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  1. TB
  2. Officers are legally permitted to escalate their use of force
    as the
  3. Stock
  4. Amniotic sac
  5. Shell Latches (stops)
  6. The CMS criminal justice defensive tactics course provides
  7. Failure to fire
  8. Immobilization Technique (PIT)
  9. Sight alignment
  10. Magazine Tube
  11. Double aught buckshot
  12. Abrasion
  13. Gauge
  14. Insulin
  15. Asthma
  16. Good Samaritan Act
  17. Expulsion
  18. Barrel
  19. Dilation
  20. Breath control
  21. anti-lock braking system (ABS)
  22. Femur
  23. Shock
  24. Abdominal evisceration
  25. Partial thickness burn
  26. a nutritious diet and an adequate intake of water
  27. Body substance isolation
  28. Butt
  29. fat
  30. Skin
  31. Venous bleeding
  32. flexibility reduces the risk of
  33. Emergency medical technician
  34. skid
  35. Section 944.35, F.S. provides:
  36. Disengagement
  37. Powder
  38. Some examples of deadly force resistance include the following:
  39. Accessory Rail
  40. HIPPA
  41. section 776.05 Florida Statue addresses the issue of an officer using force to make an arrest
  42. Slide Stop Lever
  43. Birdshot
  44. Universal precautions
  45. SAMPLE
  46. Once the officer achieves control or compliance,
  47. Much litigation against criminal justice officers is not about the amount of force used,
  48. Magazine Cap
  49. Double single
  50. Some examples of passive resistance include the following:
  51. Forestock / Hand Guard
  52. All the stretches she be held for
  53. Duty to act
  54. Under certain circumstances, disengagement may be the best tactical option, for example,
  55. Slide Release (Action)
  56. radius
  57. Hypothermia
  58. A nonlethal weapon
  59. Squib load
  60. Shot
  61. Deadly force resistance
  62. centrifugal force
  63. MRSA
  64. Uterus
  65. Hammer
  66. Muzzle Flash Suppressor
  67. Shell Carrier
  68. Recoil Pad
  69. Follow through
  70. Front Strap
  71. Center apex
  72. Upper Receiver Group
  73. under steer
  74. Malfunction
  75. begin and end each session with
  76. Correctional officers have full-time authority over inmates due to the
  77. stretching generally begins at the
  78. apex technique
  79. Evisceration
  80. Trigger control
  81. peripheral vision
  82. Late apex
  83. CDC
  84. Lower Receiver Group
  85. Officers should try to resolve a situation with the
  86. Section 776.06, F.S. states:
  87. Closed fracture
  88. Hepatitis C virus
  89. counter steering
  90. Level of consciousness
  91. Hyperthermia
  92. Double feed
  93. Informed consent
  94. Appropriate force
  95. Aggressive resistance
  96. Recoil Guide
  97. Single action
  98. Traction
  99. Chamber
  100. defensive tactics is a physical endeavor, students should change their daily habits, students should eat a
  101. Inhalation burn
  102. Center Pin
  103. Triage
  104. color vision
  105. Bolt Lock Lever
  106. Receiver
  107. Cylinder Stop
  108. Hammer Spur
  109. Section 776.07, F.S., states:
  110. Thumb Rest
  111. Deadly force
  112. Cervix
  113. Stability
  114. Heel
  115. Positional asphyxia
  116. Flail chest
  117. a cool down after physical activity
  118. Handgun
  119. Top Strap
  120. caster effect
  121. Multiple casualty incident
  122. Hematoma
  123. Caliber
  124. Cover
  125. Hand
  126. Voluntary muscles
  127. Sight picture
  128. Magazine
  129. Heart attack
  130. Muscular system
  131. Frame
  132. over steering
  133. Front Sight
  134. Safety
  135. increasing radius
  136. Contusion
  137. Ejector
  138. Open fracture
  139. slide
  140. Hammer Nose
  141. Physical control
  142. Labor
  143. Cardiac muscles
  144. Double action only
  145. STD
  146. Sucking chest injury
  147. Case
  148. Crimp
  149. Puncture wound
  150. resistance levels (4)
  151. Breach of duty
  152. Fore-end (Slide)
  153. Headstamp
  154. Charging Handle
  155. Amputation
  156. Dislocation
  157. Hepatitis B virus
  158. Compliance
  159. Tactical load
  160. Expressed consent
  161. Frostbite
  162. Central nervous system
  163. Hepatitis A virus
  164. Umbilical cord
  165. Muzzle
  166. Carbon monoxide
  167. Circulatory system
  168. the vehicle's position in relation to the curve defines the
  169. the higher the vehicle's center GRAVITY the loiwer its
  170. centripetal force
  171. Trigger
  172. Active resistance
  173. eye-targeting
  174. acuity
  175. Toe
  176. fitness, strength, agility, balance and flexibility are vital to the development of
  177. Arterial bleeding
  178. Electrical burn
  179. Duty life
  180. ICS
  181. Command presence and verbal communication
  182. The three types of vehicular motions:
  183. Placenta
  184. drive tires
  185. Emergency medical services system
  186. Avulsion
  187. Magazine Release
  188. Chapter (776) FORCE
  189. To determine if an officer's actions were objectively reasonable
  190. Take Down Pins
  191. Correctional officers must also consider that use of force may violate the
  192. pursuit
  193. Support hand
  194. Fracture
  195. Full thickness burn
  196. Slide Cover Plate
  197. Frozen cylinder
  198. Slide
  199. The officer's choices are determined by the subject's actions
  200. stretch until you feel mild to
  201. Failure to feed
  202. Barricade position
  203. Extractor
  204. Respiratory system
  205. Magazine Floor Plate
  206. apex
  207. Open chest injury
  208. Thermal burn
  209. Anaphylaxis
  210. De-escalation
  211. Airborne disease
  212. Bolt
  213. Passive resistance
  214. decreasing radius
  215. Medic alert
  216. START
  217. Laceration
  218. AED
  219. heart disease
  220. a warm up session elevates the
  221. defensive tactics are based on a combination of
  222. the role of defensive tactics in LEO and corrections is to assist the officer in
  223. AIDS
  224. Defensive Tactics
  225. Diabetes
  226. Personal protective equipment
  227. Birth canal
  228. Point shooting
  229. Round
  230. Primer
  231. Bruising
  232. Forward Assist
  233. Grip Panel
  234. Magazine Catch
  235. Sling Swivels
  236. Escalation, de-escalation, and disengagement are important concepts in making
  237. Shelf life
  238. Peripheral nervous system
  239. objective reasonableness
  240. Respiratory pause
  241. cylinder
  242. Force Guidelines
  243. pitch
  244. Negligence
  245. Stance
  246. Stacked feed
  247. USDOT
  248. Trigger Safety
  249. Failure to extract
  250. night vision
  251. Advanced directive
  252. Trigger Group
  253. carbohydrate
  254. Rifled slug
  255. Early apex
  256. roll
  257. Skeletal system
  258. Back Strap
  259. Occlusive
  260. Recoil Spring
  261. Implied consent
  262. 3 force levels
  263. DNR DNRO
  264. Some examples of active resistance include the following:
  265. Bolt Carrier
  266. Placental
  267. Superficial burn
  268. Magazine Well
  269. sights (front and rear)
  270. Tourniquet
  271. Slide Lock
  272. Crane
  273. Comb
  274. Loading Port
  275. PMS
  276. yaw
  277. Ejection Port
  278. safely negotiating a tight turn requires
  279. Capillary bleeding
  280. Grip
  281. protein
  282. roadblock
  283. cardiovascular exercise includes
  284. Rim
  285. power slide
  286. Recovery position
  287. Stroke
  288. Abandonment
  289. depth perception
  290. Cylinder Release Latch
  291. ABCs
  292. Physical force includes (3)
  293. Shooting hand
  294. cardiovascular training
  295. incipient spin
  296. Closed chest injury
  297. Swelling
  298. HIV
  299. Rear Sight
  300. Buffer / Buffer Spring
  301. A law enforcement officer's authority to use force is established by the officer's reasonable belief
    that a crime has been,
  302. Chemical burn
  303. Wad
  304. CPR
  305. wheel tracking
  306. Cyanosis
  307. The Supreme Court has made clear
    that use of force is a seizure under the
  308. Some examples of aggressive resistance include the following:
  309. AVPU
  310. Concealment
  311. Involuntary muscles
  312. PSI
  313. Courts recognize that criminal justice officers must make split-second judgments about the
    amount of force needed in a particular situation under circumstances that are tense
  314. stretching usually begins with a warm up such as
  315. Front Sight (Bead Sight)
  316. Muzzle Barrel
  317. Digestive system
  318. Nervous system
  319. Extractor Rod
  320. Trigger Guard
  321. Emergency move
  322. Escalation
  323. Deadly force does not necessarily mean that someone died from the force used. It can cause great
  324. Failure to eject
  325. Bullet
  326. constant radius
  1. a is the forward motion that causes a vehicle to straighten from a turn when releasing the steering wheel.
  2. b The measurement used to identify different cartridge (projectile) sizes
  3. c A potentially poisonous byproduct of combustion
  4. d part of the hammer used for cocking the weapon to single-action mode
  5. e Shotgun: spherical pellets of various sizes, usually made of lead
  6. f A weapon malfunction that occurs when the cartridge fails to feed into the chamber
  7. g used to align the firearm to the bullet's point of impact
  8. h is when the vehicle steered so it PASSES closest to the inside of the curve AFTER reaching the apex
  9. i A disease in which the body does not produce or properly use insulin
  10. j is now standard equipment on LATE MODEL vehicles. this type of motor vehicle braking system electronically monitors and controls each of the wheels during braking to keep them from LOCKING
  11. k Bleeding where dark red blood flows steadily from a wound, indicating a severed or damaged vein
  12. l heart rate and increases blood circulation to the muscle, which saturates the muscles with oxygen. this helps the body prepare itself for the physical activity.
  13. m The first stage of labor; begins with the initial contraction and continues until the fetus enters the birth canal
  14. n long cylinder-shaped tube through which the projectile travels from the chamber
  15. o star-shaped device attached to the extractor rod that fits inside the cylinder that the rounds rest on (internal part)
  16. p Bloodborne virus that attacks the immune system and causes AIDS; transmission occurs primarily during sexual contact with an infected individual, when intravenous drug users share contaminated needles, from infected mother to unborn child, and from contact with blood, certain body fluids, and tissue from an infected individual
  17. q contains the firing pin, spring, and extractor (internal part)
  18. r less speed and more steering input
  19. s Double feed: a weapon malfunction that occurs when a spent casing remains in the chamber while a new cartridge enters the chamber
  20. t An open wound where organs protrude from the abdominal cavity
  21. u part of the hammer or frame that protrudes through the frame and strikes the primer (internal part)
  22. v when the trigger is pulled, this part falls forward to activate the primer
  23. w Small metal cup containing the detonating mixture used to ignite the propellant or powder charge
  24. x The posture a shooter assumes while firing a shot
  25. y An injury occurring when the end of a bone comes out of its socket at the joint
  26. z Pumps blood throughout the body; consists of the heart, blood vessels, and blood
  27. aa Shotgun: The only part not found in any other center fire cartridge; this is used to seal/confine gases; can be made of plastic or compressed cardboard
  28. ab two pieces of steel mounted on each side of the inside of the receiver at the magazine's rear; they help hold the cartridges in the magazine and release them one at a time when the action operates. They are also used to manually unload the shotgun.
  29. ac part that enables shoulder support during firing
  30. ad bead or raised post on the front of the barrel used to bring the firearm into alignment for accuracy
  31. ae Stovepipe: a weapon malfunction that occurs when a fired round does not completely eject
  32. af portion of the grip that is placed in the palm of the shooting hand
  33. ag A closed injury that evidences as a discolored lump
  34. ah results from loss of both rolling friction and traction. the wheels still rotate, but they do not control the vehicle's movement.
  35. ai Delivers oxygen to and removes carbon dioxide from the blood
  36. aj are the front tires on a front- wheel drive vehicle or rear tires on a rear-wheel drive vehicle
  37. ak Smooth muscles that carry out many automatic body functions
  38. al legally and tactically sound,
    reasonable responses to resistance.
  39. am The protective covering for the inside of the body; provides a barrier against bacteria and other harmful substances and organisms; acts as a communication organ; helps regulate body temperature
  40. an when pulled, this releases the sear (a part that holds the hammer in the cocked position) and activates the firing pin
  41. ao A fracture where the skin at the injury site is broken, and the bone may protrude through the skin
  42. ap section consisting of the trigger, trigger springs, safety, and all firing mechanism parts
  43. aq is being, or is about to be committed.
  44. ar redistributes the blood flow, causing the metabolic rate to decrease. this process helps the muscles to relax and prevents the tightening of muscles, which is vital to body recover
  45. as A bracelet, necklace, or card that alerts medical personnel to a specific medical condition
  46. at An obvious discoloration (black and blue) of the soft tissue at the injury site
  47. au Occurs when the body cannot recover from fluid loss
  48. av (2) A correctional officer or other law enforcement officer is justified in the use of force, including
    deadly force, which he or she reasonably believes to be necessary to prevent the escape from a penal
    institution of a person whom the officer reasonably believes to be lawfully detained in such
    institution under sentence for an offense or awaiting trial or commitment for an offense.
  49. aw A third-degree burn that damages all skin layers and affects muscles and nerves; causes skin to look waxy, white, or charred
  50. ax The passage the fetus is pushed through during delivery
  51. ay subject escalates his or her level of resistance
  52. az The recommended time that ammunition can be expected to be reliable, from manufacture time to issue time
  53. ba is decreasing the use of force or resistance.
  54. bb A closed injury that is discolored and painful at the injury site
  55. bc moderate tension
  56. bd the end of the stock
  57. be nutritious diet, get adequate rest, and stay sufficiently hydrated to maximize the benefit of this training
  58. bf the purpose of this technique is to stop a violator's vehicle by using the police vehicle to apply force to either the rear right or left side of the violator's vehicle to end the pursuit.
  59. bg optical driving is looking in the desired direction of travel to avoid an obstacle and steering in that direction
  60. bh is an occurrence that causes the rear wheels to follow a TIghter path than the path the front wheels traveled in a turn
  61. bi the leading cause of premature death for both men and women.
  62. bj Protects physicians who render emergency care from civil suits; Florida's Good Samaritan Act also protects first aid providers
  63. bk (tire traction) is the force that is necessary to keep a vehicle moving in a curved path and is directed INWARD toward the center of rotation
  64. bl Any infection spread from person to person through the air; caused by breathing in microscopic, disease-bearing organisms called pathogens
  65. bm A patient's mental status due to illness or injury
  66. bn Eighth Amendment's prohibition against
    cruel and unusual punishment.
  67. bo results when the wheels LOCK and do not TURN while the vehicle is moving. rolling friction and traction are lost.
  68. bp The recommended time that ammunition can be expected to be reliable
  69. bq The extended pause between breaths, which is the optimum time to fire the shot(s)
  70. br A weapon malfunction that occurs when a lack of powder or a partial burn of powder causes the primer to ignite
  71. bs A law enforcement officer, or any person whom the officer has summoned or
    directed to assist him or her, need not retreat or desist from efforts to make a
    lawful arrest because of resistance—or threatened resistance to the arrest. The
    officer is justified in the use of any force:
    (1) Which he or she reasonably believes to be necessary to defend himself or
    herself or another from bodily harm while making the arrest;
    (2) When necessarily committed in retaking felons who have escaped; or
    (3) When necessarily committed in arresting felons fleeing from justice.
    However, this subsection shall not constitute a defense in any civil action
    for damages brought for the wrongful use of deadly force unless the use of
    deadly force was necessary to prevent the arrest from being defeated by
    such flight and, when feasible, some warning had been given, and:
    (a) The officer reasonably believes that the fleeing felon poses a threat of
    death or serious physical harm to the officer or others; or
    (b) The officer reasonably believes that the fleeing felon has committed
    a crime involving the infliction or threatened infliction of serious
    physical harm to another person
  72. bt A position where the patient is rolled over (preferably onto the left side) with knees slightly bent; helps maintain an open airway if the patient vomits and may prevent positional asphyxia
  73. bu flat steel part that fits onto the action bars and on which the bolt sits
  74. bv A highly infectious disease spread through sexual contact, sharing contaminated needles (through intravenous drug use), or through blood transfusions
  75. bw 10-20 seconds
  76. bx A severe allergic reaction in which air passages swell and restrict breathing; caused by insect bites or stings, pollen, medications, foods, chemicals, or other substances
  77. by The hand that assists the shooting hand
  78. bz mechanical device that prevents a shooter from pulling the trigger and discharging the shotgun
  79. ca Infection transmitted through sexual contact; among the most common infectious diseases
  80. cb top of the body and moves down to the bottom, vice versa.
  81. cc but whether the use of force was permitted at all. Though the law grants criminal justice officers the right to use force, this right is
    conditioned on their official authority.
  82. cd disengages the cylinder from the frame
  83. ce bodily harm or no harm at all. For example, returning fire is deadly force even if the officer misses the target.
  84. cf opening that permits the shell to exit the weapon (internal part)
  85. cg happens when a driver over-acceleratess, and the tires sping, the wheels are NOT locked but the driver has lost traction
  86. ch slightly rounded steel part that blocks the loading port; catches rounds released from the magazine and raises them into alignment with the chamber
  87. ci (1) The term "deadly force" means force that is likely to cause death or great bodily harm, and
    includes, but is not limited to:
    a. The firing of a firearm in the direction of the person to be arrested, even though no intent
    exists to kill or inflict great bodily harm; and
    b. The firing of a firearm at a vehicle in which the person to be arrested is riding.
  88. cj Caused by oxygen deprivation to part of the heart, typically from a blocked blood vessel
  89. ck An object or group of objects that creates a visual barrier between an officer and a threat but may not stop a projectile
  90. cl metal loops affixed to the rifle/carbine to which a carrying strap attaches
  91. cm A cylinder that does not rotate
  92. cn when the officer is waiting for backup, when the officer is injured or outnumbered,
    or when the suspect has superior firepower
  93. co A weapon malfunction that occurs when a round is in the chamber and the action is closed
  94. cp to describe the process for
    evaluating the appropriateness of an officer's response to a subject's resistance.
  95. cq uncertain, and rapidly evolving
  96. cr is when the vehicle is steered so it is CLOSEST to the INSIDE of the curve BEFORE reaching the apex
  97. cs A bone break
  98. ct contains ammunition ready to be chambered
  99. cu A position behind cover
  100. cv are necessary for optimal performance in defensive tactics training.
  101. cw Results from blunt trauma to the chest area; damages internal organs and/or causes internal bleeding
  102. cx located on the magazine tube's end and keeps the barrel in place
  103. cy Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndrome; caused by HIV
  104. cz top corner of the butt
  105. da Items that protect individuals from harmful substances, infections, or other people; includes eye protection, gloves, shields, and biohazard bags
  106. db located on the slide's front; used to bring the firearm into alignment for accuracy
  107. dc The second stage of labor; the fetus moves through the birth canal and is delivered
  108. dd is how the vehicle is steered in relation to a curve's apex while maintaining your lane
  109. de ability to see clearly in DARKNESS
  110. df The most common chronic bloodborne infection; primarily transmitted through direct contact with human blood, from sharing needles or drug paraphernalia, or from an infected mother delivering her baby
  111. dg The subject refuses to move at the officer's direction.
    • The subject peacefully protests at a political event in a public location.
    • The subject refuses to take his hands out of his pockets or from behind his back
  112. dh Anything that creates a bullet-resistant barrier between an officer and a threat
  113. di device that allows quick and simple field stripping of the pistol
  114. dj An open wound where the organs protrude
  115. dk when depressed, it causes the extractor to push the cartridge from the cylinder
  116. dl releases the magazine from the frame (magazine well)
  117. dm and the risk of physical harm posed to the officer or others.
  118. dn Failure of the heart and blood vessels (circulatory system) to maintain enough oxygen-rich blood flowing to the vital organs of the body
  119. do allows the trigger to move when pressed
  120. dp Consent inferred from conduct rather than from direct expression
  121. dq • The subject balls up his fist and approaches the officer.
    • The subject pushes the officer back as the officer tries to take the subject into custody.
    • The subject grabs any part of the officer's body.
  122. dr The neck of the uterus; contains a mucus plug
  123. ds United States Department of Transportation
  124. dt Changes in circulation causing the lips, palms, and nail beds to turn blue
  125. du houses the extractor rod and contains the chambers that hold the cartridges
  126. dv device that locks the slide in the open position
  127. dw Airway, breathing, and circulation; assessment begins with ABCs
  128. dx The dominant or strong hand that is used to fire a gun
  129. dy When examining extremities for potential injuries, indicates what to check for: pulse, and motor and sensory function
  130. dz sharpness of vision
  131. ea The muscles in the heart that constantly work to expand and contract it
  132. eb expels the shell from the ejection port (internal part of the bolt)
  133. ec is a system of controlled defensive and offensive body movements used by CRIMINAL JUSTICE OFFICERS to respond to a subject's aggression or resistance.
  134. ed internal structure that holds the parts of the revolver and provides a way of gripping the firearm
  135. ee is a turn that gets TIGHTER during the turn much like a circle getting smaller
  136. ef Method for identifying four levels of patient responsiveness: alert, verbal, pain, and unresponsiveness
  137. eg Consent that is clearly and unmistakably stated
  138. eh early, late, or center apexing techniques.
  139. ei stretching exercises
  140. ej attachment on the barrel's forward end that reduces the flash as burning powder escapes when the bullet exits the barrel
  141. ek enables the bolt to return after firing (internal part)
  142. el least amount of force necessary
  143. em the courts
    look at the facts and circumstances the officer knew when the incident occurred.
  144. en A burn that occurs when an external heat source comes into contact with the skin
  145. eo An open wound caused by scraping, shearing away, or rubbing the outermost skin layerv
  146. ep is when the vehicle steered closest to the MIDDLE of the curve
  147. eq A type of bacteria that is highly contagious and resistant to certain antibiotics; causes a skin infection that is red, swollen, painful, or warm to the touch; may have purulent drainage or appear to be a spider bite, pimple, or boil
  148. er is discontinuing a command or physical use of
    force, for example, by breaking away from a subject.
  149. es A highly infectious airborne disease
  150. et Documents a patient's request to withhold specific medical care
  151. eu attaches the cylinder to the frame so the cylinder can swing in and out of the frame opening; Colt uses the term crane; Smith & Wesson uses the term YOKE (internal part)
  152. ev A condition that prevents a weapon from operating normally
  153. ew Results when the trigger finger pulls the trigger straight back with increasing yet constant and steady pressure until the firearm discharges
  154. ex is the result of the friction a vehicle's tires create on the ROAD SURFACE
  155. ey located on the rear of the slide that aligns with the front sight to bring the firearm into alignment for accuracy
  156. ez houses the firing pin, safety, drop safety, sights, and extractor
  157. fa is a subject's verbal and/or physical refusal to comply with an officer's lawful direction
    causing the officer to use physical techniques to establish control.
  158. fb stock's top edge where the shooter's cheek rests
  159. fc provides a path for the fired bullet and is chambered to hold the cartridge
  160. fd Bright red blood spurting from a wound, indicating a severed or damaged artery
  161. fe The relationship of the front sight and rear sight with the shooter's eye
  162. ff located under the barrel and holds rounds
  163. fg provide a framework for making decisions involving the reasonable use of force
    by criminal justice officers. The structure of the Force Guidelines is based on constitutional considerations
    and case law and describes appropriate decision making in a fluid and dynamic situation. The Guidelines
    consider the relationship between subject resistance and various situational factors in determining the
    officer's response options.
  164. fh An injury that occurs when penetration opens the chest area
  165. fi Important in the aiming process. Breathing while trying to aim causes the handgun to move vertically along with the rise and fall of your chest
  166. fj Located in the brain and spinal cord; components are the body's mainframe computer where all communication and control originate
  167. fk The disk-shaped inner lining of the uterus; provides nourishment and oxygen to a fetus
  168. fl martial arts, wrestling, and boxing.
  169. fm is the use of vehicles, barricades, cones or other objects to block traffic flow COMPLETELY.
  170. fn The bag of fluid surrounding the fetus
  171. fo running in place, jumping jacks, push ups, or any calisthenics exercises that last for 5-7 minutes.
  172. fp is the transfer of a vehicle's weight causing an END-FOR-END motion resulting in the vehicle turning 180 degrees on a horizontal plane
  173. fq is a weapon that is not fundamentally designed to cause death or great bodily harm.
    Some examples of nonlethal weapons include electronic control devices (ECD), dart-firing stun guns such as
    a TASER®, expandable batons, flashlights, and chemical agent sprays.
  174. fr base of the magazine
  175. fs Complete ammunition cartridge that contains all parts of ammunition; a military term meaning one single cartridge
  176. ft provides energy; builds and repairs body cells; is part of various enzymes, hormones, antibodies
    SOURCES: poultry, fish, eggs, legumes(lentils), milk, and milk products, vegetables, grains
  177. fu Signs and symptoms, allergies, medications, past history, last oral intake, events; method to help an officer acquire information useful in determining causes of injury or illness
  178. fv locks the cylinder
  179. fw The maintenance of sight alignment before, during, and after firing a round
  180. fx the bottom part of the butt
  181. fy The supporting framework for the body, giving it shape and protecting vital organs; attains mobility from the attached muscles and manufactures red blood cells
  182. fz Automated external defibrillator
  183. ga A revolver or semiautomatic pistol
  184. gb The metal, plastic, or paper container that holds all parts of a round of ammunition: primer, powder charge, and bullet
  185. gc Controls voluntary and involuntary body activity, supports higher mental functions such as thought and emotion, allows the individual to be aware of and react to the environment, and keeps the rest of the body's systems working together
  186. gd escalation, de-escalation, disengagement
  187. ge (1)(a) An employee of the department is authorized to apply physical
    force upon an inmate only when and to the extent that it reasonably
    appears necessary:
    1. To defend himself or herself or another against such other imminent
    use of unlawful force;
    2. To prevent a person from escaping from a state correctional institution
    when the officer reasonably believes that person is lawfully detained in
    such institution;
    3. To prevent damage to property;
    4. To quell a disturbance;
    5. To overcome physical resistance to a lawful command; or
    6. To administer medical treatment only by or under the supervision of
    a physician or his or her designee and only:
    a. When treatment is necessary to protect the health of other
    persons, as in the case of contagious or venereal diseases; or
    b. When treatment is offered in satisfaction of a duty to protect the
    inmate against self-inflicted injury or death.
  188. gf restraining or arresting a subject
  189. gg used to support the rifle with the support hand; acts as a heat shield from the barrel
  190. gh defensive tactics
  191. gi Connects the fetus and the mother; provides nourishment to the fetus
  192. gj is the verbal and/or physical yielding to an officer's authority without
    apparent threat of resistance or violence
  193. gk ability to judge DISTANCE and percieve space to determine how far away an object is
  194. gl A device, such as a bandage, that restricts blood flow to an extremity such as an arm or leg
  195. gm often will defuse many volatile situations.
  196. gn is a subject's attacking movements toward an officer that may cause injury but are not
    likely to cause death or great bodily harm to the officer or others.
  197. go provides energy and essential fatty acids; carries other fat-soluble nutrients (vitamins); is part of cell membranes, membranes around nerves, hormones, bile
    SOURCES: meat, poultry, fish, milk and milk products, nuts and seeds, oils, butter, margarine, salad dressing
  198. gp Type of open chest injury in which air and/or blood escapes into the area surrounding the lungs, creating a change in the pressure in the chest cavity
  199. gq a button assuring that the bolt is locked
  200. gr Shotgun only: The part of the case mouth that bends inward to grip the bullet; with shotgun shells, the term applies to the closure at the case mouth
  201. gs provides space for lighting and sighting devices
  202. gt Results from the narrowing of airway passages, causing breathing difficulties
  203. gu A closed chest injury that occurs when two or more adjacent ribs are fractured in two or more places and become free floating
  204. gv place for the thumb to rest while gripping the pistol
  205. gw provides energy needed by the brain, nervous system, red blood cells, and other cells
    SOURCES: breads, cereal grains, pasta, rice, fruit, vegetables, milk, sugar
  206. gx First-degree burn that damages the first layer of skin; becomes red and feels very painful
  207. gy A firearm in which every round fires double action with the hammer at rest against the rear of the slide
  208. gz affects the degree of pitch,roll, and yaw that a vehicle experiences
  209. ha Pounds per square INCH
  210. hb An injury characterized by a flap of skin, torn or cut, that may not be completely loose from the body
  211. hc mechanical device that, when activated, releases the slide
  212. hd occurs just before the drive tires lose traction during ACCELERATION
  213. he Procedures designed to prevent transmission of HIV, hepatitis B virus, and other blood-borne pathogens
  214. hf the distance from the center of a circle to the outside of the circle. A turn or curve is a portion of a circle.
  215. hg A subject refuses to drop a knife when ordered to by the officer and moves toward the officer.
    • A subject shoots or points a gun at an officer or other person.
    • A subject tries to use a vehicle to run down an officer.
  216. hh The hormone needed to convert sugar, starches, and other food into energy needed for daily life
  217. hi is a turn that remains the SAME throughout, getting neither wider nor smaller. EX: 90 degree turn at an intersection.
  218. hj occurs when TURNING! this shifts the vehicle's weight from side to side.
  219. hk injuries
  220. hl supports the cartridge at rest and during firing (internal part)
  221. hm A method of triage that assesses a large number of victims rapidly using personnel with limited medical training
  222. hn Gives the body shape, protects internal organs, and provides body movement
  223. ho part of the frame that protects the trigger
  224. hp enables manipulation of the bolt to chamber a round
  225. hq walking, jogging, running, jumping rope, bicycling, swimming, and step aerobics.
  226. hr is achieving compliance or custody through the use of empty-hand or leverage-enhanced
    techniques, such as pain compliance, transporters, restraint devices, takedowns, and striking techniques.
  227. hs Fourth Amendment
  228. ht is a turn that gets WIDER during the turn much like a circle getting larger
  229. hu The relinquishing of a right or interest with the intention of never again claiming it
  230. hv The gross removal of an appendage, complete or incomplete
  231. hw holds the bolt to the rear when the charging handle is pulled to the rear and the lower portion is depressed; releases the bolt when the upper portion is depressed
  232. hx governs all use of force by criminal justice officers. even though the statue refers to "law enforcement" officers, the legal guidelines regarding use of force apply equally to corrections and correctional probation officers. the statue identifies two general areas in which an officer's use force is justified; to apprehend a subject and make an arrest, or to defend self or others.
  233. hy The failure of an officer to act or failure to act appropriately
  234. hz An incident that involves more than one victim
  235. ia Failure to use due or reasonable care in a situation, resulting in harm to another (Legal); failure to exercise the standard of care that a reasonably prudent person would have exercised in a similar situation; conduct that falls below the legal standard established to protect others against unreasonable risk of harm, except for conduct that is intentionally, wantonly, or willfully disregardful of other's rights
  236. ib pushes the slide forward
  237. ic turn the vehicle's front tires in the direction you want to go.
  238. id A weapon malfunction that occurs when the trigger is pulled, but the round fails to detonate
  239. ie basic recruits with training in the physical skills necessary for the use of force in controlling subjects and for self-defense
  240. if is the tendency of a vehicle to turn LESS sharply than the dricer intends.
  241. ig The final phase of pregnancy; begins the birthing process
  242. ih directs the recoil spring
  243. ii A localized injury from overexposure to cold
  244. ij Thighbone; the longest and strongest bone in the human body
  245. ik Soft tissue that is raised when blood or other body fluids pool beneath the skin at the injury site
  246. il Passive resistance
    active resistance
    aggressive resistance
    deadly force resistance
  247. im Dark red blood oozing from a wound, indicating damaged capillaries
  248. in Damage to part of the brain due to the rupture or blockage of a blood vessel
  249. io lifting, and running Muscles used for deliberate acts, such as chewing,
  250. ip is the tendency of a vehicle to steer into a SHARPER turn than the driver intends, sometimes with a loss of traction of the rear to the outside
  251. iq housing for the magazine (internal part)
  252. ir holds the internal parts, as well as the slide assembly, and provides a way to grip the pistol
  253. is Death as a result of a body position that interferes with one's ability to breathe
  254. it Single, hollow lead bullet that weighs from 7/8 to 1 1/8 ounce; is .72 caliber and penetrates most materials but not solid steel
  255. iu "small of the stock," just behind the receiver; the shooter uses the ___ and his or her shooting hand for control when firing or carrying it
  256. iv Airtight
  257. iw portion of the grip that allows the fingers of the shooting hand to rest
  258. ix a butt plate, usually rubber, that reduces the effect of the shotgun's recoil or "kick"
  259. iy is the amount of force reasonably necessary to make an arrest.
  260. iz Incident Command System
  261. ja is increasing the use of force or resistance
  262. jb Portion of the cartridge that becomes a projectile when in flight
  263. jc A firearm in which the hammer must be cocked before the weapon can be fired
  264. jd Includes nerves that connect to the spinal cord and branch out to every other part of the body; serves as a two-way communication system
  265. je Network of trained professionals linked to provide advanced, out-of-hospital care for victims of a sudden traumatic injury or illness
  266. jf wooden or polymer grip near the magazine
  267. jg Controlling infection by separating patients from each other; includes two basic behaviors: the use of medical PPE and personal behaviors that reduce risk
  268. jh made of polymer designed to allow the shooter to easily grip and control the weapon
  269. ji is the force enacted on a vehicle moving in a curved path that acts OUTWARD away from the center rotation
  270. jj ability to distinguish COLORS
  271. jk Occurs when manmade or natural (lightning) electricity comes into contact with the skin and body, causing the skin or internal organs to burn
  272. jl The edge on the base of a cartridge case that stops the progress of the case into the chamber
  273. jm A relocation performed when a patient is in immediate danger or when the patient's location prevents providing care to him or her or another patient
  274. jn is an active attempt by an officer, driving an authorized emergency vehicle (emergency equipment activated), to aprehend occupants of a moving vehicle if the offender increases vehicle speed, takes other evasive action, or refuses to stop in an apparent attampt to avoid apprehenssion.
  275. jo is force that is likely to cause death or great bodily harm. Some examples of deadly force include
    use of a firearm, eye gouges, empty-hand strikes to the throat, and impact-weapon strikes to the side of
    the neck.
  276. jp ability to see above, below and to the sides (a person who is in a stationary vehicle and who has good peripheral vision can see about 180 degrees from side to side)
  277. jq A highly infectious disease spread by person-to-person contact, generally through fecal contamination or oral ingestion
  278. jr Occurs when a burning chemical comes into contact with skin
  279. js inmates' adjudication and suspension
    of civil rights.
  280. jt The relationship between the eye, front sight, rear sight, and target
  281. ju 2 3/4-inch shell with nine .33 caliber lead pellets or a 3-inch magnum shell with twelve .32 caliber pellets; penetrates solid wood doors, drywall, and wood walls at close range
  282. jv A weapon malfunction which is caused by a failure to extract the round in the chamber and a new round being fed from the magazine well
  283. jw The third stage of labor during which the placenta separates from the uterine wall and moves through the birth canal for delivery
  284. jx physical control, the use of nonlethal weapons, and deadly force.
  285. jy The organ that holds the developing fetus
  286. jz A person's agreement to allow something to happen, made with full knowledge of the risks involved and the alternatives
  287. ka he or she must de-escalate the use of force
  288. kb Second-degree burn that damages the first two skin layers, which blister and feel very painful
  289. kc Normally used for bird hunting or practice; this shell has a load of small diameter lead or steel shot pellets; used for training purposes
  290. kd A fracture in which the skin at the injury site remains intact
  291. ke Cardiopulmonary resuscitation
  292. kf Center for Disease Control & Prevention
  293. kg • The subject physically anchors himself to a person or object to prevent himself from being removed.
    • The subject braces or pulls away from the officer when the officer grips the subject's arm.
    • The subject attempts to run when the officer touches or attempts to grab the subject's arm or shoulder.
  294. kh permits removal of the magazine from the firearm
  295. ki occurs during acceleration or braking and causes the transfer of a vehicle's weight from FRONT TO REAR or REAR TO FRONT
  296. kj A system of sorting and classifying of patients; determines order in which patients receive medical attention; assesses a large number of victims rapidly
  297. kk roll, yaw, pitch
  298. kl a subject's hostile, attacking movements with or without a weapon that create a
    reasonable perception by the officer that the subject intends to cause and has the capability of causing death
    or great bodily harm to the officer or others.
  299. km on a Smith & Wesson revolver, it is the spring-loaded part that holds the cylinder closed
  300. kn part of the frame that houses the rear sight, positioned over cylinder
  301. ko A technique used when a shooter cannot use the sights on the weapon or he or she has no time to align the sight properly; the firearm is viewed as an extension of the arm and pointed at the target
  302. kp Protects the rights of patients and restricts the release of patient information
  303. kq Technique used to reload in a tactical situation
  304. kr The excessive cooling of the body's core temperature
  305. ks The duty to take some action to prevent harm to another and for the failure of which an officer may be liable depending on the relationship of the parties and the circumstances
  306. kt Do Not Resuscitate or Do Not Resuscitate Order; documents the terminally or chronically ill patient's wish to refuse resuscitation
  307. ku is a subject's use of physically evasive movements directed toward the officer such as bracing,
    tensing, pushing, or pulling to prevent the officer from establishing control over the subject.
  308. kv A pistol in which the hammer must be manually cocked and the first round fires double action but the subsequent rounds fire single action
  309. kw bottom opening on the receiver that live rounds are fed into or removed from the magazine tube
  310. kx Propellant used in most firearms; produces a large volume of gas when ignited
  311. ky A measurement of shotgun bores derived from the number of bore-sized balls of lead per pound
  312. kz Occurs when a patient has a burn to any part of the airway
  313. la stability
  314. lb The result of driving a sharp or blunt, pointed object into soft tissue
  315. lc enables separation of the upper receiver from the lower receiver and allows for fieldstripping and cleaning
  316. ld contains the magazine release, magazine well, trigger housing, and trigger components
  317. le is any exercise the elevates the HEART RATE to a range between 60 to 85 percent of the maximum rate
  318. lf Ingests and digests food and nutrients; includes the stomach, pancreas, liver, gallbladder, and small and large intestines
  319. lg An open wound in soft tissue
  320. lh barrel's front end
  321. li allows access of the firing pin assembly
  322. lj is the center point of ANY CURVE
  323. lk Technicians who have advanced, specialized training that enables them to provide comprehensive care to patients
  324. ll houses the bolt assembly group
  325. lm Markings found on the head of ammunition that indicate the caliber or gauge and identify the manufacturer
  326. ln part of a revolver that turns the cylinder as the gun is cocked, thus aligning a cartridge with the hammer or firing pin (internal part)