of the TRUE statements that apply for coordinating a high risk traffic stop.
The primary officer should pick a stopping location before the actual stop is initiated.
The primary officer may use the Public Address system to give directions to the driver of the suspect vehicle.
The primary officer will coordinate the stopping site once the backup units have arrived.
The primary officer will direct the responding patrol units to positions of backup or control (of driver and occupants) and know what is expected of each position so he or she can provide directions for the group to work safely and effectively as a team.
For a high risk traffic stop, the nose of the primary patrol vehicle should be angled towards the __________ of the suspect vehicle.
For a high risk traffic stop, the first backup patrol vehicle should be offset to the passenger side with the nose angled towards the __________ of the suspect vehicle.
When closing the interview with the violator (at a traffic stop), the officer should not tell the driver
to "Have a nice day."
To identify the suspect vehicle (during a high risk traffic stop), the officer must be able to recall its description, most commonly from a(n) __________.
What are a vehicle violator's options for responding to a citation (for a moving violation)?
elect (request) a hearing in traffic court
pay a civil penalty
elect to attend and complete a Driver Improvement Course (if eligible)
__________ violation options are to pay a civil penalty or elect a hearing in traffic court, and __________ violations require a court appearance on a scheduled date.
Refusal to accept and sign a Uniform Traffic Citation requiring a court appearance is a
criminal violation that may result in arrest.
During a traffic stop, you should encourage the violator's awareness of his or her responsibility to
obey traffic laws and local ordinances.
If dispatch confirms the information that you supply and you request backup (during a high risk traffic stop), follow the suspect vehicle until
backup arrives and a safe stopping location is identified.
An officer should explain the vehicle violator's options for responding to the Uniform Traffic Citation, which are listed and explained in detail on the back of the __________ (yellow) copy.
If a traffic violator refuses to sign a Uniform Traffic Citation after you have attempted to gain compliance,
place him or her under arrest and issue another Uniform Traffic Citation for refusal to sign a citation.
If a traffic violator has committed a violation that requires a mandatory hearing listed in s. 318.19, F.S. or any other criminal traffic violation listed in chapters 316, 320, 322, F.S., the officer should instruct him or her to sign the Uniform Traffic Citation and explain that signing __________ an admission of guilt.
If backup is unavailable from your agency (for a high risk traffic stop),
request assistance from other agencies.
Select ALL of the TRUE statements that apply to identifying a vehicle or a suspect (during a high risk traffic stop).
Look, point by point, at each part of the BOLO to compare your observations with the BOLO information.
Identifying information includes driver description, the number of occupants in the vehicle, and the vehicle's direction of travel.
Match identification points, including the observed vehicle's make, model, year, color, and tag number, as well as any damage or special markings (unusual features like neon lights, writing on the windows, or bumper stickers) to help confirm the identification.
If your observations of the vehicle match the BOLO information, notify dispatch that the vehicle or suspect has been located and request backup.
When maintaining a safe distance from the suspect (while waiting for backup during a high risk traffic stop), turn __________ the emergency equipment.
Until backup arrives (for a high risk traffic stop),
maintain constant observation of, and a safe distance from, the suspect vehicle based on the vehicle's speed of travel.
What are the primary objectives of a high risk traffic stop?
keeping yourself safe
properly relaying what you observed
apprehending the suspect
keeping the public safe
stopping the vehicle safely
being able to recognize a suspect vehicle from a BOLO description
Whether or not to make a physical arrest or take some other action (at a traffic stop) will depend on
the nature of the offense, the severity of the circumstances, and agency policy and procedures.
If an officer arrests the driver during the course of the traffic stop, he or she then
must decide what, if anything, to do with the vehicle and any passengers per agency policy.
What information should you give dispatch as you begin the high risk traffic stop process?
suspected crimes and weapons
the tag number and state
the vehicle's description per agency policy (make, model, color, and special identifiers, such as vehicle damage or bumper stickers)
the vehicle's location and travel direction
the known number and description of occupants
Although the Uniform Traffic Citation is generally the only report that must be completed for traffic offenses, individual agencies may require additional reports for
When deciding whether to issue a citation or a warning (during a traffic stop), individual officers must
weigh the seriousness of the offense, the road, the weather, and traffic conditions.
What useful, additional information can FCIC/NCIC provide about the person or vehicle stopped (during a traffic stop)? Choose all that may be included.
stolen property (entire U.S.)
missing juveniles and adults (entire U.S.)
people with outstanding warrants (entire U.S.)
driver's licenses and vehicle registration (entire U.S. and Canada)
For traffic offenses, the Uniform Traffic Citation is generally the
only report that an officer must complete.
The most common reason the DHSMV returns a Uniform Traffic Citation to the issuing agency is for
correction or clarification.
The issuing officer (of a Uniform Traffic Citation) must understand Florida traffic violations sufficiently enough to
explain the nature of the offense to someone unfamiliar with the law.
Select all of the true statements that apply to a Uniform Traffic Citation (UTC).
Periodically, the DHSMV conducts audits of Uniform Traffic Citation books for accountability purposes.
Under no circumstances is it permissible for one law enforcement agency to transfer citations to another law enforcement agency.
When an officer leaves employment with an agency, his or her Uniform Traffic Citation book(s) shall be turned over to his or her immediate supervisor.
Officers are assigned Uniform Traffic Citation books with a preprinted number.
Each Uniform Traffic Citation book contains two receipts that are used for assigning the book to an officer.
Officers must account for each Uniform Traffic Citation assigned to them.
Upon receiving the receipt of each book, the officer should inspect it to ensure that the citations are in correct numeric sequence and that each book contains 25 three-part citations.
It is illegal to "tear up" a citation after it has been issued.
Each law enforcement agency must keep records of and must account for all citations supplied to them.
The DHSMV tracks all Uniform Traffic Citation numbers to ensure integrity in issuing citations.
If a Uniform Traffic Citation is destroyed or lost before the officer gives it to the violator, the officer must document the circumstances of the destruction or loss in the UTC book that he or she was issued.
After obtaining the required documentation at a traffic stop, safely return to the patrol vehicle and
request from dispatch or complete criminal justice database checks using the driver's information.
In the case of traffic violations, officers may decide what kind of appropriate actions?
issuing a written warning
taking no action
issuing a verbal warning
issuing a citation
making an arrest
A Uniform Traffic Citation is required to be submitted to the Clerk of the Court within __________ days after issuance to the violator.
On occasion, when undercover officers have been stopped for a traffic violation, they
may or may not present law enforcement identification to the officer who pulled them over.
Under what circumstances should an officer write a citation during an unknown risk traffic stop?
when there is a clear violation which is not satisfactorily excused or justified by the situation
when agency policy supports the writing of the citation
What forms of identification provide the most accurate personal information for passengers if an officer's suspicion demands identification (at a traffic stop)?
driver's license or state-issued identification card (with picture)
Social Security card (according to agency policy and procedure)
school picture identification
residence card for non-citizens (green card)
The Uniform Traffic Citation is used for certain
non-traffic felonies and misdemeanors which can result in suspension or revocation of the offender's driver's license.
An officer must issue a Uniform Traffic Citation to anyone convicted of
any offense that requires the mandatory revocation of the driver license.
During a traffic stop, the officer should
compare the information on the vehicle registration to the VIN, make, type, and year of the vehicle.
In an undercover situation when the officer has no identification, sometimes because of the nature of his or her assignment, that officer will likely not
sacrifice avoiding a ticket to not reveal his or her identity.
The Uniform Traffic __________ is used for traffic offenses and is used to collect and store information about traffic enforcements and traffic case adjudication.
During a traffic stop, you may request that the driver and any occupants stay
in the violator's vehicle or in a designated place within your sight-to make attacking you from behind more difficult.
When interacting with the driver (during a traffic stop), contact dispatch to
request medical assistance for the driver (if necessary) or arrange for a relative or responsible person to remove the vehicle or have it towed.
When approaching the violator's vehicle (during a traffic stop), an observant officer can tell if the driver is
concealing something on his or her right side, including a popped ignition, keys in the ignition, a weapon, an alcoholic beverage container, and drugs or drug paraphernalia.
Select all of the true statements that apply for calling the violator back to the patrol vehicle (during an unknown risk traffic stop).
When moving to a position behind
the passenger-side doorpost, walk behind the vehicle while constantly
observing the driver and any passengers.
Use a commanding voice or the PA to verbally direct the driver to walk back to the patrol vehicle.
The officer should assume a safe position, such as behind either the driver's side or passenger's side doorpost, depending on traffic conditions.
As the violator approaches, be observant, especially of the driver's hands, for any signs of aggression or the presence of a weapon.
If the driver is looking at you directly or through a mirror, you may simply motion the driver to come back to the patrol vehicle.
Keep an eye on passing traffic to avoid being struck by a vehicle.
When interacting with the driver (during a traffic stop), you may ask
where the driver keeps the documents; doing this will help you predict where the driver's hands will move.
At a traffic stop, the occupants of the violator's vehicle will likely expect an officer to approach on the __________ side.
When interacting with the driver, courteously explain
the reason for the traffic stop in terms of what you saw the vehicle, not the driver, doing and request the required documentation.
During a traffic stop, the officer must decide whether to
approach the violator's vehicle or call the driver back to the patrol vehicle to acquire information.
Approaching the violator's vehicle on the __________ side (during a traffic stop) will give you extra time to look and listen.
What documents are Florida drivers required to "present or submit" upon an officer's request?
a driver's license
proof of insurance
During a traffic stop, the driver is the only occupant in the vehicle
compelled to provide documentation, unless other occupants are suspected of a crime or violation.
During a traffic stop,
a courteous but commanding presence is the key to effective communication with the vehicle driver.
Drivers in Florida can provide proof of insurance in either a
uniform paper or electronic format as prescribed by the DHSMV.
The __________ tactic is used in traffic stops is when the officer calls the driver to the patrol vehicle to acquire information instead of approaching the vehicle directly.
When approaching a violator's vehicle (on the passenger's side) at night, keep your flashlight __________ while approaching until you make contact with the driver and other passengers.
In the case of a popped or __________ ignition, the plastic housing around the column base has been popped open, exposing ignition bars that can be pulled forward to start the car. It also means that the key portion was removed from the ignition area, allowing the ignition bar to be exposed.
When interacting with the driver, an explanation for the traffic stop might include the
observation that the vehicle is in violation of F.S. s. 316.221, inoperable tail lamps, for instance.
Observation skills, safe positioning, and safe distancing are
important to consider when interacting with the driver or passengers (during a traffic stop).