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189 True/False questions

  1. Bullet___ is the portion of the cartridge that becomes a projectile when in flight

          

  2. Extractor"pulling" the spent cartridge from the chamber

          

  3. "Law enforcement" or "tactical" gripThe flashlight is held in the support hand with
    the illuminating end projecting from the little finger on the side of the hand. The thumb controls a rearmounted
    switch; the index finger controls a side-mounted switch near the back of the flashlight; the little or ring finger controls a side-mounted switch near the back of the flashlight.

          

  4. FrameThe ___ is internal structure that holds the parts of the revolver and provides a way of gripping the firearm.

          

  5. Cockingreturning the firing mechanism to the fire position

          

  6. Ejecting___ is "pushing" the spent cartridge out of the ejection port.

          

  7. Round___ is a complete ammunition cartridge that contains all parts of ammunition; a military term
    meaning one single cartridge

          

  8. double feedIn a ___ pistol, the first round fires double action. (The trigger being pulled to the rear manually cocks the hammer and releases it.) The second and subsequent rounds fire single action as the hammer remains cocked each time the slide cycles. After firing is complete, the hammer remains cocked. Before holstering the weapon, it must be de-cocked using the de-cocking lever.

          

  9. Recoil SpringThe ___ pushes the slide forward.

          

  10. Safety CheckAlways point the muzzle in a ___.

          

  11. Fore-end/Slide___ is the wooden or polymer grip near the magazine (Shotgun).

          

  12. 40Accurate maximum distance for law enforcement purposes when using 00 buckshot
    is approximately ___ yards

          

  13. CoverSmith & Wesson uses the term ___ instead of "crane" (internal part).

          

  14. ExtractorThe ___ is star-shaped device attached to the extractor rod that fits inside the cylinder that the rounds rest on (internal part).

          

  15. Jacketed Soft Point___ is one-half to three-quarters of this lead bullet is jacketed with copper; the exposed lead on the flat nose allows for expansion upon impact. Usually of high velocity, this bullet is designed for antipersonnel. The round easily penetrates interior walls and solid doors.

          

  16. Slide Stop LeverThe device that allows quick and simple field stripping of the pistol.

          

  17. ExtractionThe ___ is star-shaped device attached to the extractor rod that fits inside the cylinder that the rounds rest on (internal part).

          

  18. Handgunis a measurement of shotgun bores derived from the number of bore-sized balls of lead per pound.

          

  19. "Striker Fire Action"The Federal Bureau of Alcohol, Tobacco, and Firearms (BATF) classifies the Glock as a ___.

          

  20. Magazine CatchThe ___ releases the magazine from the frame (magazine well). (Semiautomatic Pistol)

          

  21. SlideThe ___ houses the firing pin, safety, drop safety, sights, and extractor (Semiautomatic Pistol)

          

  22. Muzzle Flash SuppressorThe attachment on the barrel's forward end that reduces the flash as burning powder escapes when the bullet exits the barrel (Semiautomatic Rifle/Carbine)

          

  23. EnvironmentThe ___ dictates what direction is safe.

          

  24. Birdshotspherical pellets of various sizes, usually made of lead(shotgun only)

          

  25. Locking___ is locking the cylinder into the frame.

          

  26. Chambering___ is removing a round from the magazine tube and placing it in the barrel's chamber by cycling the weapon, or after placing a round in the open ejection port, pushing the slide forward (Shotgun)

          

  27. Magazine Floor/Butt Plate___ is base of the magazine.

          

  28. Harries TechniqueTo perform the Harries technique, you should
    hold the flashlight in your support hand and the handgun in your shooting hand. Then, put the backs of your hands together. With your hands braced together, you have more control over the handgun.

          

  29. Thumb RestThe ___ is a place for the thumb to rest while gripping the pistol

          

  30. Double Action PistolThe Federal Bureau of Alcohol, Tobacco, and Firearms (BATF) classifies the Glock as a ___.

          

  31. Charging Handle___ is normally made of brass or copper dust held together with a resin material that disintegrates upon impact with steel or concrete; it can penetrate hollow core doors, drywall, or thin wood material

          

  32. Clockwise___ is when the breech end of the barrel locks into the slide

          

  33. Rifled SlugA ___ is a single, hollow lead bullet that weighs from 7/8 to 1 1/8 ounce. It is .72 caliber with an effective range of approximately 100 yards. The round penetrates most materials but not solid steel.

          

  34. Projectile___ is "pushing" the spent cartridge out of the ejection port.

          

  35. Shell CarrierThe ___ is the slightly rounded steel part that blocks the loading port; catches rounds released from the magazine and raises them into alignment with the chamber (Shotgun)

          

  36. Shell Latches (Stops)___ are the two pieces of steel mounted on each side of the inside of the receiver at the magazine's rear; they help hold the cartridges in the magazine and release them one at a time when the action operates. They are also used to manually unload the shotgun. (Shotgun)

          

  37. double feedA ___ occurs when a round is in the chamber and the action is closed. The shell latch fails to keep a round in the magazine tube. Instead, it moves the round onto the carrier. The weapon still operates but you
    cannot load rounds until you remove the one in the chamber

          

  38. Barricade___ is a complete ammunition cartridge that contains all parts of ammunition; a military term
    meaning one single cartridge

          

  39. Size
    Density
    Location
    Versatility
    Consider these factors to determine appropriate cover:

          

  40. BoltThe stock's top edge where the shooter's cheek rests (Shotgun)

          

  41. Buffer/Buffer SpringThe ___ pushes the slide forward.

          

  42. Full Metal Jacket___ is a round-nose lead bullet completely covered with a copper jacket; sometimes called
    ball ammunition, it is normally of medium to high velocity. Used extensively by the military, it has low expansion and high penetration capabilities. The chance for ricochet is high.

          

  43. StanceThe ___ attaches the cylinder to the frame so the cylinder can swing in and out of the frame opening; Colt uses the term ___ (internal part).

          

  44. stovepipeFailure to eject, often called a ___.

          

  45. 1. Follower
    2. Spring
    3. Magazine Insert
    4. Floor Plate
    5. Magazine Tube
    The ___ holds the magazine spring and follower in the magazine. You can remove it to clean inside the magazine.

          

  46. Extraction/ejecting___ is pushing or pulling the cylinder release latch; this rotates the cylinder out of the frame. Pushing the extractor rod ejects all cartridges.

          

  47. "Watchman" grip___ is pushing or pulling the cylinder release latch; this rotates the cylinder out of the frame. Pushing the extractor rod ejects all cartridges.

          

  48. Shooting hand___ is used to describe the hand used to shoot the firearm.

          

  49. Recoil Padthe part of the case mouth that bends inward to grip the
    bullet; with shotgun shells, the term applies to the closure at the case mouth.(shotgun only)

          

  50. Rear SightThe ___ is located on the rear of the frame; it can be adjustable or fixed.

          

  51. Feeding/Chambering___ is moving the round from the magazine to the chamber by releasing the slide, picking up the round from the magazine and seating the round into the chamber.

          

  52. failure to feedIn a ___, the cartridge fails to feed into the chamber. This occurs when the magazine is not fully
    seated.

          

  53. headstampmarkings found on the head of ammunition that indicate caliber
    or gauge and identify manufacturer

          

  54. YokeSmith & Wesson uses the term ___ instead of "crane" (internal part).

          

  55. Muzzle/BarrelThe ___ provides a path for the fired bullet and is chambered to hold the cartridge. (Semiautomatic Pistol)

          

  56. Hammer Spur___ is part of the hammer or frame that protrudes through the frame and strikes the primer (internal part). (Revolver)

          

  57. "Syringe" gripThe flashlight is held in the support hand with the illuminating end projecting
    from the index finger side of the hand. The thumb controls the on/off switch with a side-mounted switch near the front of the flashlight; the little or ring finger controls it with a side-mounted switch near the back
    of the flashlight.

          

  58. Crane___ is the posture a shooter assumes while firing a shot.

          

  59. Loading Port___ is locking the cylinder into the frame.

          

  60. Port ArmsWhen handing a shotgun to another person hand them the weapon in the ___ stance.

          

  61. At all times___ is the recommended time (normally expressed in months) for which you can expect ammunition to be reliable when used on duty.

          

  62. GaugeThe ___ is internal structure that holds the parts of the revolver and provides a way of gripping the firearm.

          

  63. 38A standard shotgun with an 18 inch barrel is about ___ inches long.

          

  64. DentMost common shotgun gauge is the ___ gauge.

          

  65. EjectorThe piece of spring steel mounted on the inside left of the receiver; when the action pulls a shell to the rear, it compresses and then releases the ejector as the bolt goes past it. A small extension stops the shell from going further and assists in ejecting the shell from the receiver. (Shotgun)

          

  66. Bolt Lock LevelThe ___ holds the bolt to the rear when the charging handle is pulled to the rear and the lower portion is depressed; it releases the bolt when the upper portion is depressed (Semiautomatic Rifle/Carbine)

          

  67. Forward AssistThe ___ is located on the rear of the slide that aligns with the front sight to bring the firearm into alignment for accuracy.

          

  68. Breath control___ is the metal hook-shaped part mounted on the bolt; the hook engages the rim of the cartridge so that when the action is brought to the rear, the ___ removes the shell from the chamber. (Shotgun)

          

  69. Failure to extract___ occurs when the pistol fails to extract a spent casing from its
    chamber. The causes of this malfunction include a weak powder charge, dirt behind the
    extractor, a dirty chamber, a broken extractor, a damaged or worn rim on the case, or
    an over-expanded or cracked case.

          

  70. Magazine Floor/Butt Plate___ is located under the barrel and holds rounds (Shotgun)

          

  71. shotspherical pellets of various sizes, usually made of lead(shotgun only)

          

  72. Shelf lifeThe ___ also activates the slide stop.

          

  73. Top StrapA ___ is a full metal-jacketed bullet with incendiary material in the casing of its base; when fired, the round can be visually tracked by the burning material. The bullet tip is normally painted red or orange. Having the same velocity as a full metal-jacketed bullet, it is most often used by the military in fully automatic weapons.

          

  74. MuzzleThe ___ attaches the cylinder to the frame so the cylinder can swing in and out of the frame opening; Colt uses the term ___ (internal part).

          

  75. LoadedAlways treat every firearm as if it were ___, whether you think it is or not.

          

  76. Trigger GaurdThe ___ activates the pistol's operation.

          

  77. HammerWhen the trigger is pulled, the ___ falls forward to activate the primer.

          

  78. "Safe Action Pistol."The Glock action is sometimes referred to as a ___.

          

  79. Ayoob TechniqueThe term bullet is as known as a ___.

          

  80. Slide LockThe device that allows quick and simple field stripping of the pistol.

          

  81. Barrel___ provides a path for the fired bullet.

          

  82. Trigger GaurdThe ___ activates the revolver's operation in both single and double action.

          

  83. Locking___ is when the breech end of the barrel locks into the slide

          

  84. Unlocking___ is seating a loaded magazine into the magazine well.

          

  85. Magazine Well___ is the housing for the magazine (Semiautomatic Rifle/Carbine)

          

  86. stacked feedA ___ occurs when the shell stop fails to retain a shell in the magazine tube after one has been moved onto the carrier. The action will not close.

          

  87. Support hand___ is the posture a shooter assumes while firing a shot.

          

  88. 2 3/4 or 3When handing a shotgun to another person hand them the weapon in the ___ stance.

          

  89. Cylinder Release/Thumb Latch___ allows access of the firing pin assembly (Semiautomatic Pistol).

          

  90. crimpWhen handing another person a semiautomatic pistol hand it over ___ first.

          

  91. Ejection Port___ is "pushing" the spent cartridge out of the ejection port.

          

  92. Firearm and hand sizes___ and ___ are two important factors in choosing an appropriate flashlight.

          

  93. Blank RoundA ___occurs when there is no powder or a partial burn of powder and the primer ignites. The result is incomplete propulsion of the bullet, which may lodge the projectile in the barrel. THIS IS A MAJOR
    SAFETY HAZARD.

          

  94. Center Pin___ is any object or group of objects that creates a visual barrier between you and a threat but may not stop a projectile. Examples include bushes, trees, and cars.

          

  95. Top StrapWith two or three fingers through the ___, hand the revolver to the other person, grip first.

          

  96. GripThe ___ houses the firing pin, safety, drop safety, sights, and extractor (Semiautomatic Pistol)

          

  97. Trigger SafetyA ___ is the part of the frame that protects the trigger (Shotgun)

          

  98. Duty lifeThe barrel's front end (Shotgun)

          

  99. Loading___ is seating a loaded magazine into the magazine well.

          

  100. 16The part of a revolver that turns the cylinder as the gun is cocked, thus aligning a cartridge with the hammer or firing pin (internal part).

          

  101. Front Strap___ is the portion of the grip that allows the fingers of the shooting hand to rest. (Semiautomatic Pistol)

          

  102. 00 buckshot (double-aught buckshot)The standard 2 3/4-inch shell contains nine .33 caliber lead pellets. The three-inch magnum shell contains twelve .32 caliber pellets. The spread pattern from a 20-inch barrel is approximately one-inch spread per yard.

          

  103. MemoryNever rely on ___ to decide if a firearm is unloaded.

          

  104. Magazine Cap___ is located under the barrel and holds rounds (Shotgun)

          

  105. TracerThe ___ activates the pistol's operation.

          

  106. BackstrapA ___ is an indentation in the case that may weaken the case wall; a scrape makes a layer of the case wall metal look as if it has been scratched or torn away

          

  107. Hammer NoseThe part of the hammer used for cocking the weapon to single-action mode.

          

  108. Double/Single___ is the recommended time (normally expressed in months) for which you can expect ammunition to be reliable when used on duty.

          

  109. frozen cylinderA ___ is one that does not rotate.

          

  110. Caliber___ is a measurement used to identify different cartridge (projectile) sizes. It is determined by measuring the
    diameter of the bore of the firearm. This helps identify the correct ammunition for a specific weapon.

          

  111. Trigger controlA ___ is the part of the frame that protects the trigger (Shotgun)

          

  112. Sling Swivels___ are metal loops affixed to the rifle/carbine to which a carrying strap attaches.

          

  113. Lead Round Nose___ is a cartridge design that features a solid lead bullet with a round nose; this bullet has a
    medium velocity. By design, it easily penetrates interior walls or hollow core doors and then ricochets.

          

  114. TriggerThe ___ activates the revolver's operation in both single and double action.

          

  115. Butt
    Comb
    Grip
    Heel
    Recoil Pad
    Toe
    Nomenclature of the stock includes the following: (Shotgun)

          

  116. HeelThe part of a revolver that turns the cylinder as the gun is cocked, thus aligning a cartridge with the hammer or firing pin (internal part).

          

  117. ScrapeA ___ is an indentation in the case that may weaken the case wall; a scrape makes a layer of the case wall metal look as if it has been scratched or torn away

          

  118. ButtThe rear area of the stock that the shooter mounts against the shoulder for firing; normally covered with a metal or plastic butt plate or a recoil pad.

          

  119. FollowerThe ___ also activates the slide stop.

          

  120. Magazine Tube___ is located under the barrel and holds rounds (Shotgun)

          

  121. FrangibleThe ___ attaches the cylinder to the frame so the cylinder can swing in and out of the frame opening; Colt uses the term ___ (internal part).

          

  122. HandThe part of a revolver that turns the cylinder as the gun is cocked, thus aligning a cartridge with the hammer or firing pin (internal part).

          

  123. Lower Receiver GroupThe ___ houses the bolt assembly group (Semiautomatic Rifle/Carbine)

          

  124. Action/slide release___ is the mechanical device that, when activated, releases the slide (Shotgun).

          

  125. Wad(s)___ is seating a loaded magazine into the magazine well.

          

  126. Follow-through___ is located on the end of the barrel near the muzzle; it is designed for the swift location of the target and for bringing the firearm into alignment for accuracy.

          

  127. Unloaded and is pointed in a safe directionBefore cleaning or handling a firearm, make sure that it is ___ and ___. Never clean a loaded firearm.

          

  128. Tactical LoadA ___ position is a position behind cover.

          

  129. Tap, Rack, Ready, FireA ___ occurs when the trigger is pulled, but the round fails to detonate.

          

  130. AnnuallyThe ___ is the cylindrical steel part containing the firing pin and extractor, which closes the breech end of the barrel for firing (Shotgun)

          

  131. Safe directionThe ___ is star-shaped device attached to the extractor rod that fits inside the cylinder that the rounds rest on (internal part).

          

  132. Double Action Only___ is "pushing" the spent cartridge out of the ejection port.

          

  133. Front Sight___ is located on the end of the barrel near the muzzle; it is designed for the swift location of the target and for bringing the firearm into alignment for accuracy.

          

  134. rimthe edge on the base of a cartridge case that stops the progress of the case
    into the chamber

          

  135. IlluminationThe flashlight's main function is ___.

          

  136. Extractor RodWhen depressed, the ___ causes the extractor to push the cartridge from the cylinder. (Revolver)

          

  137. Armor Piercing___ is made of solid carbon or tungsten steel coated with bright green Teflon; it has a considerably sharper point than most manufactured rounds. The round can pierce protective body armor or steel. In Florida, its use or possession is illegal for anyone but law enforcement.

          

  138. Magazine___ is located on the magazine tube's end and keeps the barrel in place (Shotgun)

          

  139. Shorter___ is the most important element of firearms training.

          

  140. Point shooting___ is the technique used when you cannot use the sights on your weapon or you have no
    time to align the sight properly. The handgun becomes an extension of your arm and
    hand. You use this "extension" to point to the target or threat and fire.

          

  141. Unlocking/Feeding___ is used to describe the hand used to shoot the firearm.

          

  142. Single-Action___ is layering of the case with oxidation or foreign material, such as mold, fungi layers, congealed oil, and lubricants

          

  143. Rear SightThe ___ is located on the rear of the slide that aligns with the front sight to bring the firearm into alignment for accuracy.

          

  144. 18-, 20-, and 22-inchThe highest standards of firearms safety are required ___.

          

  145. corrosionThe ___ also activates the slide stop.

          

  146. Safetyis a measurement of shotgun bores derived from the number of bore-sized balls of lead per pound.

          

  147. Sight picture___ is the relationship between the eye, front sight, rear sight, and target.

          

  148. Rifle or BeadA ___ is a failure to extract the round in the chamber and a new round being fed from the magazine.

          

  149. Respiratory PauseTo hold your breath properly, inhale, exhale normally, and stop at the moment when you pause between breaths. The extended pause between breaths (known as _____) is the best time to fire the shot(s).

          

  150. Firing___ is the ignition of the primer and firing the cartridge.

          

  151. squib loadThe device that allows quick and simple field stripping of the pistol.

          

  152. powderpropellant used in most firearms; produces a large volume of gas when ignited

          

  153. GripThe "small of the stock," just behind the receiver; the shooter uses the ___ and his or her shooting hand for control when firing or carrying it (Shotgun)

          

  154. Take Down PinsThe ___ enables separation of the upper receiver from the lower receiver and allows for fieldstripping and cleaning (Semiautomatic Rifle/Carbine)

          

  155. front/bead sight or post___ is on the front of the barrel used to bring the firearm into alignment for accuracy (Shotgun)

          

  156. failure to fireA ___ occurs when the trigger is pulled, but the round fails to detonate.

          

  157. ConcealmentA ___ is an indentation in the case that may weaken the case wall; a scrape makes a layer of the case wall metal look as if it has been scratched or torn away

          

  158. TriggerAmmunition duty life is ___ than its shelf life.

          

  159. Recoil GuideThe ___ houses the firing pin, safety, drop safety, sights, and extractor (Semiautomatic Pistol)

          

  160. Front Sight___ is the portion of the grip that allows the fingers of the shooting hand to rest. (Semiautomatic Pistol)

          

  161. Full, Modified, Improved CylinderName the three types of shotgun chokes.

          

  162. MalfunctionA ___ is a condition that prevents a weapon from operating normally

          

  163. Hollowpoint___ is a lead or copper-jacketed lead with a hollow cavity in the bullet's nose; as the bullet expands upon impact, it expends its kinetic energy. Since a hollowpoint expands quickly, it does not penetrate
    as deeply as a round-nose bullet. This design reduces ricochet. Usually of high velocity, it delivers
    maximum shock upon striking a surface of soft tissue.

          

  164. Negligence___ is the most common cause of firearms accidents.

          

  165. Bolt CarrierThe ___ also activates the slide stop.

          

  166. Loading___ is placing live rounds into the open cylinder and closing the cylinder into the frame. (Revolver)

          

  167. Grip PanelWhen handing another person a semiautomatic pistol hand it over ___ first.

          

  168. Puncture___ is an actual tear, detachment, or rip that looks like an opening in the case body

          

  169. GripThe ___ made of wood, plastic, or rubber; designed to allow the shooter to grip the firearm easily for control.

          

  170. Trigger MechanismThe direction of the cylinder rotation depends upon the manufacturer. A Smith & Wesson and Ruger revolver rotates ___.

          

  171. CylinderThe ___ houses the firing pin, safety, drop safety, sights, and extractor (Semiautomatic Pistol)

          

  172. Forestock/Hand Guard___ refers to either the revolver or the semiautomatic pistol.

          

  173. StockWhen handing another person a semiautomatic pistol hand it over ___ first.

          

  174. Spring and FollowerThe magazine contains a ___ and ___ that pushes each round up to be stripped off by the forward movement
    of the slide.

          

  175. Counterclockwise___ is unseating the breech end of the barrel from the slide

          

  176. Slide Cover PlateThe ___ is made of polymer designed to allow the shooter to easily grip and control the weapon.

          

  177. case/casingsreturning the firing mechanism to the fire position

          

  178. Cylinder Stop___ houses the extractor rod and contains the chambers that hold the cartridges.

          

  179. primerThe ___ activates the pistol's operation.

          

  180. Failure to ejectIn a ___, the cartridge fails to feed into the chamber. This occurs when the magazine is not fully
    seated.

          

  181. Combthe edge on the base of a cartridge case that stops the progress of the case
    into the chamber

          

  182. OnceClean the firearm each time it is fired, and fully inspect the firearm ___ a week. Safety check the firearm each time you use it.

          

  183. Accessory Rail___ provides space for lighting and sighting devices.

          

  184. ButtThe ___ is the cylindrical steel part containing the firing pin and extractor, which closes the breech end of the barrel for firing (Shotgun)

          

  185. 12Accurate maximum distance for law enforcement purposes when using 00 buckshot
    is approximately ___ yards

          

  186. Frame/ReceiverThe term bullet is as known as a ___.

          

  187. Upper Receiver GroupThe ___ houses the bolt assembly group (Semiautomatic Rifle/Carbine)

          

  188. 45As officers and perhaps first-time gun owners, you are responsible for making sure your weapon is secure while you are off duty. Section 790.174, F.S. addresses requirements for storing firearms safely.As used in this act, the term "minor" means any person under the age of ___.

          

  189. Sight alignmentA ___ mechanism performs the single
    action of releasing the hammer or striker. Once the first round is fired the automatic movement of the slide resets the mechanism for each subsequent shot.