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348 True/False questions

  1. Failure to firemetal hook-shaped part mounted on the bolt; the hook engages the rim of the cartridge so that when the action is brought to the rear, the ___ removes the shell from the chamber.

          

  2. Lacerationpiece of spring steel mounted on the inside left of the receiver; when the action pulls a shell to the rear, it compresses and then releases the ___ as the bolt goes past it

          

  3. Skeletal systemThe supporting framework for the body, giving it shape and protecting vital organs; attains mobility from the attached muscles and manufactures red blood cells

          

  4. MRSAA type of bacteria that is highly contagious and resistant to certain antibiotics; causes a skin infection that is red, swollen, painful, or warm to the touch; may have purulent drainage or appear to be a spider bite, pimple, or boil

          

  5. Upper Receiver Groupcontains the magazine release, magazine well, trigger housing, and trigger components

          

  6. Advanced directiveDocuments a patient's request to withhold specific medical care

          

  7. ContusionAn injury characterized by a flap of skin, torn or cut, that may not be completely loose from the body

          

  8. Implied consentThe disk-shaped inner lining of the uterus; provides nourishment and oxygen to a fetus

          

  9. Ejection Portopening on the side or bottom of the receiver; spent casings are ejected from it and live rounds are loaded into this port

          

  10. Birth canalThe passage the fetus is pushed through during delivery

          

  11. DiabetesA disease in which the body does not produce or properly use insulin

          

  12. Circulatory systemPumps blood throughout the body; consists of the heart, blood vessels, and blood

          

  13. HandgunA revolver or semiautomatic pistol

          

  14. Some examples of aggressive resistance include the following:• The subject physically anchors himself to a person or object to prevent himself from being removed.
    • The subject braces or pulls away from the officer when the officer grips the subject's arm.
    • The subject attempts to run when the officer touches or attempts to grab the subject's arm or shoulder.

          

  15. Arterial bleedingOccurs when a burning chemical comes into contact with skin

          

  16. Officers are legally permitted to escalate their use of force
    as the
    subject escalates his or her level of resistance

          

  17. Extractormetal hook-shaped part mounted on the bolt; the hook engages the rim of the cartridge so that when the action is brought to the rear, the ___ removes the shell from the chamber.

          

  18. Front Sightportion of the grip that allows the fingers of the shooting hand to rest

          

  19. The Supreme Court has made clear
    that use of force is a seizure under the
    Fourth Amendment

          

  20. Section 776.07, F.S., states:allows access of the firing pin assembly

          

  21. Respiratory pauseThe extended pause between breaths, which is the optimum time to fire the shot(s)

          

  22. HIPPAProtects the rights of patients and restricts the release of patient information

          

  23. Physical controlImportant in the aiming process. Breathing while trying to aim causes the handgun to move vertically along with the rise and fall of your chest

          

  24. Ejection PortOccurs when manmade or natural (lightning) electricity comes into contact with the skin and body, causing the skin or internal organs to burn

          

  25. apexThe metal, plastic, or paper container that holds all parts of a round of ammunition: primer, powder charge, and bullet

          

  26. Sight alignmentThe relationship of the front sight and rear sight with the shooter's eye

          

  27. Multiple casualty incidentAn incident that involves more than one victim

          

  28. DNR DNRODo Not Resuscitate or Do Not Resuscitate Order; documents the terminally or chronically ill patient's wish to refuse resuscitation

          

  29. Slide Cover Plateallows access of the firing pin assembly

          

  30. FrameA type of bacteria that is highly contagious and resistant to certain antibiotics; causes a skin infection that is red, swollen, painful, or warm to the touch; may have purulent drainage or appear to be a spider bite, pimple, or boil

          

  31. Cardiac musclesThe muscles in the heart that constantly work to expand and contract it

          

  32. decreasing radiusis a turn that gets TIGHTER during the turn much like a circle getting smaller

          

  33. stretching generally begins at theType of open chest injury in which air and/or blood escapes into the area surrounding the lungs, creating a change in the pressure in the chest cavity

          

  34. Triggeractivates the revolver's operation in both single and double action

          

  35. Front Sightlocated on the slide's front; used to bring the firearm into alignment for accuracy

          

  36. Emergency medical technicianA relocation performed when a patient is in immediate danger or when the patient's location prevents providing care to him or her or another patient

          

  37. Shell Latches (stops)locks the cylinder

          

  38. Slideresults when the wheels LOCK and do not TURN while the vehicle is moving. rolling friction and traction are lost.

          

  39. eye-targetingoptical driving is looking in the desired direction of travel to avoid an obstacle and steering in that direction

          

  40. CPRThe metal, plastic, or paper container that holds all parts of a round of ammunition: primer, powder charge, and bullet

          

  41. The three types of vehicular motions:Procedures designed to prevent transmission of HIV, hepatitis B virus, and other blood-borne pathogens

          

  42. Hammer Spurpart of the hammer used for cocking the weapon to single-action mode

          

  43. Force Guidelinesescalation, de-escalation, disengagement

          

  44. Muzzle Barrelprovides a path for the fired bullet and is chambered to hold the cartridge

          

  45. pitchpart of the hammer or frame that protrudes through the frame and strikes the primer (internal part)

          

  46. Take Down PinsA weapon malfunction that occurs when a round is in the chamber and the action is closed

          

  47. Good Samaritan ActProtects physicians who render emergency care from civil suits; Florida's Good Samaritan Act also protects first aid providers

          

  48. Heart attackMarkings found on the head of ammunition that indicate the caliber or gauge and identify the manufacturer

          

  49. the vehicle's position in relation to the curve defines theand the risk of physical harm posed to the officer or others.

          

  50. STDShotgun: The only part not found in any other center fire cartridge; this is used to seal/confine gases; can be made of plastic or compressed cardboard

          

  51. Pinpart of the hammer or frame that protrudes through the frame and strikes the primer (internal part)

          

  52. CervixThe neck of the uterus; contains a mucus plug

          

  53. yawpart of a revolver that turns the cylinder as the gun is cocked, thus aligning a cartridge with the hammer or firing pin (internal part)

          

  54. Deadly force does not necessarily mean that someone died from the force used. It can cause greatA subject refuses to drop a knife when ordered to by the officer and moves toward the officer.
    • A subject shoots or points a gun at an officer or other person.
    • A subject tries to use a vehicle to run down an officer.

          

  55. Command presence and verbal communicationoften will defuse many volatile situations.

          

  56. Some examples of active resistance include the following:is a subject's verbal and/or physical refusal to comply with an officer's lawful direction
    causing the officer to use physical techniques to establish control.

          

  57. Shelf liferesults from loss of both rolling friction and traction. the wheels still rotate, but they do not control the vehicle's movement.

          

  58. Courts recognize that criminal justice officers must make split-second judgments about the
    amount of force needed in a particular situation under circumstances that are tense
    Network of trained professionals linked to provide advanced, out-of-hospital care for victims of a sudden traumatic injury or illness

          

  59. Passive resistanceis a subject's verbal and/or physical refusal to comply with an officer's lawful direction
    causing the officer to use physical techniques to establish control.

          

  60. AsthmaResults from the narrowing of airway passages, causing breathing difficulties

          

  61. Breath controlstar-shaped device attached to the extractor rod that fits inside the cylinder that the rounds rest on (internal part)

          

  62. apex techniqueis how the vehicle is steered in relation to a curve's apex while maintaining your lane

          

  63. Hepatitis C virusThe most common chronic bloodborne infection; primarily transmitted through direct contact with human blood, from sharing needles or drug paraphernalia, or from an infected mother delivering her baby

          

  64. Sling Swivelsmetal loops affixed to the rifle/carbine to which a carrying strap attaches

          

  65. Frameholds the internal parts, as well as the slide assembly, and provides a way to grip the pistol

          

  66. BruisingSoft tissue that is raised when blood or other body fluids pool beneath the skin at the injury site

          

  67. Physical force includes (3)physical control, the use of nonlethal weapons, and deadly force.

          

  68. StockResults from the narrowing of airway passages, causing breathing difficulties

          

  69. Stabilityaffects the degree of pitch,roll, and yaw that a vehicle experiences

          

  70. centripetal force(tire traction) is the force that is necessary to keep a vehicle moving in a curved path and is directed INWARD toward the center of rotation

          

  71. Closed chest injuryA cylinder that does not rotate

          

  72. Anaphylaxispart of the hammer or frame that protrudes through the frame and strikes the primer (internal part)

          

  73. Rear Sightthe distance from the center of a circle to the outside of the circle. A turn or curve is a portion of a circle.

          

  74. ABCsAirway, breathing, and circulation; assessment begins with ABCs

          

  75. ConcealmentA closed injury that is discolored and painful at the injury site

          

  76. PMSPounds per square INCH

          

  77. UterusThe organ that holds the developing fetus

          

  78. Emergency medical services systemControls voluntary and involuntary body activity, supports higher mental functions such as thought and emotion, allows the individual to be aware of and react to the environment, and keeps the rest of the body's systems working together

          

  79. Umbilical cordConnects the fetus and the mother; provides nourishment to the fetus

          

  80. AVPUtop corner of the butt

          

  81. HypothermiaThe neck of the uterus; contains a mucus plug

          

  82. Emergency moveholds the internal parts, as well as the slide assembly, and provides a way to grip the pistol

          

  83. Involuntary musclesA fracture where the skin at the injury site is broken, and the bone may protrude through the skin

          

  84. HammerThe measurement used to identify different cartridge (projectile) sizes

          

  85. Grip"small of the stock," just behind the receiver; the shooter uses the ___ and his or her shooting hand for control when firing or carrying it

          

  86. SkinBloodborne virus that attacks the immune system and causes AIDS; transmission occurs primarily during sexual contact with an infected individual, when intravenous drug users share contaminated needles, from infected mother to unborn child, and from contact with blood, certain body fluids, and tissue from an infected individual

          

  87. NegligenceFailure to use due or reasonable care in a situation, resulting in harm to another (Legal); failure to exercise the standard of care that a reasonably prudent person would have exercised in a similar situation; conduct that falls below the legal standard established to protect others against unreasonable risk of harm, except for conduct that is intentionally, wantonly, or willfully disregardful of other's rights

          

  88. Front StrapA localized injury from overexposure to cold

          

  89. Immobilization Technique (PIT)An open wound where organs protrude from the abdominal cavity

          

  90. EscalationAn open wound where the organs protrude

          

  91. ExpulsionAn injury characterized by a flap of skin, torn or cut, that may not be completely loose from the body

          

  92. AvulsionAirtight

          

  93. MalfunctionA condition that prevents a weapon from operating normally

          

  94. wheel trackingis an occurrence that causes the rear wheels to follow a TIghter path than the path the front wheels traveled in a turn

          

  95. Chemical burnis decreasing the use of force or resistance.

          

  96. Much litigation against criminal justice officers is not about the amount of force used,uncertain, and rapidly evolving

          

  97. Firing Pinlocated on the end of the barrel near the muzzle; it is designed for the swift location of the target and for bringing the firearm into alignment for accuracy

          

  98. stretch until you feel mild tomoderate tension

          

  99. increasing radiusAn obvious discoloration (black and blue) of the soft tissue at the injury site

          

  100. Boltcylindrical steel part containing the firing pin and extractor, which closes the breech end of the barrel for firing

          

  101. power slideis an active attempt by an officer, driving an authorized emergency vehicle (emergency equipment activated), to aprehend occupants of a moving vehicle if the offender increases vehicle speed, takes other evasive action, or refuses to stop in an apparent attampt to avoid apprehenssion.

          

  102. Back StrapAn open wound in soft tissue

          

  103. drive tiresThe first stage of labor; begins with the initial contraction and continues until the fetus enters the birth canal

          

  104. CrimpShotgun only: The part of the case mouth that bends inward to grip the bullet; with shotgun shells, the term applies to the closure at the case mouth

          

  105. Loading Portbottom opening on the receiver that live rounds are fed into or removed from the magazine tube

          

  106. Some examples of deadly force resistance include the following:roll, yaw, pitch

          

  107. Personal protective equipmentItems that protect individuals from harmful substances, infections, or other people; includes eye protection, gloves, shields, and biohazard bags

          

  108. HIVBloodborne virus that attacks the immune system and causes AIDS; transmission occurs primarily during sexual contact with an infected individual, when intravenous drug users share contaminated needles, from infected mother to unborn child, and from contact with blood, certain body fluids, and tissue from an infected individual

          

  109. HyperthermiaOccurs when the body cannot recover from fluid loss

          

  110. Magazine Caphousing for the magazine (internal part)

          

  111. MagazineA measurement of shotgun bores derived from the number of bore-sized balls of lead per pound

          

  112. Closed fractureA fracture in which the skin at the injury site remains intact

          

  113. HematomaProtects the rights of patients and restricts the release of patient information

          

  114. Safetyblocks the hammer from striking the firing pin; prevents firing (located on the left side of the weapon)

          

  115. Receiveris the result of the friction a vehicle's tires create on the ROAD SURFACE

          

  116. STARTInfection transmitted through sexual contact; among the most common infectious diseases

          

  117. Barrelis the center point of ANY CURVE

          

  118. Airborne diseaseAny infection spread from person to person through the air; caused by breathing in microscopic, disease-bearing organisms called pathogens

          

  119. Sight pictureThe posture a shooter assumes while firing a shot

          

  120. SAMPLESigns and symptoms, allergies, medications, past history, last oral intake, events; method to help an officer acquire information useful in determining causes of injury or illness

          

  121. a cool down after physical activityA severe allergic reaction in which air passages swell and restrict breathing; caused by insect bites or stings, pollen, medications, foods, chemicals, or other substances

          

  122. Electrical burnOccurs when a burning chemical comes into contact with skin

          

  123. Point shootingA technique used when a shooter cannot use the sights on the weapon or he or she has no time to align the sight properly; the firearm is viewed as an extension of the arm and pointed at the target

          

  124. Magazine Releasepermits removal of the magazine from the firearm

          

  125. Hammer Nosepart of the hammer or frame that protrudes through the frame and strikes the primer (internal part)

          

  126. CyanosisChanges in circulation causing the lips, palms, and nail beds to turn blue

          

  127. rolloccurs when TURNING! this shifts the vehicle's weight from side to side.

          

  128. Defensive TacticsIngests and digests food and nutrients; includes the stomach, pancreas, liver, gallbladder, and small and large intestines

          

  129. Open chest injuryAn injury that occurs when penetration opens the chest area

          

  130. Trigger Grouppart of the frame that protects the trigger

          

  131. Support handattaches the cylinder to the frame so the cylinder can swing in and out of the frame opening; Colt uses the term crane; Smith & Wesson uses the term YOKE (internal part)

          

  132. Double feedA weapon malfunction which is caused by a failure to extract the round in the chamber and a new round being fed from the magazine well

          

  133. centrifugal forceis the force enacted on a vehicle moving in a curved path that acts OUTWARD away from the center rotation

          

  134. ShotShotgun: spherical pellets of various sizes, usually made of lead

          

  135. carbohydrateprovides energy needed by the brain, nervous system, red blood cells, and other cells
    SOURCES: breads, cereal grains, pasta, rice, fruit, vegetables, milk, sugar

          

  136. TriggerPropellant used in most firearms; produces a large volume of gas when ignited

          

  137. Receiverholds the trigger group and bolt assembly

          

  138. The CMS criminal justice defensive tactics course providesrunning in place, jumping jacks, push ups, or any calisthenics exercises that last for 5-7 minutes.

          

  139. Bolt Carrierslightly rounded steel part that blocks the loading port; catches rounds released from the magazine and raises them into alignment with the chamber

          

  140. Fracturepiece of spring steel mounted on the inside left of the receiver; when the action pulls a shell to the rear, it compresses and then releases the ___ as the bolt goes past it

          

  141. Section 944.35, F.S. provides:pushes the slide forward

          

  142. AIDSIncident Command System

          

  143. Universal precautionsis the result of the friction a vehicle's tires create on the ROAD SURFACE

          

  144. DislocationAn injury occurring when the end of a bone comes out of its socket at the joint

          

  145. CoverCardiopulmonary resuscitation

          

  146. heart diseaseThe excessive cooling of the body's core temperature

          

  147. Cylinder Release Latch(tire traction) is the force that is necessary to keep a vehicle moving in a curved path and is directed INWARD toward the center of rotation

          

  148. incipient spinoccurs just before the drive tires lose traction during ACCELERATION

          

  149. Amniotic sacThe bag of fluid surrounding the fetus

          

  150. Buttthe end of the stock

          

  151. Level of consciousnessAn injury characterized by a flap of skin, torn or cut, that may not be completely loose from the body

          

  152. 3 force levelsescalation, de-escalation, disengagement

          

  153. Triggerholds the internal parts, as well as the slide assembly, and provides a way to grip the pistol

          

  154. Buffer / Buffer Springenables the bolt to return after firing (internal part)

          

  155. PowderA measurement of shotgun bores derived from the number of bore-sized balls of lead per pound

          

  156. HeadstampMarkings found on the head of ammunition that indicate the caliber or gauge and identify the manufacturer

          

  157. Respiratory systemDelivers oxygen to and removes carbon dioxide from the blood

          

  158. objective reasonablenessto describe the process for
    evaluating the appropriateness of an officer's response to a subject's resistance.

          

  159. Thermal burnFirst-degree burn that damages the first layer of skin; becomes red and feels very painful

          

  160. Recoil Springon a Smith & Wesson revolver, it is the spring-loaded part that holds the cylinder closed

          

  161. LaborThe measurement used to identify different cartridge (projectile) sizes

          

  162. Double action onlyopening that permits the shell to exit the weapon (internal part)

          

  163. USDOTUnited States Department of Transportation

          

  164. peripheral visionability to see above, below and to the sides (a person who is in a stationary vehicle and who has good peripheral vision can see about 180 degrees from side to side)

          

  165. To determine if an officer's actions were objectively reasonablethe courts
    look at the facts and circumstances the officer knew when the incident occurred.

          

  166. PlacentalThe third stage of labor during which the placenta separates from the uterine wall and moves through the birth canal for delivery

          

  167. Rimmade of wood, plastic, or rubber; designed to allow the shooter to grip the firearm easily for control

          

  168. Forestock / Hand GuardThe failure of an officer to act or failure to act appropriately

          

  169. Thumb Restsupports the cartridge at rest and during firing (internal part)

          

  170. a warm up session elevates theheart rate and increases blood circulation to the muscle, which saturates the muscles with oxygen. this helps the body prepare itself for the physical activity.

          

  171. Breach of dutyThe failure of an officer to act or failure to act appropriately

          

  172. stretching usually begins with a warm up such astop of the body and moves down to the bottom, vice versa.

          

  173. resistance levels (4)Passive resistance
    active resistance
    aggressive resistance
    deadly force resistance

          

  174. Barricade positionA position behind cover

          

  175. defensive tactics is a physical endeavor, students should change their daily habits, students should eat anutritious diet, get adequate rest, and stay sufficiently hydrated to maximize the benefit of this training

          

  176. Center Pinon a Smith & Wesson revolver, it is the spring-loaded part that holds the cylinder closed

          

  177. fitness, strength, agility, balance and flexibility are vital to the development ofdefensive tactics

          

  178. Buttrear area of the stock that the shooter mounts against the shoulder for firing; normally covered with a metal or plastic ___ plate or a recoil pad

          

  179. Hepatitis A virusA highly infectious disease spread by person-to-person contact, generally through fecal contamination or oral ingestion

          

  180. Appropriate forceis the force enacted on a vehicle moving in a curved path that acts OUTWARD away from the center rotation

          

  181. Central nervous systemControls voluntary and involuntary body activity, supports higher mental functions such as thought and emotion, allows the individual to be aware of and react to the environment, and keeps the rest of the body's systems working together

          

  182. Slide Stop Leverdevice that locks the slide in the open position

          

  183. roadblockis the use of vehicles, barricades, cones or other objects to block traffic flow COMPLETELY.

          

  184. Extractorgrips and pulls the shell from the chamber

          

  185. Tactical loadTechnique used to reload in a tactical situation

          

  186. constant radiusis a turn that remains the SAME throughout, getting neither wider nor smaller. EX: 90 degree turn at an intersection.

          

  187. Partial thickness burnSecond-degree burn that damages the first two skin layers, which blister and feel very painful

          

  188. Trigger Guardpart of the frame that protects the trigger

          

  189. Correctional officers must also consider that use of force may violate theEighth Amendment's prohibition against
    cruel and unusual punishment.

          

  190. Correctional officers have full-time authority over inmates due to theinmates' adjudication and suspension
    of civil rights.

          

  191. Top Strappart of the frame that houses the rear sight, positioned over cylinder

          

  192. safely negotiating a tight turn requiresType of open chest injury in which air and/or blood escapes into the area surrounding the lungs, creating a change in the pressure in the chest cavity

          

  193. anti-lock braking system (ABS)is now standard equipment on LATE MODEL vehicles. this type of motor vehicle braking system electronically monitors and controls each of the wheels during braking to keep them from LOCKING

          

  194. proteinPounds per square INCH

          

  195. sights (front and rear)The relationship of the front sight and rear sight with the shooter's eye

          

  196. Muzzle Flash Suppressorattachment on the barrel's forward end that reduces the flash as burning powder escapes when the bullet exits the barrel

          

  197. under steeris the tendency of a vehicle to turn LESS sharply than the dricer intends.

          

  198. Officers should try to resolve a situation with thestretching exercises

          

  199. Deadly force resistanceA pistol in which the hammer must be manually cocked and the first round fires double action but the subsequent rounds fire single action

          

  200. Deadly forceis when the vehicle is steered so it is CLOSEST to the INSIDE of the curve BEFORE reaching the apex

          

  201. Extractorstar-shaped device attached to the extractor rod that fits inside the cylinder that the rounds rest on (internal part)

          

  202. fatprovides energy and essential fatty acids; carries other fat-soluble nutrients (vitamins); is part of cell membranes, membranes around nerves, hormones, bile
    SOURCES: meat, poultry, fish, milk and milk products, nuts and seeds, oils, butter, margarine, salad dressing

          

  203. StockFailure of the heart and blood vessels (circulatory system) to maintain enough oxygen-rich blood flowing to the vital organs of the body

          

  204. Late apexis when the vehicle steered so it PASSES closest to the inside of the curve AFTER reaching the apex

          

  205. flexibility reduces the risk ofA closed chest injury that occurs when two or more adjacent ribs are fractured in two or more places and become free floating

          

  206. PlacentaThe disk-shaped inner lining of the uterus; provides nourishment and oxygen to a fetus

          

  207. Barrelprovides a path for the fired bullet; its chamber holds the cartridge

          

  208. HeelBloodborne virus that attacks the immune system and causes AIDS; transmission occurs primarily during sexual contact with an infected individual, when intravenous drug users share contaminated needles, from infected mother to unborn child, and from contact with blood, certain body fluids, and tissue from an infected individual

          

  209. the higher the vehicle's center GRAVITY the loiwer itsIncludes nerves that connect to the spinal cord and branch out to every other part of the body; serves as a two-way communication system

          

  210. Superficial burnFirst-degree burn that damages the first layer of skin; becomes red and feels very painful

          

  211. Some examples of passive resistance include the following:mechanical device that, when activated, releases the slide

          

  212. Venous bleedingBleeding where dark red blood flows steadily from a wound, indicating a severed or damaged vein

          

  213. StrokeDamage to part of the brain due to the rupture or blockage of a blood vessel

          

  214. skidresults when the wheels LOCK and do not TURN while the vehicle is moving. rolling friction and traction are lost.

          

  215. Chambersupports the cartridge at rest and during firing (internal part)

          

  216. Frostbiteis the result of the friction a vehicle's tires create on the ROAD SURFACE

          

  217. Informed consentSingle, hollow lead bullet that weighs from 7/8 to 1 1/8 ounce; is .72 caliber and penetrates most materials but not solid steel

          

  218. CaseThe metal, plastic, or paper container that holds all parts of a round of ammunition: primer, powder charge, and bullet

          

  219. AbrasionAn open wound caused by scraping, shearing away, or rubbing the outermost skin layerv

          

  220. Voluntary musclesThe supporting framework for the body, giving it shape and protecting vital organs; attains mobility from the attached muscles and manufactures red blood cells

          

  221. Handpart of a revolver that turns the cylinder as the gun is cocked, thus aligning a cartridge with the hammer or firing pin (internal part)

          

  222. begin and end each session withA closed chest injury that occurs when two or more adjacent ribs are fractured in two or more places and become free floating

          

  223. Trigger Safetyallows the trigger to move when pressed

          

  224. radiusAirway, breathing, and circulation; assessment begins with ABCs

          

  225. depth perceptionability to judge DISTANCE and percieve space to determine how far away an object is

          

  226. CDCCenter for Disease Control & Prevention

          

  227. InsulinThe hormone needed to convert sugar, starches, and other food into energy needed for daily life

          

  228. GaugeThe metal, plastic, or paper container that holds all parts of a round of ammunition: primer, powder charge, and bullet

          

  229. Bulletcylindrical steel part containing the firing pin and extractor, which closes the breech end of the barrel for firing

          

  230. CraneShotgun: The only part not found in any other center fire cartridge; this is used to seal/confine gases; can be made of plastic or compressed cardboard

          

  231. Under certain circumstances, disengagement may be the best tactical option, for example,are necessary for optimal performance in defensive tactics training.

          

  232. Escalation, de-escalation, and disengagement are important concepts in making• The subject physically anchors himself to a person or object to prevent himself from being removed.
    • The subject braces or pulls away from the officer when the officer grips the subject's arm.
    • The subject attempts to run when the officer touches or attempts to grab the subject's arm or shoulder.

          

  233. Slide Release (Action)mechanical device that, when activated, releases the slide

          

  234. caster effectpart of the hammer or frame that protrudes through the frame and strikes the primer (internal part)

          

  235. Double aught buckshotability to see clearly in DARKNESS

          

  236. pursuitis an active attempt by an officer, driving an authorized emergency vehicle (emergency equipment activated), to aprehend occupants of a moving vehicle if the offender increases vehicle speed, takes other evasive action, or refuses to stop in an apparent attampt to avoid apprehenssion.

          

  237. Failure to ejectStovepipe: a weapon malfunction that occurs when a fired round does not completely eject

          

  238. slideresults from loss of both rolling friction and traction. the wheels still rotate, but they do not control the vehicle's movement.

          

  239. Rear SightMarkings found on the head of ammunition that indicate the caliber or gauge and identify the manufacturer

          

  240. BirdshotNormally used for bird hunting or practice; this shell has a load of small diameter lead or steel shot pellets; used for training purposes

          

  241. Recoil Guidedirects the recoil spring

          

  242. Amputationrear area of the stock that the shooter mounts against the shoulder for firing; normally covered with a metal or plastic ___ plate or a recoil pad

          

  243. Combstock's top edge where the shooter's cheek rests

          

  244. over steeringpart of the frame that houses the rear sight, positioned over cylinder

          

  245. AEDAutomated external defibrillator

          

  246. defensive tactics are based on a combination ofmartial arts, wrestling, and boxing.

          

  247. Charging Handlemade of polymer designed to allow the shooter to easily grip and control the weapon

          

  248. DisengagementA method of triage that assesses a large number of victims rapidly using personnel with limited medical training

          

  249. Magazine Floor Platebase of the magazine

          

  250. Squib loada butt plate, usually rubber, that reduces the effect of the shotgun's recoil or "kick"

          

  251. RoundComplete ammunition cartridge that contains all parts of ammunition; a military term meaning one single cartridge

          

  252. All the stretches she be held forBright red blood spurting from a wound, indicating a severed or damaged artery

          

  253. Triggerholds the internal parts, as well as the slide assembly, and provides a way to grip the pistol

          

  254. Medic alertA bracelet, necklace, or card that alerts medical personnel to a specific medical condition

          

  255. Magazine Wellhousing for the magazine (internal part)

          

  256. Early apexis when the vehicle is steered so it is CLOSEST to the INSIDE of the curve BEFORE reaching the apex

          

  257. Duty to actThe duty to take some action to prevent harm to another and for the failure of which an officer may be liable depending on the relationship of the parties and the circumstances

          

  258. Toethe bottom part of the butt

          

  259. Cylinder Stopis when the vehicle steered closest to the MIDDLE of the curve

          

  260. Digestive systemGives the body shape, protects internal organs, and provides body movement

          

  261. Lower Receiver Groupsection consisting of the trigger, trigger springs, safety, and all firing mechanism parts

          

  262. Recovery positionA position where the patient is rolled over (preferably onto the left side) with knees slightly bent; helps maintain an open airway if the patient vomits and may prevent positional asphyxia

          

  263. Magazine TubeA condition that prevents a weapon from operating normally

          

  264. The officer's choices are determined by the subject's actionsand the risk of physical harm posed to the officer or others.

          

  265. Full thickness burnOccurs when a burning chemical comes into contact with skin

          

  266. FemurThighbone; the longest and strongest bone in the human body

          

  267. Open fractureThe relationship between the eye, front sight, rear sight, and target

          

  268. Duty lifeThe recommended time that ammunition can be expected to be reliable

          

  269. Tractionmetal hook-shaped part mounted on the bolt; the hook engages the rim of the cartridge so that when the action is brought to the rear, the ___ removes the shell from the chamber.

          

  270. Inhalation burnis increasing the use of force or resistance

          

  271. DilationAn open wound in soft tissue

          

  272. cardiovascular trainingis any exercise the elevates the HEART RATE to a range between 60 to 85 percent of the maximum rate

          

  273. Double singleA pistol in which the hammer must be manually cocked and the first round fires double action but the subsequent rounds fire single action

          

  274. Boltcontains the firing pin, spring, and extractor (internal part)

          

  275. De-escalationis decreasing the use of force or resistance.

          

  276. Ejectorpiece of spring steel mounted on the inside left of the receiver; when the action pulls a shell to the rear, it compresses and then releases the ___ as the bolt goes past it

          

  277. Peripheral nervous systemIncludes nerves that connect to the spinal cord and branch out to every other part of the body; serves as a two-way communication system

          

  278. Failure to extractprovides space for lighting and sighting devices

          

  279. Bolt Lock Leverholds the bolt to the rear when the charging handle is pulled to the rear and the lower portion is depressed; releases the bolt when the upper portion is depressed

          

  280. a nutritious diet and an adequate intake of waterNetwork of trained professionals linked to provide advanced, out-of-hospital care for victims of a sudden traumatic injury or illness

          

  281. ICSIncident Command System

          

  282. Shell Carrierhouses the extractor rod and contains the chambers that hold the cartridges

          

  283. color visionability to distinguish COLORS

          

  284. Rear Sightlocated on the rear of the frame; it can be adjustable or fixed

          

  285. StanceComplete ammunition cartridge that contains all parts of ammunition; a military term meaning one single cartridge

          

  286. the role of defensive tactics in LEO and corrections is to assist the officer inmartial arts, wrestling, and boxing.

          

  287. Abdominal eviscerationAn open wound in soft tissue

          

  288. CaliberThe measurement used to identify different cartridge (projectile) sizes

          

  289. Active resistanceis a subject's use of physically evasive movements directed toward the officer such as bracing,
    tensing, pushing, or pulling to prevent the officer from establishing control over the subject.

          

  290. Expressed consentThe second stage of labor; the fetus moves through the birth canal and is delivered

          

  291. Aggressive resistanceis a turn that gets WIDER during the turn much like a circle getting larger

          

  292. Frozen cylinderA cylinder that does not rotate

          

  293. Trigger controlResults when the trigger finger pulls the trigger straight back with increasing yet constant and steady pressure until the firearm discharges

          

  294. Flail chestoccurs during acceleration or braking and causes the transfer of a vehicle's weight from FRONT TO REAR or REAR TO FRONT

          

  295. Grip Panel"small of the stock," just behind the receiver; the shooter uses the ___ and his or her shooting hand for control when firing or carrying it

          

  296. A nonlethal weaponis a weapon that is not fundamentally designed to cause death or great bodily harm.
    Some examples of nonlethal weapons include electronic control devices (ECD), dart-firing stun guns such as
    a TASER®, expandable batons, flashlights, and chemical agent sprays.

          

  297. TriageIncident Command System

          

  298. Follow throughThe excessive cooling of the body's core temperature

          

  299. Extractor Rodstar-shaped device attached to the extractor rod that fits inside the cylinder that the rounds rest on (internal part)

          

  300. Complianceis the verbal and/or physical yielding to an officer's authority without
    apparent threat of resistance or violence

          

  301. Muscular systemPumps blood throughout the body; consists of the heart, blood vessels, and blood

          

  302. AbandonmentThe relinquishing of a right or interest with the intention of never again claiming it

          

  303. Hepatitis B virusTechnique used to reload in a tactical situation

          

  304. SwellingSoft tissue that is raised when blood or other body fluids pool beneath the skin at the injury site

          

  305. Backstraplong cylinder-shaped tube through which the projectile travels from the chamber

          

  306. Front Sight (Bead Sight)bead or raised post on the front of the barrel used to bring the firearm into alignment for accuracy

          

  307. Shooting handa butt plate, usually rubber, that reduces the effect of the shotgun's recoil or "kick"

          

  308. cardiovascular exercise includesDocuments a patient's request to withhold specific medical care

          

  309. Slide Lockdevice that allows quick and simple field stripping of the pistol

          

  310. section 776.05 Florida Statue addresses the issue of an officer using force to make an arrestA law enforcement officer, or any person whom the officer has summoned or
    directed to assist him or her, need not retreat or desist from efforts to make a
    lawful arrest because of resistance—or threatened resistance to the arrest. The
    officer is justified in the use of any force:
    (1) Which he or she reasonably believes to be necessary to defend himself or
    herself or another from bodily harm while making the arrest;
    (2) When necessarily committed in retaking felons who have escaped; or
    (3) When necessarily committed in arresting felons fleeing from justice.
    However, this subsection shall not constitute a defense in any civil action
    for damages brought for the wrongful use of deadly force unless the use of
    deadly force was necessary to prevent the arrest from being defeated by
    such flight and, when feasible, some warning had been given, and:
    (a) The officer reasonably believes that the fleeing felon poses a threat of
    death or serious physical harm to the officer or others; or
    (b) The officer reasonably believes that the fleeing felon has committed
    a crime involving the infliction or threatened infliction of serious
    physical harm to another person

          

  311. OcclusiveAirtight

          

  312. Barrellong cylinder-shaped tube through which the projectile travels from the chamber

          

  313. Ejectorexpels the shell from the ejection port (internal part of the bolt)

          

  314. Center apexlocks the cylinder

          

  315. acuitysharpness of vision

          

  316. Stacked feedmechanical device that prevents a shooter from pulling the trigger and discharging the shotgun

          

  317. counter steeringturn the vehicle's front tires in the direction you want to go.

          

  318. A law enforcement officer's authority to use force is established by the officer's reasonable belief
    that a crime has been,
    injuries

          

  319. Nervous systemControls voluntary and involuntary body activity, supports higher mental functions such as thought and emotion, allows the individual to be aware of and react to the environment, and keeps the rest of the body's systems working together

          

  320. PrimerSmall metal cup containing the detonating mixture used to ignite the propellant or powder charge

          

  321. Body substance isolationControlling infection by separating patients from each other; includes two basic behaviors: the use of medical PPE and personal behaviors that reduce risk

          

  322. TBrear area of the stock that the shooter mounts against the shoulder for firing; normally covered with a metal or plastic ___ plate or a recoil pad

          

  323. Sucking chest injuryA closed chest injury that occurs when two or more adjacent ribs are fractured in two or more places and become free floating

          

  324. Carbon monoxideA closed injury that is discolored and painful at the injury site

          

  325. Chapter (776) FORCEgoverns all use of force by criminal justice officers. even though the statue refers to "law enforcement" officers, the legal guidelines regarding use of force apply equally to corrections and correctional probation officers. the statue identifies two general areas in which an officer's use force is justified; to apprehend a subject and make an arrest, or to defend self or others.

          

  326. Recoil Paddirects the recoil spring

          

  327. Fore-end (Slide)houses the firing pin, safety, drop safety, sights, and extractor

          

  328. Once the officer achieves control or compliance,he or she must de-escalate the use of force

          

  329. cylinderhouses the extractor rod and contains the chambers that hold the cartridges

          

  330. night visionability to distinguish COLORS

          

  331. Accessory RailAn open wound caused by scraping, shearing away, or rubbing the outermost skin layerv

          

  332. PSIBloodborne virus that attacks the immune system and causes AIDS; transmission occurs primarily during sexual contact with an infected individual, when intravenous drug users share contaminated needles, from infected mother to unborn child, and from contact with blood, certain body fluids, and tissue from an infected individual

          

  333. Rifled slugSingle, hollow lead bullet that weighs from 7/8 to 1 1/8 ounce; is .72 caliber and penetrates most materials but not solid steel

          

  334. Gripholds the internal parts, as well as the slide assembly, and provides a way to grip the pistol

          

  335. Puncture woundThe result of driving a sharp or blunt, pointed object into soft tissue

          

  336. EviscerationThe gross removal of an appendage, complete or incomplete

          

  337. Section 776.06, F.S. states:(1) The term "deadly force" means force that is likely to cause death or great bodily harm, and
    includes, but is not limited to:
    a. The firing of a firearm in the direction of the person to be arrested, even though no intent
    exists to kill or inflict great bodily harm; and
    b. The firing of a firearm at a vehicle in which the person to be arrested is riding.

          

  338. Muzzlebarrel's front end

          

  339. Forward Assista button assuring that the bolt is locked

          

  340. WadBloodborne virus that attacks the immune system and causes AIDS; transmission occurs primarily during sexual contact with an infected individual, when intravenous drug users share contaminated needles, from infected mother to unborn child, and from contact with blood, certain body fluids, and tissue from an infected individual

          

  341. TourniquetA device, such as a bandage, that restricts blood flow to an extremity such as an arm or leg

          

  342. Magazine Catchlocated on the magazine tube's end and keeps the barrel in place

          

  343. Safetymechanical device that prevents a shooter from pulling the trigger and discharging the shotgun

          

  344. Failure to feedDouble feed: a weapon malfunction that occurs when a spent casing remains in the chamber while a new cartridge enters the chamber

          

  345. ShockFailure of the heart and blood vessels (circulatory system) to maintain enough oxygen-rich blood flowing to the vital organs of the body

          

  346. Single actionA firearm in which the hammer must be cocked before the weapon can be fired

          

  347. Capillary bleedingDark red blood oozing from a wound, indicating damaged capillaries

          

  348. Positional asphyxiaDeath as a result of a body position that interferes with one's ability to breathe