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348 Multiple choice questions

  1. Documents a patient's request to withhold specific medical care
  2. ability to see clearly in DARKNESS
  3. Anything that creates a bullet-resistant barrier between an officer and a threat
  4. The maintenance of sight alignment before, during, and after firing a round
  5. Procedures designed to prevent transmission of HIV, hepatitis B virus, and other blood-borne pathogens
  6. is the amount of force reasonably necessary to make an arrest.
  7. sharpness of vision
  8. part of the hammer used for cocking the weapon to single-action mode
  9. The bag of fluid surrounding the fetus
  10. A weapon malfunction which is caused by a failure to extract the round in the chamber and a new round being fed from the magazine well
  11. Located in the brain and spinal cord; components are the body's mainframe computer where all communication and control originate
  12. secondary aligning device located on the receiver or barrel that aligns with the front sight bead or post to bring the shotgun into alignment for accuracy
  13. is an occurrence that causes the rear wheels to follow a TIghter path than the path the front wheels traveled in a turn
  14. portion of the grip that is placed in the palm of the shooting hand
  15. is the center point of ANY CURVE
  16. part of a revolver that turns the cylinder as the gun is cocked, thus aligning a cartridge with the hammer or firing pin (internal part)
  17. enables the firearm to fire when pulled
  18. provides energy and essential fatty acids; carries other fat-soluble nutrients (vitamins); is part of cell membranes, membranes around nerves, hormones, bile
    SOURCES: meat, poultry, fish, milk and milk products, nuts and seeds, oils, butter, margarine, salad dressing
  19. bead or raised post on the front of the barrel used to bring the firearm into alignment for accuracy
  20. Protects physicians who render emergency care from civil suits; Florida's Good Samaritan Act also protects first aid providers
  21. Center for Disease Control & Prevention
  22. An injury that occurs when penetration opens the chest area
  23. uncertain, and rapidly evolving
  24. happens when a driver over-acceleratess, and the tires sping, the wheels are NOT locked but the driver has lost traction
  25. section consisting of the trigger, trigger springs, safety, and all firing mechanism parts
  26. Death as a result of a body position that interferes with one's ability to breathe
  27. A weapon malfunction that occurs when the trigger is pulled, but the round fails to detonate
  28. portion of the grip that allows the fingers of the shooting hand to rest
  29. part of the hammer or frame that protrudes through the frame and strikes the primer (internal part)
  30. Shotgun: spherical pellets of various sizes, usually made of lead
  31. A burn that occurs when an external heat source comes into contact with the skin
  32. The gross removal of an appendage, complete or incomplete
  33. Includes nerves that connect to the spinal cord and branch out to every other part of the body; serves as a two-way communication system
  34. Automated external defibrillator
  35. is the tendency of a vehicle to turn LESS sharply than the dricer intends.
  36. Stovepipe: a weapon malfunction that occurs when a fired round does not completely eject
  37. houses the firing pin, safety, drop safety, sights, and extractor
  38. Technique used to reload in a tactical situation
  39. A cylinder that does not rotate
  40. Ingests and digests food and nutrients; includes the stomach, pancreas, liver, gallbladder, and small and large intestines
  41. The first stage of labor; begins with the initial contraction and continues until the fetus enters the birth canal
  42. A weapon malfunction that occurs when the cartridge fails to feed into the chamber
  43. The metal, plastic, or paper container that holds all parts of a round of ammunition: primer, powder charge, and bullet
  44. The measurement used to identify different cartridge (projectile) sizes
  45. A type of bacteria that is highly contagious and resistant to certain antibiotics; causes a skin infection that is red, swollen, painful, or warm to the touch; may have purulent drainage or appear to be a spider bite, pimple, or boil
  46. Pumps blood throughout the body; consists of the heart, blood vessels, and blood
  47. Infection transmitted through sexual contact; among the most common infectious diseases
  48. are the front tires on a front- wheel drive vehicle or rear tires on a rear-wheel drive vehicle
  49. is the result of the friction a vehicle's tires create on the ROAD SURFACE
  50. occurs just before the drive tires lose traction during ACCELERATION
  51. An open wound where the organs protrude
  52. activates the revolver's operation in both single and double action
  53. inmates' adjudication and suspension
    of civil rights.
  54. Items that protect individuals from harmful substances, infections, or other people; includes eye protection, gloves, shields, and biohazard bags
  55. stability
  56. is an active attempt by an officer, driving an authorized emergency vehicle (emergency equipment activated), to aprehend occupants of a moving vehicle if the offender increases vehicle speed, takes other evasive action, or refuses to stop in an apparent attampt to avoid apprehenssion.
  57. wooden or polymer grip near the magazine
  58. A law enforcement officer, or any person whom the officer has summoned or
    directed to assist him or her, need not retreat or desist from efforts to make a
    lawful arrest because of resistance—or threatened resistance to the arrest. The
    officer is justified in the use of any force:
    (1) Which he or she reasonably believes to be necessary to defend himself or
    herself or another from bodily harm while making the arrest;
    (2) When necessarily committed in retaking felons who have escaped; or
    (3) When necessarily committed in arresting felons fleeing from justice.
    However, this subsection shall not constitute a defense in any civil action
    for damages brought for the wrongful use of deadly force unless the use of
    deadly force was necessary to prevent the arrest from being defeated by
    such flight and, when feasible, some warning had been given, and:
    (a) The officer reasonably believes that the fleeing felon poses a threat of
    death or serious physical harm to the officer or others; or
    (b) The officer reasonably believes that the fleeing felon has committed
    a crime involving the infliction or threatened infliction of serious
    physical harm to another person
  59. occurs during acceleration or braking and causes the transfer of a vehicle's weight from FRONT TO REAR or REAR TO FRONT
  60. on a Smith & Wesson revolver, it is the spring-loaded part that holds the cylinder closed
  61. affects the degree of pitch,roll, and yaw that a vehicle experiences
  62. results from loss of both rolling friction and traction. the wheels still rotate, but they do not control the vehicle's movement.
  63. bodily harm or no harm at all. For example, returning fire is deadly force even if the officer misses the target.
  64. long cylinder-shaped tube through which the projectile travels from the chamber
  65. Normally used for bird hunting or practice; this shell has a load of small diameter lead or steel shot pellets; used for training purposes
  66. rear area of the stock that the shooter mounts against the shoulder for firing; normally covered with a metal or plastic ___ plate or a recoil pad
  67. blocks the hammer from striking the firing pin; prevents firing (located on the left side of the weapon)
  68. The relationship of the front sight and rear sight with the shooter's eye
  69. slightly rounded steel part that blocks the loading port; catches rounds released from the magazine and raises them into alignment with the chamber
  70. results when the wheels LOCK and do not TURN while the vehicle is moving. rolling friction and traction are lost.
  71. base of the magazine
  72. metal loops affixed to the rifle/carbine to which a carrying strap attaches
  73. used to align the firearm to the bullet's point of impact
  74. Small metal cup containing the detonating mixture used to ignite the propellant or powder charge
  75. the purpose of this technique is to stop a violator's vehicle by using the police vehicle to apply force to either the rear right or left side of the violator's vehicle to end the pursuit.
  76. provides a path for the fired bullet and is chambered to hold the cartridge
  77. The neck of the uterus; contains a mucus plug
  78. An open wound caused by scraping, shearing away, or rubbing the outermost skin layerv
  79. part of the hammer or frame that protrudes through the frame and strikes the primer (internal part)
  80. restraining or arresting a subject
  81. A position behind cover
  82. The final phase of pregnancy; begins the birthing process
  83. is the verbal and/or physical yielding to an officer's authority without
    apparent threat of resistance or violence
  84. contains the firing pin, spring, and extractor (internal part)
  85. Method for identifying four levels of patient responsiveness: alert, verbal, pain, and unresponsiveness
  86. 2 3/4-inch shell with nine .33 caliber lead pellets or a 3-inch magnum shell with twelve .32 caliber pellets; penetrates solid wood doors, drywall, and wood walls at close range
  87. device that allows quick and simple field stripping of the pistol
  88. Delivers oxygen to and removes carbon dioxide from the blood
  89. Changes in circulation causing the lips, palms, and nail beds to turn blue
  90. star-shaped device attached to the extractor rod that fits inside the cylinder that the rounds rest on (internal part)
  91. provides a path for the fired bullet; its chamber holds the cartridge
  92. A highly infectious airborne disease
  93. the courts
    look at the facts and circumstances the officer knew when the incident occurred.
  94. (1) The term "deadly force" means force that is likely to cause death or great bodily harm, and
    includes, but is not limited to:
    a. The firing of a firearm in the direction of the person to be arrested, even though no intent
    exists to kill or inflict great bodily harm; and
    b. The firing of a firearm at a vehicle in which the person to be arrested is riding.
  95. An object or group of objects that creates a visual barrier between an officer and a threat but may not stop a projectile
  96. enables manipulation of the bolt to chamber a round
  97. A closed chest injury that occurs when two or more adjacent ribs are fractured in two or more places and become free floating
  98. Second-degree burn that damages the first two skin layers, which blister and feel very painful
  99. Failure to use due or reasonable care in a situation, resulting in harm to another (Legal); failure to exercise the standard of care that a reasonably prudent person would have exercised in a similar situation; conduct that falls below the legal standard established to protect others against unreasonable risk of harm, except for conduct that is intentionally, wantonly, or willfully disregardful of other's rights
  100. A fracture in which the skin at the injury site remains intact
  101. A technique used when a shooter cannot use the sights on the weapon or he or she has no time to align the sight properly; the firearm is viewed as an extension of the arm and pointed at the target
  102. governs all use of force by criminal justice officers. even though the statue refers to "law enforcement" officers, the legal guidelines regarding use of force apply equally to corrections and correctional probation officers. the statue identifies two general areas in which an officer's use force is justified; to apprehend a subject and make an arrest, or to defend self or others.
  103. The edge on the base of a cartridge case that stops the progress of the case into the chamber
  104. holds the internal parts, as well as the slide assembly, and provides a way to grip the pistol
  105. but whether the use of force was permitted at all. Though the law grants criminal justice officers the right to use force, this right is
    conditioned on their official authority.
  106. is any exercise the elevates the HEART RATE to a range between 60 to 85 percent of the maximum rate
  107. stretching exercises
  108. Single, hollow lead bullet that weighs from 7/8 to 1 1/8 ounce; is .72 caliber and penetrates most materials but not solid steel
  109. is being, or is about to be committed.
  110. is the tendency of a vehicle to steer into a SHARPER turn than the driver intends, sometimes with a loss of traction of the rear to the outside
  111. Results from the narrowing of airway passages, causing breathing difficulties
  112. Network of trained professionals linked to provide advanced, out-of-hospital care for victims of a sudden traumatic injury or illness
  113. optical driving is looking in the desired direction of travel to avoid an obstacle and steering in that direction
  114. Soft tissue that is raised when blood or other body fluids pool beneath the skin at the injury site
  115. A revolver or semiautomatic pistol
  116. First-degree burn that damages the first layer of skin; becomes red and feels very painful
  117. An obvious discoloration (black and blue) of the soft tissue at the injury site
  118. martial arts, wrestling, and boxing.
  119. A method of triage that assesses a large number of victims rapidly using personnel with limited medical training
  120. two pieces of steel mounted on each side of the inside of the receiver at the magazine's rear; they help hold the cartridges in the magazine and release them one at a time when the action operates. They are also used to manually unload the shotgun.
  121. The most common chronic bloodborne infection; primarily transmitted through direct contact with human blood, from sharing needles or drug paraphernalia, or from an infected mother delivering her baby
  122. is a subject's use of physically evasive movements directed toward the officer such as bracing,
    tensing, pushing, or pulling to prevent the officer from establishing control over the subject.
  123. used to support the rifle with the support hand; acts as a heat shield from the barrel
  124. The relinquishing of a right or interest with the intention of never again claiming it
  125. Damage to part of the brain due to the rupture or blockage of a blood vessel
  126. Complete ammunition cartridge that contains all parts of ammunition; a military term meaning one single cartridge
  127. A measurement of shotgun bores derived from the number of bore-sized balls of lead per pound
  128. A relocation performed when a patient is in immediate danger or when the patient's location prevents providing care to him or her or another patient
  129. part of the hammer or frame that protrudes through the frame and strikes the primer (internal part)
  130. Occurs when a patient has a burn to any part of the airway
  131. and the risk of physical harm posed to the officer or others.
  132. A weapon malfunction that occurs when a round is in the chamber and the action is closed
  133. (tire traction) is the force that is necessary to keep a vehicle moving in a curved path and is directed INWARD toward the center of rotation
  134. grips and pulls the shell from the chamber
  135. Failure of the heart and blood vessels (circulatory system) to maintain enough oxygen-rich blood flowing to the vital organs of the body
  136. Airtight
  137. Propellant used in most firearms; produces a large volume of gas when ignited
  138. metal hook-shaped part mounted on the bolt; the hook engages the rim of the cartridge so that when the action is brought to the rear, the ___ removes the shell from the chamber.
  139. disengages the cylinder from the frame
  140. The dominant or strong hand that is used to fire a gun
  141. when depressed, it causes the extractor to push the cartridge from the cylinder
  142. injuries
  143. The posture a shooter assumes while firing a shot
  144. The excessive cooling of the body's core temperature
  145. moderate tension
  146. contains ammunition ready to be chambered
  147. The second stage of labor; the fetus moves through the birth canal and is delivered
  148. Markings found on the head of ammunition that indicate the caliber or gauge and identify the manufacturer
  149. bottom opening on the receiver that live rounds are fed into or removed from the magazine tube
  150. lifting, and running Muscles used for deliberate acts, such as chewing,
  151. The third stage of labor during which the placenta separates from the uterine wall and moves through the birth canal for delivery
  152. is the force enacted on a vehicle moving in a curved path that acts OUTWARD away from the center rotation
  153. ability to distinguish COLORS
  154. ability to judge DISTANCE and percieve space to determine how far away an object is
  155. when pulled, this releases the sear (a part that holds the hammer in the cocked position) and activates the firing pin
  156. is a turn that gets TIGHTER during the turn much like a circle getting smaller
  157. A bone break
  158. is the forward motion that causes a vehicle to straighten from a turn when releasing the steering wheel.
  159. is when the vehicle is steered so it is CLOSEST to the INSIDE of the curve BEFORE reaching the apex
  160. The duty to take some action to prevent harm to another and for the failure of which an officer may be liable depending on the relationship of the parties and the circumstances
  161. Any infection spread from person to person through the air; caused by breathing in microscopic, disease-bearing organisms called pathogens
  162. An open wound where organs protrude from the abdominal cavity
  163. A patient's mental status due to illness or injury
  164. Passive resistance
    active resistance
    aggressive resistance
    deadly force resistance
  165. A person's agreement to allow something to happen, made with full knowledge of the risks involved and the alternatives
  166. Thighbone; the longest and strongest bone in the human body
  167. A closed injury that is discolored and painful at the injury site
  168. are necessary for optimal performance in defensive tactics training.
  169. nutritious diet, get adequate rest, and stay sufficiently hydrated to maximize the benefit of this training
  170. Results from blunt trauma to the chest area; damages internal organs and/or causes internal bleeding
  171. least amount of force necessary
  172. mechanical device that prevents a shooter from pulling the trigger and discharging the shotgun
  173. supports the cartridge at rest and during firing (internal part)
  174. Controlling infection by separating patients from each other; includes two basic behaviors: the use of medical PPE and personal behaviors that reduce risk
  175. the end of the stock
  176. Bleeding where dark red blood flows steadily from a wound, indicating a severed or damaged vein
  177. he or she must de-escalate the use of force
  178. part that enables shoulder support during firing
  179. A system of sorting and classifying of patients; determines order in which patients receive medical attention; assesses a large number of victims rapidly
  180. A localized injury from overexposure to cold
  181. cylindrical steel part containing the firing pin and extractor, which closes the breech end of the barrel for firing
  182. An incident that involves more than one victim
  183. A potentially poisonous byproduct of combustion
  184. physical control, the use of nonlethal weapons, and deadly force.
  185. is discontinuing a command or physical use of
    force, for example, by breaking away from a subject.
  186. Shotgun only: The part of the case mouth that bends inward to grip the bullet; with shotgun shells, the term applies to the closure at the case mouth
  187. A weapon malfunction that occurs when a lack of powder or a partial burn of powder causes the primer to ignite
  188. heart rate and increases blood circulation to the muscle, which saturates the muscles with oxygen. this helps the body prepare itself for the physical activity.
  189. located on the end of the barrel near the muzzle; it is designed for the swift location of the target and for bringing the firearm into alignment for accuracy
  190. device that locks the slide in the open position
  191. located on the slide's front; used to bring the firearm into alignment for accuracy
  192. A firearm in which every round fires double action with the hammer at rest against the rear of the slide
  193. when the trigger is pulled, this part falls forward to activate the primer
  194. Cardiopulmonary resuscitation
  195. is when the vehicle steered closest to the MIDDLE of the curve
  196. is a weapon that is not fundamentally designed to cause death or great bodily harm.
    Some examples of nonlethal weapons include electronic control devices (ECD), dart-firing stun guns such as
    a TASER®, expandable batons, flashlights, and chemical agent sprays.
  197. legally and tactically sound,
    reasonable responses to resistance.
  198. Occurs when the body cannot recover from fluid loss
  199. Consent inferred from conduct rather than from direct expression
  200. The protective covering for the inside of the body; provides a barrier against bacteria and other harmful substances and organisms; acts as a communication organ; helps regulate body temperature
  201. provide a framework for making decisions involving the reasonable use of force
    by criminal justice officers. The structure of the Force Guidelines is based on constitutional considerations
    and case law and describes appropriate decision making in a fluid and dynamic situation. The Guidelines
    consider the relationship between subject resistance and various situational factors in determining the
    officer's response options.
  202. is how the vehicle is steered in relation to a curve's apex while maintaining your lane
  203. subject escalates his or her level of resistance
  204. (2) A correctional officer or other law enforcement officer is justified in the use of force, including
    deadly force, which he or she reasonably believes to be necessary to prevent the escape from a penal
    institution of a person whom the officer reasonably believes to be lawfully detained in such
    institution under sentence for an offense or awaiting trial or commitment for an offense.
  205. Portion of the cartridge that becomes a projectile when in flight
  206. defensive tactics
  207. locks the cylinder
  208. Do Not Resuscitate or Do Not Resuscitate Order; documents the terminally or chronically ill patient's wish to refuse resuscitation
  209. The hormone needed to convert sugar, starches, and other food into energy needed for daily life
  210. Occurs when a burning chemical comes into contact with skin
  211. redistributes the blood flow, causing the metabolic rate to decrease. this process helps the muscles to relax and prevents the tightening of muscles, which is vital to body recover
  212. The passage the fetus is pushed through during delivery
  213. allows the trigger to move when pressed
  214. Technicians who have advanced, specialized training that enables them to provide comprehensive care to patients
  215. Fourth Amendment
  216. Shotgun: The only part not found in any other center fire cartridge; this is used to seal/confine gases; can be made of plastic or compressed cardboard
  217. when the officer is waiting for backup, when the officer is injured or outnumbered,
    or when the suspect has superior firepower
  218. less speed and more steering input
  219. Consent that is clearly and unmistakably stated
  220. part of the frame that houses the rear sight, positioned over cylinder
  221. Smooth muscles that carry out many automatic body functions
  222. Dark red blood oozing from a wound, indicating damaged capillaries
  223. The relationship between the eye, front sight, rear sight, and target
  224. provides energy needed by the brain, nervous system, red blood cells, and other cells
    SOURCES: breads, cereal grains, pasta, rice, fruit, vegetables, milk, sugar
  225. attaches the cylinder to the frame so the cylinder can swing in and out of the frame opening; Colt uses the term crane; Smith & Wesson uses the term YOKE (internal part)
  226. An open wound in soft tissue
  227. United States Department of Transportation
  228. is when the vehicle steered so it PASSES closest to the inside of the curve AFTER reaching the apex
  229. is the use of vehicles, barricades, cones or other objects to block traffic flow COMPLETELY.
  230. is a subject's verbal and/or physical refusal to comply with an officer's lawful direction
    causing the officer to use physical techniques to establish control.
  231. The result of driving a sharp or blunt, pointed object into soft tissue
  232. Incident Command System
  233. The recommended time that ammunition can be expected to be reliable
  234. mechanical device that, when activated, releases the slide
  235. is decreasing the use of force or resistance.
  236. enables the bolt to return after firing (internal part)
  237. is increasing the use of force or resistance
  238. A highly infectious disease spread by person-to-person contact, generally through fecal contamination or oral ingestion
  239. top of the body and moves down to the bottom, vice versa.
  240. Connects the fetus and the mother; provides nourishment to the fetus
  241. housing for the magazine (internal part)
  242. to describe the process for
    evaluating the appropriateness of an officer's response to a subject's resistance.
  243. is force that is likely to cause death or great bodily harm. Some examples of deadly force include
    use of a firearm, eye gouges, empty-hand strikes to the throat, and impact-weapon strikes to the side of
    the neck.
  244. turn the vehicle's front tires in the direction you want to go.
  245. place for the thumb to rest while gripping the pistol
  246. Controls voluntary and involuntary body activity, supports higher mental functions such as thought and emotion, allows the individual to be aware of and react to the environment, and keeps the rest of the body's systems working together
  247. a butt plate, usually rubber, that reduces the effect of the shotgun's recoil or "kick"
  248. Protects the rights of patients and restricts the release of patient information
  249. roll, yaw, pitch
  250. The extended pause between breaths, which is the optimum time to fire the shot(s)
  251. directs the recoil spring
  252. made of wood, plastic, or rubber; designed to allow the shooter to grip the firearm easily for control
  253. holds the bolt to the rear when the charging handle is pulled to the rear and the lower portion is depressed; releases the bolt when the upper portion is depressed
  254. enables separation of the upper receiver from the lower receiver and allows for fieldstripping and cleaning
  255. a subject's hostile, attacking movements with or without a weapon that create a
    reasonable perception by the officer that the subject intends to cause and has the capability of causing death
    or great bodily harm to the officer or others.
  256. allows access of the firing pin assembly
  257. The failure of an officer to act or failure to act appropriately
  258. early, late, or center apexing techniques.
  259. A firearm in which the hammer must be cocked before the weapon can be fired
  260. provides a path for the fired bullet
  261. provides energy; builds and repairs body cells; is part of various enzymes, hormones, antibodies
    SOURCES: poultry, fish, eggs, legumes(lentils), milk, and milk products, vegetables, grains
  262. An injury occurring when the end of a bone comes out of its socket at the joint
  263. occurs when TURNING! this shifts the vehicle's weight from side to side.
  264. Signs and symptoms, allergies, medications, past history, last oral intake, events; method to help an officer acquire information useful in determining causes of injury or illness
  265. "small of the stock," just behind the receiver; the shooter uses the ___ and his or her shooting hand for control when firing or carrying it
  266. pushes the slide forward
  267. A severe allergic reaction in which air passages swell and restrict breathing; caused by insect bites or stings, pollen, medications, foods, chemicals, or other substances
  268. • The subject balls up his fist and approaches the officer.
    • The subject pushes the officer back as the officer tries to take the subject into custody.
    • The subject grabs any part of the officer's body.
  269. An injury characterized by a flap of skin, torn or cut, that may not be completely loose from the body
  270. barrel's front end
  271. The subject refuses to move at the officer's direction.
    • The subject peacefully protests at a political event in a public location.
    • The subject refuses to take his hands out of his pockets or from behind his back
  272. basic recruits with training in the physical skills necessary for the use of force in controlling subjects and for self-defense
  273. The organ that holds the developing fetus
  274. is the transfer of a vehicle's weight causing an END-FOR-END motion resulting in the vehicle turning 180 degrees on a horizontal plane
  275. walking, jogging, running, jumping rope, bicycling, swimming, and step aerobics.
  276. A closed injury that evidences as a discolored lump
  277. escalation, de-escalation, disengagement
  278. A subject refuses to drop a knife when ordered to by the officer and moves toward the officer.
    • A subject shoots or points a gun at an officer or other person.
    • A subject tries to use a vehicle to run down an officer.
  279. holds the trigger group and bolt assembly
  280. a button assuring that the bolt is locked
  281. ability to see above, below and to the sides (a person who is in a stationary vehicle and who has good peripheral vision can see about 180 degrees from side to side)
  282. contains the magazine release, magazine well, trigger housing, and trigger components
  283. made of polymer designed to allow the shooter to easily grip and control the weapon
  284. When examining extremities for potential injuries, indicates what to check for: pulse, and motor and sensory function
  285. A third-degree burn that damages all skin layers and affects muscles and nerves; causes skin to look waxy, white, or charred
  286. is a turn that remains the SAME throughout, getting neither wider nor smaller. EX: 90 degree turn at an intersection.
  287. located under the barrel and holds rounds
  288. Results when the trigger finger pulls the trigger straight back with increasing yet constant and steady pressure until the firearm discharges
  289. Airway, breathing, and circulation; assessment begins with ABCs
  290. Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndrome; caused by HIV
  291. is a system of controlled defensive and offensive body movements used by CRIMINAL JUSTICE OFFICERS to respond to a subject's aggression or resistance.
  292. Important in the aiming process. Breathing while trying to aim causes the handgun to move vertically along with the rise and fall of your chest
  293. top corner of the butt
  294. opening that permits the shell to exit the weapon (internal part)
  295. part of the weapon attached to the receiver; a shooter places the ___ on his or her shoulder when firing
  296. is achieving compliance or custody through the use of empty-hand or leverage-enhanced
    techniques, such as pain compliance, transporters, restraint devices, takedowns, and striking techniques.
  297. 10-20 seconds
  298. piece of spring steel mounted on the inside left of the receiver; when the action pulls a shell to the rear, it compresses and then releases the ___ as the bolt goes past it
  299. Gives the body shape, protects internal organs, and provides body movement
  300. A highly infectious disease spread through sexual contact, sharing contaminated needles (through intravenous drug use), or through blood transfusions
  301. internal structure that holds the parts of the revolver and provides a way of gripping the firearm
  302. Bloodborne virus that attacks the immune system and causes AIDS; transmission occurs primarily during sexual contact with an infected individual, when intravenous drug users share contaminated needles, from infected mother to unborn child, and from contact with blood, certain body fluids, and tissue from an infected individual
  303. • The subject physically anchors himself to a person or object to prevent himself from being removed.
    • The subject braces or pulls away from the officer when the officer grips the subject's arm.
    • The subject attempts to run when the officer touches or attempts to grab the subject's arm or shoulder.
  304. permits removal of the magazine from the firearm
  305. part of the frame that protects the trigger
  306. A bracelet, necklace, or card that alerts medical personnel to a specific medical condition
  307. houses the extractor rod and contains the chambers that hold the cartridges
  308. is a subject's attacking movements toward an officer that may cause injury but are not
    likely to cause death or great bodily harm to the officer or others.
  309. located on the rear of the slide that aligns with the front sight to bring the firearm into alignment for accuracy
  310. The recommended time that ammunition can be expected to be reliable, from manufacture time to issue time
  311. the leading cause of premature death for both men and women.
  312. is a turn that gets WIDER during the turn much like a circle getting larger
  313. A disease in which the body does not produce or properly use insulin
  314. Occurs when manmade or natural (lightning) electricity comes into contact with the skin and body, causing the skin or internal organs to burn
  315. the distance from the center of a circle to the outside of the circle. A turn or curve is a portion of a circle.
  316. The muscles in the heart that constantly work to expand and contract it
  317. releases the magazine from the frame (magazine well)
  318. running in place, jumping jacks, push ups, or any calisthenics exercises that last for 5-7 minutes.
  319. is now standard equipment on LATE MODEL vehicles. this type of motor vehicle braking system electronically monitors and controls each of the wheels during braking to keep them from LOCKING
  320. Bright red blood spurting from a wound, indicating a severed or damaged artery
  321. expels the shell from the ejection port (internal part of the bolt)
  322. A fracture where the skin at the injury site is broken, and the bone may protrude through the skin
  323. The supporting framework for the body, giving it shape and protecting vital organs; attains mobility from the attached muscles and manufactures red blood cells
  324. The disk-shaped inner lining of the uterus; provides nourishment and oxygen to a fetus
  325. holds the internal parts, as well as the slide assembly, and provides a way to grip the pistol
  326. Double feed: a weapon malfunction that occurs when a spent casing remains in the chamber while a new cartridge enters the chamber
  327. Pounds per square INCH
  328. flat steel part that fits onto the action bars and on which the bolt sits
  329. Eighth Amendment's prohibition against
    cruel and unusual punishment.
  330. A condition that prevents a weapon from operating normally
  331. A position where the patient is rolled over (preferably onto the left side) with knees slightly bent; helps maintain an open airway if the patient vomits and may prevent positional asphyxia
  332. opening on the side or bottom of the receiver; spent casings are ejected from it and live rounds are loaded into this port
  333. located on the rear of the frame; it can be adjustable or fixed
  334. provides space for lighting and sighting devices
  335. (1)(a) An employee of the department is authorized to apply physical
    force upon an inmate only when and to the extent that it reasonably
    appears necessary:
    1. To defend himself or herself or another against such other imminent
    use of unlawful force;
    2. To prevent a person from escaping from a state correctional institution
    when the officer reasonably believes that person is lawfully detained in
    such institution;
    3. To prevent damage to property;
    4. To quell a disturbance;
    5. To overcome physical resistance to a lawful command; or
    6. To administer medical treatment only by or under the supervision of
    a physician or his or her designee and only:
    a. When treatment is necessary to protect the health of other
    persons, as in the case of contagious or venereal diseases; or
    b. When treatment is offered in satisfaction of a duty to protect the
    inmate against self-inflicted injury or death.
  336. stock's top edge where the shooter's cheek rests
  337. activates the pistol's operation
  338. portion of the grip that is placed in the palm of the shooting hand
  339. The hand that assists the shooting hand
  340. attachment on the barrel's forward end that reduces the flash as burning powder escapes when the bullet exits the barrel
  341. Caused by oxygen deprivation to part of the heart, typically from a blocked blood vessel
  342. the bottom part of the butt
  343. A device, such as a bandage, that restricts blood flow to an extremity such as an arm or leg
  344. A pistol in which the hammer must be manually cocked and the first round fires double action but the subsequent rounds fire single action
  345. located on the magazine tube's end and keeps the barrel in place
  346. Type of open chest injury in which air and/or blood escapes into the area surrounding the lungs, creating a change in the pressure in the chest cavity
  347. houses the bolt assembly group
  348. often will defuse many volatile situations.