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132 True/False questions

  1. Whether or not their perception is accurate, minorities frequently believe that they are unfairly treated by law enforcement officers, particularly with regard to ______.vehicle's description, including its type, make, model, year, color, tag number, and state where the tag was issued.

          

  2. If a trunk lid is unlatched, yourequest another patrol vehicle to help initiate a traffic stop.

          

  3. When backup is used during a traffic stop, the backup officer should approach along the __________ officer's patrol vehicle.exit the patrol vehicle quickly.

          

  4. If a traffic stop escalates, having the patrol car in a(n) __________ position may provide cover from potential skipping rounds shot from the violator's vehicle.offset

          

  5. When initiating a traffic stop, providing complete and accurate information to dispatch allows time for a criminal justice database check on the tag before the __________.officer talks to the driver

          

  6. If a traffic stop occurs at night, the officer shouldchoose a safe parking place for the patrol vehicle from which to monitor vehicle movement and watch for traffic violations.

          

  7. With a more dramatic turn of the nose of the patrol vehicle in either direction, angling __________ to incorporate the offset position (when parking for a traffic stop).officer time to approach the violator's vehicle and assess the situation before the driver reacts.

          

  8. Take special caution when conducting traffic stops in areas where ______ are present, such as school parking lots.exit the patrol vehicle quickly.

          

  9. When initiating a traffic stop, the officer should note thebe signaled.

          

  10. __________ exiting the patrol vehicle (at a traffic stop), check for oncoming traffic in the rear and side-view mirrors.try to pull off onto a level spot or a slight downgrade.

          

  11. When conducting a traffic stop, a silent exit from the patrol vehicle gives theposition to catch up with the violator, initiate the stop, and maintain a safe following distance until the violator pulls over.

          

  12. To make a traffic stop __________, move the patrol vehicle as far to the outside of the driving lane as possible without offsetting its angle position.in the roadway

          

  13. If working in a stationary mode, the officer shouldchoose a safe parking place for the patrol vehicle from which to monitor vehicle movement and watch for traffic violations.

          

  14. When observing a violator's vehicle, you might see atrunk lid during every traffic stop, even if the lid appears closed.

          

  15. Section 316.216, F.S. explains the ______ to use lights and sirens to get the violator's attention during a traffic stop.seeing into the patrol vehicle.

          

  16. Always continue to observeboth the violator's vehicle and its occupants throughout a traffic stop.

          

  17. If an officer has requested backup (during a traffic stop), the backup officers' vehicles should be parked a safe distance ______ the primary patrol vehicle.behind

          

  18. When selecting a safe location for a traffic stop, officers shouldtry to pull off onto a level spot or a slight downgrade.

          

  19. If any occupant attempts to exit the violator's vehicle (during a traffic stop), the officer's discretion and agency policy willdetermine whether the officer should immediately order the subjects back into the vehicle

          

  20. When initiating a traffic stop, the _________ description (glasses, hat, beard, etc.) and any information about passengers should be noted, as well as any vehicle descriptors, such as condition, bumper stickers or decals, dents, or the presence of a toolbox.defensive

          

  21. If you decide to approach the violator's vehicle on the __________ side (during a traffic stop), begin by walking behind the patrol vehicle to avoid crossing in front of the headlights and betraying your locationpassenger's

          

  22. Racially-charged stereotypes, racial jokes, and epithets in your speech __________ the likelihood of insensitive behavior or the perception that you are biased.increase

          

  23. In Mapp v. ________ (1961), the Supreme Court declared that no state can limit the constitutional right of equal protection; every person is entitled to be treated the same under similar circumstances.you must determine the driver's ability to understand you (when making a traffic stop).

          

  24. Except in emergencies in which a traffic stop must immediately be made, choose avehicle's description, including its type, make, model, year, color, tag number, and state where the tag was issued.

          

  25. Because of roadway conditions, traffic, and other environmental factors,each traffic stop is unique.

          

  26. Passing traffic is not the only risk when initiating a traffic stop-stopping a violator in an area populated by his or her __________ may create a volatile and dangerous scene.may need to follow the violator's vehicle for an extended period before help arrives.

          

  27. ______ may dictate priority when an officer is en route to an emergency call but encounters a dangerous, reckless driver that may justify a stop.Agency policy

          

  28. Sometimes due to environmental conditions, roadway obstacles, or agency policy and procedure, the officer may decide to make a traffic stop on the _____ side of the roadway.left

          

  29. If you sense any danger while assessing the violator's vehicle and all occupants (during a traffic stop),request backup.

          

  30. During a traffic stop, one clue of possible danger is if the occupants arenervously watching the officer.

          

  31. Courteous, professional officers may issue hundreds of citations withoutgenerating a citizen complaint, often receiving a verbal "thank you" from the cited motorists.

          

  32. Because language barriers can impede your communication ability,you must determine the driver's ability to understand you (when making a traffic stop).

          

  33. What roadway and traffic conditions may increase the potential for particular traffic violations?roadway conditions that do not allow room to pull over, such as a long bridge

    heavy traffic

    construction

          

  34. Each driver reacts differently to flashing emergency lights used by officers during traffic stops. Some drivers mightobserves an event or reason that merits the stop.

          

  35. A(n) __________ refers to a stop in which the potential risk of the situation is not known.unknown risk traffic stop

          

  36. Upon seeing a violation or other cause for a traffic stop, the officer must decide whether it is necessary, prudent, and ______ to stop the vehicle.safe

          

  37. If you see the occupants of the violator's vehicle acting suspiciously (when initiating a traffic stop), you maydetermine whether the officer should immediately order the subjects back into the vehicle

          

  38. When approaching the violator's vehicle (during a traffic stop), if a situation seems dangerous,request backup and wait for its arrival before taking any further action.

          

  39. Select all of the true statements that apply to making a safe approach to the violator's vehicle on the driver's side (during an unknown risk traffic stop).Touching the rear of the violator's vehicle ensures that the trunk lid/hatch is closed and transfers the officer's fingerprints to the vehicle as evidence of contact.

    At night, only hold a flashlight in your support hand.

    If, when approaching on the violator's side, you see a passenger in the backseat, stop at the back of the rear window and instruct the driver to open the window.

    Stay close to the vehicle, stopping at the back edge of the driver's door.

    Take advantage of light and shadows at night.

    If, when approaching on the violator's side, no one occupies the backseat, remain behind the front passenger's doorpost for cover to take advantage of body armor.

    Standing behind the driver's doorpost gives an officer a position of advantage while maintaining a safe distance when talking with the driver.

    Remain behind the vehicle's doorpost for cover.

    Approach the vehicle cautiously and remain vigilant for dangerous traffic situations.

          

  40. When you signal a driver to stop, you mustbe ready to adjust and react quickly to developments in the situation after the driver stops the vehicle.

          

  41. After making a traffic stop, the officer should be prepared toexit the patrol vehicle quickly.

          

  42. The patrol vehicle's high beam, spotlight, and takedown lights conceal an officer from the violator's view (during a traffic stop) and are important for officer _______.safety and survival

          

  43. Because of past unequal treatment of minorities, most law enforcement agencies across the countrynow require officers to report traffic data, which may include race and gender data on their traffic stops.

          

  44. If immediately stopping a dangerous, reckless driver may endanger you or other motorists,you should not make the stop.

          

  45. Consider requesting an interpreter for aFlorida driver if the language barrier makes it difficult for you to be understood.

          

  46. What are major considerations that you should have when selecting the safest proper location to make a traffic stop?to assist a motorist whose vehicle has mechanical trouble

    to investigate a vehicle or occupant matching a BOLO description

    to assist a motorist who is obviously lost

    to investigate suspicious behavior

          

  47. A well-executed traffic stop should _______ affect normal traffic flow.minimally

          

  48. What are considered unsafe conditions to make a traffic stop?roadway conditions that do not allow room to pull over, such as a long bridge

    heavy traffic

    construction

          

  49. When initiating a traffic stop, the officer should use ________ driving techniques to catch up to the vehicle to be stopped and follow at a safe distance.defensive

          

  50. As a general rule, the patrol vehicle should be positioned __________ car lengths behind the violator's vehicle (when conducting a traffic stop).at all times

          

  51. __________ describes the smaller segment of a population that differs from the majority by one or more characteristics.Before

          

  52. Emergency lights should be used __________.should push it down when he or she approaches a violator's vehicle.

          

  53. What are indications that a license plate may not belong to a vehicle?age of attachment relative to the plate (e.g., Are there shiny, new bolts on a dirty plate?)

    paint or dark film on the license plate

    the presence of dead insects on the tag, suggesting it was the front plate of another vehicle

    expired expiration sticker or sticker that looks like it was removed from another plate

    the way the plate is attached (bolts, wire) may suggest the license plate was removed from another vehicle

          

  54. If needed for a traffic stop, you can use the PA system to verbally direct the violator to move his or her vehicle further to the __________ to improve your safety and minimize the stop's obstruction of traffic.right

          

  55. What are some justifications for conducting a traffic stop?where road conditions could cause other vehicles to hit the patrol vehicle

    on a curve

    close to an exit ramp

    on a ramp

          

  56. Law enforcement work is stressful, but officers sworn to uphold the Constitution and laws must consistentlyheed the laws they enforce.

          

  57. When assisting in a traffic stop, backup officersbe ready to adjust and react quickly to developments in the situation after the driver stops the vehicle.

          

  58. Any suspicious activity by the driver or passengers canbe ready to adjust and react quickly to developments in the situation after the driver stops the vehicle.

          

  59. When initiating a traffic stop, providing complete and accurate information to dispatch is especially important for __________.officer safety

          

  60. A popped trunk lid on a vehicle indicates thatsomeone hammered out the keyhole, allowing entry into the trunk without a key.

          

  61. It is always wrong, __________, to use race, ethnicity, gender, or sexual orientation as the sole basis for stopping a person.both legally and ethically

          

  62. When initiating a traffic stop, all lane changes shouldbe signaled.

          

  63. When watching an intersection for traffic light violators, the officer shouldposition the patrol vehicle where it does not obstruct traffic flow but can enter the roadway quickly and safely to make a necessary stop.

          

  64. When conducting a traffic stop, officer-driver interaction begins when the officerofficer time to approach the violator's vehicle and assess the situation before the driver reacts.

          

  65. After exiting the patrol vehicle (at a traffic stop), securely __________ the vehicle door so it will not blow open and possibly be struck by a passing vehicleposition to catch up with the violator, initiate the stop, and maintain a safe following distance until the violator pulls over.

          

  66. After making a traffic stop, the officer shouldexit the patrol vehicle quickly.

          

  67. When stopped, traffic violators typically react with embarrassment, anger, fear, and __________.be signaled.

          

  68. If other drivers slow down to see what is going on during a traffic stop, this canto assist a motorist whose vehicle has mechanical trouble

    to investigate a vehicle or occupant matching a BOLO description

    to assist a motorist who is obviously lost

    to investigate suspicious behavior

          

  69. During a traffic stop, approach the violator's vehicletrunk lock and trunk lid alignment to determine if someone is possibly in the trunk.

          

  70. During a traffic stop, what practices are involved with continued officer safety when positioning the patrol vehicle?ensuring you are a safe distance from the roadway

    adhering to agency policy and procedure

    offsetting and/or angling the patrol vehicle in relation to the violator's vehicle

    maintaining a safe reactionary distance between the violator's vehicle and the patrol vehicle

          

  71. Before exiting the patrol vehicle (during a traffic stop), the officer shouldassess the violator's vehicle for signs of danger.

          

  72. Once the officer signals a driver to stop, the officer has __________ control over where the driver will stop.vehicle's description, including its type, make, model, year, color, tag number, and state where the tag was issued.

          

  73. Select ALL of the TRUE statements that apply to directing a driver on where to stop during an unknown risk traffic stop.If uncomfortable with the initial stopping place, use the PA system to direct the violator to a safer location.

    A safe distance is staying far enough behind the violator to be able to react to the situation at hand.

    Follow the violator's vehicle at a safe distance.

    As the driver changes lanes, follow smoothly.

    Use safety precautions, such as avoiding traffic lanes, watching for pedestrians, and protecting the violator.

    The officer might say, "Driver, drive into the parking lot ahead" or "Driver, pull your vehicle farther to the right."

    The officer should be firm but respectful.

          

  74. As you gain experience in making traffic stops, your interaction skills will __________.improve

          

  75. When approaching the violator's vehicle (during a traffic stop), do not fix your full attention onany one part of the scene, but rather scan the vehicle and its occupants for suspicious movements.

          

  76. If the patrol vehicle is equipped with __________, activate them during a traffic stop; these are the white lights facing forward on the light bar.determine whether the officer should immediately order the subjects back into the vehicle

          

  77. If a driver ignores flashing emergency lights during a traffic stop, the officer shouldbe prepared to exit the patrol vehicle quickly.

          

  78. After deciding to make a traffic stop, move the patrol vehicle into amust limit their use of emergency lighting that may blind or silhouette the primary officer.

          

  79. A reckless driver who is immediately endangering the lives of other motorists and pedestrians mayjustify a stop, even if stopping means abandoning an earlier call.

          

  80. Upon exiting the patrol vehicle (during a traffic stop),to assist a motorist whose vehicle has mechanical trouble

    to investigate a vehicle or occupant matching a BOLO description

    to assist a motorist who is obviously lost

    to investigate suspicious behavior

          

  81. According to Title 18, Section 242 of the United States Code, anyone who "under color of any law, statute, ordinance, regulation, or custom, willfully subjects any person...to the deprivation of any rights, privileges, or immunities secured or protected by the Constitution or laws...or to different punishments, pains, or penalties, on account of such person being an alien, or by reason of color, or race...shall be fined under this title or imprisoned for no more than one year, or both, and if bodily injury results...shall be fined under this title or imprisoned for no more than 10 years or both...and if death results...shall be fined under this title, or imprisoned for any term of years or for life or both, or may be sentenced to _____."death

          

  82. During the investigation of the Los Angeles Police Department following the ______ case, investigators downloaded hundreds of racially inappropriate messages that were exchanged on mobile data terminals in Los Angeles Police Department cruisers.age of attachment relative to the plate (e.g., Are there shiny, new bolts on a dirty plate?)

    paint or dark film on the license plate

    the presence of dead insects on the tag, suggesting it was the front plate of another vehicle

    expired expiration sticker or sticker that looks like it was removed from another plate

    the way the plate is attached (bolts, wire) may suggest the license plate was removed from another vehicle

          

  83. Weather conditions, school zones, construction zones, and neighborhood activities may all affect traffic flow by slowing drivers and causing _______.congestion

          

  84. An officer may properly focus attention on a person of a particular race or background if the officer hasmay need to follow the violator's vehicle for an extended period before help arrives.

          

  85. If a violator's vehicle appears to be heavily weighed down in the rear, the vehicle could be carryingstolen merchandise, drugs, tools, a person, or a corpse.

          

  86. Suspected violators for suspicion of wrongdoing may be targeted based only on their ______.where road conditions could cause other vehicles to hit the patrol vehicle

    on a curve

    close to an exit ramp

    on a ramp

          

  87. Once the decision has been made to initiate a traffic stop, what information must be provided to dispatch?vehicle tag number and state of issue

    the need for backup or other assistance as required

    a description of the violator's vehicle including color, make, approximate year (newer or late model)

    the number of occupants and descriptions if possible

    the officer's current location, such as the street, plus a cross street or a house number; this is crucial on interstate and divided highways. If the situation escalates and the officer is injured or cannot use the radio, dispatch can pinpoint the officer's location.

    the officer's identification number

    the officer's direction of travel: north, south, east, or west

          

  88. What driver activities should be considered suspicious by an officer viewing the violator's vehicle (before approaching his or her vehicle in a traffic stop)?rigid, wooden posture

    moving towards the floorboard or backseat

    excessive motion that seems beyond natural curiosity

          

  89. The ____ Amendment guarantees every person within the U.S. equal protection under the law.Fourteenth

          

  90. When approaching the violator's vehicle, touch thetrunk lid during every traffic stop, even if the lid appears closed.

          

  91. In an assigned zone, an officer must befamiliar with normal traffic flow, speed limits and where they change, and changes to traffic flow at different times of day.

          

  92. When approaching the violator's vehicle (at a traffic stop), examine the __________ of the vehicle while looking through the __________ window into the rear seat, if possible, noting the number of passengers, position of the rear seat, and the presence of any contraband or potential weapons.request backup and wait for its arrival before taking any further action.

          

  93. After exiting the patrol vehicle (at a traffic stop), the officer shouldclose the door quietly and keep the portable radio just loud enough to hear the radio traffic.

          

  94. When selecting a safe location to conduct a traffic stop, you should check the width of the road and the shoulder to ensure that both you and the violator are far enough off the road so that __________.other vehicles can pass

          

  95. During a traffic stop, the overhead emergency lights should be left activated towarn oncoming traffic.

          

  96. When an officer needs backup to initiate a traffic stop, he or sheclose the door quietly and keep the portable radio just loud enough to hear the radio traffic.

          

  97. If needed,should push it down when he or she approaches a violator's vehicle.

          

  98. Florida is becoming increasingly diverse; it is up to individual officers toavoid giving even the perception of discriminatory profiling in their actions.

          

  99. A traffic stop can be tense, but by conducting a proper and __________ stop, an officer can minimize negative and potentially unsafe results.observes an event or reason that merits the stop.

          

  100. Some agencies require officers to report traffic data, which assists ininvestigating possible allegations of bias-based policing.

          

  101. Select ALL of the TRUE statements that apply to minimizing tension and encouraging cooperation (during a traffic stop).If uncomfortable with the initial stopping place, use the PA system to direct the violator to a safer location.

    A safe distance is staying far enough behind the violator to be able to react to the situation at hand.

    Follow the violator's vehicle at a safe distance.

    As the driver changes lanes, follow smoothly.

    Use safety precautions, such as avoiding traffic lanes, watching for pedestrians, and protecting the violator.

    The officer might say, "Driver, drive into the parking lot ahead" or "Driver, pull your vehicle farther to the right."

    The officer should be firm but respectful.

          

  102. Various laws and court rulings require traffic data from agencies toexit the patrol vehicle quickly.

          

  103. ________ is the general speed and direction of vehicle or pedestrian movement.Traffic flow

          

  104. In less than optimum conditions (construction, sinkhole, city streets as opposed to major highways),it may be necessary to make a traffic stop in a roadway.

          

  105. What are indicators that show a violator's awareness and anticipation of a traffic stop?He or she may suddenly slow down.

    He or she may look into the rear-view mirror and make eye contact with the officer.

    He or she may signal a lane change to pull over

          

  106. Depending on the location of the traffic stop and its environmental conditions,vehicle's description, including its type, make, model, year, color, tag number, and state where the tag was issued.

          

  107. The light bar is one emergency lighting system, along withstrobe, flashers, and other lights.

          

  108. No circumstances justify an officer acting in anunprofessional or discriminatory manner.

          

  109. If the final traffic stop location changes, the officer should _______.update dispatch immediately

          

  110. In all approach situations, an officer shouldexit the patrol vehicle and make use of available cover.

          

  111. During a traffic stop, the violator's vehicle and all occupants should be __________ observed when exiting the patrol vehicle.constantly

          

  112. If the violator stops on the right side of the road (when pulling over for a traffic stop), assume the __________ position in which you align the center of the patrol vehicle's hood with the left taillight of the violator's vehicle.determine whether the officer should immediately order the subjects back into the vehicle

          

  113. Evidence of racial discrimination wasused against the officers involved in the Rodney King case.

          

  114. To ensure the correct vehicle is being stopped when initiating a traffic stop, the officer should __________ observe the vehicle from the time of the violation until the stop is completed.to assist a motorist whose vehicle has mechanical trouble

    to investigate a vehicle or occupant matching a BOLO description

    to assist a motorist who is obviously lost

    to investigate suspicious behavior

          

  115. When conducting a traffic stop, activate the patrol vehicle's __________, unless they interfere with oncoming traffic or restrict your vision by reflecting off the violator's rear bumper or another object.high beams

          

  116. After stopping the violator in a safe location (during a traffic stop), park the patrol vehicle a safe distance __________ the violator's vehicle.behind

          

  117. The officer should initiate a traffic stop in an area that gives the driver a place to stop _______.observe a violation for which a citation may be issued.

          

  118. Vehicles parked far enough off the road (during a traffic stop) prevents ________, especially in a congested area where other drivers may not be able to change lanes to give an officer extra room.crashes

          

  119. During a traffic stop, check thetrunk lock and trunk lid alignment to determine if someone is possibly in the trunk.

          

  120. Where should officers should not make a traffic stop?may need to follow the violator's vehicle for an extended period before help arrives.

          

  121. A traffic stop begins the moment an officeruse spotlights for additional lighting.

          

  122. If a traffic stop occurs on the __________ side of the road, the officer will align the center of the patrol vehicle's hood with the right taillight of the violator's vehicle. The wheels should be turned __________ the road.left/toward

          

  123. Emergency __________ include(s) emergency lights, siren, headlights, PA system, and horn.notification equipment

          

  124. To avoid communication barriers, an officer must consistently exhibit professionalism and remember to do what?Speak clearly.

    Listen carefully and explain fully what is expected and what you are doing.

    Refer the motorist, if necessary, to an appropriate source within the department if unable to answer all questions.

    Take adequate time when speaking.

    Show respect.

    Avoid talking down to anyone or being demeaning.

    Be patient.

          

  125. Officers may stop a vehicle if ________ exists that a crime was, is being, or is about to be committed.left/toward

          

  126. An officer may have to follow a vehicle forsome before initiating a traffic stop.

          

  127. Sometimes a standardized approach or script minimizes officer/violator conflict and can become a habit,ultimately assisting an officer if ever testifying in court about interactions with a violator.

          

  128. The takedown lights on the patrol vehicle illuminate the interior of the violator's vehicle and prevent the driver fromseeing into the patrol vehicle.

          

  129. Officers may conduct a traffic stop if theytrunk lock and trunk lid alignment to determine if someone is possibly in the trunk.

          

  130. Some observers consider bias-based profiling to includeused against the officers involved in the Rodney King case.

          

  131. Begin communicating a traffic stop to the violator, pulling directly behind the violator's vehicle. Once in a safe location to make the stop, turn __________ the emergency equipment.vehicle's description, including its type, make, model, year, color, tag number, and state where the tag was issued.

          

  132. In addition to considering ethnicity, color, national origin, or ancestry, the characteristics of bias-based profiling are often extended to address groups of individuals defined by gender, sexual orientation, religion, age, occupational status, socioeconomic status, or ability to ______.speak English