Discriminatory or bias based policing
The unequal treatment of any person, including stopping, questioning, searching, detaining, or arresting a person, solely or primarily because of the person's race, ethnicity, religion, gender, sexual orientation, or socioeconomic status
A special authorization printed on a Florida driver's license permitting a driver to drive certain types of vehicles or to transport certain types of property or a certain number of passengers
Florida drivers license
A permit granting the privilege to drive to a Florida resident who passes the DHSMV test
Wording printed on a Florida driver license that signals an officer about a person's health condition or public safety status
No approach tactic
Used in traffic stops in which the officer calls the driver to the patrol vehicle to acquire information instead of approaching the vehicle directly
A traffic stop position where the wheels of the police officer's patrol vehicle should be turned outward (toward the road); to provide cover from potential skipping rounds shot from the violator's vehicle or act as a potential cover position if required
Plus one rule
A bluff safety technique in which an officer, after the suspect(s) and occupant(s) are out of the vehicle, checks for another hidden occupant
Popped or damaged ignition
The plastic housing around the column's base that has been popped open, exposing the ignition bars that can be pulled forward to start the car; the key portion of the ignition key area has been removed, exposing the ignition bar
The language printed on a Florida driver license that may limit a driver from operating certain types of motor vehicles or require that he or she meets certain conditions when driving any motor vehicle
Take down area
A designated area of disadvantage to the suspect vehicle driver or occupant often used for searching and securing
The temporary detention of an individual in a vehicle by an officer for an investigative purpose
Unknown risk traffic stop
A type of traffic stop in which the potential risk of the situation is not known
Every device, in, upon, or by which any person or property is or may be transported or drawn upon a highway, excepting devices used exclusively upon stationary rails or tracks
Unlawful _______ is a moving traffic violation, but not using a safety belt is a non-moving violation.
Because a traffic-infraction violator may not be jailed,
he or she has no right to a trial by jury or court-appointed lawyer.
According to the Florida Legal Guidelines, a _______ is the lawful, temporary detention of an individual in a vehicle by a law enforcement officer for an investigative purpose.
Some violations of F.S. Chapter 316 are deemed infractions, which are _________ that may be punished by fines, costs, driving school, and community service hours but not by incarceration.
Through traffic enforcement, officers can deter or detect unlawful acts or events requiring law enforcement action. What are some examples?
impaired drivers under the influence of alcohol or chemical or controlled substances
car theft and carjacking
minors in possession of alcohol
drug use or trafficking
criminals fleeing crime scenes
drivers with suspended licenses
wanted persons and escaped prisoners
abused, kidnapped, and runaway children
Some traffic-related violations treated as _______ acts are fleeing or attempting to elude a police officer, leaving the scene of a crash, driving under the influence, reckless driving, making false crash reports, willfully failing or refusing to comply with any lawful order or direction of a police officer or member of a fire department, obstructing an officer attempting to enforce vehicle weight limits, and obstructing traffic for purposes of solicitation.
Florida law enforcement officers should be familiar with the traffic laws found in chapters ____ (Uniform Traffic Control Law), ____ (Motor Vehicle Licenses and Registration), and ____ (Driver's Licenses) of the Florida Statutes.
316, 320, and 322
Florida's Uniform Disposition of Traffic _________ Act (F.S. 318.14) decriminalizes most traffic violations.
Driving Under the Influence; Driving Without a Valid Driver's License; Driving in Violation of Driver's License Restriction; Driving while License Suspended or Revoked; Unlawful Use of Driver's License; Leaving Scene of a Crash Involving Damage to Vehicle or Property (not reported or hit and run); Leaving the Scene of a Crash Involving Death or Personal Injuries, and Reckless Driving. These are examples of ______.
Criminal Traffic Violations
________ traffic violations do not assess points against a violator's license if the violator complies (fixes faulty equipment, for instance) within a specified period of time.
Motor vehicle or _______are among the most frequently performed activities by law enforcement officers.
Inoperable Tail Lamps; Equipment Violation; Tag Registration Expired Less Than Six Months; No Tag; Safety Belt (Seat Belt) Violation; Temporary Tag Expired Less Than Seven Days; Tag Light Must be White; Bicycle and Pedestrian Violations; Parking Violations, and Insurance Coverage Violations. These are examples of _________.
A non-moving traffic violation does not usually cause a ________, so fines for those offenses cost less.
crash or injury
Florida law enforcement officers should be familiar with the traffic laws found in chapters _______ of the Florida Statutes.
Uniform Traffic Control Law, Motor Vehicle Licenses and Registration, and Driver's Licenses
Violation of Traffic Control Device (e.g., Stop Sign); Ran Red Light; Careless Driving; Violation of "Move Over: Law;" Violation of Right-Of-Way Entering Intersection; Violate Right-Of-Way Making Left Turn; Unlawful Speed; Stop Sign Violation; Possession of Open Container of Alcohol by Driver; Child Restraint Requirements; Failure to Stop for School Bus, and Driving at Night Without Headlights. These are examples of _______.
Because a moving violation could result in a crash or injury,
violators pay a higher fine and may have points assessed against their driver's licenses.
An officer's primary responsibility in making traffic stops is to help increase ________ with traffic laws and improve driver judgement.
According to s. 316.121, F.S., vehicles approaching or entering intersections are __________ violations.
According to s. 316.646(1), F.S., security required; proof of security and display thereof; dismissal of cases are __________ violations.
According to s. 316.126, F.S., operation of vehicles and actions of pedestrians on approach of authorized emergency, sanitation or utility service vehicle are __________ violations.
According to s. 316.1936, F.S., possession of open containers of alcoholic beverages in vehicle prohibited; penalties is a __________ violation.
According to s. 316.193, F.S., driving under the influence; penalties is a ___________ violation.
According to s. 316.074, F.S., obedience to and required traffic control devices is a __________ violation.
According to s. 316.123, F.S., a vehicle entering a stop or yield intersection is a __________ violation.
According to s. 316.027, F.S., a crash involving death or personal injuries is a __________ violation.
According to s. 316.192, F.S., reckless driving is an example of a ___________ violation.
According to s. 322.34(2)(5), F.S., driving while license suspended, revoked, cancled, or disqualified are __________ violations.
According to s. 316.224(3), F.S., color of clearance lamps, identification lamps, side marker lamps, backup lamps, reflector, and deceleration lights are __________ violations.
According to s. 316.061, F.S., are crashes involving damage to vehicle or property (not reported or hit and run) are __________ violations.
If a Florida driver's license is confiscated due to suspension, mutilation, revocation, or altered data, the officer should dispose of it according to
Driving in Florida with a suspended, revoked, cancelled, or disqualified license may be a
moving violation, misdemeanor, or felony depending on the circumstances.
A license ________ is a special authorization printed on a Florida driver's license permitting a driver to drive certain types of vehicles or to transport certain types of property or number of passengers.
Which Florida card type and license is identified by the color header yellow?
Class E Learner's License
According to s. 316.1945, F.S., stopping, standing, or parking prohibited in specified places are __________ violations.
A genuine international driver's license looks
similar to a passport in contrast to a state-issued driver's license.
Which Florida card type and license is identified by the color header blue?
Commercial Driver License (CDL)-Classes A, B, and C
According to s. 322.03, F.S., drivers must be licensed; penalties is a __________ violation.
All people driving in Florida must possess a valid driver's license from Florida, another state, or approved by the state of Florida or the U.S. Government. Drivers must show it upon demand by a law enforcement officer or authorized representative of the __________.
There are ____ current versions of the Florida Driver's License, which is the license issued to state of Florida residents who pass the DHSMV tests granting them the privilege to drive in Florida
An officer will need to closely inspect ______ formats of Florida driver's licenses to obtain required information, including the expiration date.
Examples of _________ on Florida driver's licences include authorization to drive motorcycles, school buses, or combination vehicles with double or triple trailers.
Many citizens carry a personal Florida identification card (__________), which is used strictly for the identification of the person carrying it and does not authorize that person to drive a vehicle.
An officer who encounters a person who appears to be impaired or in medical distress must
call the Emergency Medical Services immediately.
Someone who needs corrective lenses when driving may have a(n) ______ on his or her driver's license, who must drive while wearing these lenses.
If a diabetic person's license displays "insulin dependent" in red print, this is a(n) __________ on his or her driver's license.
A Florida driver's license may include _______ that signal an officer about a person's health condition or public safety status.
A(n) _________, printed on a Florida driver's license, may limit a driver from operating certain types of motor vehicles or require that he or she meet certain conditions when driving any motor vehicle.
________ driver's license: required for drivers of vehicles transporting hazardous materials in sufficient amounts to require placards or vehicles designed to transport more than 15 people (including the driver), and with a Gross Vehicle Weight Rating of less than 26,001 lbs.
For drivers authorized to operate a motorcycle, the following __________ will appear on the front of the driver's license under the expiration date: Motorcycle Also or Motorcycle Only.
While the majority of specialized vehicle tags are "vanity" plates displaying the owner's nickname or commemorating a college, sports team, or cause, some have specific uses and ________.
Explanations of the restrictions and endorsements are found on the ______of the driver's license.
________ driver's license: required for drivers of trucks or truck combinations weighing with a Gross Vehicle Weight Rating (GVWR) of 26,001 lbs. or more, provided towed vehicle is more than 10,000 lbs.
_______ driver's license: required for drivers of straight trucks with a Gross Vehicle Weight Rating of 26,001 lbs. or more.
Required restrictions and endorsements on Florida driver's licenses will be listed on the ______ of the license.
Discriminatory or bias-based profiling behavior
is illegal and will not be tolerated in law enforcement.
Some _______ on Florida driver's licenses may pertain to equipment required on the vehicle, such as hand controls for a driver who does not have full use of his or her legs.
________ driver's license: A driver with this type of license is limited to driving motor vehicles weighing less than 8,000 pounds. In addition, such a driver must be accompanied by a licensed driver 21 years of age or older who occupies the closest seat right of the driver, and the driver may initially drive only between the hours of 6 A.M. and 7 P.M. Three months after issuance of the license, the driver may drive from 6 A.M. to 10 P.M. A driver with this type of license may not operate a motorcycle without a motorcycle endorsement.
Discriminatory or __________ profiling is the unequal treatment of any person-including stopping, questioning, searching, detaining, or arresting a person-solely or primarily because of the person's race, ethnicity, religion, gender, sexual orientation, or socioeconomic status.
If a person needs hearing aids and must drive with them, he or she has a(n) ______ on his or her driver's licence.
Officers should be familiar with the uses and ________ of specialized vehicle tags and make sure that their uses are authorized.
When running a specialty vehicle tag, an officer should
follow agency database requirements to enter the prefix.
Informational alerts on driver's licenses, displayed in the right hand corner in __________, are for sexual predators or sexual offenders.
Some vehicle tags are limited to
commercial or government vehicles, while others are assigned based on the owner's status: e.g., state legislator or firefighter.
There are ________ vehicle tags that must have additional prefix characters or descriptions not preprinted on the tag.
________ driver's license: required for drivers of any non-commercial motor vehicle with a Gross Vehicle Weight Rating less than 26,001 pounds, including passenger cars, 15-passenger (including the driver) vans, trucks or recreational vehicles, and two- or three- wheel motor vehicles 50 cc or less, such as mopeds or small scooters. Farmers and drivers of authorized emergency vehicles who are exempt from obtaining a commercial driver's license must obtain this type of license.