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137 Multiple choice questions

  1. ___ is a great stress reliever. Its many benefits include a release for pentup
    emotions. Criminal justice officers should incorporate regular ____ programs in
    their daily schedules.
  2. The ___ is a network of trained professionals linked to provide advanced, out-of-hospital care for victims of sudden traumatic injury or illness.
  3. is a clear, straw-colored fluid.
  4. ___ called arteries carry blood away from the heart to the rest of the body.
  5. The system is responsible for reproduction and waste removal.
  6. ___ is "What you did was wrong."
  7. The ___ system has two main functions: ingesting and digesting food and
    nutrients. Mainly in the abdomen, this system's organs include the stomach, pancreas,
    liver, gallbladder, and small and large intestines.
  8. The system regulates body systems by secreting hormones directly into the
    bloodstream from glands.
  9. Who do not have authorization to honor a DNR Order or an advanced directive?
  10. Good Samaritan Act was enacted in ___ in the state of ___.
  11. "Agreement, approval, or permission as to some act of purpose, especially given voluntarily by a competent person" (Garner, 1999)
  12. ___ is one of the most helpful tools you can use to deal with a crisis.
  13. ___ is: "The failure to exercise the standard of care that a reasonably prudent person would have exercised
    in a similar situation; any conduct that falls below the legal standard established to protect others
    against unreasonable risk of harm, except for conduct that is intentionally, wantonly, or willfully
    disregardful of other's rights." (Garner, 1999)
  14. • performs all functions of previous two levels
    • administers medications
    • performs advanced techniques, including cardiac monitoring
  15. ___ are a system of tubes through which blood flows.
  16. Vessels called ___ carry blood back to the heart.
  17. The ___ side delivers the oxygenated blood throughout the body and returns the blood to the ___ side of the heart.
  18. is care that you are expected to provide to the same patient under the same conditions as would any criminal justice first aid provider who received the same level of training.
  19. Your primary concern as a first aid provider is the ___.
  20. As a law enforcement officer, you have a duty to act ___ within your
    jurisdictional boundaries.
  21. The ___ system pumps blood throughout the body. It functions to deliver oxygen and nutrients to and remove waste from the body's tissues.
  22. ___ masks are barrier devices with one-way valves used when performing
  23. A ___ mask can provide protection
    against airborne diseases.
  24. There are multiple strains of hepatitis; the most common ones are hepatitis _, _, and _ that can all cause liver
  25. The upper leg consists of the longest, strongest bone in the human body, the thighbone (or ____).
  26. There are two different types of masks: ___ and ___.
  27. Negligence occurs if all these conditions are present:
  28. ___ is a set of procedures designed to prevent transmission of human immunodeficiency virus (HIV), hepatitis B virus, and other bloodborne pathogens to first aid or health care providers.
  29. major artery in the upper arm, felt on the inside of the upper arm
  30. The patient suffered an injury; the injury is additional to the original injury.
  31. Any infection spread from person to person through the air is an ___
  32. Enacted in 1959 in California, the first Good Samaritan Act provides protection from civil suits to ___ who render emergency care.
  33. ___ is: "The relinquishing of a right or interest with the intention of never again claiming it." (Garner, 1999) You abandon the patient when you stop providing care without ensuring that the patient continues or begins to receive the same or better care. You must continue providing emergency first aid until another medical professional with the same or higher-level training replaces you, or you are unable to continue.
  34. In ___, the district court held that the right of officers of the sheriff's department to enter and to investigate in an emergency situation, without an accompanying intent to seize or arrest, "is inherent in the very nature of their duties as peace officers and derives from the common law."
  35. ___ is a healthy, well-balanced diet helps prevent and reduce stress. Maintaining
    regular meal schedules and having healthy food available improves eating habits. Certain foods, such as sugar, caffeine, and alcohol, elevate the body's response to stress. Alcohol, tobacco products, and other kinds of self-medication actually increase stress levels.
  36. ____ takes many forms: meditation, religion, sports, hobbies, or other activities. Your schedule should also allow for adequate sleep and rest.
  37. ABCs stands for ___.
  38. A ___ is a miniature version of DH Form 1896 and is incorporated by reference as part of the DNRO form. It is voluntary and is intended to provide a convenient and portable DNRO which travels with the patient.
  39. "Consent inferred from one's conduct rather than from one's direct expression"
    (Garner, 1999).
  40. Of all persons infected with the hepatitis C virus in America, approximately ___ pass through jails and prisons each year.
  41. A ___ adult is one who can make an informed
    decision about medical care.
  42. "A person's agreement to allow something to happen made with full knowledge
    of the risks involved and the alternatives" (Garner, 1999).
  43. An ___ documents the patient's request to withhold specific medical care.
  44. OSHA stands for ___.
  45. At the upper end of this passageway is a small leaf-shaped flap, called the ___, that keeps food and other foreign objects from entering the windpipe.
  46. DNRO stands for ___.
  47. CPR stands for ___.
  48. What you did caused the injury.
  49. Normal breathing rates:
    • infant:
  50. ___ communication such as offering a tissue or a warm blanket or placing your hand on the patient's shoulder comforts patients and families.
  51. Consider an adult ___ if he or she is under the influence of alcohol or drugs and meets the criteria for a Marchman Act, Baker Act or if he or she is seriously ill,
    has an injury that affects judgment, or is mentally ill or mentally challenged.
  52. ___ occurs when you either fail to act or act inappropriately.
  53. • airway care with use of adjunctive equipment
    • patient assessment
    • CPR
    • bleeding control
    • stabilization of injuries to the spine and extremities
    • care for medical and trauma emergencies
    • use of limited amount of equipment
    • assistance to other EMS providers
    • other skills or procedures as local or state regulations permit
  54. unhappy, but resigned to reality
  55. If the parent or legal guardian is not available in life-threatening or disabling emergencies, provide emergency care based on the principle of ___.
  56. For consent to be valid, the
    patient must be ___ and ___.
  57. The shoulder girdle consists of the ___ and ___.
  58. Muscles used for deliberate acts, such as chewing, bending, lifting, and running, are ___. These are muscles attached to the skeleton and under the control of the nervous system and brain. The individual can contract and relax these muscles.
  59. USDOT stands for ___.
  60. The ___ is a large muscle below the lungs at the bottom of the chest cavity assists in moving air in and out of the lungs.
  61. Found only in the heart, the ___ work constantly to expand and contract the heart.
  62. Normal breathing rates:
    • adult:
  63. is: "The use of force against another resulting in harmful or offensive contact; an intentional and offensive
    touching of another without lawful justification—also termed tortuous battery" (Garner, 1999)
  64. You may have a patient who wears an identification bracelet or necklace or carries a card in his or her wallet
    that alerts you to a specific medical condition such as an allergy, epilepsy, or diabetes. On the jewelry or card,
    you may find a telephone number to call for detailed information about the patient. This bracelet, necklace, or card is known as a ___.
  65. The procedures you use to handle biomedical or biohazardous wastes must comply with federal ___ requirements for identifying and segregating blood or waste material saturated with body fluids.
  66. The Do Not Resuscitate Order form shall be printed on ___ paper and have the words "DO NOT RESUSCITATE
    ORDER" printed in black and displayed across the top of the form.
  67. The chest consists of the
    ___ and ___. It protects the heart, lungs, liver, and spleen.
  68. A ___ is generally defined to "include[s] sheriffs and their deputies, constables, marshals, members of the police force of cities, and other officers whose duty is to enforce and preserve the public peace."
  69. Called ___ , the new standard requires using a form of infection control with all
    patients. Isolating body substances from yourself and other patients is critical in preventing disease and infection
    transmission. It includes two basic behaviors: use of medical personal protection equipment and personal
    behaviors that reduce risk.
  70. Each ___ regulates its EMS system.
  71. Any person, including those licensed to practice medicine, who gratuitously and in good faith renders emergency care or treatment at the scene of an emergency outside of a hospital, doctor's office, or other place having proper medical equipment, without objection of the injured victim or victims thereof, shall not be held liable for any civil damages as a result of such care or treatment or as a result of any act or failure to act in providing or arranging further medical treatment where the person acts as an ordinary reasonably prudent man would have acted under the same or similar circumstances.
  72. The spinal column consists of separate bones called ___ that stack one on top of each other and are held together by muscles.
  73. MRSA stands for ___.
  74. "Consent that is clearly and unmistakably stated" (Garner, 1999).
  75. The ___ system is the supporting framework for the body, giving it shape and protecting vital organs. It attains mobility from the attached muscles and manufactures
    red blood cells.
  76. major artery in the lower arm, felt at the thumb side of the wrist
  77. ___ is when "You were supposed to be there."
  78. acting out, perhaps in ways that endangers others
  79. The ___ houses and protects the brain. It also gives shape and function to the face.
  80. The body contains ___ different types of muscles.
  81. • performs all techniques of a first aid provider and a first responder
    • performs complex immobilization procedures
    • restrains patients
    • staffs and drives ambulance
  82. The serves as the protective covering for the inside of the body. It provides a barrier
    against bacteria and other harmful substances and organisms.
  83. Normal breathing rates:
    • child:
  84. ___ is technically not a bloodborne disease; it is found in food and waste, and is passed on when a person swallows infected matter.
  85. The skeletal system has ___ main components.
  86. Do not release patient health information without a signature unless ___ or ___.
  87. major artery in the neck, felt on either side of the neck
  88. ___ means any person who
    is elected, appointed, or employed full time by any municipality or the state or any political subdivision
    thereof; who is vested with authority to bear arms and make arrests; and whose primary responsibility is the
    prevention and detection of crime or the enforcement of the penal, criminal, traffic, or highway laws of the state. This definition includes all certified supervisory and command personnel whose duties include, in whole or in part, the supervision, training, guidance, and management responsibilities of full-time law enforcement officers, part-time law enforcement officers, or auxiliary law enforcement officers but does not include support personnel employed by the employing agency.
  89. The ___ system delivers oxygen to and removes carbon dioxide from the blood.
  90. ____, or smooth muscles, carry out many automatic body functions. They are in the walls of the tube-like organs, such as ducts, blood vessels, and the intestinal wall. The individual does not normally control these muscles.
  91. feeling and acting unusually silent, distant, and withdrawn
  92. ___ defines standard or scope of care as the following:
    "In the law of negligence, the degree of care that a reasonable person should exercise; under the law
    of negligence, the conduct demanded of a person in a given situation. Typically, this involves a
    person's giving attention both to possible dangers, mistakes, and pitfalls and to ways of ensuring that
    these risks do not materialize." (Garner, 1999)
  93. Small vessels called ___ connect
    arteries to veins.
  94. cells carry oxygen
    from the lungs to the body and bring carbon dioxide back to the lungs.
  95. ___ is a type of bacteria that is highly contagious and resistant to certain antibiotics.
  96. The ___ system is located in the brain and in the spinal cord. Its components are the body's mainframe computer. This is where all communication and control
  97. ____, based on s. 768.13, F.S., , protects a civilian first aid provider from liability for medical care performed in good faith or medical care similar to that expected of
    another first aid provider with equal training. Medical care includes using an automated external defibrillator
    (AED) as provided for in s. 768.1325, F.S. It does not stop someone from filing a lawsuit; however, it does provide a defense if you performed according to the standard of care for a first aid provider. Always render care to the best of your ability. Do not go beyond the scope and level of your training.
    Maintain the patient's best interests.
  98. The ___ attached to the skull permits the jaw to move.
  99. major artery in the thigh, felt in the groin area
  100. PPE stands for ___.
  101. ___ is affirmative consent, such as verbal or physical assertion of the affirmative.
  102. cells fight infection and
    destroy bacteria and other disease organisms.
  103. The ___ protects the spinal cord
    and is the primary support for the entire body.
  104. Positioned behind the sternum, slightly to the left in the chest cavity, the ___ is a hollow, muscular organ about the size of your fist. It functions like a two-sided pump.
  105. ___ is "a duty to take some action to prevent harm to another and for the failure
    of which one may be liable depending on the relationship of the parties and
    the circumstances." (Garner, 1999)
  106. EMTs stands for ___.
  107. CDC stands for ___.
  108. ___ is a virus that attacks the immune system.
  109. When washing your hands with soap and water, first wet them with water. Then apply soap and rub your hands together vigorously for at least ___ seconds.
  110. The ___ protects the reproductive organs and supports the organs in the lower abdominal cavity.
  111. ___ provide leadership to local jurisdictions and municipalities.
  112. feeling that the death is not happening or did not happen; refusing to
    accept reality
  113. According to CDC reports, ___ is the most common chronic bloodborne infection in the United States
  114. The ___ system gives the body shape, protects internal organs, and provides body movement.
  115. Florida law mandates that all patients have ___ access to the EMS system.
  116. • airway care
    • patient assessment
    • cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR)
    • bleeding control
    • stabilization of injuries to the spine and extremities or limbs
    • care for medical and trauma emergencies
    • use of limited amount of equipment
    • assistance to other EMS providers
    • cannot administer medications
  117. BSI stands for ___.
  118. initiate the blood-clotting process.
  119. Florida Do Not
    Resuscitate Order Forms is a commonly named form for a ___
  120. The ___ consist of the upper leg, lower leg, ankle, and foot.
  121. An ___ is one
    who is married, an active member of the military, or financially independent or lives away from home with
    court permission.
  122. Although each state regulates its EMS system, the ___ and ___ sets the standard.
  123. ___ is when a patient chooses a treatment or a procedure, he or she makes this choice after a physician or other healthcare provider discloses whatever
    information a reasonably prudent provider in the medical community would provide to a patient about
    the risks involved in the proposed treatment.
  124. The passage that connects the upper airway with the lower airway is the
  125. Hipaa stands for ___.
  126. The ___ side pumps blood to the
    lungs, which pick up oxygen, and returns the oxygenated blood to the ___ side of the heart.
  127. The ___ system controls voluntary and involuntary body activity. It also supports higher mental functions, such as thought and emotion. It lets the individual be aware of and react to the environment and keeps the rest of the body's systems working together.
  128. trying to make a deal to postpone the inevitable
  129. The new CDC standard instructs providers to assume that all blood and body fluids are ___.
  130. In Florida, children under age ___ are minors.
  131. The ___ system includes nerves that connect to the spinal cord and branch out to every other part of the body. These nerves serve as a two-way communication system. Some carry information from the brain and spinal cord to the body. Others carry information from the body back to
    the brain.
  132. ___ is when the unresponsive patient is at risk of death, disability, or deterioration of condition and would agree to care if able to consent. It may also apply to conscious patients who do not stop you from providing treatment, refuse care, and then
    become unresponsive and are not competent to refuse care.
  133. It serves as a barrier against infection. Medical ___ includes eye
    protection, gloves, protective clothing (i.e., gown or coveralls, sleeves, shoe covers), masks or shields, and biohazard
  134. Basic parts of the circulatory system are the ___.
  135. protects the rights of patients and
    the release of patient information.
  136. A terminally ill patient may have a directive in place, written in advance, and signed by both the patient and
    a physician. Commonly known as a ___, ___, or ___.
  137. DNR stands for ___.