105 Multiple choice questions
- exit the vehicles
crouch behind the vehicles' doors
remain seated in the vehicles
- uniform paper or electronic format as prescribed by the DHSMV.
- has a straight road (versus a curved road)
has light traffic
away from heavy vehicle traffic
in an open or rural area (versus a business area)
large enough to accommodate backup units
visible to officers and oncoming traffic
away from heavy pedestrian traffic
- non-traffic felonies and misdemeanors which can result in suspension or revocation of the offender's driver's license.
- driver's license or state-issued identification card (with picture)
Social Security card (according to agency policy and procedure)
school picture identification
residence card for non-citizens (green card)
- request from dispatch or complete criminal justice database checks using the driver's information.
- is not
- place him or her under arrest and issue another Uniform Traffic Citation for refusal to sign a citation.
- effective for officer safety day or night.
- to "Have a nice day."
- wallet from the driver.
- the nature of the offense, the severity of the circumstances, and agency policy and procedures.
- Periodically, the DHSMV conducts audits of Uniform Traffic Citation books for accountability purposes.
Under no circumstances is it permissible for one law enforcement agency to transfer citations to another law enforcement agency.
When an officer leaves employment with an agency, his or her Uniform Traffic Citation book(s) shall be turned over to his or her immediate supervisor.
Officers are assigned Uniform Traffic Citation books with a preprinted number.
Each Uniform Traffic Citation book contains two receipts that are used for assigning the book to an officer.
Officers must account for each Uniform Traffic Citation assigned to them.
Upon receiving the receipt of each book, the officer should inspect it to ensure that the citations are in correct numeric sequence and that each book contains 25 three-part citations.
It is illegal to "tear up" a citation after it has been issued.
Each law enforcement agency must keep records of and must account for all citations supplied to them.
The DHSMV tracks all Uniform Traffic Citation numbers to ensure integrity in issuing citations.
If a Uniform Traffic Citation is destroyed or lost before the officer gives it to the violator, the officer must document the circumstances of the destruction or loss in the UTC book that he or she was issued.
- compelled to provide documentation, unless other occupants are suspected of a crime or violation.
- legal, feasible, and necessary and meets the agency's criteria for pursuit.
- observation that the vehicle is in violation of F.S. s. 316.221, inoperable tail lamps, for instance.
- locate a safe stopping place.
- in the violator's vehicle or in a designated place within your sight-to make attacking you from behind more difficult.
- stolen property (entire U.S.)
missing juveniles and adults (entire U.S.)
people with outstanding warrants (entire U.S.)
driver's licenses and vehicle registration (entire U.S. and Canada)
- sacrifice avoiding a ticket to not reveal his or her identity.
- when there is a clear violation which is not satisfactorily excused or justified by the situation
when agency policy supports the writing of the citation
- arrestable offenses.
- must decide what, if anything, to do with the vehicle and any passengers per agency policy.
- put their hands outside the windows so they remain visible.
- be removed from the suspect vehicle until the driver is secured.
- the suspect's actions force it.
- obey traffic laws and local ordinances.
- where the driver keeps the documents; doing this will help you predict where the driver's hands will move.
- backup officers should approach the suspect vehicle.
something on his or her right side, including a popped ignition, keys
in the ignition, a weapon, an alcoholic beverage container, and drugs or
- vehicle registration
a driver's license
proof of insurance
- primary officer
- may or may not present law enforcement identification to the officer who pulled them over.
movement and route of the suspect vehicle, activity of the occupants in
the vehicle, and your observations of weapons or contraband.
- one side or the rear of the primary vehicle at a slight angle
suspects are either informed of the charges, arrested, and transported
to the agency or jail, or released if the people stopped are not the
- backup arrives and a safe stopping location is identified.
- call for backup.
- a courteous but commanding presence is the key to effective communication with the vehicle driver.
- issuing a written warning
taking no action
issuing a verbal warning
issuing a citation
making an arrest
- suspected crimes and weapons
the tag number and state
the vehicle's description per agency policy (make, model, color, and special identifiers, such as vehicle damage or bumper stickers)
the vehicle's location and travel direction
the known number and description of occupants
- approach the violator's vehicle or call the driver back to the patrol vehicle to acquire information.
medical assistance for the driver (if necessary) or arrange for a
relative or responsible person to remove the vehicle or have it towed.
moving to a position behind the passenger-side doorpost, walk behind
the vehicle while constantly observing the driver and any passengers.
Use a commanding voice or the PA to verbally direct the driver to walk back to the patrol vehicle.
The officer should assume a safe position, such as behind either the driver's side or passenger's side doorpost, depending on traffic conditions.
As the violator approaches, be observant, especially of the driver's hands, for any signs of aggression or the presence of a weapon.
If the driver is looking at you directly or through a mirror, you may simply motion the driver to come back to the patrol vehicle.
Keep an eye on passing traffic to avoid being struck by a vehicle.
- identify yourself as a law enforcement officer.
- maintain radio contact with dispatch and with responding units.
- knowledge of his or her work zone.
- maintain constant observation of, and a safe distance from, the suspect vehicle based on the vehicle's speed of travel.
- request assistance from other agencies.
- request the location and estimated time of arrival (ETA) of the backup units to keep from waiting in vain.
- identify yourself to the driver as a law enforcement officer, especially if you are not in uniform.
- to the right
information at roll call to locating a possible suspect, confirming a
warrant, contacting and then arresting the suspect, and seizing
evidence-helps lead to a conviction on all charges.
- provide you with more protection.
- make a second attempt to pull the vehicle over.
- backup officer
- should move at the same time using a tactical approach with their weapons pointed at the vehicle at all times.
- correction or clarification.
- keeping yourself safe
properly relaying what you observed
apprehending the suspect
keeping the public safe
stopping the vehicle safely
being able to recognize a suspect vehicle from a BOLO description
- suspect vehicle's passenger
- explain the nature of the offense to someone unfamiliar with the law.
- important role of the primary officer in a high risk traffic stop.
- particular offenses.
- within the cover of the patrol vehicle.
- compare the information on the vehicle registration to the VIN, make, type, and year of the vehicle.
reason for the traffic stop in terms of what you saw the vehicle, not
the driver, doing and request the required documentation.
- use available cover
primary officer should turn on the patrol vehicle's emergency red/blue
lights and the siren to direct the driver of the suspect vehicle to stop
- only report that an officer must complete.
- patrol vehicle
- check the vehicle for hidden passengers.
- important to consider when interacting with the driver or passengers (during a traffic stop).
- The primary officer should pick a stopping location before the actual stop is initiated.
The primary officer may use the Public Address system to give directions to the driver of the suspect vehicle.
The primary officer will coordinate the stopping site once the backup units have arrived.
The primary officer will direct the responding patrol units to positions of backup or control (of driver and occupants) and know what is expected of each position so he or she can provide directions for the group to work safely and effectively as a team.
- removed from the suspect vehicle one by one after each is secured.
- retrieve the keys or remote in order to open the trunk.
- Look, point by point, at each part of the BOLO to compare your observations with the BOLO information.
Identifying information includes driver description, the number of occupants in the vehicle, and the vehicle's direction of travel.
Match identification points, including the observed vehicle's make, model, year, color, and tag number, as well as any damage or special markings (unusual features like neon lights, writing on the windows, or bumper stickers) to help confirm the identification.
If your observations of the vehicle match the BOLO information, notify dispatch that the vehicle or suspect has been located and request backup.
- enough roadway width to accommodate two or more patrol vehicles.
- any offense that requires the mandatory revocation of the driver license.
- turn in a complete circle
- elect (request) a hearing in traffic court
pay a civil penalty
elect to attend and complete a Driver Improvement Course (if eligible)
- weigh the seriousness of the offense, the road, the weather, and traffic conditions.
- court appearance.
- order and keeps the suspects from gaining an advantage.
- primary officer
- no approach
- criminal violation that may result in arrest.
- plus one