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  1. 25-50 breaths per minute
  2. hinged jawbone
  3. veins
  4. six
  5. lower extremities
  6. Damages
  7. EMT—Paramedic
  8. DH Form 1896
  9. Empathy
  10. Consent
  11. incompetent
  12. informed consent
  13. Nutrition
  14. Personal Protective Equipment
  15. Airway, Breathing, and Circulation
  16. skull
  17. duty to act
  18. Hepatitis C
  19. depression
  20. Airborne Infection
  21. Red blood
  22. another
    health care provider needs patient information in order to continue medical care or you receive a request to
    provide patient information as part of a criminal investigation.
  23. filter masks and CPR masks
  24. HIV
  25. National Highway Traffic Safety Administration and the United States Department of
    Transportation (USDOT)
  26. 18
  27. radial
  28. denial
  29. pelvis
  30. The Division
    of Emergency Medical Services and Community Health Resources
  31. digestive
  32. diaphragm
  33. 15-30 breaths per minute
  34. emancipated minor
  35. voluntary muscles
  36. brachial
  37. Standard or scope of care
  38. genitourinary
  39. 12-20 breaths per minute
  40. The Center for Disease Control & Prevention
  41. right; left
  42. endocrine
  43. epiglottis
  44. First aid provider
  45. capillaries
  46. Emergency Medical Technicians
  47. muscular
  48. spinal column
  49. patient identification device
  50. Physicians
  51. Hepatitis A
  52. central nervous
  53. Do Not Resuscitate (DNR) Order (DNRO) or an advanced directive
  54. Webster v. State
  55. Involuntary muscles
  56. EMT—Basic
  57. United States Department of
    Transportation
  58. left; right
  59. Platelets
  60. universal precautions
  61. cardiac muscles
  62. Relaxation
  63. A, B, and C
  64. femur
  65. peripheral nervous
  66. Negligence
  67. Abandonment
  68. 3
  69. Law enforcement Officer
  70. nervous
  71. Implied Consent
  72. acceptance
  73. respiratory
  74. Causation
  75. skeletal
  76. anger
  77. bargaining
  78. skin
  79. Breach of duty
  80. carotid
  81. competent
  82. implied consent
  83. 15
  84. CPR
  85. Breach of standard of care
  86. Good Samaritan Act
  87. Do Not Resuscitate Order
  88. yellow
  89. expressed consent
  90. 1959; California
  91. heart
    veins
    capillaries
    arteries
    blood.
  92. circulatory
  93. medic alert
  94. Battery
  95. Equal
  96. advanced directive
  97. breastbone (sternum) and ribs
  98. Health insurance portability and
    accountability act of 1996
  99. Black's Law Dictionary
  100. femoral
  101. Peace Officer
  102. Occupational Safety and Health Administration
  103. Blood Vessels
  104. Duty to act
    Breach of standard of care
    Causation
    Damages
  105. one-third
  106. competent and the consent informed
  107. White blood
  108. Cardiopulmonary resuscitation
  109. filter
  110. State
  111. Criminal justice first aid providers
  112. EMS system
  113. windpipe (trachea)
  114. heart
  115. First Responder
  116. collarbone and shoulder blades
  117. Do Not Resuscitate
  118. Methicillin-Resistant Staphylococcus Aureus
  119. Exercise
  120. Body Substance Isolation
  121. Patient
  122. Nonverbal
  123. Duty to act
  124. Plasma
  125. 24/7
  126. infectious
  127. vertebrae
  1. a Do not release patient health information without a signature unless ___ or ___.
  2. b What you did caused the injury.
  3. c "Consent inferred from one's conduct rather than from one's direct expression"
    (Garner, 1999).
  4. d In Florida, children under age ___ are minors.
  5. e unhappy, but resigned to reality
  6. f Florida law mandates that all patients have ___ access to the EMS system.
  7. g • airway care
    • patient assessment
    • cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR)
    • bleeding control
    • stabilization of injuries to the spine and extremities or limbs
    • care for medical and trauma emergencies
    • use of limited amount of equipment
    • assistance to other EMS providers
    • cannot administer medications
  8. h Of all persons infected with the hepatitis C virus in America, approximately ___ pass through jails and prisons each year.
  9. i An ___ documents the patient's request to withhold specific medical care.
  10. j major artery in the lower arm, felt at the thumb side of the wrist
  11. k According to CDC reports, ___ is the most common chronic bloodborne infection in the United States
  12. l A ___ adult is one who can make an informed
    decision about medical care.
  13. m The ___ houses and protects the brain. It also gives shape and function to the face.
  14. n An ___ is one
    who is married, an active member of the military, or financially independent or lives away from home with
    court permission.
  15. o CDC stands for ___.
  16. p ___ is a healthy, well-balanced diet helps prevent and reduce stress. Maintaining
    regular meal schedules and having healthy food available improves eating habits. Certain foods, such as sugar, caffeine, and alcohol, elevate the body's response to stress. Alcohol, tobacco products, and other kinds of self-medication actually increase stress levels.
  17. q cells fight infection and
    destroy bacteria and other disease organisms.
  18. r The system regulates body systems by secreting hormones directly into the
    bloodstream from glands.
  19. s ___ provide leadership to local jurisdictions and municipalities.
  20. t A ___ mask can provide protection
    against airborne diseases.
  21. u ___ is technically not a bloodborne disease; it is found in food and waste, and is passed on when a person swallows infected matter.
  22. v cells carry oxygen
    from the lungs to the body and bring carbon dioxide back to the lungs.
  23. w is a clear, straw-colored fluid.
  24. x At the upper end of this passageway is a small leaf-shaped flap, called the ___, that keeps food and other foreign objects from entering the windpipe.
  25. y The serves as the protective covering for the inside of the body. It provides a barrier
    against bacteria and other harmful substances and organisms.
  26. z You may have a patient who wears an identification bracelet or necklace or carries a card in his or her wallet
    that alerts you to a specific medical condition such as an allergy, epilepsy, or diabetes. On the jewelry or card,
    you may find a telephone number to call for detailed information about the patient. This bracelet, necklace, or card is known as a ___.
  27. aa "Consent that is clearly and unmistakably stated" (Garner, 1999).
  28. ab MRSA stands for ___.
  29. ac There are two different types of masks: ___ and ___.
  30. ad ___ means any person who
    is elected, appointed, or employed full time by any municipality or the state or any political subdivision
    thereof; who is vested with authority to bear arms and make arrests; and whose primary responsibility is the
    prevention and detection of crime or the enforcement of the penal, criminal, traffic, or highway laws of the state. This definition includes all certified supervisory and command personnel whose duties include, in whole or in part, the supervision, training, guidance, and management responsibilities of full-time law enforcement officers, part-time law enforcement officers, or auxiliary law enforcement officers but does not include support personnel employed by the employing agency.
  31. ae is care that you are expected to provide to the same patient under the same conditions as would any criminal justice first aid provider who received the same level of training.
  32. af The body contains ___ different types of muscles.
  33. ag For consent to be valid, the
    patient must be ___ and ___.
  34. ah The ___ consist of the upper leg, lower leg, ankle, and foot.
  35. ai ___ is when a patient chooses a treatment or a procedure, he or she makes this choice after a physician or other healthcare provider discloses whatever
    information a reasonably prudent provider in the medical community would provide to a patient about
    the risks involved in the proposed treatment.
  36. aj The upper leg consists of the longest, strongest bone in the human body, the thighbone (or ____).
  37. ak major artery in the thigh, felt in the groin area
  38. al PPE stands for ___.
  39. am The ___ is a network of trained professionals linked to provide advanced, out-of-hospital care for victims of sudden traumatic injury or illness.
  40. an The new CDC standard instructs providers to assume that all blood and body fluids are ___.
  41. ao major artery in the neck, felt on either side of the neck
  42. ap Your primary concern as a first aid provider is the ___.
  43. aq When washing your hands with soap and water, first wet them with water. Then apply soap and rub your hands together vigorously for at least ___ seconds.
  44. ar USDOT stands for ___.
  45. as As a law enforcement officer, you have a duty to act ___ within your
    jurisdictional boundaries.
  46. at ___ are a system of tubes through which blood flows.
  47. au ___ communication such as offering a tissue or a warm blanket or placing your hand on the patient's shoulder comforts patients and families.
  48. av The passage that connects the upper airway with the lower airway is the
    ___.
  49. aw feeling that the death is not happening or did not happen; refusing to
    accept reality
  50. ax Called ___ , the new standard requires using a form of infection control with all
    patients. Isolating body substances from yourself and other patients is critical in preventing disease and infection
    transmission. It includes two basic behaviors: use of medical personal protection equipment and personal
    behaviors that reduce risk.
  51. ay ___ is one of the most helpful tools you can use to deal with a crisis.
  52. az ___ is "What you did was wrong."
  53. ba The ___ system is located in the brain and in the spinal cord. Its components are the body's mainframe computer. This is where all communication and control
    originate.
  54. bb The skeletal system has ___ main components.
  55. bc The spinal column consists of separate bones called ___ that stack one on top of each other and are held together by muscles.
  56. bd Good Samaritan Act was enacted in ___ in the state of ___.
  57. be Normal breathing rates:
    • adult:
  58. bf If the parent or legal guardian is not available in life-threatening or disabling emergencies, provide emergency care based on the principle of ___.
  59. bg The ___ system gives the body shape, protects internal organs, and provides body movement.
  60. bh "Agreement, approval, or permission as to some act of purpose, especially given voluntarily by a competent person" (Garner, 1999)
  61. bi Normal breathing rates:
    • infant:
  62. bj acting out, perhaps in ways that endangers others
  63. bk Vessels called ___ carry blood back to the heart.
  64. bl Although each state regulates its EMS system, the ___ and ___ sets the standard.
  65. bm The Do Not Resuscitate Order form shall be printed on ___ paper and have the words "DO NOT RESUSCITATE
    ORDER" printed in black and displayed across the top of the form.
  66. bn DNR stands for ___.
  67. bo ___ masks are barrier devices with one-way valves used when performing
    ventilations.
  68. bp ____, or smooth muscles, carry out many automatic body functions. They are in the walls of the tube-like organs, such as ducts, blood vessels, and the intestinal wall. The individual does not normally control these muscles.
  69. bq A ___ is a miniature version of DH Form 1896 and is incorporated by reference as part of the DNRO form. It is voluntary and is intended to provide a convenient and portable DNRO which travels with the patient.
  70. br Each ___ regulates its EMS system.
  71. bs major artery in the upper arm, felt on the inside of the upper arm
  72. bt A terminally ill patient may have a directive in place, written in advance, and signed by both the patient and
    a physician. Commonly known as a ___, ___, or ___.
  73. bu trying to make a deal to postpone the inevitable
  74. bv protects the rights of patients and
    the release of patient information.
  75. bw Positioned behind the sternum, slightly to the left in the chest cavity, the ___ is a hollow, muscular organ about the size of your fist. It functions like a two-sided pump.
  76. bx feeling and acting unusually silent, distant, and withdrawn
  77. by The ___ attached to the skull permits the jaw to move.
  78. bz EMTs stands for ___.
  79. ca The ___ system controls voluntary and involuntary body activity. It also supports higher mental functions, such as thought and emotion. It lets the individual be aware of and react to the environment and keeps the rest of the body's systems working together.
  80. cb Negligence occurs if all these conditions are present:
  81. cc OSHA stands for ___.
  82. cd The ___ system pumps blood throughout the body. It functions to deliver oxygen and nutrients to and remove waste from the body's tissues.
  83. ce Basic parts of the circulatory system are the ___.
  84. cf The ___ system has two main functions: ingesting and digesting food and
    nutrients. Mainly in the abdomen, this system's organs include the stomach, pancreas,
    liver, gallbladder, and small and large intestines.
  85. cg ___ occurs when you either fail to act or act inappropriately.
  86. ch ___ is a set of procedures designed to prevent transmission of human immunodeficiency virus (HIV), hepatitis B virus, and other bloodborne pathogens to first aid or health care providers.
  87. ci Any person, including those licensed to practice medicine, who gratuitously and in good faith renders emergency care or treatment at the scene of an emergency outside of a hospital, doctor's office, or other place having proper medical equipment, without objection of the injured victim or victims thereof, shall not be held liable for any civil damages as a result of such care or treatment or as a result of any act or failure to act in providing or arranging further medical treatment where the person acts as an ordinary reasonably prudent man would have acted under the same or similar circumstances.
  88. cj The patient suffered an injury; the injury is additional to the original injury.
  89. ck Found only in the heart, the ___ work constantly to expand and contract the heart.
  90. cl ___ is "a duty to take some action to prevent harm to another and for the failure
    of which one may be liable depending on the relationship of the parties and
    the circumstances." (Garner, 1999)
  91. cm The ___ side delivers the oxygenated blood throughout the body and returns the blood to the ___ side of the heart.
  92. cn The ___ protects the spinal cord
    and is the primary support for the entire body.
  93. co initiate the blood-clotting process.
  94. cp The ___ is a large muscle below the lungs at the bottom of the chest cavity assists in moving air in and out of the lungs.
  95. cq • performs all functions of previous two levels
    • administers medications
    • performs advanced techniques, including cardiac monitoring
  96. cr The ___ side pumps blood to the
    lungs, which pick up oxygen, and returns the oxygenated blood to the ___ side of the heart.
  97. cs • performs all techniques of a first aid provider and a first responder
    • performs complex immobilization procedures
    • restrains patients
    • staffs and drives ambulance
  98. ct DNRO stands for ___.
  99. cu ___ is a great stress reliever. Its many benefits include a release for pentup
    emotions. Criminal justice officers should incorporate regular ____ programs in
    their daily schedules.
  100. cv The ___ system includes nerves that connect to the spinal cord and branch out to every other part of the body. These nerves serve as a two-way communication system. Some carry information from the brain and spinal cord to the body. Others carry information from the body back to
    the brain.
  101. cw ___ is when "You were supposed to be there."
  102. cx The shoulder girdle consists of the ___ and ___.
  103. cy The system is responsible for reproduction and waste removal.
  104. cz Muscles used for deliberate acts, such as chewing, bending, lifting, and running, are ___. These are muscles attached to the skeleton and under the control of the nervous system and brain. The individual can contract and relax these muscles.
  105. da There are multiple strains of hepatitis; the most common ones are hepatitis _, _, and _ that can all cause liver
    disease.
  106. db ___ is: "The relinquishing of a right or interest with the intention of never again claiming it." (Garner, 1999) You abandon the patient when you stop providing care without ensuring that the patient continues or begins to receive the same or better care. You must continue providing emergency first aid until another medical professional with the same or higher-level training replaces you, or you are unable to continue.
  107. dc A ___ is generally defined to "include[s] sheriffs and their deputies, constables, marshals, members of the police force of cities, and other officers whose duty is to enforce and preserve the public peace."
  108. dd ABCs stands for ___.
  109. de In ___, the district court held that the right of officers of the sheriff's department to enter and to investigate in an emergency situation, without an accompanying intent to seize or arrest, "is inherent in the very nature of their duties as peace officers and derives from the common law."
  110. df • airway care with use of adjunctive equipment
    • patient assessment
    • CPR
    • bleeding control
    • stabilization of injuries to the spine and extremities
    • care for medical and trauma emergencies
    • use of limited amount of equipment
    • assistance to other EMS providers
    • other skills or procedures as local or state regulations permit
  111. dg Who do not have authorization to honor a DNR Order or an advanced directive?
  112. dh Small vessels called ___ connect
    arteries to veins.
  113. di CPR stands for ___.
  114. dj Florida Do Not
    Resuscitate Order Forms is a commonly named form for a ___
  115. dk ____ takes many forms: meditation, religion, sports, hobbies, or other activities. Your schedule should also allow for adequate sleep and rest.
  116. dl Enacted in 1959 in California, the first Good Samaritan Act provides protection from civil suits to ___ who render emergency care.
  117. dm ___ defines standard or scope of care as the following:
    "In the law of negligence, the degree of care that a reasonable person should exercise; under the law
    of negligence, the conduct demanded of a person in a given situation. Typically, this involves a
    person's giving attention both to possible dangers, mistakes, and pitfalls and to ways of ensuring that
    these risks do not materialize." (Garner, 1999)
  118. dn Any infection spread from person to person through the air is an ___
  119. do Consider an adult ___ if he or she is under the influence of alcohol or drugs and meets the criteria for a Marchman Act, Baker Act or if he or she is seriously ill,
    has an injury that affects judgment, or is mentally ill or mentally challenged.
  120. dp is: "The use of force against another resulting in harmful or offensive contact; an intentional and offensive
    touching of another without lawful justification—also termed tortuous battery" (Garner, 1999)
  121. dq The ___ system delivers oxygen to and removes carbon dioxide from the blood.
  122. dr The ___ system is the supporting framework for the body, giving it shape and protecting vital organs. It attains mobility from the attached muscles and manufactures
    red blood cells.
  123. ds The chest consists of the
    ___ and ___. It protects the heart, lungs, liver, and spleen.
  124. dt ___ is a virus that attacks the immune system.
  125. du Normal breathing rates:
    • child:
  126. dv ___ is: "The failure to exercise the standard of care that a reasonably prudent person would have exercised
    in a similar situation; any conduct that falls below the legal standard established to protect others
    against unreasonable risk of harm, except for conduct that is intentionally, wantonly, or willfully
    disregardful of other's rights." (Garner, 1999)
  127. dw The ___ protects the reproductive organs and supports the organs in the lower abdominal cavity.