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49 Multiple choice questions

  1. Yes: Do It Now: There is enough reason to suspect impairment to justify getting the driver out of the
    vehicle for further investigation.
    Wait: Look for Additional Evidence: Don't get the driver out of the car yet; keep talking to and observing
    the driver a bit longer. (This option may be limited if the officer's personal safety is at risk.)
    No: Don't Do It: There isn't enough evidence of DUI to justify administering field sobriety tests.
  2. Pre-arrest screening—Administration of some structured standardized field sobriety tests (SFSTs) to the driver to determine impairment
  3. determines whether there is sufficient probable cause to arrest the subject for DUI.
  4. absence of the odor of alcoholic beverages.
  5. legal and illegal drugs
  6. • Horizontal Gaze Nystagmus
    • Walk-and-Turn (WAT)
    • One-Leg Stand (OLS)
  7. to light
  8. passed out behind the wheel of a vehicle that is not in motion
  9. Yes—Do It Now,
    Wait—Look for Additional Evidence,
    or No—Don't Do It
  10. seven
  11. Six
  12. first suspects that an individual may be driving under the influence
  13. Department of Highway Safety and Motor
    Vehicles to suspend the subject's driving privilege.
  14. • know what to look and listen for
    • have the skills to ask the right kinds of questions
    • choose and use the right types of tests
    make the correct observations
    • are motivated and apply their knowledge and skills whenever they contact someone who may be under
    the influence
  15. a reasonable doubt that all the elements of the offense were present
  16. a DUI with an alcohol concentration of 0.08 or higher or
    when the violator has refused any chemical test after being lawfully arrested.
  17. DUI arrest
  18. a controlled substance or a chemical substance
  19. possession or in the vehicle
  20. alcohol-impaired drivers
  21. FIRST full field study that utilized law
    enforcement personnel experienced in the use of SFSTs.
    • The initial study utilized only a few experienced officers in DUI enforcement in
    both a laboratory setting and field setting.
    • Correct arrest decisions were made 93 percent of the time based on the three-test
    battery (HGN, WAT, OLS). These results were substantially higher than the
    initial study results.
  22. answer the question of whether SFSTs are valid and reliable indices of the presence of alcohol when used
    under present day traffic and law enforcement conditions.

    • Correct decisions to arrest were made 95 percent of the time based on the threetest
    battery (HGN, WAT, OLS).
    • The study showed that the SFST three-test battery is the only scientifically
    validated and reliable method for discriminating between impaired and
    unimpaired drivers.
  23. • Phase One: Vehicle in motion—Observation of the driver operating the vehicle.
    • Phase Two: Personal contact—After the vehicle stops, there usually is an
    opportunity to observe and speak with the driver face-to-face.
    • Phase Three: Pre-arrest screening—Administration of some structured
    standardized field sobriety tests (SFSTs) to the driver to determine impairment
  24. drivers under 21 years of age (0.02 violation) or for commercial motor vehicle enforcement when there is insufficient evidence of DUI
  25. which roadside field sobriety tests were the
    most accurate
  26. Personal contact—After the vehicle stops, there usually is an opportunity to observe and speak with the driver face-to-face.
  27. Vehicle in motion—Observation of the driver operating the vehicle.
  28. probable cause to believe that all elements of the offense are present.
  29. driver's license and attach it to the BLUE or transmittal copy of the DUI citation
  30. tens of millions
  31. one
  32. 1. A person is guilty of the offense of driving under the influence and is subject to
    punishment as provided in subsection (2) if the person is driving or in actual
    physical control of a vehicle within this state and:
    (a) The person is under the influence of alcoholic beverages, any chemical
    substance set forth in s. 877.111, F.S., or any substance controlled under
    chapter 893, F.S., when affected to the extent that the person's normal
    faculties are impaired;
    (b) The person has a blood-alcohol level of 0.08 or more grams of alcohol per
    100 milliliters of blood; or
    (c) The person has a breath-alcohol level of 0.08 or more grams of alcohol
    per 210 liters of breath.
  33. arrest or not arrest a driver. Rather, they proceed carefully through a series of intermediate steps, each of
    which helps to identify the collective evidence.
  34. to identify the three phases in DUI detection
    • to take adequate field notes and write comprehensive reports
    • to present evident in DUI in court
  35. conduct the SFSTs, follow arrest
    procedures, administer the chemical or physical tests, and complete the necessary documentation.
  36. concentration at 0.04 and above
  37. 0.02
  38. Yes: Do It Now: There is reasonable suspicion to stop the vehicle
    Wait: Look for Additional Evidence: Don't stop the vehicle yet; keep following and observing it a
    bit longer.
    No: Don't Do It: There are no grounds for stopping the vehicle.
  39. step in the detection process
  40. so impaired or injured that he or she cannot perform the tests, or he or she refuses to
    submit to the tests.
  41. Notice of Suspension
  42. you/agency
  43. breath test to determinethe driver's alcoholconcentration.
  44. nationwide trend towards lowering the alcohol concentration limits to 0.08. The
    question to be answered was "Do SFSTs discriminate at an alcohol concentration below
    0.10?" The study was published by NHTSA and provided clear evidence of the validity
    of the SFST battery that was repeatable across the country.
    • Correct arrest decisions were made 91% of the time based on the three-test
    battery (HGN, WAT, OLS).
    • HGN, by itself, was 88% accurate.
    • Walk-and-Turn, by itself, was 79% accurate.
    • One-Leg Stand, by itself, was 83% accurate.
  45. Yes: Do It Now: There is probable cause to arrest the driver for DUI right now.
    Wait: Look for Additional Evidence: Don't arrest the driver yet; administer another field sobriety test
    before deciding.
    No: Don't Do It: No, there is not probable cause to believe the driver has committed DUI
  46. • if the subject refuses (confiscate his or her driver's license)
    • if the subject is eligible for a permit
    • if the subject's license was surrendered
    • the location of the Department of Highway Safety and Motor Vehicles Hearing Office
  47. three phases
  48. • California: 1977 (Lab)
    • California: 1981 (Lab and Field)
    • Maryland, District of Columbia, Virginia, North Carolina, 1983 (Field)
  49. • Colorado: 1995 • Florida: 1997 • San Diego: 1998