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49 True/False questions

  1. The typical DUI investigation involves three phases:FIRST full field study that utilized law
    enforcement personnel experienced in the use of SFSTs.
    • The initial study utilized only a few experienced officers in DUI enforcement in
    both a laboratory setting and field setting.
    • Correct arrest decisions were made 93 percent of the time based on the three-test
    battery (HGN, WAT, OLS). These results were substantially higher than the
    initial study results.

          

  2. SCRI traveled to law enforcement agencies throughout the United States to select the most commonly used
    field sobriety tests.______tests were used in the initial stages of this study
    Six

          

  3. (Driver's under 21) The driver is not arrested but is subject to administrative penalties, even if he or she
    provides a sample over a 0.08. Take the driver's license and issue a
    a controlled substance or a chemical substance

          

  4. If the driver's alcohol concentration level is at or above _______, or if he or she refuses to submit to a breath test, his or her driver's license
    privilege will be suspended.
    driver's license and attach it to the BLUE or transmittal copy of the DUI citation

          

  5. If the subject has an alcohol concentration of 0.08 or above, or refuses chemical testing, seize his or her0.02

          

  6. The results of these studies provided clear evidence of the validity of the three-test battery to support arrest decisions at, above, or below 0.08. It strongly suggests that the SFSTs also accurately discriminate alcoholdetermines whether there is sufficient probable cause to arrest the subject for DUI.

          

  7. The detection process BEGINS when a law enforcement officerdetermines whether there is sufficient probable cause to arrest the subject for DUI.

          

  8. The detection process ENDS when the officerfirst suspects that an individual may be driving under the influence

          

  9. Phase One: Vehicle in motion
    Question: Should I stop the vehicle?
    Yes: Do It Now: There is reasonable suspicion to stop the vehicle
    Wait: Look for Additional Evidence: Don't stop the vehicle yet; keep following and observing it a
    bit longer.
    No: Don't Do It: There are no grounds for stopping the vehicle.

          

  10. Phase Two: Personal contact
    Question: Should I have the driver exit the vehicle?
    Yes: Do It Now: There is reasonable suspicion to stop the vehicle
    Wait: Look for Additional Evidence: Don't stop the vehicle yet; keep following and observing it a
    bit longer.
    No: Don't Do It: There are no grounds for stopping the vehicle.

          

  11. The main goals of DUI detection are:to identify the three phases in DUI detection
    • to take adequate field notes and write comprehensive reports
    • to present evident in DUI in court

          

  12. In order to arrest someone for a DUI offense, a law enforcement officer must havefirst suspects that an individual may be driving under the influence

          

  13. (PBT) They may be used for violations such asdrivers under 21 years of age (0.02 violation) or for commercial motor vehicle enforcement when there is insufficient evidence of DUI

          

  14. The Colorado SFST validation study was theanswer the question of whether SFSTs are valid and reliable indices of the presence of alcohol when used
    under present day traffic and law enforcement conditions.

    • Correct decisions to arrest were made 95 percent of the time based on the threetest
    battery (HGN, WAT, OLS).
    • The study showed that the SFST three-test battery is the only scientifically
    validated and reliable method for discriminating between impaired and
    unimpaired drivers.

          

  15. Some driver behaviors and physical reactions may suggest that an impaired driver may be under the influence of medication (both prescribed and that obtained illegally). One indicator is theseven

          

  16. _____ or your __________should forward the license and a copy of it to the Department of
    Highway Safety and Motor Vehicles for an administrative suspension per agency policy
    you/agency

          

  17. Some drug-impaired drivers look and act very much like ________________ _________ , Others look and act very different.alcohol-impaired drivers

          

  18. Phase Three: Pre-arrest screening
    Question: Should I arrest the driver?
    Yes: Do It Now: There is reasonable suspicion to stop the vehicle
    Wait: Look for Additional Evidence: Don't stop the vehicle yet; keep following and observing it a
    bit longer.
    No: Don't Do It: There are no grounds for stopping the vehicle.

          

  19. major DUI decision: Your DUTY is to carry out whatever tasks are appropriate and to make sure that all evidence of DUI is broughtto light

          

  20. The DUI Citation is very similar to the Uniform Traffic Citation, except the DUI Citation is used either for aa DUI with an alcohol concentration of 0.08 or higher or
    when the violator has refused any chemical test after being lawfully arrested.

          

  21. At the conclusion of each phase an officer will make a major decision in the DUI investigation- The decision can have one of three different outcomes:Yes—Do It Now,
    Wait—Look for Additional Evidence,
    or No—Don't Do It

          

  22. The most successful DUI detectors are those officers who:• know what to look and listen for
    • have the skills to ask the right kinds of questions
    • choose and use the right types of tests
    make the correct observations
    • are motivated and apply their knowledge and skills whenever they contact someone who may be under
    the influence

          

  23. The DUI detection process does not always include alldetermines whether there is sufficient probable cause to arrest the subject for DUI.

          

  24. If the DUI investigation does not result in a DUI arrest, but thereisevidencethat the driver has been consuming
    alcohol, you may then request a
    breath test to determinethe driver's alcoholconcentration.

          

  25. If an officer is involved in a DUI investigation with a driver under the age of 21, the officer should conduct
    the investigation using the same process for determining impairment:
    • Phase One: Vehicle in motion—Observation of the driver operating the vehicle.
    • Phase Two: Personal contact—After the vehicle stops, there usually is an
    opportunity to observe and speak with the driver face-to-face.
    • Phase Three: Pre-arrest screening—Administration of some structured
    standardized field sobriety tests (SFSTs) to the driver to determine impairment

          

  26. Laboratory research indicated THREE tests that, when administered in a standardized manner, were the most
    accurate and reliable battery of tests for distinguishing alcohol impairment:
    • Horizontal Gaze Nystagmus
    • Walk-and-Turn (WAT)
    • One-Leg Stand (OLS)

          

  27. DUI citation has additional fields that must be completed regarding the following:• if the subject refuses (confiscate his or her driver's license)
    • if the subject is eligible for a permit
    • if the subject's license was surrendered
    • the location of the Department of Highway Safety and Motor Vehicles Hearing Office

          

  28. SCRI published the following three reports:• California: 1977 (Lab)
    • California: 1981 (Lab and Field)
    • Maryland, District of Columbia, Virginia, North Carolina, 1983 (Field)

          

  29. Beginning in late 1975, extensive scientific research studies were sponsored by NHTSA through a contract with the Southern California Research Institute (SCRI) to determineDUI arrest

          

  30. Florida law provides the following definition of driving under the influence in s. 316.193, F.S.:1. A person is guilty of the offense of driving under the influence and is subject to
    punishment as provided in subsection (2) if the person is driving or in actual
    physical control of a vehicle within this state and:
    (a) The person is under the influence of alcoholic beverages, any chemical
    substance set forth in s. 877.111, F.S., or any substance controlled under
    chapter 893, F.S., when affected to the extent that the person's normal
    faculties are impaired;
    (b) The person has a blood-alcohol level of 0.08 or more grams of alcohol per
    100 milliliters of blood; or
    (c) The person has a breath-alcohol level of 0.08 or more grams of alcohol
    per 210 liters of breath.

          

  31. • Phase Two:Vehicle in motion—Observation of the driver operating the vehicle.

          

  32. Three SFST validation studies were undertaken between 1995 and 1998:• Colorado: 1995 • Florida: 1997 • San Diego: 1998

          

  33. Sometimes there are DUI contacts in which Phase Three never occurs, so you would not administer formal tests to the driver. These may occur when the driver
    is
    so impaired or injured that he or she cannot perform the tests, or he or she refuses to
    submit to the tests.

          

  34. Effective DUI enforcers do not immediately decide whether toarrest or not arrest a driver. Rather, they proceed carefully through a series of intermediate steps, each of
    which helps to identify the collective evidence.

          

  35. If ______ or more indicators are present, the driver may be in legal possession of prescription medicationDUI arrest

          

  36. To convict a person of a DUI offense, it is necessary to show beyond aa reasonable doubt that all the elements of the offense were present

          

  37. There are ________ broad categories of drugs that
    may impair drivers
    determines whether there is sufficient probable cause to arrest the subject for DUI.

          

  38. Portable breath test devices may not be used forFIRST full field study that utilized law
    enforcement personnel experienced in the use of SFSTs.
    • The initial study utilized only a few experienced officers in DUI enforcement in
    both a laboratory setting and field setting.
    • Correct arrest decisions were made 93 percent of the time based on the three-test
    battery (HGN, WAT, OLS). These results were substantially higher than the
    initial study results.

          

  39. In each phase of detection, you must determine whether there is sufficient evidence to establish the reasonable suspicion necessary to proceed to the nextdetermines whether there is sufficient probable cause to arrest the subject for DUI.

          

  40. The 1998 San Diego SFST validation field study was undertaken because of theanswer the question of whether SFSTs are valid and reliable indices of the presence of alcohol when used
    under present day traffic and law enforcement conditions.

    • Correct decisions to arrest were made 95 percent of the time based on the threetest
    battery (HGN, WAT, OLS).
    • The study showed that the SFST three-test battery is the only scientifically
    validated and reliable method for discriminating between impaired and
    unimpaired drivers.

          

  41. Sometimes contact with a DUI detection officer is absent in Phase One, for example, in cases in which the
    driver is
    three phases

          

  42. • Phase Three:Pre-arrest screening—Administration of some structured standardized field sobriety tests (SFSTs) to the driver to determine impairment

          

  43. • Phase One:Vehicle in motion—Observation of the driver operating the vehicle.

          

  44. The Florida SFST field validation study was undertaken in order toFIRST full field study that utilized law
    enforcement personnel experienced in the use of SFSTs.
    • The initial study utilized only a few experienced officers in DUI enforcement in
    both a laboratory setting and field setting.
    • Correct arrest decisions were made 93 percent of the time based on the three-test
    battery (HGN, WAT, OLS). These results were substantially higher than the
    initial study results.

          

  45. Law enforcement officers encounter not only drivers driving under the influence of alcohol, but also those who may be impaired due to the use oflegal and illegal drugs

          

  46. The DUI citation must be completed accurately. This citation is not only a charging document; it is also required to authorize thea DUI with an alcohol concentration of 0.08 or higher or
    when the violator has refused any chemical test after being lawfully arrested.

          

  47. (impaired driver may be under the influence of medication) Prescription bottles, leftover pills, or drug paraphernalia may be in the driver'sdrivers under 21 years of age (0.02 violation) or for commercial motor vehicle enforcement when there is insufficient evidence of DUI

          

  48. However, for a driver to be convicted of DUI, the drug
    must be a
    a controlled substance or a chemical substance

          

  49. The best available data suggests that ____ __ __________ of Americans routinely use drugs other than alcohol, and some of these people sometimes drive when they are under the influence of those drugs.first suspects that an individual may be driving under the influence