69 Matching questions
- Stopping Problems:
- Varying Speed
- Slow Speed
- the impaired driver tends to concentrate on only the
most important or critical parts of driving and disregard the
- The examinations that an officer
can conduct to assess possible medical impairment include noticing the following
- Tracking ability
- Slow Response to Traffic Signals:
- Weaving Across Lane Lines
- Sight-Some specific DUI clues detectable by sight include
- Straddling a Lane Line:
- The second task is to observe the stopping sequence. The following questions may be helpful:
- Smel:l There are things you might smell during the interview that would be describable clues or evidence of alcohol and other drug influence. Typically these include the following examples:
- Certain medical conditions may mimic drug- or alcohol-induced impairment:
- The signal to stop creates a new situation with which the driver must
- A diabetic driver's behavior may be impacted, for instance, when
- Once a vehicle is stopped, an officer should NOT ask a suspected impaired driver to
- Unusual questions require the driver to process information; this can be especially difficult when the driver does not expect to have to process information. For example, a driver may respond to the question about the middle name by giving
- Phase One: Vehicle in motion
- Officers must be able to recognize evidence of impairment and describe that evidence clearly and
- observation and interview of the driver—begins as soon as
- A driver's eyes can be examined for medical impairment. If his or her pupils are noticeably unequal in size, if the eyes are jerking as the subject looks straight ahead (resting nystagmus), or if the eyes do not track together, there is a chance that
- Divided attention impairment can
be observed during the following
- Failure to Signal or Signal Inconsistent with Action:
- The observed vehicle almost strikes a stationary
object or another moving vehicle.
- Accelerating or Decelerating Rapidly
- The questions you ask and the way in which you ask them can constitute simple divided attention tasks.Three (3) techniques are particularly pertinent:
- An example of the first technique, asking for two things in one request, is requesting that the driver produce
- Following Too Closely:
- Slow or Failure to Respond to Officer's Signal
- DUI Detection Phase One begins when an officer
- Stopping in Lane for No Apparent Reason:
You might hear these things during the interview, which would be describable clues or evidence of alcohol and
other drug influence:
- Stopping Inappropriately in Response to an Officer
- PRE-EXIT INTERVIEWS These techniques are not as reliable as the Standardized Field Sobriety Tests,
- At this point, there are three choices: (face-to-face)
- The National Highway Traffic Safety Administration sponsored research to identify the
most common and reliable initial indicators of DUI. This research identified ____ cues,
each with a high probability that the driver exhibiting the cue is impaired
- The common effects of alcohol on the driver's mental and physical faculties lead to
predictable driving violations and vehicle operating characteristics. These include:
- Face-to-face observation and interview of the driver allow you to use
- The second technique, asking interrupting or distracting questions, forces the driver to divide attention between searching for the license or registration and
- . After you give the command to stop, the impaired driver may exhibit additional important evidence of DUI. These observations may include the following:
- Use the third technique, asking unusual questions, after you have obtained the driver's license and registration.
With this technique, you seek verifying information through
- in phase two the major decision is to
- The first task in Phase Two is a
- Inappropriate or Unusual Behavior:
- An impaired driver may
have difficulty in
- Driving in Opposing Lanes or Wrong Way on a One-way Street:
- Improper or Unsafe Lane Change:
- " Possible evidence of impairment may be disclosed by the interrupting or distracting question. Be alert for the driver who:
- Appearing to Be Impaired:
- Driving on Other than a Designated Roadway:
- Your attention may be drawn to the vehicle by things such as it committing a traffic violation,
- While under the influence of alcohol and other drugs, a driver's ability to divide attention is
- 5. Post-Stop Cues
An officer may observe any of the following behaviors in the driver after he or she stops the vehicle:
- Turning with Wide Radius:
- DUI Detection Phase ______ comprises two major evidence gathering tasks and one major decision
- The first task in Phase One is to observe the vehicle in
- Driving Without Headlights
- (phase 2) The second task is to observe the driver's exit and walk from the vehicle. Ask
yourself the following questions:
- divided attention task (driver still behind wheel)
- 6. Visual Detection of DUI Motorcyclists
NHTSA has also developed research identifying driving impairment cues for motorcyclists.
- Possible evidence of impairment may come to light as the driver responds to this dual request. Be alert for the driver who:
- The cues were developed from a list of more than _____ driving cues that have been found to predict alcohol concentrations of 0.08 or greater
- a • When I approach the vehicle, what do I see?
• When I talk with the driver, what do I hear, see, and smell?
• How does the driver respond to my questions?
• Should I instruct the driver to exit the vehicle?
• How does the driver exit?
• When the driver walks toward the side of the road, what do I see?
- b asking for two things in one request
• asking interrupting or distracting questions
• asking unusual questions
- c occurs
when the vehicle alternately moves toward one side of the roadway and
then the other, creating a zigzag course. The pattern of lateral
movement is relatively regular as one steering correction is closely followed
- d • What is the vehicle doing?
• Do I have grounds to stop the vehicle?
• How does the driver respond to my signal to stop?
• How does the driver handle the vehicle during the stopping sequence?
- e The observed vehicle is being driven without headlights during a period of
the day when headlights are required.
- f : have the driver
exit, continue to interview the driver while observing for additional evidence, or conclude the interview if you
don't observe any impairment.
- g • slowed reactions
• impaired judgment as evidenced by a willingness to take risks
• impaired vision
• poor coordination (See Figure 11-2, below)
- h • ignores the question and concentrates only on the license or registration search
• stops searching to answer question, then forgets to resume the search after answering the question
• supplies a grossly incorrect answer to the question
- i Stopping problems may include stopping abruptly or too far
from a curb, at an inappropriate angle, too short or beyond the intersection limit
line, or with a jerking motion.
- j Almost Striking Object or Vehicle:
- k is the ability of the eyes to track together when the subject attempts to follow a stimulus
moving side-to-side. The driver may have a medical condition or injury if the two eyes do not track together;
for example, if one eye has full range of motion, but the other moves only slightly or not at all.
- l • alcoholic beverages
• cover up odors like breath sprays
• cigarette or cigar
- m Slowed reaction
- n Extreme cases of weaving occur when the vehicle's wheels cross the lane lines before correction is made.
- o decide whether or not to ask the suspect to step out of the vehicle
- p The driver maneuvers onto an area other than the designated roadway. Examples include driving at the edge of the roadway, on the shoulder, off the roadway entirely, or straight through turn-only lanes or areas.
- q During a turn, the radius defined by the distance
between the turning vehicle and the center of the turn is greater than normal. The
vehicle may drive wide in a curve.
- r The vehicle is heading into opposing or
crossing traffic by driving in the opposing lane, backing into traffic, failing to yield the right-of-way, or
driving the wrong way on a one-way street.
- s slurred speech
• admission of drinking
• inconsistent responses
• abusive language
• unusual statements
- t unusual questions.
- u three Phases of DUI Detection.
- v The driver takes risks or endangers others by frequently or abruptly
changing lanes without regard to other motorists.
- w an equipment violation, having an expired registration, or making unusual driving actions such as weaving within a lane or moving at slower than normal speed.
- x operation.
- y Drifting is a straight-line movement of the vehicle at a slight angle to the
roadway. As the driver approaches a marker or boundary (lane marker, center line,
edge of the roadway), the direction of drift might change. Drifting can occur within
a single lane, across lanes, across the center line, or onto the shoulder
- z Excellent Cues (50% or greater probability that the driver is impaired)
• drifting during turn or curve
• trouble with dismount
• trouble with balance at a stop
• turning problems (e.g., unsteady, sudden corrections, late braking, improper lean angle)
• inattentive to surroundings
• inappropriate or unusual behavior (e.g., carrying or dropping object, urinating at roadside, disorderly
Good Cues (30 to 50 percent probability that the driver is impaired)
• erratic movements while going straight
• operating without lights at night
• following too closely
• running stop light or sign
• going the wrong way
- aa • difficulty with motor vehicle controls
• difficulty exiting the vehicle
• fumbling with driver's license or paperwork
• repeating questions or comments
• swaying, unsteady, or having balance problems
• leaning on the vehicle or other object
• slurred speech
• slow to respond to officer/officer must repeat questions
• provides incorrect information, changes answers
• odor of alcoholic beverage from the driver
- ab cope
- ac The observed vehicle exhibits a longer than normal response to a change
in traffic signal.
- ad Poor
- ae The driver or occupants display inappropriate or unusual behavior such
as throwing objects from the vehicle, drinking in the vehicle, or urinating on the roadside.
- af This cue encompasses any acceleration or
deceleration that is significantly more rapid than that required by the traffic
conditions. Rapid acceleration might be accompanied by breaking traction; rapid
deceleration might be accompanied by an abrupt stop.
- ag observes the vehicle in motion.
- ah The vehicle is moving straight ahead with the center or
lane marker between the left-hand and right-hand wheels.
- ai Impaired Vision
- aj The vehicle stops in an inappropriate location, such as
a prohibited zone, crosswalk, intersection, or sidewalk, or under inappropriate conditions such as a green
or flashing yellow traffic signal.
- ak Increased Risk Taking
- al A driver may alternate between speeding up and slowing down.
- am such as epilepsy, diabetes, injury to the head, or cognitive problems (dementia or Alzheimer's).
- an The critical element in this cue is that there is no observable justification for the vehicle to stop in the traffic lane.
- ao A
swerve is an abrupt turn away from a generally straight course.
Swerving might occur after a period of drifting when the driver
approach of traffic in an oncoming lane or discovers that the vehicle is going off the road. It may also occur as the driver executes an abrupt turn to return the
vehicle to the traffic lane.
- ap pupil size
• resting nystagmus
• tracking ability
- aq • an attempt to flee • no response
• a slow response • an abrupt swerve
• a sudden stop • striking the curb or another object
- ar less important parts, often creating unexpected or dangerous situations for other drivers.
- as steering, controlling the accelerator, signaling, and making decisions
(whether to stop, turn, speed up, slow down, etc.).
- at a medical disorder or injury is causing the nystagmus.
- au but they can still be useful for obtaining evidence of impairment to establish probable cause.These techniques and the following Pre-Exit Tests do not replace the Standardized Field Sobriety Tests
- av bloodshot eyes
• soiled clothing
• fumbling fingers
• alcohol containers
• drugs or drug paraphernalia
• bruises, bumps, or scratches
• unusual action
- aw This cue occurs when you observe inconsistencies such
as failing to signal a turn or a lane change, signaling opposite to the turn or lane change executed, signaling
constantly with no accompanying driving action, and driving with four-way hazard flashers on.
- ax impaired
- ay answering a new question.
- az both the subject
vehicle and the patrol vehicle have come to complete stops.
- ba Two(2)
- bb face-to-face observation and interview of the driver
to determine if the driver may be impaired
- bc sugar levels are too high. At this time, his or
her breath could emit an odor similar to that of an alcoholic beverage or the driver could demonstrate a
comprehension or awareness problem
- bd convincingly
- be The driver is unusually slow to respond to an officer's lights, siren, or hand signals.
- bf driver's license and the vehicle registration.
- bg move to a safer location
- bh require
the driver to concentrate on two or more things at the same time. They include both questioning techniques
and psychophysical tasks
- bi a first name
- bj three senses to gather evidence of alcohol
and other drug influence: sight, hearing, and smell.
- bk The observed vehicle is traveling at a speed that is 10 mph or more below the speed limit.
- bl • forgets to produce both documents
• produces documents other than the ones requested
• fails to see the license, registration, or both while searching through wallet or purse
• fumbles or drops wallet, purse, license, or registration
• is unable to retrieve documents using fingertips
- bm 100
- bn should I stop the vehicle
- bo The vehicle is following another vehicle while not maintaining the legal minimum
- bp This cue is actually one or more indicators related to the personal behavior or
appearance of the driver. Examples of specific indicators might include eye fixation, tightly gripping the
steering wheel, slouching in the seat, gesturing erratically or obscenely, holding face close to the
windshield, or protruding head from the vehicle.
- bq 24