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  1. In order to arrest someone for a DUI offense, a law enforcement officer must have
  2. The DUI Citation is very similar to the Uniform Traffic Citation, except the DUI Citation is used either for a
  3. Three SFST validation studies were undertaken between 1995 and 1998:
  4. (PBT) They may be used for violations such as
  5. The main goals of DUI detection are:
  6. • Phase Two:
  7. major DUI decision: Your DUTY is to carry out whatever tasks are appropriate and to make sure that all evidence of DUI is brought
  8. If the subject has an alcohol concentration of 0.08 or above, or refuses chemical testing, seize his or her
  9. Effective DUI enforcers do not immediately decide whether to
  10. The most successful DUI detectors are those officers who:
  11. Phase Two: Personal contact
    Question: Should I have the driver exit the vehicle?
  12. Florida law provides the following definition of driving under the influence in s. 316.193, F.S.:
  13. • Phase Three:
  14. The Colorado SFST validation study was the
  15. In each phase of detection, you must determine whether there is sufficient evidence to establish the reasonable suspicion necessary to proceed to the next
  16. The Florida SFST field validation study was undertaken in order to
  17. The DUI citation must be completed accurately. This citation is not only a charging document; it is also required to authorize the
  18. • Phase One:
  19. DUI citation has additional fields that must be completed regarding the following:
  20. Beginning in late 1975, extensive scientific research studies were sponsored by NHTSA through a contract with the Southern California Research Institute (SCRI) to determine
  21. If an officer is involved in a DUI investigation with a driver under the age of 21, the officer should conduct
    the investigation using the same process for determining impairment:
  22. (Driver's under 21) The driver is not arrested but is subject to administrative penalties, even if he or she
    provides a sample over a 0.08. Take the driver's license and issue a
  23. Sometimes contact with a DUI detection officer is absent in Phase One, for example, in cases in which the
    driver is
  24. If the driver's alcohol concentration level is at or above _______, or if he or she refuses to submit to a breath test, his or her driver's license
    privilege will be suspended.
  25. The best available data suggests that ____ __ __________ of Americans routinely use drugs other than alcohol, and some of these people sometimes drive when they are under the influence of those drugs.
  26. Phase Three: Pre-arrest screening
    Question: Should I arrest the driver?
  27. However, for a driver to be convicted of DUI, the drug
    must be a
  28. The detection process BEGINS when a law enforcement officer
  29. If ______ or more indicators are present, the driver may be in legal possession of prescription medication
  30. If the DUI investigation does not result in a DUI arrest, but thereisevidencethat the driver has been consuming
    alcohol, you may then request a
  31. Sometimes there are DUI contacts in which Phase Three never occurs, so you would not administer formal tests to the driver. These may occur when the driver
    is
  32. Laboratory research indicated THREE tests that, when administered in a standardized manner, were the most
    accurate and reliable battery of tests for distinguishing alcohol impairment:
  33. SCRI published the following three reports:
  34. At the conclusion of each phase an officer will make a major decision in the DUI investigation- The decision can have one of three different outcomes:
  35. The detection process ENDS when the officer
  36. _____ or your __________should forward the license and a copy of it to the Department of
    Highway Safety and Motor Vehicles for an administrative suspension per agency policy
  37. To convict a person of a DUI offense, it is necessary to show beyond a
  38. The 1998 San Diego SFST validation field study was undertaken because of the
  39. (impaired driver may be under the influence of medication) Prescription bottles, leftover pills, or drug paraphernalia may be in the driver's
  40. Portable breath test devices may not be used for
  41. The DUI detection process does not always include all
  42. Some driver behaviors and physical reactions may suggest that an impaired driver may be under the influence of medication (both prescribed and that obtained illegally). One indicator is the
  43. Phase One: Vehicle in motion
    Question: Should I stop the vehicle?
  44. The typical DUI investigation involves three phases:
  45. There are ________ broad categories of drugs that
    may impair drivers
  46. The results of these studies provided clear evidence of the validity of the three-test battery to support arrest decisions at, above, or below 0.08. It strongly suggests that the SFSTs also accurately discriminate alcohol
  47. Law enforcement officers encounter not only drivers driving under the influence of alcohol, but also those who may be impaired due to the use of
  48. Some drug-impaired drivers look and act very much like ________________ _________ , Others look and act very different.
  49. SCRI traveled to law enforcement agencies throughout the United States to select the most commonly used
    field sobriety tests.______tests were used in the initial stages of this study
  1. a passed out behind the wheel of a vehicle that is not in motion
  2. b driver's license and attach it to the BLUE or transmittal copy of the DUI citation
  3. c tens of millions
  4. d • Horizontal Gaze Nystagmus
    • Walk-and-Turn (WAT)
    • One-Leg Stand (OLS)
  5. e alcohol-impaired drivers
  6. f Yes: Do It Now: There is enough reason to suspect impairment to justify getting the driver out of the
    vehicle for further investigation.
    Wait: Look for Additional Evidence: Don't get the driver out of the car yet; keep talking to and observing
    the driver a bit longer. (This option may be limited if the officer's personal safety is at risk.)
    No: Don't Do It: There isn't enough evidence of DUI to justify administering field sobriety tests.
  7. g to identify the three phases in DUI detection
    • to take adequate field notes and write comprehensive reports
    • to present evident in DUI in court
  8. h concentration at 0.04 and above
  9. i step in the detection process
  10. j Personal contact—After the vehicle stops, there usually is an opportunity to observe and speak with the driver face-to-face.
  11. k • know what to look and listen for
    • have the skills to ask the right kinds of questions
    • choose and use the right types of tests
    make the correct observations
    • are motivated and apply their knowledge and skills whenever they contact someone who may be under
    the influence
  12. l a DUI with an alcohol concentration of 0.08 or higher or
    when the violator has refused any chemical test after being lawfully arrested.
  13. m Yes—Do It Now,
    Wait—Look for Additional Evidence,
    or No—Don't Do It
  14. n DUI arrest
  15. o Department of Highway Safety and Motor
    Vehicles to suspend the subject's driving privilege.
  16. p a reasonable doubt that all the elements of the offense were present
  17. q Pre-arrest screening—Administration of some structured standardized field sobriety tests (SFSTs) to the driver to determine impairment
  18. r legal and illegal drugs
  19. s Notice of Suspension
  20. t breath test to determinethe driver's alcoholconcentration.
  21. u a controlled substance or a chemical substance
  22. v so impaired or injured that he or she cannot perform the tests, or he or she refuses to
    submit to the tests.
  23. w absence of the odor of alcoholic beverages.
  24. x drivers under 21 years of age (0.02 violation) or for commercial motor vehicle enforcement when there is insufficient evidence of DUI
  25. y Yes: Do It Now: There is reasonable suspicion to stop the vehicle
    Wait: Look for Additional Evidence: Don't stop the vehicle yet; keep following and observing it a
    bit longer.
    No: Don't Do It: There are no grounds for stopping the vehicle.
  26. z nationwide trend towards lowering the alcohol concentration limits to 0.08. The
    question to be answered was "Do SFSTs discriminate at an alcohol concentration below
    0.10?" The study was published by NHTSA and provided clear evidence of the validity
    of the SFST battery that was repeatable across the country.
    • Correct arrest decisions were made 91% of the time based on the three-test
    battery (HGN, WAT, OLS).
    • HGN, by itself, was 88% accurate.
    • Walk-and-Turn, by itself, was 79% accurate.
    • One-Leg Stand, by itself, was 83% accurate.
  27. aa • California: 1977 (Lab)
    • California: 1981 (Lab and Field)
    • Maryland, District of Columbia, Virginia, North Carolina, 1983 (Field)
  28. ab conduct the SFSTs, follow arrest
    procedures, administer the chemical or physical tests, and complete the necessary documentation.
  29. ac first suspects that an individual may be driving under the influence
  30. ad • Phase One: Vehicle in motion—Observation of the driver operating the vehicle.
    • Phase Two: Personal contact—After the vehicle stops, there usually is an
    opportunity to observe and speak with the driver face-to-face.
    • Phase Three: Pre-arrest screening—Administration of some structured
    standardized field sobriety tests (SFSTs) to the driver to determine impairment
  31. ae probable cause to believe that all elements of the offense are present.
  32. af 0.02
  33. ag which roadside field sobriety tests were the
    most accurate
  34. ah Six
  35. ai you/agency
  36. aj three phases
  37. ak Yes: Do It Now: There is probable cause to arrest the driver for DUI right now.
    Wait: Look for Additional Evidence: Don't arrest the driver yet; administer another field sobriety test
    before deciding.
    No: Don't Do It: No, there is not probable cause to believe the driver has committed DUI
  38. al one
  39. am answer the question of whether SFSTs are valid and reliable indices of the presence of alcohol when used
    under present day traffic and law enforcement conditions.

    • Correct decisions to arrest were made 95 percent of the time based on the threetest
    battery (HGN, WAT, OLS).
    • The study showed that the SFST three-test battery is the only scientifically
    validated and reliable method for discriminating between impaired and
    unimpaired drivers.
  40. an FIRST full field study that utilized law
    enforcement personnel experienced in the use of SFSTs.
    • The initial study utilized only a few experienced officers in DUI enforcement in
    both a laboratory setting and field setting.
    • Correct arrest decisions were made 93 percent of the time based on the three-test
    battery (HGN, WAT, OLS). These results were substantially higher than the
    initial study results.
  41. ao 1. A person is guilty of the offense of driving under the influence and is subject to
    punishment as provided in subsection (2) if the person is driving or in actual
    physical control of a vehicle within this state and:
    (a) The person is under the influence of alcoholic beverages, any chemical
    substance set forth in s. 877.111, F.S., or any substance controlled under
    chapter 893, F.S., when affected to the extent that the person's normal
    faculties are impaired;
    (b) The person has a blood-alcohol level of 0.08 or more grams of alcohol per
    100 milliliters of blood; or
    (c) The person has a breath-alcohol level of 0.08 or more grams of alcohol
    per 210 liters of breath.
  42. ap • Colorado: 1995 • Florida: 1997 • San Diego: 1998
  43. aq determines whether there is sufficient probable cause to arrest the subject for DUI.
  44. ar possession or in the vehicle
  45. as arrest or not arrest a driver. Rather, they proceed carefully through a series of intermediate steps, each of
    which helps to identify the collective evidence.
  46. at Vehicle in motion—Observation of the driver operating the vehicle.
  47. au to light
  48. av seven
  49. aw • if the subject refuses (confiscate his or her driver's license)
    • if the subject is eligible for a permit
    • if the subject's license was surrendered
    • the location of the Department of Highway Safety and Motor Vehicles Hearing Office