Traffic Stops / Review I flashcards |

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  • Discriminatory or bias based policing

    The unequal treatment of any person, including stopping, questioning, searching, detaining, or arresting a person, solely or primarily because of the person's race, ethnicity, religion, gender, sexual orientation, or socioeconomic status

    Endorsement

    A special authorization printed on a Florida driver's license permitting a driver to drive certain types of vehicles or to transport certain types of property or a certain number of passengers

    Florida drivers license

    A permit granting the privilege to drive to a Florida resident who passes the DHSMV test

    Informational alert

    Wording printed on a Florida driver license that signals an officer about a person's health condition or public safety status

    Minority

    A smaller segment of a population that differs from the majority in some characteristics

    No approach tactic

    Used in traffic stops in which the officer calls the driver to the patrol vehicle to acquire information instead of approaching the vehicle directly

    Offset position

    A traffic stop position where the wheels of the police officer's patrol vehicle should be turned outward (toward the road); to provide cover from potential skipping rounds shot from the violator's vehicle or act as a potential cover position if required

    Plus one rule

    A bluff safety technique in which an officer, after the suspect(s) and occupant(s) are out of the vehicle, checks for another hidden occupant

    Popped or damaged ignition

    The plastic housing around the column's base that has been popped open, exposing the ignition bars that can be pulled forward to start the car; the key portion of the ignition key area has been removed, exposing the ignition bar

    Restriction

    The language printed on a Florida driver license that may limit a driver from operating certain types of motor vehicles or require that he or she meets certain conditions when driving any motor vehicle

    Take down area

    A designated area of disadvantage to the suspect vehicle driver or occupant often used for searching and securing

    Traffic flow

    The general speed and direction of vehicle or pedestrian movement

    Traffic stop

    The temporary detention of an individual in a vehicle by an officer for an investigative purpose

    Unknown risk traffic stop

    A type of traffic stop in which the potential risk of the situation is not known

    Vehicle

    Every device, in, upon, or by which any person or property is or may be transported or drawn upon a highway, excepting devices used exclusively upon stationary rails or tracks

    Unlawful _______ is a moving traffic violation, but not using a safety belt is a non-moving violation.

    speed

    Because a traffic-infraction violator may not be jailed,

    he or she has no right to a trial by jury or court-appointed lawyer.

    According to the Florida Legal Guidelines, a _______ is the lawful, temporary detention of an individual in a vehicle by a law enforcement officer for an investigative purpose.

    traffic stop

    Some violations of F.S. Chapter 316 are deemed infractions, which are _________ that may be punished by fines, costs, driving school, and community service hours but not by incarceration.

    noncriminal violations

    Through traffic enforcement, officers can deter or detect unlawful acts or events requiring law enforcement action. What are some examples?

    impaired drivers under the influence of alcohol or chemical or controlled substances

    car theft and carjacking

    minors in possession of alcohol

    illegal weapons

    drug use or trafficking

    criminals fleeing crime scenes

    drivers with suspended licenses

    wanted persons and escaped prisoners

    uninsured motorists

    abused, kidnapped, and runaway children

    Some traffic-related violations treated as _______ acts are fleeing or attempting to elude a police officer, leaving the scene of a crash, driving under the influence, reckless driving, making false crash reports, willfully failing or refusing to comply with any lawful order or direction of a police officer or member of a fire department, obstructing an officer attempting to enforce vehicle weight limits, and obstructing traffic for purposes of solicitation.

    criminal

    criminal violation of traffic laws will be either a

    misdemeanor or felony.

    Florida law enforcement officers should be familiar with the traffic laws found in chapters ____ (Uniform Traffic Control Law), ____ (Motor Vehicle Licenses and Registration), and ____ (Driver's Licenses) of the Florida Statutes.

    316, 320, and 322

    Vehicular homicide is a

    traffic-related criminal offense.

    Florida's Uniform Disposition of Traffic _________ Act (F.S. 318.14) decriminalizes most traffic violations.

    Infractions

    Driving Under the Influence; Driving Without a Valid Driver's License; Driving in Violation of Driver's License Restriction; Driving while License Suspended or Revoked; Unlawful Use of Driver's License; Leaving Scene of a Crash Involving Damage to Vehicle or Property (not reported or hit and run); Leaving the Scene of a Crash Involving Death or Personal Injuries, and Reckless Driving. These are examples of ______.

    Criminal Traffic Violations

    ________ traffic violations do not assess points against a violator's license if the violator complies (fixes faulty equipment, for instance) within a specified period of time.

    Non-moving

    Motor vehicle or _______are among the most frequently performed activities by law enforcement officers.

    traffic stops

    The end result of traffic stops should be

    public education and safer roads.

    Inoperable Tail Lamps; Equipment Violation; Tag Registration Expired Less Than Six Months; No Tag; Safety Belt (Seat Belt) Violation; Temporary Tag Expired Less Than Seven Days; Tag Light Must be White; Bicycle and Pedestrian Violations; Parking Violations, and Insurance Coverage Violations. These are examples of _________.

    Non-Moving Violations

    A non-moving traffic violation does not usually cause a ________, so fines for those offenses cost less.

    crash or injury

    Florida law enforcement officers should be familiar with the traffic laws found in chapters _______ of the Florida Statutes.

    Uniform Traffic Control Law, Motor Vehicle Licenses and Registration, and Driver's Licenses

    Violation of Traffic Control Device (e.g., Stop Sign); Ran Red Light; Careless Driving; Violation of "Move Over: Law;" Violation of Right-Of-Way Entering Intersection; Violate Right-Of-Way Making Left Turn; Unlawful Speed; Stop Sign Violation; Possession of Open Container of Alcohol by Driver; Child Restraint Requirements; Failure to Stop for School Bus, and Driving at Night Without Headlights. These are examples of _______.

    Moving Violations

    Because a moving violation could result in a crash or injury,

    violators pay a higher fine and may have points assessed against their driver's licenses.

    An officer's primary responsibility in making traffic stops is to help increase ________ with traffic laws and improve driver judgement.

    voluntary compliance

    According to s. 316.121, F.S., vehicles approaching or entering intersections are __________ violations.

    moving

    According to s. 320.131, F.S., temporary tags are __________ violations.

    non-moving

    According to s. 316.1925, F.S., careless driving is an example of a __________ violation.

    moving

    According to s. 316.172, F.S., traffic to stop for a school bus is a __________ violation.

    moving

    According to s. 316.122, F.S., a vehicle turning left is a __________ violation.

    moving

    According to s. 316.605, F.S., licensing of vehicles is a __________ violation.

    non-moving

    According to s. 316.614, F.S., safety belt usage is a __________ violation.

    non-moving

    According to s. 316.646(1), F.S., security required; proof of security and display thereof; dismissal of cases are __________ violations.

    non-moving

    According to s. 316.126, F.S., operation of vehicles and actions of pedestrians on approach of authorized emergency, sanitation or utility service vehicle are __________ violations.

    moving

    According to s. 316.613, F.S., child restraint requirements are __________ violations.

    moving

    According to s. 316.1936, F.S., possession of open containers of alcoholic beverages in vehicle prohibited; penalties is a __________ violation.

    moving

    According to s. 322.16, F.S., license restrictions are __________ violations.

    criminal traffic

    According to s. 316.183, F.S., unlawful speed is a __________ violation.

    moving

    According to s. 316.193, F.S., driving under the influence; penalties is a ___________ violation.

    criminal traffic

    According to s. 316.074, F.S., obedience to and required traffic control devices is a __________ violation.

    moving

    According to s. 316.123, F.S., a vehicle entering a stop or yield intersection is a __________ violation.

    moving

    According to s. 316.221, F.S., tail lamps are __________ violations.

    non-moving

    According to s. 316.027, F.S., a crash involving death or personal injuries is a __________ violation.

    criminal traffic

    According to s. 316.192, F.S., reckless driving is an example of a ___________ violation.

    criminal traffic

    According to s. 322.34(2)(5), F.S., driving while license suspended, revoked, cancled, or disqualified are __________ violations.

    criminal traffic

    According to s. 316.610, F.S., safety of vehicle is a __________ violation.

    non-moving

    According to s. 316.075, F.S., traffic control signal devices are __________ violations.

    moving

    According to s. 316.224(3), F.S., color of clearance lamps, identification lamps, side marker lamps, backup lamps, reflector, and deceleration lights are __________ violations.

    non-moving

    According to s. 316.061, F.S., are crashes involving damage to vehicle or property (not reported or hit and run) are __________ violations.

    criminal traffic

    Licenses for drivers over the age of 21 are formatted _______.

    horizontally

    The Florida Driver's License card types and license classes are identified by ______.

    color headers

    If a Florida driver's license is confiscated due to suspension, mutilation, revocation, or altered data, the officer should dispose of it according to

    agency policy.

    Driving in Florida with a suspended, revoked, cancelled, or disqualified license may be a

    moving violation, misdemeanor, or felony depending on the circumstances.

    A license ________ is a special authorization printed on a Florida driver's license permitting a driver to drive certain types of vehicles or to transport certain types of property or number of passengers.

    endorsement

    According to s. 316.217, F.S., when lighted lamps are required is a __________ violation.

    moving

    According to s. 322.32, F.S., unlawful use of a license is a __________ violation.

    criminal traffic

    Which Florida card type and license is identified by the color header yellow?

    Class E Learner's License

    It is unlawful to drive in Florida with a

    suspended, revoked, cancelled, or disqualified license.

    According to s. 316.1945, F.S., stopping, standing, or parking prohibited in specified places are __________ violations.

    non-moving

    Which Florida card type and license is identified by the color header green?

    Class D and E Licenses

    A genuine international driver's license looks

    similar to a passport in contrast to a state-issued driver's license.

    Which Florida card type and license is identified by the color header blue?

    Commercial Driver License (CDL)-Classes A, B, and C

    According to s. 322.03, F.S., drivers must be licensed; penalties is a __________ violation.

    criminal traffic

    All people driving in Florida must possess a valid driver's license from Florida, another state, or approved by the state of Florida or the U.S. Government. Drivers must show it upon demand by a law enforcement officer or authorized representative of the __________.

    DHSMV

    There are ____ current versions of the Florida Driver's License, which is the license issued to state of Florida residents who pass the DHSMV tests granting them the privilege to drive in Florida

    three

    According to s. 320.07(3)a, F.S., expiration of registration is a __________ violation.

    non-moving

    An officer will need to closely inspect ______ formats of Florida driver's licenses to obtain required information, including the expiration date.

    older

    Examples of _________ on Florida driver's licences include authorization to drive motorcycles, school buses, or combination vehicles with double or triple trailers.

    endorsements

    Licenses for drivers under the age of 21 are formatted __________.

    vertically

    Many citizens carry a personal Florida identification card (__________), which is used strictly for the identification of the person carrying it and does not authorize that person to drive a vehicle.

    pink/red

    According to s. 316.2065, F.S., bicycle regulations are __________ violations.

    non-moving

    An officer who encounters a person who appears to be impaired or in medical distress must

    call the Emergency Medical Services immediately.

    Someone who needs corrective lenses when driving may have a(n) ______ on his or her driver's license, who must drive while wearing these lenses.

    restriction

    If a diabetic person's license displays "insulin dependent" in red print, this is a(n) __________ on his or her driver's license.

    informational alert

    A Florida driver's license may include _______ that signal an officer about a person's health condition or public safety status.

    informational alerts

    A(n) _________, printed on a Florida driver's license, may limit a driver from operating certain types of motor vehicles or require that he or she meet certain conditions when driving any motor vehicle.

    restriction

    ________ driver's license: required for drivers of vehicles transporting hazardous materials in sufficient amounts to require placards or vehicles designed to transport more than 15 people (including the driver), and with a Gross Vehicle Weight Rating of less than 26,001 lbs.

    CLASS C

    For drivers authorized to operate a motorcycle, the following __________ will appear on the front of the driver's license under the expiration date: Motorcycle Also or Motorcycle Only.

    endorsement

    While the majority of specialized vehicle tags are "vanity" plates displaying the owner's nickname or commemorating a college, sports team, or cause, some have specific uses and ________.

    restrictions

    Explanations of the restrictions and endorsements are found on the ______of the driver's license.

    back

    ________ driver's license: required for drivers of trucks or truck combinations weighing with a Gross Vehicle Weight Rating (GVWR) of 26,001 lbs. or more, provided towed vehicle is more than 10,000 lbs.

    CLASS A

    Florida's DHSMV issues standard and _______ vehicle tags.

    specialized

    _______ driver's license: required for drivers of straight trucks with a Gross Vehicle Weight Rating of 26,001 lbs. or more.

    CLASS B

    Required restrictions and endorsements on Florida driver's licenses will be listed on the ______ of the license.

    front

    Discriminatory or bias-based profiling behavior

    is illegal and will not be tolerated in law enforcement.

    Some _______ on Florida driver's licenses may pertain to equipment required on the vehicle, such as hand controls for a driver who does not have full use of his or her legs.

    restrictions

    ________ driver's license: A driver with this type of license is limited to driving motor vehicles weighing less than 8,000 pounds. In addition, such a driver must be accompanied by a licensed driver 21 years of age or older who occupies the closest seat right of the driver, and the driver may initially drive only between the hours of 6 A.M. and 7 P.M. Three months after issuance of the license, the driver may drive from 6 A.M. to 10 P.M. A driver with this type of license may not operate a motorcycle without a motorcycle endorsement.

    CLASS E-Learner

    Discriminatory or __________ profiling is the unequal treatment of any person-including stopping, questioning, searching, detaining, or arresting a person-solely or primarily because of the person's race, ethnicity, religion, gender, sexual orientation, or socioeconomic status.

    bias-based

    If a person needs hearing aids and must drive with them, he or she has a(n) ______ on his or her driver's licence.

    restriction

    Officers should be familiar with the uses and ________ of specialized vehicle tags and make sure that their uses are authorized.

    restrictions

    When running a specialty vehicle tag, an officer should

    follow agency database requirements to enter the prefix.

    Informational alerts on driver's licenses, displayed in the right hand corner in __________, are for sexual predators or sexual offenders.

    black

    Some vehicle tags are limited to

    commercial or government vehicles, while others are assigned based on the owner's status: e.g., state legislator or firefighter.

    There are ________ vehicle tags that must have additional prefix characters or descriptions not preprinted on the tag.

    specialized

    ________ driver's license: required for drivers of any non-commercial motor vehicle with a Gross Vehicle Weight Rating less than 26,001 pounds, including passenger cars, 15-passenger (including the driver) vans, trucks or recreational vehicles, and two- or three- wheel motor vehicles 50 cc or less, such as mopeds or small scooters. Farmers and drivers of authorized emergency vehicles who are exempt from obtaining a commercial driver's license must obtain this type of license.

    CLASS E

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