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137 True/False questions

  1. EmpathyEach ___ regulates its EMS system.

          

  2. yellowThe Do Not Resuscitate Order form shall be printed on ___ paper and have the words "DO NOT RESUSCITATE
    ORDER" printed in black and displayed across the top of the form.

          

  3. filter masks and CPR masksThere are multiple strains of hepatitis; the most common ones are hepatitis _, _, and _ that can all cause liver
    disease.

          

  4. ConsentYour primary concern as a first aid provider is the ___.

          

  5. femoralThe upper leg consists of the longest, strongest bone in the human body, the thighbone (or ____).

          

  6. competent and the consent informed___ is when the unresponsive patient is at risk of death, disability, or deterioration of condition and would agree to care if able to consent. It may also apply to conscious patients who do not stop you from providing treatment, refuse care, and then
    become unresponsive and are not competent to refuse care.

          

  7. Duty to actEach ___ regulates its EMS system.

          

  8. muscularThe ___ system gives the body shape, protects internal organs, and provides body movement.

          

  9. cardiac musclesThe ___ system gives the body shape, protects internal organs, and provides body movement.

          

  10. Methicillin-Resistant Staphylococcus Aureus___ is a type of bacteria that is highly contagious and resistant to certain antibiotics.

          

  11. Personal Protective Equipment___ is a set of procedures designed to prevent transmission of human immunodeficiency virus (HIV), hepatitis B virus, and other bloodborne pathogens to first aid or health care providers.

          

  12. Good Samaritan Act____, based on s. 768.13, F.S., , protects a civilian first aid provider from liability for medical care performed in good faith or medical care similar to that expected of
    another first aid provider with equal training. Medical care includes using an automated external defibrillator
    (AED) as provided for in s. 768.1325, F.S. It does not stop someone from filing a lawsuit; however, it does provide a defense if you performed according to the standard of care for a first aid provider. Always render care to the best of your ability. Do not go beyond the scope and level of your training.
    Maintain the patient's best interests.

          

  13. medic alertmajor artery in the lower arm, felt at the thumb side of the wrist

          

  14. skinThe serves as the protective covering for the inside of the body. It provides a barrier
    against bacteria and other harmful substances and organisms.

          

  15. Breach of standard of care___ is "What you did was wrong."

          

  16. Causation___ is a healthy, well-balanced diet helps prevent and reduce stress. Maintaining
    regular meal schedules and having healthy food available improves eating habits. Certain foods, such as sugar, caffeine, and alcohol, elevate the body's response to stress. Alcohol, tobacco products, and other kinds of self-medication actually increase stress levels.

          

  17. 18When washing your hands with soap and water, first wet them with water. Then apply soap and rub your hands together vigorously for at least ___ seconds.

          

  18. Plasmais a clear, straw-colored fluid.

          

  19. Do Not Resuscitatefeeling and acting unusually silent, distant, and withdrawn

          

  20. White bloodcells fight infection and
    destroy bacteria and other disease organisms.

          

  21. Hepatitis A___ is technically not a bloodborne disease; it is found in food and waste, and is passed on when a person swallows infected matter.

          

  22. RelaxationWhat you did caused the injury.

          

  23. Airway, Breathing, and CirculationNormal breathing rates:
    • child:

          

  24. infectiousThe new CDC standard instructs providers to assume that all blood and body fluids are ___.

          

  25. PhysiciansThe ___ protects the reproductive organs and supports the organs in the lower abdominal cavity.

          

  26. Hepatitis C___ is technically not a bloodborne disease; it is found in food and waste, and is passed on when a person swallows infected matter.

          

  27. Occupational Safety and Health AdministrationOSHA stands for ___.

          

  28. patient identification deviceA ___ is a miniature version of DH Form 1896 and is incorporated by reference as part of the DNRO form. It is voluntary and is intended to provide a convenient and portable DNRO which travels with the patient.

          

  29. expressed consent___ is affirmative consent, such as verbal or physical assertion of the affirmative.

          

  30. expressed consent"Consent that is clearly and unmistakably stated" (Garner, 1999).

          

  31. angerThe patient suffered an injury; the injury is additional to the original injury.

          

  32. EMT—Paramedic• performs all techniques of a first aid provider and a first responder
    • performs complex immobilization procedures
    • restrains patients
    • staffs and drives ambulance

          

  33. genitourinaryThe system is responsible for reproduction and waste removal.

          

  34. Red bloodmajor artery in the lower arm, felt at the thumb side of the wrist

          

  35. DH Form 1896Florida Do Not
    Resuscitate Order Forms is a commonly named form for a ___

          

  36. 12-20 breaths per minuteNormal breathing rates:
    • child:

          

  37. emancipated minorAn ___ is one
    who is married, an active member of the military, or financially independent or lives away from home with
    court permission.

          

  38. Implied Consent"A person's agreement to allow something to happen made with full knowledge
    of the risks involved and the alternatives" (Garner, 1999).

          

  39. Occupational Safety and Health AdministrationThe procedures you use to handle biomedical or biohazardous wastes must comply with federal ___ requirements for identifying and segregating blood or waste material saturated with body fluids.

          

  40. EMT—Basic___ is one of the most helpful tools you can use to deal with a crisis.

          

  41. Health insurance portability and
    accountability act of 1996
    Hipaa stands for ___.

          

  42. Negligenceunhappy, but resigned to reality

          

  43. StateThe skeletal system has ___ main components.

          

  44. radialmajor artery in the lower arm, felt at the thumb side of the wrist

          

  45. National Highway Traffic Safety Administration and the United States Department of
    Transportation (USDOT)
    The procedures you use to handle biomedical or biohazardous wastes must comply with federal ___ requirements for identifying and segregating blood or waste material saturated with body fluids.

          

  46. universal precautionsThe ___ system is located in the brain and in the spinal cord. Its components are the body's mainframe computer. This is where all communication and control
    originate.

          

  47. Do Not Resuscitate OrderDNRO stands for ___.

          

  48. veinsVessels called ___ carry blood back to the heart.

          

  49. circulatoryThe ___ system delivers oxygen to and removes carbon dioxide from the blood.

          

  50. Personal Protective EquipmentIt serves as a barrier against infection. Medical ___ includes eye
    protection, gloves, protective clothing (i.e., gown or coveralls, sleeves, shoe covers), masks or shields, and biohazard
    bags.

          

  51. Abandonment___ is: "The relinquishing of a right or interest with the intention of never again claiming it." (Garner, 1999) You abandon the patient when you stop providing care without ensuring that the patient continues or begins to receive the same or better care. You must continue providing emergency first aid until another medical professional with the same or higher-level training replaces you, or you are unable to continue.

          

  52. PlateletsYour primary concern as a first aid provider is the ___.

          

  53. Black's Law Dictionary___ defines standard or scope of care as the following:
    "In the law of negligence, the degree of care that a reasonable person should exercise; under the law
    of negligence, the conduct demanded of a person in a given situation. Typically, this involves a
    person's giving attention both to possible dangers, mistakes, and pitfalls and to ways of ensuring that
    these risks do not materialize." (Garner, 1999)

          

  54. hinged jawboneThe new CDC standard instructs providers to assume that all blood and body fluids are ___.

          

  55. 15___ is a virus that attacks the immune system.

          

  56. endocrineThe system regulates body systems by secreting hormones directly into the
    bloodstream from glands.

          

  57. 1959; CaliforniaGood Samaritan Act was enacted in ___ in the state of ___.

          

  58. breastbone (sternum) and ribsThere are multiple strains of hepatitis; the most common ones are hepatitis _, _, and _ that can all cause liver
    disease.

          

  59. one-thirdOf all persons infected with the hepatitis C virus in America, approximately ___ pass through jails and prisons each year.

          

  60. Body Substance Isolation___ is a set of procedures designed to prevent transmission of human immunodeficiency virus (HIV), hepatitis B virus, and other bloodborne pathogens to first aid or health care providers.

          

  61. denialfeeling that the death is not happening or did not happen; refusing to
    accept reality

          

  62. Involuntary muscles____, or smooth muscles, carry out many automatic body functions. They are in the walls of the tube-like organs, such as ducts, blood vessels, and the intestinal wall. The individual does not normally control these muscles.

          

  63. Do Not Resuscitate (DNR) Order (DNRO) or an advanced directiveA terminally ill patient may have a directive in place, written in advance, and signed by both the patient and
    a physician. Commonly known as a ___, ___, or ___.

          

  64. windpipe (trachea)Consider an adult ___ if he or she is under the influence of alcohol or drugs and meets the criteria for a Marchman Act, Baker Act or if he or she is seriously ill,
    has an injury that affects judgment, or is mentally ill or mentally challenged.

          

  65. CPR___ masks are barrier devices with one-way valves used when performing
    ventilations.

          

  66. Peace OfficerA ___ is generally defined to "include[s] sheriffs and their deputies, constables, marshals, members of the police force of cities, and other officers whose duty is to enforce and preserve the public peace."

          

  67. duty to act___ is "a duty to take some action to prevent harm to another and for the failure
    of which one may be liable depending on the relationship of the parties and
    the circumstances." (Garner, 1999)

          

  68. implied consent"A person's agreement to allow something to happen made with full knowledge
    of the risks involved and the alternatives" (Garner, 1999).

          

  69. filterA ___ mask can provide protection
    against airborne diseases.

          

  70. Nutrition____ takes many forms: meditation, religion, sports, hobbies, or other activities. Your schedule should also allow for adequate sleep and rest.

          

  71. skullThe ___ houses and protects the brain. It also gives shape and function to the face.

          

  72. respiratoryThe ___ system delivers oxygen to and removes carbon dioxide from the blood.

          

  73. implied consent"Consent inferred from one's conduct rather than from one's direct expression"
    (Garner, 1999).

          

  74. Nonverbal___ communication such as offering a tissue or a warm blanket or placing your hand on the patient's shoulder comforts patients and families.

          

  75. Body Substance IsolationIn ___, the district court held that the right of officers of the sheriff's department to enter and to investigate in an emergency situation, without an accompanying intent to seize or arrest, "is inherent in the very nature of their duties as peace officers and derives from the common law."

          

  76. six___ is a virus that attacks the immune system.

          

  77. brachialmajor artery in the upper arm, felt on the inside of the upper arm

          

  78. EqualFlorida law mandates that all patients have ___ access to the EMS system.

          

  79. collarbone and shoulder bladesThe shoulder girdle consists of the ___ and ___.

          

  80. acceptanceunhappy, but resigned to reality

          

  81. 15-30 breaths per minuteNormal breathing rates:
    • child:

          

  82. another
    health care provider needs patient information in order to continue medical care or you receive a request to
    provide patient information as part of a criminal investigation.
    Do not release patient health information without a signature unless ___ or ___.

          

  83. voluntary musclesMuscles used for deliberate acts, such as chewing, bending, lifting, and running, are ___. These are muscles attached to the skeleton and under the control of the nervous system and brain. The individual can contract and relax these muscles.

          

  84. First Responder• airway care with use of adjunctive equipment
    • patient assessment
    • CPR
    • bleeding control
    • stabilization of injuries to the spine and extremities
    • care for medical and trauma emergencies
    • use of limited amount of equipment
    • assistance to other EMS providers
    • other skills or procedures as local or state regulations permit

          

  85. Batteryacting out, perhaps in ways that endangers others

          

  86. depression___ is a healthy, well-balanced diet helps prevent and reduce stress. Maintaining
    regular meal schedules and having healthy food available improves eating habits. Certain foods, such as sugar, caffeine, and alcohol, elevate the body's response to stress. Alcohol, tobacco products, and other kinds of self-medication actually increase stress levels.

          

  87. epiglottisThe ___ protects the reproductive organs and supports the organs in the lower abdominal cavity.

          

  88. competent___ masks are barrier devices with one-way valves used when performing
    ventilations.

          

  89. Exercise___ is a great stress reliever. Its many benefits include a release for pentup
    emotions. Criminal justice officers should incorporate regular ____ programs in
    their daily schedules.

          

  90. Law enforcement Officer___ means any person who
    is elected, appointed, or employed full time by any municipality or the state or any political subdivision
    thereof; who is vested with authority to bear arms and make arrests; and whose primary responsibility is the
    prevention and detection of crime or the enforcement of the penal, criminal, traffic, or highway laws of the state. This definition includes all certified supervisory and command personnel whose duties include, in whole or in part, the supervision, training, guidance, and management responsibilities of full-time law enforcement officers, part-time law enforcement officers, or auxiliary law enforcement officers but does not include support personnel employed by the employing agency.

          

  91. Standard or scope of careA ___ is generally defined to "include[s] sheriffs and their deputies, constables, marshals, members of the police force of cities, and other officers whose duty is to enforce and preserve the public peace."

          

  92. capillariesSmall vessels called ___ connect
    arteries to veins.

          

  93. Patientinitiate the blood-clotting process.

          

  94. heart
    veins
    capillaries
    arteries
    blood.
    Basic parts of the circulatory system are the ___.

          

  95. A, B, and Ccells carry oxygen
    from the lungs to the body and bring carbon dioxide back to the lungs.

          

  96. Webster v. StateEach ___ regulates its EMS system.

          

  97. Criminal justice first aid providersThe chest consists of the
    ___ and ___. It protects the heart, lungs, liver, and spleen.

          

  98. femurVessels called ___ carry blood back to the heart.

          

  99. informed consentIf the parent or legal guardian is not available in life-threatening or disabling emergencies, provide emergency care based on the principle of ___.

          

  100. Methicillin-Resistant Staphylococcus AureusThere are two different types of masks: ___ and ___.

          

  101. DamagesThe patient suffered an injury; the injury is additional to the original injury.

          

  102. Blood VesselsThe ___ is a network of trained professionals linked to provide advanced, out-of-hospital care for victims of sudden traumatic injury or illness.

          

  103. lower extremitiesThe ___ consist of the upper leg, lower leg, ankle, and foot.

          

  104. bargainingmajor artery in the lower arm, felt at the thumb side of the wrist

          

  105. Health insurance portability and
    accountability act of 1996
    protects the rights of patients and
    the release of patient information.

          

  106. pelvisThe ___ protects the reproductive organs and supports the organs in the lower abdominal cavity.

          

  107. Duty to act
    Breach of standard of care
    Causation
    Damages
    Basic parts of the circulatory system are the ___.

          

  108. informed consent___ is when a patient chooses a treatment or a procedure, he or she makes this choice after a physician or other healthcare provider discloses whatever
    information a reasonably prudent provider in the medical community would provide to a patient about
    the risks involved in the proposed treatment.

          

  109. HIVWhen washing your hands with soap and water, first wet them with water. Then apply soap and rub your hands together vigorously for at least ___ seconds.

          

  110. 3In Florida, children under age ___ are minors.

          

  111. carotid___ masks are barrier devices with one-way valves used when performing
    ventilations.

          

  112. Good Samaritan Actunhappy, but resigned to reality

          

  113. incompetentConsider an adult ___ if he or she is under the influence of alcohol or drugs and meets the criteria for a Marchman Act, Baker Act or if he or she is seriously ill,
    has an injury that affects judgment, or is mentally ill or mentally challenged.

          

  114. EMS system___ is one of the most helpful tools you can use to deal with a crisis.

          

  115. central nervousYou may have a patient who wears an identification bracelet or necklace or carries a card in his or her wallet
    that alerts you to a specific medical condition such as an allergy, epilepsy, or diabetes. On the jewelry or card,
    you may find a telephone number to call for detailed information about the patient. This bracelet, necklace, or card is known as a ___.

          

  116. digestiveThe ___ system has two main functions: ingesting and digesting food and
    nutrients. Mainly in the abdomen, this system's organs include the stomach, pancreas,
    liver, gallbladder, and small and large intestines.

          

  117. First aid providercells carry oxygen
    from the lungs to the body and bring carbon dioxide back to the lungs.

          

  118. right; leftThe ___ side pumps blood to the
    lungs, which pick up oxygen, and returns the oxygenated blood to the ___ side of the heart.

          

  119. 25-50 breaths per minuteNormal breathing rates:
    • child:

          

  120. heartPositioned behind the sternum, slightly to the left in the chest cavity, the ___ is a hollow, muscular organ about the size of your fist. It functions like a two-sided pump.

          

  121. Emergency Medical TechniciansMuscles used for deliberate acts, such as chewing, bending, lifting, and running, are ___. These are muscles attached to the skeleton and under the control of the nervous system and brain. The individual can contract and relax these muscles.

          

  122. vertebraemajor artery in the thigh, felt in the groin area

          

  123. nervousThe ___ system controls voluntary and involuntary body activity. It also supports higher mental functions, such as thought and emotion. It lets the individual be aware of and react to the environment and keeps the rest of the body's systems working together.

          

  124. Blood Vessels___ are a system of tubes through which blood flows.

          

  125. left; rightThe spinal column consists of separate bones called ___ that stack one on top of each other and are held together by muscles.

          

  126. The Center for Disease Control & PreventionCDC stands for ___.

          

  127. spinal columncells fight infection and
    destroy bacteria and other disease organisms.

          

  128. skeletalThe ___ system is the supporting framework for the body, giving it shape and protecting vital organs. It attains mobility from the attached muscles and manufactures
    red blood cells.

          

  129. The Division
    of Emergency Medical Services and Community Health Resources
    CDC stands for ___.

          

  130. Cardiopulmonary resuscitationCalled ___ , the new standard requires using a form of infection control with all
    patients. Isolating body substances from yourself and other patients is critical in preventing disease and infection
    transmission. It includes two basic behaviors: use of medical personal protection equipment and personal
    behaviors that reduce risk.

          

  131. diaphragmThe ___ is a large muscle below the lungs at the bottom of the chest cavity assists in moving air in and out of the lungs.

          

  132. Airborne InfectionAny infection spread from person to person through the air is an ___

          

  133. peripheral nervousThe ___ system is located in the brain and in the spinal cord. Its components are the body's mainframe computer. This is where all communication and control
    originate.

          

  134. United States Department of
    Transportation
    USDOT stands for ___.

          

  135. advanced directiveAn ___ documents the patient's request to withhold specific medical care.

          

  136. Breach of duty___ occurs when you either fail to act or act inappropriately.

          

  137. 24/7As a law enforcement officer, you have a duty to act ___ within your
    jurisdictional boundaries.